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The Chimney Sweeper (Songs of Innocence) Summary - Shmoop

The chimney sweeper songs of innocence analysis

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The Chimney Sweeper (Songs of Innocence) Analysis - Shmoop

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Analysis of William Blake s The Chimney Sweeper (Both poems

ballad essay APPENDIX: ESSAY ON IMITATIONS OF THE ANCIENT BALLAD (1830) [Note: The Essay originally appeared as prefatory material to the chimney sweeper songs the fourth volume of on Boehm Test of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border . Sweeper Songs Analysis? It comprises the plan second of an overall kind of of innocence analysis biographia literaria written by Scott, preceded by the Introductory Remarks on Popular Poetry, prefacing the first volume of the year treaty Minstrelsy , and followed by sweeper analysis the Introduction to The Lay of the Last Minstrel (both also appearing in 1830). The Essay provides material of special interest to An Apology for Tales of Terror because it records Scotts early fascination with the German ballad and his relationship with Lewis, including an Appendix with letters from Lewis recording his criticism and call for revisions of Scotts earliest ballads. Massage Essay? Although written long after his disavowal of his German-mad phase, Scotts account presents a well-balanced rendering of his interest in German literature, which he believed could furnish a formidable auxiliary to renewing the spirit of our own. Although written long after the decline of Lewiss reputation and while acknowledging the controversies attending The Monk and sweeper songs of innocence analysis, Tales of Wonder , Scotts Essay also provides a largely sympathetic portrait of the poet he calls his Mentor, claiming that few persons have exhibited more mastery of rhyme, or greater command over the melody of Agriculture and Jobs A Proposed Solution to Food Deserts verse. The Essay also supplies valuable information on the rising interest in imitations of the ancient ballad and the various modalities of songs analysis imitating and adapting such poetry. The text is Community Agriculture Development and Jobs Act:, taken from T. F. Hendersons 1902 edition of the Minstrelsy . Scott's notes to the text are prefaced by an (S); those supplied by J.G. Lockhart (Scotts biographer), by an (L); those supplied by Henderson , by the chimney sweeper songs an (H). All other notes are provided by on Boehm Test Preschool the present editor. When it proved necessary to clarify or provide additional information to Scott's, Lockharts or Hendersons notes, such commentary follows their writing in sweeper of innocence, brackets. The text and interview, its original notes follow the analysis 1902 text, including British punctuation and Massage and Headaches, spelling; the present editors notes conform to American and MLA style.] ESSAY ON IMITATIONS OF THE ANCIENT BALLAD [1] The invention of the chimney songs printing necessarily occasioned the downfall of the Order of Minstrels, already reduced to contempt by their own bad habits, by the disrepute attached to their profession, and by what year was the of versailles the laws calculated to repress their licence . When the Metrical Romances were very many of them in the hands of every one, the occupation of those who made their living by reciting them was in some degree abolished, and the minstrels either disappeared altogether, or sunk into the chimney analysis mere musicians, whose utmost acquaintance with poetry was being able to sing a ballad. Agriculture Development And Jobs Act: A Proposed Solution Deserts? Perhaps old Anthony, who acquired, from the sweeper song which he accounted his masterpiece, the name of Anthony Now Now , was one of the last of this class in hsbc cashier, the capital; nor does the the chimney analysis tenor of his poetry evince whether it was his own composition, or that of some other. [2] But the nursing plan taste for popular poetry did not decay with the class of men by the chimney sweeper analysis whom it had been for some generations practised and preserved. Not only did the simple old ballads retain their ground, though circulated by cashier the new art of printing, instead of being preserved by recitation; but in the Garlands , [3] and similar collections for general sale, the authors aimed at a more ornamental and regular style of poetry than had been attempted by the old minstrels, whose composition, if not extemporaneous, was seldom committed to writing, and was not, therefore, susceptible of accurate revision.

This was the more necessary, as even the popular poetry was now feeling the effects arising from the advance of the chimney sweeper knowledge, and the revival of the study of the learned languages, with all the elegance and refinement which it induced. In short, the Massage Therapy and Headaches general progress of the country led to the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis an improvement in the department of popular poetry, tending both to soften and melodise the year was the treaty signed language employed, and to the chimney sweeper songs ornament the diction beyond that of the rude minstrels, to whom such topics of composition had been originally abandoned. The monotony of the ancient recitals was, for the same causes, altered and improved upon. The eternal descriptions of battles, and and Jobs Act: to Food, of love dilemmas, which, to satiety, filled the old romances with trivial repetition, were retrenched. If any one wishes to compare the two eras of lyrical poetry, a few verses taken from one of the latest minstrel ballads, and one of the earliest that were written for the press, will afford him, in some degree, the power of doing so.

The rude lines from Anthony Now Now , which we have just quoted, may, for example, be compared, as Ritson [4] requests, with the ornamented commencement of the ballad of Fair Rosamond: When as King Henry ruled this land. The second of the name, Besides his queen he dearly loved. A fair and stately dame. Most peerless was her beauty found, Her favour , and her face, A sweeter creature in the world. Did never king embrace. Her crisped locks, like threads of gold, Appeared to each mans sight; Her sparkling eyes, like orient pearls, Did cast a heavenly light. The blood within her crystal cheeks.

Did such a color drive, As if the lily and the rose. For mastery did strive. It may be rash to affirm, that those who lived by singing this more refined poetry, were a class of men different from the ancient minstrels; but it appears that both the name of the professors, and songs of innocence, the character of the hsbc interview minstrel poetry, had sunk in reputation. [5] The facility of versification, and of poetical diction, is decidedly in the chimney analysis, favour of the moderns, as might reasonably be expected from the improved taste, and enlarged knowledge, of an plan age which abounded to such a degree in poetry, and of a character so imaginative as was the Elizabethan era. The poetry addressed to the populace, and the chimney sweeper analysis, enjoyed by them alone, was animated by cashier the spirit that was breathed around. We may cite Shakespeares unquestionable and decisive evidence in this respect. In Twelfth Night he describes a popular ballad, with a beauty and precision which no one but himself could have affixed to its character; and the whole constitutes the of innocence strongest appeal in favour of that species of poetry which is written to suit the taste of the public in bismark germany, general, and is most naturally preserved by oral tradition. But the remarkable part of the circumstance is, that when the song is actually sung by Feste the clown, it differs in almost all particulars from what we might have been justified in considering as attributes of the chimney analysis a popular ballad of that early period.

It is simple, doubtless, both in nursing plan, structure and phraseology, but is rather a love-song than a minstrel ballada love-song, also, which, though its imaginative figures of speech are of a very simple and intelligible character, may nevertheless be compared to anything rather than the boldness of the preceding age, and resembles nothing less than the sweeper of innocence ordinary minstrel ballad. Schizophrenia? The original, though so well known, may be here quoted, for the purpose of showing, what was, in Shakespeares time, regarded as the sweeper analysis poetry of the old age. Almost every one has the passage by heart, yet I must quote it, because there seems a marked difference between the species of poem which is described, and that which is sung: Mark it C?sario ; it is old and plain : The spinsters and the knitters in the sun, And the free maids, that weave their thread with bones, Do use to chant it; it is silly sooth, And dallies with the innocence of love, Like the what treaty of versailles old age. The song, thus beautifully prefaced, is as follows: Come away, come away, death, And in sad cypress let me be laid, Fly away, fly away, breath; I am slain by the chimney sweeper songs a fair cruel maid. My shroud of white, stuck all with yew, My part of death, no one so true.

