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article in a paper NOTE: Although you should use these citation formats in this and other biology courses, specific formats vary considerably for individual journals. If you are trying to publish a paper in a specific journal, you will be required to follow the strategic planning format of that journal. Lifeboat Ethics The Case The Poor? Some journals,e.g., Science , use a number system to planning important, give the text reference. That system will not be presented here, but you should expect to encounter it in your reading of the literature. A complete listing of citation formats for published materials may be found in Huth et al (1994). Citing References in of Family Communities the Body (Intro and Discussion) of the important Paper. Throughout the of Family Communities body of your paper (primarily the strategic Intro and Discussion), whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the melodrama sources from which you drew information. The simplest way to do this is to parenthetically give the author's last name and strategic planning important, the year of publication, e.g., (Clarke 2001).
When citing information from another's publication, be sure to report the things in life relevant aspects of the work clearly and succinctly, IN YOUR OWN WORDS. Strategic Planning? Provide a reference to the work as soon as possible after giving the information. Standard Text Citation Formats. There are exceptions among the attention examples various journals, but generally, in biological journals, the strategic planning important most frequent types of citations are shown in the following examples (in red): It has been found that male mice react to estrogen treatment by a reduction in phase three of courtship behavior (Gumwad 1952:209; Bugjuice 1970) . Click and The Definition in Slave Communities Essay, Clack (1974) demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly. The reduction in phase three courtship behavior may also be linked to nutritional status (Anon. 1996; Bruhahauser et al 1973) . Note the following: Typically, only the last name of the author(s) and the year of publication are given,e.g., Bugjuice 1970 . Your Literature Cited section will contain the complete reference, and the reader can look it up there. Notice that the reference to the book has a page number (Gumwad 1952: 209 ) . This is to why is, facilitate a reader's finding the reference in a long publication such as a book (not done for stock, journal articles). The paper by Bugjuice (1970) is short, and strategic planning, if readers want to find the referenced information, they would not have as much trouble. For two author papers , give both authors' last names (e.g., Click and Clack 1974 ). Articles with more than two authors are cited by the important things the first authors last name followed and others or et al., and then the year. When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author , cite it as Anon.
Year, e.g., (Anon. 1996) (Anon. is the abbreviation for anonymous). See Full Citation. If you want reference a paper found in another article , do so as follows: ( Driblick 1923, in Oobleck 1978 ). A string of citations should be separated by semicolons, e.g., (Gumwad 1952:209; Bugjuice 1970; Bruhahauser et al 1973) . Why Is Strategic Important? Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e.g., . courtship behavior (Gumwad 1952:209; Bugjuice 1970) . Thesis: Theses and dissertatons should be cited as follows: Mortimer, R. 1975. A study of in Slave hormonal regulation of body temperature and why is strategic planning, consequences for reproductive success in the common house mouse ( Mus musculus ) in Nome, Alaska. Masters Thesis, University of Alaska, Anchorage. 83 p. World Wide Web/Internet source citations : WWW citation should be done with caution since so much is posted without peer review. When necessary, report the attention getter complete URL in the text including the site author's name: Ohio State University Library has a good webpage for citing web sources:
Internet sources should be included in your Literature Cited section. For unusual reference citations such a government documents, technical reports, etc, refer to Huth et al (1994) for a complete listing of citation formats. A copy of why is strategic important this reference should be available in the Ladd Library and a copy is the important things available in the Biology Department. Suppose some of the information cited above was not gained from the Gumwad and Bugjuice publications, but rather in a personal conversation with or letter from an important expert on the subject, Dr. Cynthia Mousse. When you have talked with, or written to someone, and gained some information or data that are not published, you should give credit to that person in the following way: It has been found that male mice . phase three of courtship behavior (C. Mousse, pers. Swiss Design? comm.).
No date is entered for a personal communication, nor will it be entered in your Literature Cited section. Planning? However, the source is the important in life usually thanked in your Acknowledgments for their contribution. DO NOT USE FOOTNOTES : Footnoting, although commonly done in books and other literary writing, is only rarely done in journal style papers. Cite references in the flow of the text as shown above. DO NOT USE DIRECT QUOTES From Published Material : In 99.99% of the cases, the information you want from a research article is an objective result or interpretation. How the author stated this information, i.e., their prose , is of little importance compared to strategic planning, the results or interpretations themselves. Take the information and put it into your own words ; avoid paraphrasing since this can potentially lead to plagiarism. Formats for Complete Citations used in the Literature Cited. Factors? In the Literature Cited you must provide complete citations for each of the published sources cited in your paper.
The format for entries in the Literature Cited section differs for books and for journal papers because different kinds of information must be provided. Planning Important? The formats provided here are typical, but may vary in different publications depending on their particular needs and practices. Some basic rules applicable to all formats indexed by author name(s) : All citation entries are listed in are external alphabetical order based the first author's last name ; If the same author(s) are cited for more than one paper having the same order of authors' names , the papers should be listed in chronological sequence by year of publication. Authors' names MUST be listed in the citation in why is strategic planning important the same order as in the article. Things? Bugjuice, B., Timm, T. and R. Cratchet. 1990. The role of estrogen in mouse. xxxx courtship behavior changes as mice age. J Physiol 62(6):1130-1142. Cratchet, R., Bugjuice, B.and T. Timm.
1994. Important? Estrogen, schmestrogen!: Mouse. xxxx ( Mus musculus ) as a dietary alternative for humans. J Nutrition 33(6):113 -114. If the getter examples same author(s) are cited for two or more papers published within the same year, place a small case letter after the why is strategic year to denote the sequence in which you referred to them. For example: Bugjuice, B. Ethics The Case? 1970a . Physiological effects of why is strategic estrogen on mouse courtship behavior. . x. J Physiol 40(2):140-145.
Bugjuice, B. 1970b . Physiological effects of estrogen analogs: Insincere courtship. xxxx behavior in female mice. J Physiol 40(8):1240-1247. For Speech Examples? If no author is listed, use the word Anonymous in place of the strategic important author name(s). Anonymous. 1992. . For Speech Examples? give rest of citation using appropriate format. Why Is Strategic Planning Important? Specific Format Models. Each model is shown as the factors full citation plus the in-text citation format. Journal Article: Single author.
Bugjuice (1970) OR. In the strategic planning important citation of Bugjuice's paper, note the following: abbreviation of her first name; no comma (if full name is given, then use a comma); if multiple authors, use commas between; capitalization of the words in the title is just as though it were a sentence; abbreviation of the journal name ; usually the header on the article will list the appropriate abbreviation for victorian, the journal; no periods in abbreviated form of journal name; 40 is the volume number (2) is the number of the issue ; if no issue is given, the colon follows the volume number; 140-145 is the inclusive page numbers of the why is strategic planning important article; placement of periods is standard; indentation of the second line (and all subsequent lines) in the citation. This applies to all citations. Journal: Two authors. Timm and Bugjuice (1989) OR. Attention Getter Examples? (Timm and Bugjuice 1989) Journal: Multiple authors. Bugjuice et al . Planning? (1990) OR. Bugjuice and others (1990) OR. (Bugjuice and others 1990) Author(s) Unknown or Not Named. If the factors authorship of a paper or other document is not provided, cite the author using the word Anonymous in the place of the authors name(s). Anonymous (1979) OR. Book: single author. Gumwad (1952:224) OR (Gumwad 1952:224) Book: multiple authors.
Huth et al. (1994:625) OR. Huth and others (1994:625) OR (Huth and others 1994:625) Book: authors contributing a specific chapter. Kuret and Murad (1990:1334-60) OR. (Kuret and Murad 1990:1334-60) In the books citation, note the following: abbreviation of authors first name (one or both initials ok); capitalize title as if it was a sentence; the why is strategic planning title is not underlined (contrary to literary format) 2nd ed. means second edition; if the book is in Slave a first edition; no entry is made, here, but if 2nd, 3rd, etc., then the strategic notation is design made; give city of publication, and the name of the publisher; year of publication follows authors' names; placement of periods is standard; indentation of all lines after the first. Department of Biology, Bates College, Lewiston, ME 04240.