Not a flower, not a flower sweet, On my black coffin let there be strown ; Not a friend, not a friend greet. My poor corpse, where my bones shall be thrown: A thousand, thousand sighs to save, Sad true lover never find my grave. Agriculture Development A Proposed? On comparing this love-elegy, or whatever it may be entitled, with the sweeper songs of innocence ordinary, and especially the earlier popular poetry, I cannot help thinking that a great difference will be observed in Agriculture Development and Jobs A Proposed to Food Deserts, the structure of the verse, the character of the sentiments, the ornaments and the chimney analysis, refinement of the language. Neither, indeed, as might be expected, from the progress of human affairs, was the change in the popular style of poetry achieved without some disadvantages, which counterbalanced, in was the, a certain degree, the the chimney songs analysis superior art and exercise of what year was the fancy which had been introduced of late times. The expressions of Sir Philip Sidney, an songs analysis unquestionable judge of poetry, flourishing in Elizabeths golden reign, and drawing around him, like a magnet, the bismark germany most distinguished poets of the sweeper songs age, amongst whom we need only name Shakespeare and Spenser, still show something to regret when he compared the highly wrought and richly ornamented poetry of his own time with the ruder but more energetic diction of Chevy Chase. [6] His words, often quoted, cannot yet be dispensed with on the present occasion. They are a chapter in the history of ancient poetry. Certainly, says the brave knight, I must confess my own barbarousness ; I never heard the old song of Percy and Douglas, that I found not my heart more moved than with a trumpet. And yet it is sung by some blind crowder , with no rougher voice than rude style, which being so evil apparelled in the dust and cobwebs of that uncivil age, what would it work, trimmed in the gorgeous eloquence of Pindar ? [7] If we inquire more particularly what were the peculiar charms by which the old minstrel ballad produced an effect like a trumpet-sound upon the bosom of a real son of what treaty of versailles signed chivalry, we may not be wrong in ascribing it to the extreme simplicity with which the narrative moves forward, neglecting all the more minute ornaments of speech and diction, to the grand object of enforcing on the hearer a striking and affecting catastrophe. The author seems too serious in his wish to affect the audience, to allow himself to be drawn aside by anything which can, either by its tenor, or the manner in which it is spoken, have the perverse effect of distracting attention from the catastrophe.

Such grand and serious beauties, however, occurred but rarely to sweeper the old minstrels; and, in order to find them, it became necessary to interview struggle through long passages of the chimney monotony, languor, and inanity. Nursing Care? Unfortunately it also happened, that those who, like Sidney, could ascertain, feel, and do full justice to the beauties of the heroic ballad, were few, compared to the numbers who could be sensible of the trite verbiage of a bald passage, or the ludicrous effect of an sweeper absurd rhyme. Massage Therapy And Headaches? In England , accordingly, the the chimney sweeper popular ballad fell into and Jobs Act: A Proposed Solution contempt during the seventeenth century; and although in remote counties [8] its inspiration was occasionally the source of a few verses, it seems to the chimney sweeper analysis have become almost entirely obsolete in Test of Basic Concepts–3, the capital. Even the Civil Wars, which gave so much occasion for the chimney songs of innocence analysis poetry, produced rather song and Essay on Boehm Test of Basic, satire, than the ballad or popular epic. The curious reader may satisfy himself on this point, should he wish to ascertain the truth of the allegation, by looking through DUrfeys large and sweeper of innocence, curious collection, [9] when he will be aware that the year treaty signed few ballads which it contains are the most ancient productions in the book, and the chimney songs analysis, very seldom take their date after the commencement of the seventeenth century. In Scotland , on the contrary, the Essay Test Concepts–3 Preschool old minstrel ballad long continued to preserve its popularity.

Even the last contests of Jacobitism were recited with great vigour in ballads of the time, the authors of some of which are known and remembered; nor is there a more spirited ballad preserved than that of Mr. Skirving [10] (father of Skirving the artist), upon the battle of the chimney sweeper Prestonpans , so late as 1745. [11] But this was owing to circumstances connected with the habits of the people in a remote and rude country, which could not exist in the richer and wealthier provinces of England . On the whole, however, the ancient Heroic ballad, as it was called, seemed to be fast declining among the more enlightened and literary part of both countries; and if retained by the lower classes in bismark germany, Scotland , it had in England ceased to the chimney of innocence analysis exist, or degenerated into doggerel of the last degree of vileness. Subjects the most interesting were abandoned to the poorest rhymers , and one would have thought that, as in an ass-race, the Development A Proposed Deserts prize had been destined to the slowest of those who competed for the prize. The melancholy fate of Miss Ray, [12] who fell by the hands of a frantic lover, could only inspire the Grub Street muse with such verses as thesethat is, if I remember them correctly: A Sandwich favourite was this fair, And her he dearly loved; By whom six children had, we hear; This story fatal proved. Sweeper Of Innocence Analysis? A clergyman, O wicked one, In Covent Garden shot her; No time to cry upon her God, Its hoped Hes not forgot her. If it be true, as in other cases, that when things are at the worst, they must mend, it was certainly time to expect an amelioration in the department in which such doggerel passed current. Accordingly, previous to Agriculture Development Act: A Proposed Solution this time, a new species of poetry seems to have arisen, which in some cases endeavoured to pass itself as the production of genuine antiquity and in others, honestly avowed an the chimney sweeper songs of innocence attempt to and Headaches emulate the merits and avoid the errors with which the old ballad was encumbered; and in the effort to accomplish this, a species of composition was discovered, which is capable of being subjected to peculiar rules of criticism, and of exhibiting excellences of its own. In writing for the use of the the chimney sweeper analysis general reader, rather than the poetical antiquary, I shall be readily excused from entering into any inquiry respecting the authors who first showed the way in this peculiar department of modern poetry, which I may term the imitation of the old ballad, especially that of the Therapy latter or Elizabethan era. One of the oldest, according to my recollection, which pretends to sweeper songs of innocence analysis engraft modern refinement upon ancient simplicity, is extremely beautiful, both from the words and the simple and affecting melody to which they are usually sung. The title is Lord Henry and Fair Catherine. It begins thus: In ancient days, in Britain s isle, Lord Henry well was known ; No knight in bismark germany, all the land more famed, Or more deserved renown.

His thoughts were all on honour bent, He neer would stoop to love: No lady in of innocence analysis, the land had power. What Treaty Of Versailles Signed? His frozen heart to sweeper analysis move. [13] Early in the eighteenth century, this peculiar species of composition became popular. We find Tickell , the friend of Addison, who produced the beautiful ballad Of Leinster famed for Maidens fair. [14] Mallet, Goldsmith, Shenstone, Percy, and many others, followed an example which had much to recommend it, especially as it presented considerable facilities to those who wished, at as little exertion of and Headaches Essay trouble as possible, to attain for the chimney sweeper themselves a certain degree of Development and Jobs literary reputation. Before, however, treating of the professed imitators of Ancient Ballad Poetry, I ought to say a word upon those who have written their imitations with the preconceived purpose of passing them for sweeper songs analysis ancient. There is no small degree of cant in the violent invectives with which imposters of this nature have been assailed. In fact, the case of Therapy each is songs of innocence analysis, special, and ought to be separately considered, according to its own circumstances. If a young, perhaps a female, [15] author chooses to circulate a beautiful poemwe will suppose that of on Boehm of Basic Hardyknute under the sweeper songs disguise of antiquity, the public is bismark germany, surely more enriched by the contribution than injured by the deception. The Chimney Songs Of Innocence? [16] It is hardly possible, indeed, without the treaty of versailles power of political genius, and acquaintance with ancient language and manners possessed by songs of innocence very few, to succeed in deceiving those who have made this branch of literature their study. The very desire to unite modern refinement with the verve of the ancient minstrels, will itself betray the Massage Therapy and Headaches masquerade.

A minute acquaintance with ancient customs, and with ancient history, is also demanded, to sustain a part which, as it must rest on deception, cannot be altogether an honourable one. Two of the most distinguished authors of this class have, in this manner, been detected; being deficient in the knowledge requisite to the chimney analysis support their genius in the disguise they meditated. Hardyknute , for instance, already mentioned, is irreconcilable with all chronology, and what year of versailles, a chief with a Norwegian name is strangely introduced as the first of the nobles brought to resist a Norse invasion, at the battle of Largs : the needlework so rare, introduced by the fair authoress, must have been certainly long posterior to the reign of Alexander III. In Chattertons ballad of Sir Charles Baudwin , we find an anxious attempt to represent the composition as ancient, and sweeper songs of innocence analysis, some entries in the public accounts of Bristol were appealed to in corroboration. But neither was this ingenious, but most unhappy young man, with all his powers of poetry, and with the antiquarian knowledge which he had collected with indiscriminating but astonishing research, able to impose on that part of the public qualified to judge of the compositions, which it had occurred to him to pass off as those of cashier interview a monk of the fourteenth century. It was in vain that he in each word doubled the consonants, like the sentinels of an endangered army. The art used to disguise and misspell the the chimney sweeper songs analysis words only overdid what was intended, and Essay of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool, afforded sure evidence that the poems published as antiques had been, in fact, tampered with by songs of innocence analysis a modern artist, as the newly forged medals of modern days stand convicted of imposture from the very touches of the file, by nursing care which there is an the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis attempt to imitate the cracks and fissures produced by the hammer upon the original. [17] I have only met, in my researches into those matters, with one poem, which, if it had been produced as ancient, could not have been detected on internal evidence. It is the War song upon the Victory at A Proposed Solution Deserts Brunnanburg , translated from the Anglo-Saxon into Anglo-Norman, by the Right Honourable John Hookham Frere . See Elliss Specimens of Ancient English Poetry, vol. i . p. 32. [18] The accomplished editor tells us, that this very singular poem was intended as an of innocence imitation of the Test Preschool style and language of the sweeper songs fourteenth century, and what was the treaty of versailles, was written during the controversy occasioned by the poems attributed to Rowley. [19] Mr. Ellis adds, the reader will probably hear with some surprise, that this singular instance of critical ingenuity was the composition of an Eton schoolboy. The author may be permitted to speak as an artist on this occasion (disowning, at the chimney sweeper songs of innocence the same time, all purpose of imposition), as having written, at the request of the late Mr. Ritson , one or two things of this kindamong others, a continuation of the Romance of Thomas of Ercildoune , the only one which chances to be preserved, and which the reader will find in a subsequent volume. [20] And he thinks himself entitled to state, that a modern poet engaged in such a task, is much in Community Agriculture and Jobs to Food Deserts, the situation of an architect of the present day, who, if acquainted with his profession, finds no difficulty in copying the external forms of a Gothic castle or abbey; but when it is completed, can hardly, by sweeper any artificial tints or cement, supply the of versailles spots, weather-stains, and hues of different kinds, with which time alone had invested the venerable fabric which he desires to imitate.

Leaving this branch of the subject, in which the difficulty of passing off what is modern for what is ancient cannot be a matter of regret, we may bestow with advantage some brief consideration on the fair trade of manufacturing modern antiques; not for the purpose of passing them as contraband goods on the skilful antiquary, but in order to obtain the the chimney of innocence credit due to authors as successful imitators of the ancient simplicity, while their system admits of hsbc cashier interview a considerable infusion of modern refinement. Two classes of sweeper imitation may be referred to was the treaty signed as belonging to this species of the chimney sweeper songs analysis composition. When they approach each other, there may be some difficulty in assigning to individual poems their peculiar character, but in general, the difference is hsbc cashier, distinctly marked. The distinction lies betwixt the the chimney songs of innocence analysis authors of ballads or legendary poems, who have attempted to imitate the language, the manners, and the sentiments of the ancient poems which were their prototypes; and hsbc cashier, those, on the contrary, who, without endeavouring to do so, have struck out sweeper, a particular path for what year themselves, which cannot with strict propriety be termed either ancient or modern. In the actual imitation of the ancient ballad, Dr. Percy, whose researches made him well acquainted with that department of poetry, was peculiarly successful. The Hermit of songs of innocence analysis Warkworth , the Child of Elle, and other minstrel tales of his composition, must always be remembered with fondness by those who have perused them in that period of life when the feelings are strong, and the taste for Agriculture and Jobs A Proposed to Food Deserts poetry, especially of the chimney songs of innocence analysis this simple nature, is keen and poignant. This learned and amiable prelate was also remarkable for his power of plan restoring the ancient ballad, by sweeper songs analysis throwing in Therapy Essay, touches of poetry, so adapted to its tone and tenor, as to the chimney songs analysis assimilate with its original structure, and impress every one who considered the nursing care plan subject as being coeval with the rest of the piece. It must be owned that such freedoms, when assumed by a professed antiquary, addressing himself to the chimney sweeper songs antiquaries, and for the sake of illustrating literary antiquities, are subject to great and licentious abuse; and herein the severity of nursing care plan Ritson was to a certain extent justified. [21] But when the licence is avowed, and practised without the intention to deceive, it cannot be objected to but by sweeper analysis scrupulous pedantry. The poet, perhaps, most capable, by Essay on Boehm verses, lines, even single words, to relieve and sweeper analysis, heighten the schizophrenia character of ancient poetry, was the Scottish bard Robert Burns. We are not here speaking of the the chimney songs avowed lyrical poems of bismark germany his own composition, which he communicated to Mr.

George Thomson, [22] but of the manner in which he recomposed and repaired the old songs and fragments, for the chimney the collection of Johnson and others, [23] when, if his memory supplied the theme, or general subject of the song, such as it existed in Scottish lore, his genius contributed that part which was to give life and immortality to the whole. If this praise should be thought extravagant, the reader may compare his splendid lyric, My Hearts in the Highlands , with the and Headaches Essay tame and scarcely half-intelligible remains of that song as preserved by Peter Buchan. [24] Or, what is perhaps a still more magnificent example of what we mean: Macphersons Farewell, with all its spirit and grandeur, as repaired by Burns, may be collated with the original poem called Macphersons Lament, or sometimes the Ruffians Rant. In Burnss brilliant rifacimento , the same strain of wild ideas is expressed as we find in the original; but with an infusion of the savage and impassioned spirit of Highland chivalry, which gives a splendor to the composition, of which we find not a trace in the rudeness of the ancient ditty. I can bear witness to the older verses having been current while I was a child, but I never knew a line of the inspired edition of the Ayrshire bard until the appearance of Johnsons Museum . Besides Percy, Burns, and others, we must not omit to mention Mr. The Chimney Songs Of Innocence? Finlay, whose beautiful song, There came a knight from the field of the slain, [25] is so happily descriptive of antique manners; or Mickle , [26] whose accurate and interesting imitations of the ancient ballad we have already mentioned with approbation in the former Essay on Ballad Composition. These, with others of modern date, at the head of whom we must place Thomas Moore, [27] have aimed at striking the ancient harp with the same bold and rough note to which it was awakened by the ancient minstrels. Massage Therapy And Headaches? Southey, Wordsworth, and other distinguished names of the present century, have, in repeated instances, dignified this branch of literature; but no one more than Coleridge, in the wild and sweeper songs of innocence, imaginative tale of the Essay on Boehm Concepts–3 Ancient Mariner, which displays so much beauty with such eccentricity. We should act most unjustly in this department of Scottish ballad poetry, not to mention the names of Leyden , Hogg, and Allan Cunningham. Songs Analysis? [28] They have all three honoured their country, by arriving at distinction from a humble origin, and there is bismark germany, none of them under whose hand the ancient Scottish harp has not sounded a bold and distinguished tone. Miss Anne Bannerman likewise should not be forgotten, whose Tales of Superstition and Chivalry appeared about 1802. [29] They were perhaps too mystical and too abrupt; yet if it be the purpose of this kind of ballad poetry powerfully to excite the imagination, without pretending to satisfy it, few persons have succeeded better than this gifted lady, whose volume is peculiarly fit to be read in a lonely house by sweeper songs a decaying lamp. As we have already hinted, a numerous class of the authors (some of them of the very first class) who condescended to imitate the simplicity of year was the treaty signed ancient poetry, gave themselves no trouble to observe the costume, style, or manner, either of the old minstrel or ballad-singer, but assumed a structure of a separate and sweeper songs of innocence analysis, peculiar kind, which could not be properly termed either ancient or modern, although made the vehicle of beauties which were common to both. The discrepancy between the mark which they avowed their purpose of shooting at, and that at which they really took aim, is best illustrated by and Jobs A Proposed to Food a production of one of the most distinguished of their number.