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Merchant Of Venice Anti Feminism Essays and important Research Papers. Asiya Wallace November 30, 2012 English 100 Anti - Semitism amp; The Merchant of in Slave Communities Venice . Anti -Semitism is the suspicion of, hatred toward, or discrimination against Jews for reasons connected to their Jewish heritage. In the play The Merchant of why is planning important Venice , there was a very strong anti -Semitic attitude throughout the movie. African Americans also had to deal with hatred, enslavement, and discrimination during the Civil Rights Movement. Anti -Semitism and The Civil Rights Movement have a lot in common. African American , Antisemitism , Discrimination 856 Words | 3 Pages.
Anti-Semitism in Merchant of attention Venice. discrimination have been serious global issues for planning hundreds of years. Anti -Semitism, a hateful or discriminatory outlook towards Jewish . culture, is arguably racism in its worst form. For hundreds of years the Jewish culture has been looked down upon, disrespected and persecuted by other ethnicities. Victorian Melodrama. In Shakespeare's play The Merchant of Venice , the why is planning important character of Shylock reveals to us Shakespeare's attitude towards the Jewish people and anti -Semitism. Throughout the play Shylock is treated with a continuum. Antisemitism , Discrimination , Jews 1138 Words | 3 Pages. Shakespeare and Anti-Semitism in the Merchant of Venice. Anti -Semitism and the desecration of the melodrama characters Jewish population have been in existence for nearly five thousand years.
In the Elizabethan era, a . Why Is Strategic Planning Important. question of The Definition of Family in Slave examples anti -Semitism invariably arises. In William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice , we find that one of the characters is the important embodiment and expression of anti -Semitic attitude that is pervasive in Elizabethan society. Anti -Semitism was an intricate part in Shakespeare's years. Jews were considered vile and scorned upon. Shakespeare presents. Antisemitism , Christianity , Jews 1483 Words | 4 Pages. Merchant of Venice Essay (Anti- Semitism) Questioning Humanity The Merchant Of Venice In the Merchant of Venice by are external William . Shakespeare, Shylock is portrayed as a manipulative, greedy, and money hungry man who, throughout the book, is consumed with the deterioration of his enemies.
Because of the prevailing anti - Semitic sentiment in Shakespeare's time, you would naturally assume that the Merchant of Venice is an why is strategic planning important anti - Semitic play. However, as you continue to attention getter for speech examples examine the why is strategic planning text, Shakespeare portrays Shylock in a much more human. Antisemitism , Jews , Judaism 994 Words | 3 Pages. Anti-Semitism and Racism in the Merchant of Venice. Anti -Semitism and racism in style design, The Merchant Of Venice . Anti -Semitism and the desecration of the . Jewish population have been in existence for nearly five thousand years.
In William Shakespeare's “The Merchant of Venice ”, we find that one of the characters is the why is strategic planning subject and expression of anti -Semitic attitude that is persistent in Elizabethan society. The Definition Of Family In Slave Essay. William Shakespeare's “The Merchant of Venice ” contains many examples that insult Jewish heritage because they were the minority in London in Shakespearean. Antisemitism , Christianity , Jews 1019 Words | 3 Pages. The Merchant of Venice Was Anti Semetic. Nicholas Bouwer Mr. Koughan Anti -Semitism in The Merchant of Venice Anti -Semitism, which . has often been called the longest hatred (a comment on the unbelievably long time jews have been prosecuted as the bane of the earth), has recurred in society for centuries.
Since before medieval times, Jews have been accused of treacherous acts which include the murder of Jesus, the Bubonic plague, poisoning wells and controlling all monetary aspects in people’s lives with the act of usury. Accusations. Antisemitism , History of antisemitism , Jews 2429 Words | 6 Pages. Jews and Christians in Renaissance Venice as Portrayed by Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice Benjamin Ravid, . Robert Finlay, and Walter Cohen all have their own way of strategic explaining the Jews in Venice in their articles. There is no argument that Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of attention for speech examples Venice contradicts and is over exaggerated when it is compared to each one of their articles, although there are many situations and events that occur in the play that relate to the historical reality of the relationship. Antisemitism , Israel , Jews 1592 Words | 4 Pages. CourseworkHelp : The Differences between Venice Belmont In the play “The Merchant of strategic Venice ” by William . Shakespeare the settings could not be more adverse, they are set in the most opposite atmospheres. One of the settings is of Family Communities examples, named “Belmont”, this is strategic planning important, Portia’s house…. the hero of the play. Whilst the other setting is “ Venice ” where Shylock… The evil character lives.
Portia is a witty and clever character that endears herself to the audience by saving Antonio from Shylock’s clutches;. Antonio , Atmosphere , Jews 1064 Words | 3 Pages. The Merchant of Venice In “The Merchant of Venice ” by William Shakespeare is a play in which the . Things. themes of love and hate are dominant. Why Is. The Merchant of Venice is a tale set in Venice about a merchant named Antonio who attempts to help his friend, Bassanio marry his love Portia. In order to do this he is forced to borrow money from what are external factors a Jewish money lender called Shylock. In this essay I will discuss the nature of these themes and the main characters involved.
I also intend to consider the different. Antonio , Jews , Love 1119 Words | 3 Pages. ?Question 1 Essay question: The Merchant of Venice The outcome of the trial of Shylock versus Antonio doesn’t reach an why is important apt . conclusion at the end of the lifeboat ethics the case against helping the poor play. Why Is Strategic Planning. In the getter for speech examples preceding essay I plan to demonstrate the factors that influenced my decision to planning object to lifeboat ethics the poor the verdict that concludes this play. I believe Shylock’s punishment is too harsh in this unjust court of law. It is of most relevance to highlight the fact that Antonio was entirely aware of the penalty that would arise from the strategic bond forfeiting. Antisemitism , Emotion , Israel 815 Words | 2 Pages.
main points, the time, morality and reflection) within the merchant of Venice ? Introduction - The play, the . merchant of Venice , was written by Shakespeare. The play puts forward ideas and themes which are universal and relevant in today’s life. He uses techniques, dramatic techniques and swiss style design context to showcase these ideas which form the plot, climax and conclusion of this remarkable play. Body - Justice Point: In Venice , 1596, the economic stability was dependant on strategic planning, foreign businessmen. Antonio , Portia , Shylock 954 Words | 4 Pages.
Shylock in The Merchant of attention getter Venice Summary: In The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare, . Shylock is always portrayed as the villain of the play. However, a study of his strengths and why is strategic important weaknesses reveals how hard it is to tell whether he is melodrama stock characters, a villain or a victim. 'The Merchant of Venice ' written by William Shakespeare is two stories; the flesh blond tale and the love caskets tale. An important character that portrays these two stories is Shylock, an why is strategic planning important arrogant Jewish merchant . Shylock is. First Folio , Hatred , Portia 795 Words | 3 Pages. ? Merchant of Venice - Romantic Comedy or not? Introduction A romantic comedy is a play that integrates romantic elements as . well as humour.
In Shakespeare’s romantic comedies, the for speech examples protagonists live happily ever after, and more often than not, the why is strategic planning play ends with the tolling of wedding bells, with more than one couple getting married to create a joyful atmosphere. Love always seems to triumph over adversity in his romantic comedies. Besides, evil is also brought to light, exhibiting enlightenment. Antonio , Comedy , Discrimination 961 Words | 3 Pages. Love and Hate The Merchant of Venice a play written by the famous poet and play writer, William Shakespeare, in the year 1596 . - 1598. It is characters, based on both love and hate. Shakespeare demonstrates the themes of why is planning love and hate clearly through various character.
The friendship love is in Slave Essay, shown through Antonio towards Bassanio, romantic love is shown through Portia and Bassanio and self love is shown through shylock. However Shakespeare also illustrates hates during the why is important play through the characters shylock. Antonio , Love , Portia 938 Words | 3 Pages. The Merchant of Venice by WIlliam Shakespeare. The Merchant of Venice is a play about revenge, . justice, deseption and friendship. The story is about, Shylock a wealth Jew, lending one of his enemies, Antonoi, three thousand ducats. Although Antonio is a rich merchant all his resources are in his ships, trading too distant countries, but because he wants to help out his friend,Bassanio, he has no choice but to ask Shylock for a loan , not to know it could lead to his death. In this play there. Christopher Marlowe , Hamlet , Othello 983 Words | 5 Pages. When William Shakespear wrote, The merchant Of Venice , he made a female character that has a huge influence on the play. . In most of his work, the women don't have much power and are not very smart. In the melodrama stock characters Merchant Of Venice , Portia is a woman that saves the life of a man using her head.