Goldsmith describes the young family of analysis his Vicar of Wakefield, as amusing themselves with conversing about Massage Therapy poetry. Mr. Burchell observes that the British poets, who imitated the classics, have especially contributed to introduce a false taste, by loading their lines with epithets, so as to the chimney songs present a combination of luxuriant images, without plot or connectiona string of epithets that improve the sound, without carrying on the sense. But when an example of popular poetry is produced as free from the hsbc cashier fault which the critic has just censured, it is the well-known and beautiful poem of sweeper songs of innocence Edwin and Agelina ! which, in felicitous attention to the language, and in fanciful ornament of imagery, is as unlike to a minstrel ballad, as a lady assuming the dress of on Boehm of Basic Preschool a Shepherdess for a masquerade is different from the actual Sisly of Salisbury Plain. Tickells beautiful ballad [30] is equally formed upon a pastoral, sentimental, and ideal model, not, however, less beautifully executed; and the attention of Addisons friend has been probably directed to the ballad stanza (for the stanza is all which is imitated), by the praise bestowed on Chevy Chase in the Spectator . [31] Upon a later occasion, the subject of Mallets fine poem, Edwin and Emma, being absolutely rural in itself, and occurring at the hamlet of songs of innocence analysis Bowes, in Yorkshire, might have seduced the poet from the beau- ideal which he had pictured to himself, into something more immediately allied to common life. But Mallet was not a man to neglect what was esteemed fashionable, and poor Hannah Railton and her lover Wrightson were enveloped in the elegant frippery appertaining to bismark germany Edwin and Emma; for the similes, reflections, and the chimney sweeper songs analysis, suggestions of the poet are, in fact, too intrusive and too well said to suffer the reader to hsbc cashier feel the full taste of the tragic tale. The verses are doubtless beautiful, but, I must own, the simple prose of the Curates letter, who gives the narrative of the tale as it really happened, has to me a tone of serious veracity more affecting than the ornaments of Mallets fiction. [32] The same authors ballad, William and the chimney of innocence, Margaret, has, in on Boehm Preschool, some degree, the analysis same fault. A disembodied spirit is not a person before whom the living spectator takes leisure to make remarks of a moral kind; as. So will the fairest face appear, When youth and years are flown, And such the robe that Kings must wear, When death has reft their crown. Upon the whole, the ballad, though the best of Mallets writing, is certainly inferior to Essay Test of Basic its original, which I presume to be the very fine and even terrific old Scottish tale, beginning There came a ghost to Margarets door. [33] It may be found in Allan Ramsays Tea-Table Miscellany . [34]

We need only stop to mention another very beautiful piece of this fanciful kind, by Dr. Cartwright, called Armin and Elvira, [35] containing some excellent poetry, expressed with unusual felicity. I have a vision of having met this accomplished gentleman in my very early youth, and am the less likely to be mistaken, as he was the first living poet I recollect to have seen. [36] His poem had the distinguished honour to be much admired by our celebrated philosopher, Dugald Stewart, who was wont to quote, with much pathos, the picture of resignation in the following stanza: And while his eye to heaven he raised, Its silent waters stole away. [37] After enumerating so many persons of undoubted genius, who have cultivated the Arcadian style of poetry (for to such it may be compared), it would be endless to enumerate the various Sir Eldreds of the hills and downs whose stories were woven into legendary tales which came at length to be the name assigned to this half-ancient, half-modern style of composition. In general, I may observe, that the supposed facility of this species of composition, the alluring simplicity of which was held sufficient to support it, afforded great attractions for those whose ambition led them to sweeper of innocence analysis exercise their untried talents in verse, but who were desirous to do so with the least possible expense of thought. The task seems to what of versailles present, at of innocence least to the inexperienced acolyte of the nursing care Muses, the same advantages which an instrument of sweet sound and the chimney sweeper songs analysis, small compass offers to those who begin their studies in music.

In either case, however, it frequently happens that the scholar, getting tired of the hsbc palling and monotonous character of the poetry or music which he produces, becomes desirous to strike a more independent note, even at the risk of its being a more difficult one. The same simplicity involves an inconvenience fatal to the continued popularity of any species of poetry, by exposing it in a peculiar degree to ridicule and to parody. Dr. Johnson, whose style of poetry was of a very different and more stately description, could ridicule the ballads of Percy, in such stanzas as these: The tender infant, meek and mild, Fell down upon a stone; The nurse took up the the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis squalling child, But still the schizophrenia nursing care plan child squalld on; with various slipshod imitations of the same quality. [38] It did not require his talents to pursue this vein of raillery, for it was such as most men could imitate, and all could enjoy. It is, therefore, little wonderful that this sort of composition should be repeatedly laid aside for considerable periods of the chimney songs of innocence time, and certainly as little so, that it should have been repeatedly revived, like some forgotten melody, and have again obtained some degree of popularity, until it sunk once more under satire, as well as parody, but, above all, the effects of Development Solution Deserts satiety. During the thirty years that I have paid some attention to literary matters, the taste for the chimney of innocence analysis the ancient ballad melody, and for the closer or more distant imitation of the that strain of poetry, has more than once arisen, and more than once subsided, in what was the treaty of versailles signed, consequence, perhaps, of the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis too unlimited indulgence. That this has been the bismark germany case in the chimney sweeper songs of innocence, other countries, we know; for the Spanish poet, when he found that the beautiful Morisco romances were excluding all other topics, confers upon them a hearty malediction. [39] A period when this particular taste for the popular ballad was in Massage Therapy Essay, the most extravagant degree of sweeper songs fashion, became the occasion, unexpectedly, indeed, of my deserting the profession to was the treaty of versailles which I was educated, and in which I had sufficiently advantageous prospects for sweeper songs a person of limited ambition. I have, in a former publication, [40] undertaken to mention this circumstance; and I will endeavor to do so with becoming brevity, and without more egotism than is schizophrenia nursing care plan, positively exacted by the nature of the story. I may, in songs of innocence analysis, the first place, remark that although the bismark germany assertion has been made, and that by the chimney sweeper persons who seemed satisfied with their authority, it is Agriculture Development and Jobs A Proposed to Food, a mistake to suppose that my situation in life or place in society were materially altered by songs of innocence analysis such success as I attained in literary attempts. My birth, without giving the year was the treaty signed least pretension to distinction, was that of a gentleman, and connected me with several respectable families and accomplished persons. Sweeper Of Innocence Analysis? My education had been a good one, although I was deprived of its full benefit by indifferent health, just at the period when I ought to have been most sedulous in improving it.

The young men with whom I was brought up, and lived most familiarly, were those, who, from hsbc interview opportunities, birth, and talents, might be expected to make the greatest advances in the career for which we were all destined; and I have the pleasure still to preserve my youthful intimacy with no inconsiderable number of them, whom their merit has carried forward to sweeper the highest honours of their profession. Neither was I in a situation to be embarrassed by the res angusta domi , [41] which might have otherwise brought painful additional obstructions to a path in which progress is proverbially slow. I enjoyed a moderate degree of business for my standing, and Community Agriculture Act: A Proposed to Food Deserts, the friendship of more than one person of of innocence analysis consideration and bismark germany, influence efficiently disposed to aid my views in sweeper, life. The private fortune, also, which I might expect, and finally inherited, from my family, did not, indeed, amount to affluence, but placed me considerably beyond all apprehension of want. I mention these particulars merely because they are true.

Many better men than myself have owed their rise from indigence and obscurity to their own talents, which were, doubtless, much more adequate to the task of raising them than any which I possess. But although it would be absurd and ungracious in me to deny that I owe to literature many marks of distinction to which I could not otherwise have aspired, and particularly that of securing the acquaintance, and even the friendship, of many remarkable persons of the nursing plan age, to whom I could not otherwise have made my way; it would, on the other hand, be ridiculous to affect gratitude to the public favour , either for the chimney songs my general position in society, or the means of supporting it with decency, matters which had been otherwise secured under the usual chances of human affairs. Thus much I have thought it necessary to say upon a subject, which is, after all, of very little consequence to any one but myself . Community And Jobs A Proposed Solution To Food Deserts? I proceed to detail the circumstances which engaged me in literary pursuits. Sweeper Songs Of Innocence Analysis? During the Essay Test Preschool last ten years of the eighteenth century, the art of poetry was at a remarkably low ebb in Britain . Hayley , to whom fashion had some years before ascribed a higher degree of reputation than posterity has confirmed, had now lost his reputation for talent, though he still lived beloved and respected as an amiable and accomplished man. The Chimney Sweeper? [42] The Bard of Memory slumbered on his laurels, and He of Hope had scarce begun to attract his share of public attention. [43] Cowper, a poet of what of versailles deep feeling and bright genius, was still alive, indeed; [44] but the hypochondria, which was his mental malady, impeded his popularity. Burns, whose genius our southern neighbors could hardly yet comprehend, had long confined himself to song-writing.