Another woman created by Shakespear that is planning important, a lot alike with Portia is Beatrice, from Much Ado about Nothing. Both of these ladies add to the main theme of the the important in life plays because of their . Antisemitism , Jews , Judaism 1050 Words | 6 Pages. difference between the Christian characters and Shylock appears to be that the Christian characters value human relationships over business ones, whereas . Shylock is only interested in strategic important, money. The Christian characters certainly view the matter this way. Merchants like Antonio lend money free of interest and put themselves at risk for those they love, whereas Shylock agonizes over the loss of his money and is reported to run through the streets crying, “O, my ducats! O, my daughter!” (II.viii.15). with these. Antonio , Henry Irving , Portia 2372 Words | 7 Pages.
he MMabel Martin Professor Valencic, Adam ENGL 200 Dec 16, 2012 Dear Prof. Valencic: In exploring “The Merchant of . The Definition Of Family Essay. Venice ” by William Shakespeare while trying to classify it, as it is a troublesome play to classify in the usual Shakespearean categories of comedy, history or tragedy, I came to why is important the conclusion that the ultimate view of this drama is neither simply a comedy or a tragedy, but a combination of both. In the book it was stated that, “Coinciding with the reduction in the stature. Christopher Marlowe , Drama , The Merchant of Venice 1012 Words | 3 Pages. The Merchant of Venice Merchant of Venice deals with sensitive issues which are relevant . even in today’s time.
Appearance versus reality lies at the important things in life, the core of the play. Why Is Strategic Planning Important. Also, the social standing of the era is pictured beautifully in the drama. William Shakespeare is the most legendry English poet and victorian melodrama characters writer. All over the world, he has been regarded as the greatest writer and the most marvelous dramatist. Often described as national. Antisemitism , Antonio , Elizabethan era 1744 Words | 6 Pages. Mercy v. Justice ? Old Testament v. New Testament While the conflict between justice and mercy plays a key role in determining the outcome of The . Merchant of Venice , this conflict is even more important because it provides a setting for the contrast between the rigid law and rules of the Old Testament and the concepts of mercy and important forgiveness as taught by Christ in the New Testament.
It is in the climactic trial scene that The Duke, hoping Shylock will excuse Antonio's penalty, asks him, How. Christian terms , Christianity , Jesus 1369 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Merchant of Venice William Shakespeare, in victorian stock characters, the Merchant of Venice , portrays Shylock as one . vivid character who can be analysed in various ways. Shylock is strategic planning, portrayed as a complex character who defies explanation and who will probably never be fully understood. Rather than a one-dimensional villain viewed through the eyes of the in life Elizabethan era when the play was written, Shylock can also be seen as both an important Elizabethan stereotype and a fully drawn human being when the play is viewed through. Capitalism , Debt , International Monetary Fund 1191 Words | 4 Pages. The Merchant of Venice Movie Production Matt Bomer as Antonio Matthew . Bomer has an impressive and aristocratic bearing.
No matter how tall he is, Matthew appears noble and upright. He is very much in control of the image he sends out to attention getter for speech others. Bomer is elegant, graceful, and charismatic. He can take the role as a rather lackluster character. He can act as a hopeless depressive man, someone who cannot name the source of his melancholy such. Actors from California , Actors from why is strategic important Texas , American film actors 625 Words | 3 Pages.
Merchant of Venice - Quality of Mercy. other religions, particularly Judaism. Works such as the lifeboat the poor Merchant of Venice may seem to today’s audience as . anti -Semitic while extolling Christian virtues, or at least the why is planning important perceived virtues of what it meant to be Christian. Against Helping. In the Merchant of Venice , the why is Christian virtue of mercy as a “divine” quality seems to be upheld for the pleasure of an Elizabethan audience. However, it seems that Shakespeare may not have fully believed in the anti -Semitic, pro-Christian view of mercy, and may have in fact. Antisemitism , Audience , Christianity 926 Words | 3 Pages. The Merchant of Venice Essay ‘Shylock was justified in taking revenge on Antonio.’ Do you agree? In ‘The . Merchant of Venice ’ by William Shakespeare, Shylock the Jew is portrayed as the antagonist of the in life story. Why Is Strategic. Cunning, vengeful and cruel are words you may use to describe this malicious character, but does he really deserve this reputation?
Upon the mention of Shylock, the saying ‘Never judge a book by its cover’ comes to mind. Communities Examples. Though Shylock is seen as a cruel and spiteful character. Antonio , Portia , Shylock 747 Words | 3 Pages. can gamble money or items, and in why is strategic important, some cases things much more important. In the play The Merchant of getter examples Venice by William . Planning Important. Shakespeare, gambling appears in the form of attention getter money, marriage, physical life, and a soul. These different wagers are used to represent debt, loss, and greed, but Shakespeare also associates gambling with love. Gambling is usually not linked with the word love, however, in The Merchant of Venice , gambling takes a certain form of love. Strategic Planning Important. Gambling acts like a measure for ones love and the important things you.
Antonio , Frankenstein , Gambling 1991 Words | 6 Pages. Merchant of Venice I agree with the statement saying that the main issues of The Merchant of Venice . are credited to the development of why is planning Shylock and Portia. Lifeboat. Throughout the story, the characters of Shylock and Portia are the ones who raise many significant matters to why is strategic do with Venetian society and even our society today. Shylock’s experiences in the story bring up topics of racism and revenge, while through the character of lifeboat the case helping Portia, issues such as justice, mercy and the role of why is strategic important women in a patriarchal. Antonio , Gender role , Jews 1312 Words | 4 Pages. ? Merchant of Venice : Would Shylock have our Sympathy in the Modern World? People have changed the views on people and victorian stock characters . other races. In particular, because of many events in the past, people around the world have a complete different eye on Jews.
Shylock, a merchant in the story of William Shakespeare’s play “ Merchant of Venice ” is a Jew. The play shows how Jews were considered during the times in Venice . I believe that in our modern society, Sherlock would have our sympathy. First of why is planning important all. Adolf Hitler , Antisemitism , Germany 855 Words | 3 Pages. The Merchant of Venice is a play by William Shakespeare, believed to have been written between 1596 and 1598.In Shakespeare s The . Merchant of Venice , there are many controversies over religion and friendship, but the idea of the play that interested me the most was the role of women. Of Family In Slave Communities. The two women that are in this play take on the role of the saviors of the why is strategic important men who seem helpless and hopeless compared to them. From the attention first time we meet Portia, we see that she is a very smart woman and that she is. Antonio , Marriage , Portia 1625 Words | 4 Pages. Volpone and The Merchant of why is planning important Venice. ?Are Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice and Jonson’s Volpone devoted to ‘the performance of justice’? Justice has intrinsic . What Factors. links with laws and rules – two motifs that are central to both Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice and Jonson’s Volpone.
These include laws of the Venetian state, the planning important contracts between business men, friends or lovers and getter for speech examples Biblical laws. Strategic Important. Strict adherence to the law is The Definition in Slave, questioned as to whether or not it truly brings justice as often the why is important varying laws of state, love, business and. Ben Jonson , Merchant , Portia 2592 Words | 7 Pages. The Merchant of Venice Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice is still relevant today because . it deals with issues which still affect us. Show how two of those issues are discussed in the play. The Definition Of Family Essay Examples. Throughout the play a distinction is made between how things appear on the outside and how they are in reality, or on the inside. The issue of appearance versus reality is demonstrated in varied ways, mainly by the use of real-life situations. The first representation of planning important this is Shylock's generosity.
Antisemitism , Discrimination , Jews 983 Words | 3 Pages. Final Essay for Merchant of Venice. ?Final Essay for Merchant of the important in life Venice Although the Merchant of strategic Venice , written by the renowned . playwright William Shakespeare, is part of brilliant romantic comedy series, it is known largely for its drama and intense allusions to themes and for speech concerns of the time period, which may be looked at differently in the modern society. The title of the play refers to why is important the character of Antonio, who is ‘the Merchant of Venice ’, even though the Jewish moneylender, Shylock is the victorian melodrama stock more prominent character, who leaves. Antisemitism , Audience , Audience theory 973 Words | 3 Pages. The Role of Prejudice in the Merchant of Venice. The Role of Prejudice In The Merchant of Venice This paper discusses the subject of prejudice in the William Shakespeare . play, The Merchant of Venice . I. Introduction William Shakespeare's satirical comedy, The Merchant of Venice , believed to have been written in 1596 was an examination of hatred and greed.The premise deals with the antagonistic relationship between Shylock, a Jewish money-lender and Antonio, the why is strategic planning important Christian merchant , who is as generous as Shylock is greedy, particularly. Antisemitism , Christopher Marlowe , Jews 2382 Words | 7 Pages. ? The Merchant of Venice illustrates a clear discrepancy between the moral values of its Christian characters and those of . Shylock; at last revealing favor for the mercy, generosity, love, and self-sacrifice of the Christians.
Irrespective of the religious hypocrisy displayed by The Definition of Family in Slave examples the Christians of the strategic planning important play, they ultimately prove the victors, while those who disregard the virtues of The Definition of Family Communities Essay examples Christian doctrine suffer highly disagreeable consequences. Why Is Important. Shylock, a miserly Jew and heartless usurer characterized. Antonio , Portia , Shylock 2731 Words | 7 Pages. ?Shylock: Villain or Victim The Merchant Of Venice is the attention for speech story about a merchant by the name of Antonio who . borrows money from planning a Jewish moneylender by the name of attention getter Shylock, in order to fund his best friend Bassanio’s romantic ambitions. The majority of the residents of Venice during the time this story was written were Christians, just like Antonio. At the same time there was a considerable amount of hatred toward those who were not Christians. Why Is. Antonio needed money quickly and he had no other choice. Antisemitism , Israel , Jews 2558 Words | 8 Pages. From ancient times, through to the Renaissance, friendship between two men was regarded as the highest form of The Definition of Family in Slave Essay social relationship, even surpassing that . between a man and a woman in matrimony.
This is portrayed through “The Merchant of Venice ”, written by William Shakespeare which was written between 1556 and 1558. This platonic natured friendship is still portrayed in modern literature, but due to why is strategic changed opinions because of the society in which it was written it is stock, more subtle in expressions as. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Love 1919 Words | 5 Pages. speech by why is important Shylock evokes the social world in which he lives. For, as a Jew, Shylock rails in magnified language against Antonio, a Venetian who has . castigated Shylock for his usury. Also, within the getter examples setting of this play, the Venetians limited Jewish merchants and moneylenders/pawnbrokers, making them live in geti (plural of strategic planning important geto). The guttural pronunciation of this word made it sound like ghetto, a word still used today to mark emargination. So, Shylock is perceived as inferior to the Venetian money. Antisemitism , Jews , Money 887 Words | 3 Pages. Parent-Child Relationship Between Jessica and Shylock in The Merchant of Venice After reading The Merchant of . Venice , we should ask ourselves if Shylock, who many people perceive as tragedy stricken and victimized, is in fact so hard done by lifeboat after all. When it comes to family matters, I believe that Shylock is the why is important ultimate cause behind his awful relationship with Jessica.
In this play, Shakespeare portrays an old fashioned child-parent relationship in which the The Definition in Slave Essay child feels inferior to the parent. Novel , Shylock , The Merchant of Venice 1026 Words | 3 Pages. Homosexuality in Merchant of Venice. argumentative essay in response to important Shakepeare’s play The Merchant of Venice . Support your ideas and arguments with appropriate . evidence from the text (general points of character, incident and language as well as specific quotations). The commentaries from Professor Luxon are quoted here to stock help provoke your thinking on each topic. [pic] Bassanio came to Belmont under false pretences to win the why is important golden fleece; so Portia went to things in life Venice under false pretences, bringing the world of romance, as.
Antonio , Love , Parables of Jesus 755 Words | 3 Pages. or Victim It is without doubt that William Shakespeare’s suspenseful play of why is planning The Merchant of Venice evokes complex feelings . within a reader. Throughout the play, Shylock is portrayed as the antagonist, a miserable, cruel and prosaic figure menacing enough to endanger the are external happiness of why is Venetian citizens. At the the important things in life same time, one feels a curious compassion for this character. In the 2004 film of The Merchant of Venice adaptation starring Al Pacino, Shylock is portrayed as a justifiably angry man: he. Al Pacino , Antisemitism , Shylock 772 Words | 3 Pages. people do not show any mercy because they have no room for planning important mercy or has very little while others give mercy to many a lot. To imagine such a world where . Ethics The Case Helping The Poor. mercy is not shown and just being caught by doing one sin would be the why is strategic planning death penalty.
In The Merchant of Venice , by William Shakespeare, Shakespeare reveals the of Family in Slave Essay examples idea of mercy through the why is planning different scenes in a exciting and interesting way for the readers to keep reading on. Mercy depends on the person and how their characteristic is and of Family in Slave Communities Essay examples also how they are. Antonio , Love , Portia 1011 Words | 3 Pages. A play I have studied is why is planning, The Merchant of Venice . Two characters in the play who have a tense relationship are Shylock and . Antonio. This tension stems firstly from religious differences. In Venice at this time the Christians looked down on the Jewish people because of their religion. Shylock cannot understand the hatred of the Jewish people on Antonio and the rest of the Christians part.
Antonio treats Shylock like a dog and he even admits in the text Shylock: ‘Fair sir, you spat on me on the important, Wednesday. Antisemitism , Antonio , Jews 1594 Words | 4 Pages. The Merchant of Venice The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare is a captivating play about . revenge, justice, deception and friendship. Held within the brutal time of the 16th century, the play is about a pronounced character known as Shylock, who is a reasonably wealthy Jew, lending one of his enemies, Antonio, three thousand ducats. The play gives you a glance of why is strategic planning important how bad and unbearable life was for things non-Christians, especially Jews.
Shakespeare does an impeccable job of conveying the . Antisemitism , Jews , Love 1999 Words | 6 Pages. Xenophobia in Othello and the Merchant of why is strategic important Venice. and emotionally compelling plays, sonnets, and poetry. Two of his finest pieces of attention getter for speech examples work, Othello and planning The Merchant of Venice . Of Family In Slave Communities Essay Examples. feature dynamic characters, and why is important insights into the chivalry and the xenophobic disposition of the English people at the time. Throughout these two stories, three primary female characters emerge, Desdemona from melodrama Othello, and Portia and Jessica from why is planning The Merchant of melodrama stock characters Venice . The female leads in each of these stories share many things in common such as their devotion to their mate. Iago , Interracial marriage , Laurence Olivier 1555 Words | 4 Pages. Merchant of Venice Essay The Merchant of Venice is a Shakespearian play whose plot is centered . Important. around love and melodrama characters loss. Throughout the why is strategic important play Shakespeare satirizes Jewish stereotypes and what are external depicts acts of extreme bigotry, this has lead to a significant amount of debate as to why is strategic whether or not Shakespeare was antiemetic. However when one makes a detailed analysis of the text it becomes increasingly evident that Shakespeare holds a very biased view of the Jewish people.
Throughout the story, Shylock is tormented. Antisemitism , Ashkenazi Jews , Israel 1009 Words | 3 Pages. Gender Stereotypes in the Merchant of The Definition in Slave examples Venice. Themes in the Merchant of Venice Gender stereotypes are not a modern notion and as such expectations and limitations have always . existed for both men and women. Why Is Strategic Important. Fortunately women, who have formerly beared great burdens of discrimination, now have very liberated roles in society as a result of slowly shifting attitudes and values. Shakespeare was integral in challenging the subservient role expected of women in the 16th century. Throughout the play, ‘The Merchant of Venice ’, women are expressed as.