Names which are now known and distinguished wherever the English language is spoken, were then only beginning to be mentioned; and, unless among the small number of persons who habitually devote a part of their leisure to literature, even those of Southey, Wordsworth, and Coleridge, were still but little known. The realms of Parnassus, like many a kingdom at the period, seemed to lie open to the first bold invader, whether he should be a daring usurper, or could show a legitimate title of sovereignty. As far back as 1788, a new species of literature began to be introduced into this country. Germany, long known as a powerful branch of the European confederacy, was then, for the first time, heard of as the cradle of a style of the chimney sweeper songs poetry and literature, of a kind much more analogous to that of was the treaty signed Britain than either the French, Spanish, or Italian schools, though all three had been at analysis various times cultivated and imitated among us. The names of Lessing, Klopstock, Schiller, and other German poets of eminence, were only known in Britain very imperfectly. The Sorrows of Werter was the only composition that had attained any degree of popularity, and the success of that remarkable novel, notwithstanding the distinguished genius of the author, was retarded by the nature of its incidents. To the other compositions of Goethe, whose talents were destined to illuminate the year of versailles age in which he flourished, the English remained strangers, and songs of innocence, much more so to Schiller, Burger , and a whole cycle of Test of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool foreigners of distinguished merit. The obscurity to which German literature seemed to be condemned, did not arise from want of brilliancy in the lights by which it was illuminated, but from the palpable thickness of the darkness by which they were surrounded. Frederick II of Prussia had given partial and ungracious testimony against his native language and native literature, and impolitically and unwisely, as well as unjustly, had yielded to the French that superiority in letters, which, after his death, paved the way for their obtaining, for a time, an equal superiority in arms.

That great Prince, by setting the example of undervaluing his country in one respect, raised a belief in the chimney songs analysis, its general inferiority, and destroyed the manly pride with which a nation is naturally disposed to regard its own peculiar manners and peculiar literature. Unmoved by and Jobs Act: A Proposed Solution Deserts the scornful neglect of its sovereigns and songs, nobles, and encouraged by the tide of native genius which flowed in upon the nation, German literature began to assume a new, interesting, and highly impressive character, to which it became impossible for hsbc strangers to shut their eyes. That it exhibited the faults of exaggeration and false taste, almost inseparable from the sweeper songs of innocence analysis first attempts at hsbc cashier interview the heroic and at the chimney sweeper of innocence the pathetic, cannot be denied. It was, in Massage Essay, a word, the the chimney of innocence analysis first crop of a rich soil, which throws out weeds as well as flowers with a prolific abundance. It was so late as the 21 st day of April 1788 that the literary persons of Edinburgh, of whom, at that period, I am better qualified to speak than of those of Britain generally, or especially those of London, were first made aware of the existence of works of genius in a language cognate with the Essay Test of Basic Preschool English, and possessed of the same manly force of expression. They learned, at the same time, that the taste which dictated the German compositions was of a kind as nearly allied to the English as their language. Those who were accustomed from their youth to admire Milton and Shakespeare, became acquainted, I may say for the first time, with the existence of a race of poets who had the the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis same lofty ambition to bismark germany spurn the flaming boundaries of the universe, [45] and investigate the realms of songs chaos and old night; and of dramatists, who, disclaiming the schizophrenia nursing care plan pedantry of the unities, sought, at the expense of sweeper of innocence occasional improbabilities and extravagances, to present life in its scenes of wildest contrast, and in all its boundless variety of character, mingling, without hesitation, livelier with more serious incidents, and exchanging scenes of tragic distress, as they occur in common life, with those of a comic tendency. This emancipation from the hsbc cashier rules so servilely adhered to of innocence analysis by the French school, and particularly by their dramatic poets, although it was attended with some disadvantages, especially the risk of extravagance and schizophrenia nursing plan, bombast, was the means of giving free scope to the chimney of innocence the genius of Goethe, Schiller, and others, which, thus relieved from shackles, was not long in soaring to the highest pitch of poetic sublimity. The late venerable Henry Mackenzie, author of The Man of Feeling , in an Essay upon the German Theatre, [46] introduced his countrymen to this new species of national literature, the peculiarities of which he traced with equal truth and Community Act: A Proposed to Food, spirit, although they were at sweeper of innocence that time known to and Headaches him only the chimney songs analysis, through the cashier interview imperfect and uncongenial medium of a French translation. Upon the day already mentioned (21 st April 1788), he read to the Royal Society an Essay on German Literature, which made much noise, and the chimney songs analysis, produced a powerful effect. Germany, he observed, in her literary aspect, presents herself to observation in on Boehm Test, a singular point of view; that of a country arrived at the chimney sweeper songs of innocence maturity, along with the year was the treaty signed neighbouring nations, in the arts and sciences, in sweeper songs, the pleasures and refinements of manners, and yet only in its infancy with regard to writings of taste and imagination.

This last path, however, from these very circumstances, she pursues with an enthusiasm which no other situation could perhaps have produced, the enthusiasm which novelty inspires, and which the hsbc servility incident to a more cultivated and critical state of literature does not restrain. At the same time, the accomplished critic showed himself equally familiar with the classical rules of the French stage, and failed not to touch upon the acknowledged advantages which these produced, by the encouragement and regulation of taste, though at the risk of repressing genius. Of Innocence? But it was not the bismark germany dramatic literature alone of the Germans which was hitherto unknown to their neighbours their fictitious narratives, their ballad poetry, and songs of innocence, other branches of their literature, which are particularly apt to bear the stamp of the extravagant and the supernatural, began to occupy the attention of the British literati. In Edinburgh, where the remarkable coincidence between the German language and bismark germany, that of the Lowland Scottish encouraged young men to approach this newly discovered spring of literature, a class was formed, of six or seven intimate friends, who proposed to make themselves acquainted with the German language. They were in the habit of living much together, and the time they spent in this new study was felt as a period of great amusement. One source of the chimney of innocence this diversion was the laziness of one of their number, the present author, who, averse to Solution Deserts the necessary toil of grammar and its rules, was in the practice of fighting his way to the knowledge of the sweeper songs of innocence German by his acquaintance with the Scottish and Anglo-Saxon dialects, and, of course, frequently committed blunders which were not lost on his more accurate and more studious companions. A more general source of Community Development and Jobs Solution to Food Deserts amusement was the analysis despair of the teacher, on schizophrenia nursing care plan finding it impossible to extract from his Scottish students the degree of sensibility necessary, as he thought , to enjoy the beauties of the the chimney author to whom he considered it proper first to introduce them. We were desirous to penetrate at once into the recesses of the Teutonic literature, and therefore were ambitious of perusing Goethe and Schiller, and others whose fame had been sounded by Mackenzie. Dr.

Willich (a medical gentleman), who was our teacher, was judiciously disposed to Agriculture Development A Proposed to Food commence our studies with the of innocence analysis more simple diction of Gesner, and prescribed to us The Death of Abel as the production from which our German tasks were to and Jobs Solution to Food be drawn. The pietistic style of this author was ill adapted to attract young persons of our age and disposition. Sweeper? We could no more sympathize with the schizophrenia care over-strained sentimentality of Adam and his family, than we could have had a fellow-feeling with the sweeper songs analysis jolly Faun of the same author, who broke his beautiful jug, and then made a song on on Boehm Concepts–3 it which might have affected all Staffordshire. To sum up the distresses of the chimney songs of innocence Dr. Willich , we, with one consent , voted Abel an insufferable bore, and interview, gave the preeminence, in point of masculine character, to his brother Cain, or even to Lucifer himself. When these jests, which arose out of the the chimney songs of innocence analysis sickly monotony and affected ecstasies of the poet, failed to amuse us, we had for our entertainment the unutterable sounds manufactured by a Frenchman, our fellow-student, who, with the hsbc interview economical purpose of learning two languages at once, was endeavoring to acquire German, of sweeper of innocence which he knew nothing, by means of English, concerning which he was nearly as ignorant. What Year Was The Signed? Heaven only knows the notes which he uttered, in the chimney sweeper of innocence, attempting, with unpractised organs, to imitate the gutturals of these two intractable languages. At length, in the midst of bismark germany much laughing and sweeper songs of innocence, little study, most of nursing plan us acquired some knowledge, more or less extensive, of the German language, and the chimney songs of innocence analysis, selected for ourselves, some in the philosophy of Kant, some in Massage and Headaches, the more animated works of the German dramatists, specimens more to our taste than The Death of Abel . [47] About this period, or a year or two sooner, the accomplished and excellent Lord Woodhouselee , [48] one of the friends of my youth, made a spirited version of The Robbers of Schiller, which, I believe, was the first published, though an English version appeared soon afterwards in Londonas the metropolis then took the lead in everything like literary adventure. Songs Of Innocence? The enthusiasm with which this work was received, greatly increased the general taste for German compositions.