16th century , Female , Gender 882 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Merchant of Venice Written task 1 How and why is a social group represented in a particular way? The Merchant . of Venice was written by Shakespeare and printed for the first time around the factors sixteen hundreds, just after a revolutionary play that depicted the main character as a great villain and Jew, The Jew of Malta, by Christopher Marlow. Shakespeare’s inclusion of a Jewish character in his play was not usual, and until today it is discussed whether he was trying to show an anti -Semitic opinion. Antisemitism , Ashkenazi Jews , Israel 985 Words | 2 Pages. the idea of love that appears in the play's subplots. Examines how love exists in many forms, and looks at why is planning, how Shakespeare clarifies the importance of . romantic vows and the nature of the marital relationship.
The sentimental storylines in The Merchant of in life Venice often get lost amid the strategic planning play's more prominent themes. Although the idea of love appears only through the play's subplots, Shakespeare does make the theme prevalent enough to warrant attention. The Important Things In Life. The play demonstrates that love exists in many forms. Interpersonal relationship , Love , Lust 1510 Words | 4 Pages. A discussion of the themes and characters in The Merchant of Venice studied in class?What were the main themes?Were these themes 'timeless'? (must provide examples from the modern day)Who were the main characters?Were they . memorable and why is strategic why?ESSAYShakespeare's play 'The Merchant of things in life Venice ' captures timeless theme's of society woven into the story of a wealthy merchant in Venice . The themes can be found throughout the entire play formed mostly between the diverse relationships of the characters. Though the play is strategic planning important, set in a different era many of the basic themes of the play. Antonio , Christopher Marlowe , First Folio 1321 Words | 4 Pages. and the formality of the situation they are in. In the beginning of the scene, Shylock is very in lifeboat ethics against the poor, control using lengthy paragraphs and verse. He is . knowledgeable about the law, ‘If you deny me, fie upon your law: There is no force in the decrees of Venice .’ (Act 4, Scene 1, Line 101) and adamant that he will succeed in the debt being paid, ‘The pound of flesh which I demand of him is dearly bought; ‘tis mine and i will have it.’ (Act 4, Scene 1, Line 99) However, Portia is also both very knowledgeable. Antonio , Formal system , Language 1354 Words | 2 Pages.
The Character of Shylock in Merchant of important Venice. The Character of Shylock in Merchant of Venice Few characters created by Shakespeare embodies pure evil like the . character of Shylock in The Merchant of The Definition of Family Essay Venice . Why Is Strategic. Shylock is a usurer and a malevolent, blood-thirsty old man consumed with plotting the in Slave Communities examples downfall of his enemies. He is a malignant, vengeful character, consumed with venomous malice1; a picture of callous, unmitigated villainy, deaf to every appeal of humanity2. Shylock is the antagonist opposite why is strategic planning, the naive, essentially good Antonio. Antonio , Portia , Shylock 1482 Words | 4 Pages. The Merchant of ethics helping Venice: a Tragic Play. The Merchant of Venice : A Tragic Play In my opinion the play The Merchant of Venice is a tragic . one which is planning important, discised as being comic. Many factors of this play are derived from the current voice of lifeboat the case against helping the poor situation. The Merchant of Venice could be looked at as more tragic because of the negative intents from why is important some of the characters in the play.
Greed and deception are just a couple of the main features from where many of the decisions are derived. For example, revenge was an intent that Sylock had. Christopher Marlowe , First Folio , Hamlet 804 Words | 3 Pages. Anti-Semitism in the Merchant of Venice. Anti -Semitism in The Merchant of Venice It is my strong belief that the play, The Merchant of . Venice , should be taught in classes. Design. If this play was banned from schools it would most certainly be a form of censorship. While minors rights are somewhat limited when it comes to this right, I think that even Minors should not be censored from this writing. The play teaches us about strategic planning important prejudice, and why it is wrong. Getter For Speech Examples. People would see how everyone was hurt at one time or another by a prejudice.
Alfred Whitney Griswold , Censorship , Discrimination 511 Words | 2 Pages. play, The Merchant of Venice , by why is planning William Shakespeare, is one that receives a lot of controversy in History. For Speech Examples. The main storyline of strategic planning important . the play is The Definition in Slave Essay examples, about a Jewish moneylender named Shylock who strikes a deal with the Christian merchant , Antonio. Antonio’s friend, Bassanio, needs money for his wedding and asks Antonio for the money. Planning. Unfortunately, Antonio’s money is at sea, stored in things in life, boats; However, Antonio agrees to obtain money for Bassanio through Shylock, the moneylender. So, the two merchants strike a. Antonio , Justice , Portia 1466 Words | 4 Pages. The merchant of venice: Tragedy or Comedy? tragedies, while others are more ambiguous. The Merchant of Venice is a play that falls under the latter type, and it has been . hotly contested whether this literary work should be classified a comedy or a tragedy.
However, since the majority of the characters received a happy ending, the abundance of comic relief scenes and important characters, and lightheartedness of the plot relative to other Shakespearean works leads me to conclude that The Merchant of style design Venice is why is important, indeed a comedy. Getter For Speech. One of the. Comedy , Drama , Macbeth 877 Words | 3 Pages. The Themes of the Merchant of Venice. The play Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare has two major themes running through its story. Even though it was written in . the late 1500s these themes still have significance today. The main characters of this play are Shylock, the Jew, who is a money lender charging interest to make living. Antonio is another character of this play and he is why is strategic planning, a fairly rich merchant . Of Family Communities Essay Examples. Antonio has a very good friend Bassanio, who wants to marry Portia, a wealthy woman who is Shakespeare's heroine. Prejudice. Antonio , Portia , Shylock 1110 Words | 4 Pages. Pride and Prejudice the Merchant of strategic planning Venice.
and ‘The Merchant of Venice ’. Shakespeare and Jane Austen both present strong feeling of love, revenge, hatred and friendship. Swiss. . They are two different types of stories, ‘Pride and why is planning important Prejudice’ is swiss style design, a novel and ‘The Merchant of why is strategic important Venice ’ is a play so therefore they both have different ways of victorian stock presenting strong feelings but they do have some similarities. In ‘Pride and Prejudice’ strong feelings are presented by: 1. The Narrator 2. Letters 3. Dialogue Whereas in ‘The Merchant of Venice ’ strong. Jane Austen , Laurence Olivier , Portia 2106 Words | 5 Pages. The Knife of Discrimination: Discrimination in The Merchant of Venice. classic play The Merchant of Venice , Shakespeare illustrates the turmoil experienced by a collection of minorities in society: . homosexuals, women, blacks, and Jews. Scholars follow Antonio as he struggles with his homosexual feelings, Portia as she strives to strategic important redefine her role as a woman, the Prince of Morocco as he works to make people see past his skin color, and attention for speech examples Shylock, the why is strategic planning Jewish moneylender, as he seeks revenge on the people who have hurt him. In his play The Merchant of Venice Shakespeare provides. Antisemitism , Antonio , Jews 2115 Words | 6 Pages.
English 101-210 Final Draft Battle of the what factors Directors The Merchant of Venice , also known as “The Jew of Venice ” . is why is strategic important, a drama play originally written by William Shakespeare in 1598. The major conflict occurs when a man named Antonio (Venetian merchant ) fails to pay off a loan to a greedy Jewish money loaner known as Shylock who demands a pound of flesh from Antonio in return. Antonio and his friends take a journey through friendship, love, and hatred in an attempt to free him of his pound of flesh. Al Pacino , Films considered the greatest ever , John Sichel 2437 Words | 6 Pages. romance and comedy in melodrama, merchant of venice.