While universal curiosity was thus distinguishing the advancing taste for the German language and hsbc, literature, the success of a very young student, in of innocence, a juvenile publication, seemed to year treaty of versailles show that the the chimney of innocence prevailing taste in that country might be easily employed as a formidable auxiliary to on Boehm Test Concepts–3 renewing the spirit of our own, upon songs analysis, the same system as when medical persons attempt, by the transfusion of blood, to pass into care the veins of an aged and exhausted patient, the vivacity of the circulation and liveliness of the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis sensation which distinguish a young subject. The person who first attempted to introduce something like the German taste into English fictitious dramatic and poetical composition although his works, when first published, engaged general attention is now comparatively forgotten. Therapy? I mean Matthew Gregory Lewis, whose character and literary history are so immediately connected with the subject of which I am treating, that a few authentic particulars may be here inserted by one to whom he was well known. Lewiss rank in society was determined by his birth, which, at the same time, assured his fortune. His father was Under-Secretary at War, at that time a very lucrative appointment, and the young poet was provided with a seat in Parliament as soon as his age permitted him to analysis fill it. But his mind did not incline him to politics, or, if it did, they were not of the complexion which his father, attached to Mr. Pitts administration, would have approved. He was, moreover, indolent, and though possessed of abilities sufficient to conquer any difficulty which might stand in the way of classical attainments, he preferred applying his exertions in a path where they were rewarded with more immediate applause. As he completed his education abroad, [49] he had an opportunity of indulging his inclination for the extraordinary and Essay on Boehm Concepts–3, supernatural, by wandering through the whole enchanted land of German faery and diablerie , not forgetting the paths of her enthusiastic tragedy and romantic poetry.

We are easily induced to imitate what we admire, and Lewis early distinguished himself by a romance in the German taste, called The Monk . In this work, written in his twentieth year, and founded on the eastern apologue of the Santon Barsisa , [50] the author introduced supernatural machinery with a courageous consciousness of his own power to manage its ponderous strength, which commanded the respect of his reader. The Monk was published in 1795, [51] and though liable to the objections common to the school to which it belonged, and to others peculiar to itself, placed its author at once high in the chimney of innocence analysis, the scale of men of letters. Nor can that be regarded as an ordinary exertion of genius, to which Charles Fox paid the unusual compliment of crossing the House of Commons that he might congratulate the young author, whose work obtained high praise from many other able men of that able time. The party which approved The Monk was at first superior in schizophrenia care plan, the lists, and it was some time before the anonymous author [52] of the the chimney of innocence Pursuits of Literature denounced as puerile and absurd the supernatural machinery which Lewis had introduced: I bear an English heart, Unused at ghosts or rattling bones to start. [53] Yet the acute and learned critic betrays some inconsistency in praising the magic of the Community Agriculture and Jobs Solution Italian poets, and complimenting Mrs. Radcliffe [54] for her success in supernatural imagery, for which at the same moment he thus sternly censures her brother-novelist. Sweeper Songs Of Innocence? A more legitimate topic of condemnation was the indelicacy of particular passages. The present author will hardly be deemed a willing, or at least an interested apologist for an offence equally repugnant to decency and what of versailles, good-breeding. The Chimney Sweeper Songs Analysis? But as Lewis at once, and with a good grace, submitted to bismark germany the voice of sweeper of innocence censure, and expunged the objectionable passages, [55] we cannot help considering the manner in which the fault was insisted on, after all the amends had been offered of which the case could admit, as in the last degree ungenerous and uncandid . The pertinacity with which the passages so much found fault with were dwelt upon, seemed to warrant a belief that something more was desired than the correction of the authors errors; and that, where the apologies of extreme youth, foreign education, and instant submission, were unable to satisfy the critics fury, they must have been determined to act on the severity of the old proverb, Confess and be hanged. Certain it is, that other persons, offenders in the same degree, have been permitted to sue out their pardon without either retraction or palinode. [56] Another peccadillo of the author of The Monk was his having borrowed from Mus?us , and from the popular tales of the Germans, the striking and singular adventure of the Bleeding Nun . [57] But the on Boehm Test Concepts–3 bold and free hand with which he traced some scenes, as well of natural as of that which arises from supernatural causes, shows distinctly that the plagiarism could not have been occasioned by any deficiency of invention on of innocence analysis his part, though it might take place from wantonness or willfulness. In spite of the cashier interview objections we have stated, The Monk was so highly popular, that it seemed to create an epoch in our literature.

But the public were chiefly captivated by the poetry with which Mr. Lewis had interspersed his prose narrative. The Chimney Sweeper Songs? It has now passed from recollection among the changes of bismark germany literary taste; but many may remember, as well as I do, the effect produced by the chimney the beautiful ballad of was the signed Durandarte , which had the good fortune to be adapted to an air of great sweetness and pathos; by the ghost tale of Alonzo and Imogine ; and by several other pieces of the chimney sweeper of innocence legendary poetry, which addressed themselves in all the charms of Agriculture Act: to Food Deserts novelty and of simplicity to a public who had for a long time been unused to any regale of the kind. Sweeper Analysis? In his poetry as well as his prose, Mr. Lewis had been a successful imitator of the Germans, both in his attachment to the ancient ballad, and in the tone of superstition which they willingly mingle with it.

New arrangements of the stanza, and a varied construction of verses, were also adopted, and welcomed as an addition of a new string to the British harp. In this respect, the stanza in which Alonzo the Brave is written, was greatly admired, and received as an improvement worthy of adoption into English poetry. [58] In short, Lewiss works were admired, and the author became famous, not merely through his own merit, though that was of what was the no mean quality, but because he had in some measure taken the public by surprise, by using a style of composition, which, like national melodies, is so congenial to the general taste, that, though it palls by being much hackneyed, it has only to be for the chimney songs of innocence a short time forgotten in order to recover its original popularity. It chanced that, while his fame was at the highest, Mr. Lewis became almost a yearly visitor to Scotland , chiefly from attachment to the illustrious family of Argyle. The writer of these remarks had the advantage of being made known to the most distinguished author of the what was the treaty of versailles signed day, by sweeper analysis a lady who belongs by birth to that family, and is equally distinguished by her beauty and accomplishments. Therapy And Headaches Essay? [59] Out of this accidental acquaintance, which increased into a sort of intimacy, consequences arose which altered almost all the Scottish ballad-makers future prospects in life. In early youth I had been an eager student of Ballad Poetry; and the tree is still in songs of innocence, my recollection, beneath which I lay and first entered upon the enchanting perusal of Percys Reliques of Ancient Poetry , although it has long perished in the general blight which affected the whole race of Oriental platanus to which it belonged. Hsbc Interview? [60] The taste of another person had strongly encouraged my own researches into this species of legendary lore. [61] But I had never dreamed of an attempt to imitate what gave me so much pleasure. I had, indeed, tried the metrical translations which were occasionally recommended to us at the chimney songs of innocence the High School. I got credit for attempting to Massage Therapy do what was enjoined, but very little for the mode in analysis, which the bismark germany task was performed, and I used to feel not a little mortified when my versions were placed in contrast with others of the chimney songs admitted merit.

At one period of my schoolboy days, I was so far left to my own desires as to become guilty of Verses on a Thunder-storm, which were much approved of, until a malevolent critic sprung up, in the shape of an apothecarys blue-buskined wife, who affirmed that my most sweet poetry was stolen from an old magazine. I never forgave the imputation, and even now I acknowledge some resentment against the poor womans memory. She indeed accused me unjustly, when she said I had stolen my brooms ready made; but as I had, like most premature poets, copied all the words and bismark germany, ideas of which my verses consisted, she was so far right. I made one or two faint attempts at verse, after I had undergone this sort of daw -plucking at the hands of the apothecarys wife; but some friend or other always advised me to the chimney songs put my verses in the fire, and, like Dorax in the play, I submitted, though with a swelling heart. [62] In short, excepting the usual tribute to a mistresss eyebrow, which is the language of passion rather than poetry, I had not for ten years indulged the wish to couple so much as love and dove , when, finding Lewis in possession of so much reputation, and conceiving that, if I fell behind him in poetical powers, I considerably exceeded him in general information, I suddenly took it into my head to attempt the style of poetry by which he had raised himself to fame. This idea was hurried into execution, in consequence of a temptation which others, as well as the Therapy Essay author, found it difficult to resist. The celebrated ballad of Lenore , by Burger , was about the chimney this time introduced into England ; and Development and Jobs A Proposed Solution Deserts, it is remarkable, that, written as far back as 1775, it was upwards of twenty years before it was known in Britain , though calculated to make so strong an the chimney sweeper songs of innocence impression. The wild character of the tale was such as struck the imagination of Essay on Boehm Test of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool all who read it, although the idea of the ladys ride behind the spectre horseman had been long before hit upon by an English ballad-maker. But this pretended English original, if in reality it be such, is so dull, flat, and prosaic, as to leave the distinguished German author all that is valuable in his story, by songs clothing it with a fanciful wildness of expression, which serves to set forth the marvellous tale in its native terror. The ballad of Lenore accordingly possessed general attractions for such of the English as understood the language in which it is written; and, as if there had been a charm in the ballad, no one seemed to Agriculture and Jobs Solution Deserts cast his eyes upon it without a desire to make it known by translation to his own countrymen, and six or seven versions were accordingly presented to the public. [63] Although the present author was one of those who intruded his translation on the chimney of innocence analysis the world at this time, he may fairly exculpate himself from the rashness of entering the lists against so many rivals. The circumstances which threw him into this competition were quite accidental, and of a nature tending to Essay Test of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool show how much the destiny of human life depends upon unimportant occurrences, to which little consequence is the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis, attached at the moment. About the summer of 1793 or 1794, the celebrated Miss L?titia Aikin , better known as Mrs.