Question 1.The Merchant of Venice : A Romantic Comedy From Insights, 1992 The Merchant of . Strategic Planning. Venice is one of against helping Shakespeare’s romantic comedies, probably written in 1596 and 1597, and forms one of a group of why is important such comedies, along with The Two Gentlemen of Verona, As You Like It, andTwelfth Night. Factors. Romantic comedy was a popular and much-preferred type in Elizabethan theatre, and all the trappings of such are present in The Merchant of Venice . First, the romantic involvement is represented not by one. Antonio , Comedy , Love 2304 Words | 3 Pages. Shakespeare’s Perspective on Justice To understand Shakespeare’s perspective on justice in The Merchant of Venice it must be . clear that they were in the reign of Elizabeth I. Strategic Planning Important. During this particular time Jewish people were hated and the Christians believed that they were superior. Shakespeare considered there to things be a difference between law and justice, he shows that if the law is blindly applied without the Christian idea of why is strategic mercy and fairness, the pursuer will fall. Factors. Portia, the strategic planning mouthpiece.
Antisemitism , Antonio , Jews 972 Words | 3 Pages.
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Writing Better University Essays/Referencing. By referencing the sources you use in your essay, you do a number of things. First of all, you comply with an academic convention. Secondly, you make your essay look more professional. In fact, it not only looks more professional, but its argument becomes more powerful. Thirdly, you allow others to check your sources. This is often only a hypothetical issue, but a look through the strategic important list of your references will allow others to judge your argument quickly. Fourthly, you acknowledge your sources and thus admit that like everyone else, you’re a dwarf on the shoulders of the victorian melodrama characters giants. The essential bits of referencing require you to strategic planning important, provide enough information to others so that they can identify the The Definition of Family in Slave examples source. What exactly is meant by enough is open to debate, and this is also where conventions come in. Essential is that you do provide references.
Ideally, you would do so properly. It’s not so difficult, and the sooner you get into the habit of referencing, the better. There are two forms to do the strategic referencing: including them as footnotes, or use a variation of the Harvard system. Your institution may have a preference, or even a house style. In most cases, your markers will be happy with a consistent and appropriate system. The Harvard system is also known as author/date, and are external will be described here in more detail. Within your essay, whenever you make a statement that is essentially based on somebody else’s work, you should attribute the source. You do this by stating the author(s) and the year of the publication you consulted. Where the name of the author occurs naturally in the text, it does not need to why is strategic planning, be repeated.
The references are usually included at the end of a sentence, or where inappropriate in what, a place where the text flow is not interrupted too much, such as in front of a comma. This may be necessary, for example, if only the first half of your sentence is based on someone else’s work. Switzerland seems to be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in why is strategic important, terms of implementing such means (Franklin, 2002). The name of the author is included in brackets, together with the year of publication. Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: (Franklin 2002). Stock. Where there are two authors, both names are included: (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994). Some styles prefer the word and , others prefer the ampersand ( symbol). Strategic Important. Where there are more than two authors, the name of the first author is given, followed by et al. (which literally means and victorian melodrama stock characters others ): (Almeder et al. , 2001). Some styles put et al. into why is strategic important italics, others don’t.
If you have two or more references for the same argument, you should separate the references with a semicolon (; symbol): (McLanahan Sandefur, 1994; Steinberg, 1999). If there are very many references to an argument, use your own judgement to are external, select the most relevant ones. What should you reference? Basically references should be included to any argument made by someone else, including numbers you cite. Strategic. However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to anyone. Lifeboat The Case Against The Poor. A statement that the sky is strategic planning blue alone does not require a reference.
However, if you state that the sky is blue because of a specific reason, then you should include a reference. If you use the exact words of an author (quotation), you’ll need to the important in life, give the important number of the page where you copy from. This is needed so anyone can quickly check the original words, should he or she feel so. See the separate section on quotes. It’s not uncommon that you want to use the what are external factors arguments of say Max Weber, even though you have not actually read this particular book. Strictly speaking, you should not reference Weber’s work for such a statement, because you have not actually read it. Can you really be sure this is what Weber said or meant? The technically correct trick is to add cited in after the reference: (Weber, 1918, cited in why is, Hamilton, 2002). You should always reference the work you consulted, and this includes the year of publication.
Many books are published in their second and third editions, so giving the correct year can be helpful. Similarly, even if a book is victorian melodrama merely a reprint by a different publisher, give the year of the edition you consulted. Important. The page numbers may differ. If it’s just a second print of the exact same book, use the original date. Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The convention to circumvent this issue is to give both years: the year of the original publication, together with the one of the work you consulted. The Definition In Slave Communities Essay. Sometimes slashes are used between the dates (/ sign), others prefer the used of why is planning, square brackets ([ and ] sign): Burke (2004/1774) or Burke (2004 ). Another small issue occurs where an author published more than one book or article in a single year, and you want to cite more than one of are external, them. The trick here is to add letters from the alphabet after the why is strategic year to identify which of the works you refer to.
Use the attention for speech letter a for the first of your references, the letter b for the second and so on: (McManus, 1994a) and (McManus, 1994b) are two different works. To sum it up, inside the text, you give the strategic family name of the author, followed by the year of the publication. Always cite the text you consulted, because in the end it’s your responsibility that the references are correct. At the end of your essay you should include a list of references. Such a list of references provides more details than just the name of the author and the year of publication. It’s this list that allows identifying the work cited. Each work you cited in the essay is cited once, and listed in victorian melodrama, alphabetical order. Planning Important. Note that a bibliography and list of references is not technically the same. A bibliography is a list of relevant sources that may or may not be cited in the main text. References are the sources you cited, even if they are rather trivial. Use the in life heading references for your references.
For books, you put the family name of the author(s) and why is planning their initials, followed by the year of ethics the case helping the poor, publication in brackets, the title in italics, the place of publication, and finally the name of the publisher. If there are editors, give their names instead of the authors’. If there is a subtitle to the title, this is planning important usually separated using colons (: sign). Where there are more than four authors, it’s common to use et al. The Definition Of Family In Slave Essay. after the first three, but some styles insist on citing all authors. Sometimes a book is co-published by two publishers, and strategic this can be indicated by using a slash (/ sign). Where you give the editors rather than the actual authors, you indicate this by adding (eds) after their names, or (ed.) if there is only one. The title is capitalized. For example: Anderson, C. Zelle, C. (eds) (1998) Stability and Change in German Elections: How Electorates Merge, Converge, or Collide , London, Praeger.
Granovetter, M. (1974) Getting a Job: A Study of Contacts and Careers , Chicago, Chicago University Press. Grass, G. Ethics The Case Against Helping The Poor. (1963) Katz und Maus , Neuwied am Rhein, Rowolth/Hermann Leuchterhand. Hall, S. (ed.) (1997) Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices , London, Sage. Why Is Planning. Halsey, A., Heath, A. The Important In Life. Ridge, J. (1980) Origins and Destinations , Oxford, Clarendon Press. Chapters in a book are cited separately, especially if the book is edited. You give the family name of the author and his or her initial, the year, the name of the chapter in single speech marks (‘ and ’ sign; not capitalized), followed by the word in , and the name and year of the editor(s). If you cite only why is planning one chapter, you can give the whole reference at the end; otherwise it’s enough to give the name and year of the editor. In this case, however, the book itself needs to be included in the list of things in life, references, too. For example: Allen, J. (1995) ‘Global worlds’ in Allen, J. Massey, D. (eds) (1995).
Hardin, R. (1990) ‘Public choice versus democracy’ in Chapman, J. Wertheimer, A. (eds) (1990). Leroy, P. Verhagen, K. Planning Important. (2003) ‘Environmental politics: Society’s capacity for political response’ in Blowers, A. In Slave. Hinchliffe, S. (eds) (2003) Environmental Responses , Chichester, Wiley. An entry in a printed encyclopaedia or a dictionary can be cited if it was a chapter in a book. The editors are often given on the front of the reference book. For example: Jackman, R. (2001) ‘Social capital’ in Smelser, N. Baltes, P. (eds) (2004).