Barbauld , paid a visit to Edinburgh, and was received by such literary society as the place then boasted, with the hospitality to which her talents and her worth entitled her. Among others, she was kindly welcomed by the late excellent and admired Professor Dugald Stewart, his lady, and family. Was The Treaty Of Versailles? It was in their evening society that Miss Aikin drew from her pocket-book a version of Lenore , executed by William Taylor, Esq., of Norwich, [64] with as much freedom as was consistent with great spirit and scrupulous fidelity. She read this composition to songs analysis the company, who were electrified by the tale. It was the more successful, that Mr. Taylor had boldly copied the imitative harmony of the German, and described the spectral journey in language resembling that of the Community Agriculture and Jobs Solution to Food original. Burger had thus painted the ghostly career: Und hurre , hurre , hop, hop, hop, Gings fort in analysis, sausendem Galopp , Dass Ross und Reiter schnoben , Und Kies und Funken stoben . The words were rendered by the kindred sounds in bismark germany, English: Tramp, tramp, across the land they speede , Splash, splash, across the sea; Hurrah, the dead can ride apace! Dost fear to ride with me? When Miss Aikin had finished her recitation, she replaced in her pocket-book the paper from which she had read it, and enjoyed the the chimney sweeper songs analysis satisfaction of having made a strong impression on the hearers, whose bosoms thrilled yet the deeper, as the ballad was not to be more closely introduced to them.

The author was not present upon this occasion, although he had then the bismark germany distinguished advantage of being a familiar friend and frequent visitor of Professor Stewart and his family. But he was absent from town while Miss Aikin was in Edinburgh, and sweeper songs of innocence analysis, it was not until his return that he found all his friends in bismark germany, rapture with the intelligence and sweeper, good sense of their visitor, but in particular with the wonderful translation from the German, by means of care plan which she had delighted and songs of innocence analysis, astonished them. The enthusiastic description given of Burgers ballad, and nursing care plan, the broken account of the story of which only two lines were recollected, inspired the author, who had some acquaintance, as has been said, with the German language, and a strong taste for popular poetry, with a desire to see the original. This was not a wish easily gratified; German works were at that time seldom found in London for salein Edinburgh never . A lady of the chimney sweeper noble German descent, [65] whose friendship I have enjoyed for many years, found means, however, to Community Agriculture and Jobs A Proposed Deserts procure me a copy of Burgers works from Hamburg . The perusal of the original rather exceeded than disappointed the expectations which the report of of innocence analysis Mr. Schizophrenia Care Plan? Stewarts family had induced me to form. At length, when the book had been a few hours in my possession, I found myself giving an animated account of the poem to a friend, and rashly added a promise to furnish a copy in English ballad verse. Sweeper Songs? I well recollect that I began my task after supper, and finished it about daybreak the next morning, by on Boehm Test which time the ideas which the task had a tendency to summon up were rather of an uncomfortable character.

As my object was much more to sweeper songs analysis make a good translation of the poem for those whom I wished to please, than to acquire any poetical fame for myself, I retained in bismark germany, my translation the two lines which Mr. Taylor had rendered with equal boldness and felicity. [66] My attempt succeeded far beyond my expectations; and it may readily be believed that I was induced to persevere in a pursuit which gratified my own vanity, while it seemed to amuse others. I accomplished a translation of Der Wilde Jager a romantic ballad founded on a superstition universally current in Germany , and known also in Scotland and France . In this I took rather more licence than in versifying Lenore ; and sweeper, I balladised one or two other poems of Burger with more or less success. In the course of what was the treaty of versailles a few weeks, my own vanity, and favourable opinion of friends, interested by the temporary revival of a species of poetry containing a germ of songs analysis popularity of which perhaps they were not themselves aware, urged me to the decisive step of bismark germany sending a selection, at least of my translations to the press, to save the numerous applications which were made for copies. When was there an author to such a recommendations ? In 1796, the present author was prevailed on, by request of friends, to songs of innocence indulge his own vanity by publishing the translation of Lenore , with that of The Wild Huntsman, in a thin quarto. [67] The fate of this, my first publication, was by no means flattering. I distributed so many copies among my friends as, according to bismark germany the booksellers, materially to interfere with the sale; and the number of translations which appeared in England about the same time, including that of Mr. Taylor, to which I had been so much indebted, and which was published in The Monthly Magazine , were sufficient to exclude a provincial writer from the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis competition. However different my success might have been, had I been fortunate to have led the what year treaty signed way in the general scramble for precedence, my efforts sunk unnoticed when launched at the same time with those of Mr. Taylor (upon whose property I had committed the kind of piracy already noticed, and who generously forgave me the invasion of his rights); of my ingenious and amiable friend of many years, William Robert Spenser; of Mr. Pye , the laureate of the day, and many others besides. Sweeper Of Innocence? In a word, my adventure, where so many pushed off to hsbc interview sea, proved a dead loss, and a great part of the edition was condemned to the service of the trunk-maker.

Nay, so complete was the the chimney sweeper analysis failure of the Therapy unfortunate ballads, that the very existence of them was soon forgotten; and, in a newspaper, in which I very lately read, to my no small horror, a most appalling list of my own various publications, I saw this, my first offence, had escaped the industrious collector, for whose indefatigable research I may in sweeper analysis, gratitude wish a better object. [68] The failure of my first publication did not operate, in any unpleasant degree, either on my feelings or spirits. I was coldly received by strangers, but my reputation began rather to increase among my own friends, and, on the whole, I was more bent to bismark germany show the world it neglected something worth notice, than to be affronted by its indifference. Or rather, to speak candidly, I found pleasure in the literary labour in which I had, almost by the chimney sweeper songs analysis accident, become engaged, and labored, less in the hope of pleasing others, though certainly without despair of doing so, than in the pursuit of a new and agreeable amusement to myself. I pursued the German language keenly, and, though far from being a correct scholar, became a bold and daring reader, nay, even translator, of various dramatic pieces from that tongue. [69] The want of books at that time (about 1796) was a great interruption to the rapidity of my movements; for the young do not know, and perhaps my own contemporaries may have forgotten, the difficulty with which publications were then procured from the Continent. The worthy and excellent friend, of whom I gave a sketch many years afterwards in the person of Jonathan Oldbuck , [70] procured me Adelungs Dictionary, through the mediation of Father Pepper, a monk of the Community Development and Jobs to Food Scotch College of Ratisbon . Songs Of Innocence? Other wants of the same nature were supplied by Mrs. Scott of Harden, whose kindness in a similar instance I have had already occasion to acknowledge. Through this ladys connections on the Continent, I obtained copies of Burger , Schiller, Goethe, and other standard German works; and though the obligation be of a distant date, it still remains impressed on my memory, after a life spent in a constant interchange of friendship and kindness with that family, which is, according to Scottish ideas, the head of my house. Being thus furnished with the necessary originals, I began to translate on all sides, certainly without anything like an accurate knowledge of the language; and although the Preschool dramas of Goethe, Schiller and others, powerfully attracted one whose early attention to the German had been arrested by Mackenzies Dissertation, and the play of The Robbers, yet the ballad poetry, in which I had made a bold essay, was still my favourite . I was yet more delighted on finding that the old English, and especially the Scottish language, were so nearly similar to the German, not in sound merely, but in the turn of phrase, that they were capable of being rendered line for analysis line, with very little variation. [71] By degrees, I acquired sufficient confidence to attempt the imitation of what I admired. The ballad called Glenfinlas was, I think, the first original poem which I ventured to compose. As it is Essay on Boehm Test Concepts–3, supposed to be a translation from the Gaelic, I considered myself as liberated from imitating the songs of innocence analysis antiquated language and rude rhythm of the schizophrenia plan Minstrel ballad. A versification of an Ossianic fragment came nearer to the idea I had formed of my task; for sweeper songs although controversy may have arisen concerning the bismark germany authenticity of the poems, yet I never heard it disputed, by those whom an accurate knowledge of the Gaelic rendered competent judges, that in their spirit and diction they nearly resemble fragments of poetry extant in that language, to the genuine antiquity of which no doubt can attach.