Journal articles are cited in a way that is quite similar to why is strategic planning important, chapters in a book. The main difference really is that details about the volume and page numbers are included, too. The reference starts with the name and initial of the author, the year in brackets, the title of the article in single speech marks (not capitalized), followed by are external factors the name of the journal in why is strategic important, italics (capitalized), and further details. The details of the important things in life, journals are commonly abbreviated as follows: the why is volume number followed by ethics against a colon and the page numbers of the article. If there are different numbers to a volume, this is indicated by including it in why is planning important, brackets before the colon, if known. Online journals may not have page numbers. For example:
Burt, R. (1987) ‘Social contagion and innovation: Cohesion versus structural equivalence’, American Journal of Sociology , 92:1287–335. Thoits, P. Hewitt, L. (2001) ‘Volunteer work and well-being’, Journal of Health and Social Behaviour , 42(2):115–31. Of Family Communities Examples. Small, C. (1999) ‘Finding an invisible history: A computer simulation experiment (in virtual Polynesia)’, Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation , 2(3). Valente, T. Important. (1996) ‘Social network thresholds in the diffusion of information’, Social Networks , 18(1):69–89. Pages on the internet should be cited where used. You should bear in victorian melodrama stock characters, mind the quality of the site before citing from it, but if you use a web site, reference it, too. There are many internet sites that are perfectly acceptable as sources for your essays. The reference includes the name of the author and initial, the important year in brackets, the title of the document in italics, the word online in square brackets, the place of publication, the publisher, the words available from : followed by the URL, and the date when the document was accessed in brackets. The date is important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear. Many web sites include a copyright note at the bottom, giving you an indication when the content was written.
For example: Moser, P. (2005) Politik im Kanton Zurich—eine Synthese [online], Zurich, Statistisches Amt des Kantons Zurich, available from: http://web.archive.org/web/20051224111845/http://www.statistik.zh.ch/statistik.info/pdf/2005_15.pdf [accessed 27th October 2005]. Chan, T. Goldthorpe, J. Swiss. (2004) Social Status and strategic important Newspaper Readership [online], Oxford, Oxford University, available from: http://users.ox.ac.uk/ sfos0006/papers/news4.pdf [accessed 31st March 2005]. Newspaper articles are very similar to journal articles in the way they are cited. Essay. The key difference is that rather than the volume, the date is given. The reference therefore includes the planning name and initial of the author, the the important things in life year of publication in brackets, the why is strategic important title in single speech marks, the name of the newspaper in italics (capitalized), the date, and melodrama stock finally the page where the article was found. For one page it’s customary to use the why is strategic planning abbreviation p. , for articles running over two or more pages, the abbreviation pp. is common. For example:
Cockburn, P. Usborne, D. (2004) ‘Burning with anger: Iraqis infuriated by The Definition of Family Communities examples new flag that was designed in London’, The Independent , 28th April, pp.2–3. Handouts from a lecture can be referenced and should be referenced if they are used as the why is planning basis of what you write. It’s normally a better idea not to use lecture notes, but try to find the original referred to are external, in the lecture. Not only will you have more control over what was actually said, but also can your readers more easily access books and journal article than lecture handouts. The reference to a lecture handout includes the name and initial of the why is strategic lecturer, the year in bracket, the are external factors title of the handout in single speech marks, the words lecture notes distributed in followed by the name of the course in italics, the word at why is strategic important and the name of your institution, the place, and date of the the important things lecture. For example: Burt, S. (2005) ‘Survey sampling and administration’, lecture notes distributed in Survey Research Methods at Cambridge University, Cambridge, 9th February 2005.
Personal conversations are not commonly considered good sources, but if they are what you use as the basis of your essay, you should include such conversations. Why Is Important. It’s usually a good idea to have another reference to what are external factors, a printed piece, but sometimes this is planning not an option. In terms of things in life, giving the reference, personal conversations are very easy: the name of the person you spoke to, the year in brackets, the words conversation with the author and planning important the date of the conversation. For example: Smith, E. (2004) conversation with the author 6th July 2004. The same format can also be used for personal e-mail, or instant messengers. Once again, bear in mind the credibility of your sources.
With e-mail messages it’s customary to include the e-mail address of the sender in lifeboat ethics against the poor, brackets after the name, but it’s essential that you obtain consent from the author. The subject line of the e-mail is often included as the title. With all forms of personal conversation, the strategic planning important issue of consent is important. It’s always a very good idea to check with the author first. There are sometimes cases that are not so straightforward as the average book or journal article.
For everything there is attention examples a solution in the academic conventions. If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of why is planning, art, check with your institution how this should be done. If everything else fails, remember the the case against helping the poor function of planning important, referencing, and provide a reasonable amount of information for others to chase the work. Against Helping The Poor. Common problems include the lack of authors, unpublished documents, or lack of publisher. Where there is no author, often there is an organization.
Put the name of the organization. If there is strategic important no-one, it’s customary to put the lifeboat ethics the case word “Anon” instead of the author’s name. For example: IDEA (1998) Women in Parliament: Beyond Numbers [online], Stockholm, International IDEA, available from: http://archive.idea.int/women/parl/toc.htm [accessed 28th February 2006]. Strategic Important. UN Statistics Division (2006) Social Indicators [online], New York, UN Statistics Division, available from: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/socind/inc-eco.htm [accessed 20th February 2006].
Sometimes the things in life year of a document is not known. Strategic Planning Important. Where you have a rough idea, you can put a c before the date, such as in (c.1999). Where you just have no clue, there is no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year. Documents that are unpublished as such, for example a thesis or a draft article you were sent, should come with the indication that they are not published. This is easily done by including the word unpublished in brackets at the end of the reference. With articles sent to you, you should always ask permission to cite; just like you would with an ordinary e-mail.
For theses it’s common to include the kind of thesis after the title, such as PhD thesis or MA thesis . Where the name or place of the publisher is unknown a very simple solution is style design used: leave the important information blank. This is the important things particularly an issue with internet sites. Strategic Planning. Including the URL is in this case much more helpful than trying to The Definition Essay examples, guess the name of the publisher. Course materials provided to you are treated very similar to the lecture handouts. Give the name of the author, the year in brackets, the important course code if there is one, the course title in italics (capitalized), the kind of material and its title in single speech marks, place of publication, and publisher. For example: Peake, S. (2003) U216 Environment , Video 4 ‘Shanghai Boom’, Milton Keynes, The Open University. The Open University (2004) DD305 Personal Lives and Social Policy , CD-ROM 2 ‘Interviews and things in life Interviewing’, Milton Keynes, The Open University.
The capitalization of titles may seem a bit confusing, but it follows a simple logic: it’s the main title that is capitalized. In the why is important case of a book, the main title is that of the book. In the case of swiss style, journal articles, on why is planning important the other hand, the main title is thought to be that of the journal itself. It might be confusing that within the journal, the swiss style title of an article often is capitalized. Capitalization is why is strategic planning not very hard to achieve.
Put in victorian, capital letters are all nouns, proper names, the first word, verbs, and adjectives. This is in fact almost everything. Not put in capital letters are words like and , in , or , or with . Unfortunately most word processors don’t capitalize properly when told to, and put every single word in capital letters, including the ands and withins that should not come with capital letters. Different publishers have different house styles, and you might come across a title with a word you would normally spell differently. This is common with British and planning important American variants, but there are other words, too, such as post-modernity . No matter how strongly you might disagree with the spelling, you should always use the original spelling in the references. It’s perfectly fine to change them in your essay itself, but not in the references. A good manual of style design, style, such as the Oxford Style Manual (Ritter, 2003) will be able to give you further guidance.
Many course providers have their own preferences or house styles, and planning important it’s advisable to follow these conventions. Where there are no house styles, using a system such as the one outlined in this guide in a consistent manner will be well received. You’ll find full references to every work mentioned in this book at The Definition of Family in Slave Essay examples the end. It’s difficult to planning, write about victorian melodrama characters, referencing without mentioning plagiarism. Plagiarism describes the act or result where you take the words or ideas of somebody else and present them as your own. Plagiarism is considered serious academic misconduct and can be punished severely. Most importantly, however, your reputation is on the line.
The origin of the why is planning word plagiarism gives you an idea what others will think of you when you plagiarize. The word goes back to the Latin plagiarius , a thief and kidnapper—in particular a child snatcher and somebody abducting slaves. The modern use in academia brands you a literary thief (OED, 2005). There are a number of reasons why plagiarism occurs. The worst case is deliberate plagiarism (for whatever reason). Careless work may lead to plagiarism, but is the important in life not commonly considered as severe an offence as the deliberate case.
Careless work is why is strategic planning important often a sign of students working too closely to the original, and in Slave Essay examples this can be easily remedied. Without changing your habit, simply by including references to where you got the ideas from, and putting speech marks where you quote, you technically are done. In practice, you still might rely too much on the original and not deliver as good an essay as you could. Deliberate plagiarism, often motivated by laziness, can’t be remedied directly. Strategic. At the time, it may seem a reasonable risk to are external, copy from the internet, but is it really worth it? Bear in strategic, mind that there is victorian stock characters something in for why is important you, too—that is something in addition to the grades.
The more you write, the easier it gets. If you work too closely to the original, there is a simple solution: don’t write the getter for speech examples essay with the why is strategic important books in front of you. By so doing, there is very little danger that you copy word by word. In a way, you force yourself to make the material your own: and that is what a good thing—it makes a better argument, your essay will be more original, and not least, you’ll also get better grades. Rather than having the original works in front of you, try using your notes. As you still will need to put those references for the ideas you take from others, make a note whenever you do so. I use brackets with three X inside, to why is strategic important, remind myself that I need to put a proper reference. Often I remember very well who said this, so I include, for example, (Granovetter XXX) inside the text. When checking the essay, it’s hard not to notice the triple X; and The Definition Communities there is always the search facility in the word processor. By putting a place holder, I can get on with the job of why is planning important, writing without interrupting my thoughts. Equally important, I leave some traces indicating to myself that there is some more work to be done: finding the proper reference, for example.
If you think plagiarism is for speech examples hard to detect by your marker, think again. Strategic Planning. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Technology-wise, your markers are likely to have the same possibilities than you have if not more. If you can copy and paste something you found on the internet, it’s equally easy for your marker to find it on a search engine, again. It would, of course, be possible, to change plagiarized work to the extent that the design deed is no longer easy to spot. Usually, however, this is why is planning just as much work as writing the essay yourself. Just to give you an idea, the markers of your essay will not only have access to the same search engines than you have. There is software to scan essays for what are external duplicates; and why is strategic important many institutes even have access to essay banks (sites on the internet where complete essays are sold). Ethics Against Helping The Poor. The most successful tool, however, is probably the human brain with its incredible ability to remember.
If you copy from a colleague, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. If you copy from a set reading, chances are that your marker has read this one, too. Knowing what is on the reading list helps spot essays that refer to other works a great deal, or don’t refer to why is, some of the The Definition Essay core reading. Your marker can estimate how many readings you had time to read, or whether you’re likely to have read a great number of papers on strategic planning the Belgian perspective of style, whatever issues is set in the question. An even easier sign is planning important having the same paragraph twice in the same essay, for the important things in life example. There are more subtle signs, too, such as sudden changes in style or formatting. Many people are unaware of how idiosyncratic one’s writing style is.
They are in fact so individual that writing styles can be used to determine how many people wrote a document, such as the Christian Bible (Jakoblich, 2001). Writing style includes the tenses we use, the level of formality, our own choice of why is planning important, words, the kinds of metaphors we put, whether we use American or British English, choices over getter for speech examples, punctuation, the length of why is strategic important, sentences, or the use of specialist terms. Typographic signs include font size, choices of where to break paragraphs, spaces in characters, between lines, and things like proper m- and n-dashes (when copying from electronic articles). The presence or lack of references is often an easy sign: for example, where there are many references inside the text, but few at the end, or where the citation style changes within a single essay. A marker may get suspicious where there is suddenly a section with many references, or suddenly none. Strategic Planning Important. Sometimes, students even include hyperlinks in references when copying from electronic journals; and for speech have them automatically underlined by the word processor. Even where you take care of these issues, a paragraph copied from the why is planning important internet will very unlikely link well with the rest of things, your essay. The style may be inappropriate, or just different. Essays from an essay bank may be internally consistent, but very rarely are they really relevant to the exact question you have been set. In summary, you can avoid plagiarism easily. This is done by writing freely without having the why is strategic planning important books right in front of you.
Instead, work with your notes, and the important things in life take care to put references where you use the ideas from others. Don’t use the internet to copy from, no matter how tempting it is. It will hardly ever be worth it. There is an important difference between citations and quotations. Unfortunately, confusion is commonplace; and the terms are frequently used incorrectly.
Knowing your citations from your quotations is why is important useful when writing essays. Factors. It’s essential, in fact, if you want to reference properly. Citations are about ideas you take from others. Quotations are about the exact words used by others. This is really the whole distinction. So, when using your own words, you cite; when you use the words of someone else, you quote. “Why can’t a man be more like a woman?” (Blankenhorn, 1995, p.117) is a quotation, because I use the why is strategic planning important exact same words Blankenhorn did. However, when stating that families in the US are increasingly defined by the absence of a father (Blankenhorn, 1995), I only use the idea, not the exact words. When putting a reference, the difference between a citation and a quotation is that for a quotation we always put a page number.
This is helping the poor done to enable the reader to check the words in the original context. In the planning important list of victorian melodrama stock, references at the end of the text, there is why is no difference. Short quotations are included in what are external factors, the text, and enclosed by planning speech marks. Longer quotations are set apart from the the important things main text by why is strategic important indenting the quotations, and usually putting in what are external, a slightly smaller font. Longer means about 3 to 4 lines or more.
For example: It is true that many voters may be voting for reasons wholly unconnected with social inequalities in any of the three dimensions. They may attach greater importance to strategic planning, some specific issue such as foreign affairs, or they may vote out of melodrama, personal reasons or habits with which egalitarianism has nothing to do. Why Is. (Runciman, 1966, p.136) When quoting someone else, you should take great care to copy the words exactly. Sometimes, you might want to change a quote slightly in attention getter, order to make it fit your essay. If these changes are substantial, you should use your own words and cite the work instead. If the changes are small, use square brackets to indicate that you have changed the text. For example, you might quote Rawls (1999, p.87) that intelligent people don’t “[deserve their] greater natural capacity”. I have included the why is planning important words that I changed in square brackets, leaving the rest the same.
This indicates to my readers that the words in square brackets are not the exact same as Rawls used. For reference, the original reads: “No one deserves his greater natural capacity” (p.87). I made the changes, because I wrote about intelligent people, and Rawls was talking in more general terms. Whilst quotations can lighten up an essay, you should not rely on them too much. Your own writing is much more important, and things often text you quote was written for a different purpose. The consequence is that the strategic planning quotations may be relevant in content (what is being said), but in terms of style don’t fit well with what you wrote.
If you rely too much on quotations, you run the risk that your readers will think that you maybe don’t really know what you’re writing about: that you have not understood the material well enough. When writing an essay, particularly when writing an extended essay, it’s easiest to put the references whilst you write. This is the the case against helping the poor case, because you still know where you got the idea from. I keep a place holder to remind myself that a reference is why is strategic planning important needed if I can’t remember the author right away. Often, I will know at design least some of why is strategic important, it, and write this down. By putting a place holder rather than chasing the reference right away, I can stay focused on the important things the writing.
However, I also indicate that the essay is not completed. Place holders like (Baudrillard, XXX) or (XXX last week’s reading) will help me find the full references once I completed the essay or section. References are needed whenever you write an academic piece of writing. Even where you can get away without referencing, by including references your essay will be taken more serious. It’s a good habit to put references all the time, so when you really need to—such as in your thesis—you’ll not struggle, or spend days trying to find out how to reference a chapter in why is strategic planning important, a book. There are a number of software packages such as Endnote , Refworks , Scholar’s Aid Lite , or Bibus that help you putting references. These computer applications interact with your word processor, and swiss design automate much of the referencing process.
They manage citations, and strategic planning important usually let you search libraries and journal databases. Useful and flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to get used to. It’s thus a good idea to familiarize yourself with their working before the deadline is menacing. For example, make sure you know how to attention getter for speech examples, put page numbers for quotations. Even if you don’t use a dedicated computer program to manage your references, it might be useful to collect references in a separate file. So, after completing your essay, copy all the references to a separate file.
The next time you cite the same paper, it’ll be a simple case of why is strategic planning important, copying and swiss pasting, without the work of formatting the reference. Keeping the full references with your notes can safe a great deal of time, too.