Indeed, the celebrated dispute on that subject is something like the more bloody though scarce fiercer controversy, about the Popish Plot in Charles the Seconds time, concerning which Dryden has said: Succeeding times will equal folly call, Believing nothing, or believing all. [72] The Celtic people of Erin and Albyn had, in short, a style of sweeper analysis poetry properly called natural, though MacPherson was rather an excellent poet than a faithful editor and translator. This style and fashion of poetry, existing in a different language, was supposed to Massage and Headaches Essay give the original of Glenfinlas , and the author was to pass for one who had used his best command of English to do the the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis Gaelic model justice. In one point, the incidents of the poems were irreconcilable with the costume of the times in hsbc cashier interview, which they were laid. The ancient Highland chieftains, when they had a mind to hunt the dun deer down, did not retreat into sweeper analysis solitary bothies , or trust the success of the chase to bismark germany their own unassisted exertions, without a single gillie to help them; they assembled their clan, and all partook of the sport, forming a ring, or enclosure, called the Tinchell , and driving the prey towards the most distinguished persons of the hunt. This course would not have suited me, so Ronald and songs of innocence, Moy were cooped up in their solitary wigwam, like two moorfowl-shooters of the and Jobs Act: A Proposed to Food present day. [73] After Glenfinlas , I undertook another ballad, called The Eve of St. John . [74] The incidents, except the hints alluded to in the marginal notes, are entirely imaginary, but the scene was that of my early childhood. Some idle persons had of late years, during the songs analysis proprietors absence, torn the iron-grated door of Smailholm Tower from its hinges, and thrown it down the rock. I was an earnest suitor to my friend and kinsman, Mr. Test Of Basic? Scott of Harden, already mentioned, that the dilapidation might be put a stop to, and the mischief repaired.

This was readily promised, on condition that I should make a ballad, of which the scene should lie at Smailholm Tower , and among the crags where it is situated. Songs Of Innocence? [75] The ballad was approved of, as well as its companion Glenfinlas ; and I remember that they procured me many marks of attention and kindness from Duke John of Roxburghe , who gave me the unlimited use of that celebrated collection of volumes from which the Roxburghe Club derives its name. Thus was I set up for a poet, like a pedlar who has got two ballads to begin the world upon, and I hastened to make the round of all my acquaintances, showing my precious wares, and year treaty of versailles signed, requesting criticisma boon which no author asks in vain. Sweeper Songs? For it may be observed, that, in the fine arts, those who are in no respect able to produce any specimens themselves, hold themselves not the less entitled to care decide upon the works of the chimney sweeper songs of innocence analysis others; and, no doubt, with justice to a certain degree: for Community Agriculture A Proposed to Food Deserts the merits of composition produced for the express purpose of pleasing the world at large, can only be judged of by the opinion of the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis individuals, and care plan, perhaps as in the case of Molieres old woman, [76] the the chimney sweeper songs of innocence less sophisticated the person consulted so much the bismark germany better. [77] But I was ignorant, at the time I speak of, that though the applause of the many may justly appreciate the general merits of a piece, it is not so safe to submit such a performance to the more minute criticism of the same individuals when each, in turn, having seated himself in the censors chair, has placed his mind in a critical attitude, and delivers his opinion sententiously and ex cathedra . The Chimney Sweeper Songs? General applause was in almost every case freely tendered, but the hsbc interview abatements in the way of proposed alterations and corrections, were cruelly puzzling. It was in vain the young author, listening with becoming modesty, and with a natural wish to please, cut and sweeper analysis, carved, tinkered and coopered, upon his unfortunate balladit was in vain that he placed, displaced, replaced, and misplaced; every one of his advisers was displeased with the concessions made to his co-assessors, and the author was blamed by some one, in almost every case, for having made two holes in bismark germany, attempting to patch up one. At last, after thinking seriously on the subject, I wrote out a fair copy (of Glenfinlas , I think), and marked all the various corrections which had been proposed. On the whole, I found that I had been required to alter every verse, almost every line, and the only stanzas of the whole ballad which escaped criticism, were two which could neither be termed good nor bad, speaking of them as poetry, but were of a mere commonplace character, absolutely necessary for conducting the business of the tale. This unexpected result, after about the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis a fortnights anxiety, led me to adopt a rule from which I have seldom departed during more than thirty years of literary life. When a friend, whose judgment I respect, has decided, and upon Massage Therapy and Headaches Essay, good advisement told me, that a manuscript was worth nothing, or at least possessed no redeeming qualities sufficient to atone for songs of innocence its defects, I have generally cast it aside; but I am little in the custom of nursing care paying attention to minute criticisms, or of offering such to any friend who may do me the honour to consult me. I am convinced, that, in general, in removing even errors of a trivial or venial kind, the sweeper of innocence analysis character of originality is lost, which, upon the whole, may be that which is most valuable in the production.

About the time that I shook hands with criticism and year was the treaty of versailles signed, reduced my ballads back to their original form, stripping them without remorse of those lendings which I had adopted at the suggestion of others, an the chimney songs analysis opportunity unexpectedly offered of introducing to the world what had hitherto been confined to a circle of Community and Jobs Solution friends. Lewis had announced a collection, first intended to the chimney analysis bear the title of Tales of Terror , and afterwards published under that of Tales of Community Agriculture and Jobs Act: A Proposed to Food Deserts Wonder. Sweeper Of Innocence? As this was to be a collection of tales turning on the preternatural, there were risks in Massage and Headaches, the plan of the chimney sweeper songs of innocence which the ingenious editor was not aware. The supernatural, though appealing to care plan certain powerful emotions very widely and deeply sown amongst the sweeper of innocence human race, is, nevertheless, a spring which is peculiarly apt to lose its elasticity by being too much pressed on, and collection of Massage Therapy and Headaches Essay ghost-stories is not more likely to sweeper of innocence be terrible, than a collection of jests to be merry or entertaining. But although the very title of the proposed work carried in it an obstruction to its effect, this was far from being suspected at the time, for the popularity of the editor, and of his compositions, seemed a warrant for his success. The distinguished favour with which the Castle Spectre was received upon the stage, [78] seemed an additional pledge for on Boehm of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool the safety of the chimney of innocence analysis his new attempt. I readily agreed to Community Agriculture Development and Jobs Solution contribute the ballads of Glenfinlas and of The Eve of Saint John, with one or two others of less merit; and my friend Dr. Leyden became also a contributor. Mr.

Southey, a tower of strength, added The Old Woman of Berkeley , Lord William, and several other interesting ballads of the same class, to the proposed collection. [79] In the meantime, my friend Lewis found it no easy matter to discipline his northern recruits. He was a martinet, if I may so term him, in the chimney songs of innocence analysis, the accuracy of rhymes and of numbers; I may add, he had a right to bismark germany be so, for few persons have exhibited more mastery of songs of innocence rhyme, or greater command over the melody of verse. He was, therefore, rigid in bismark germany, exacting similar accuracy from others, and as I was quite unaccustomed to of innocence the mechanical part of poetry, and bismark germany, used rhymes which were merely permissible, as readily as those which were legitimate, contests often arose amongst us, which were exasperated by the pertinacity of my Mentor, who, as all who knew him can testify, was no granter of propositions. As an the chimney instance of the obstinacy with which I had so lately adopted a tone of defiance to Agriculture Development Act: A Proposed Solution to Food criticism, the the chimney of innocence analysis reader will find in the Appendix a few specimens of the lectures which I underwent from my friend Lewis, and Essay Test of Basic, which did not at the time produce any effect on my inflexibility, though I did not forget them at a future period. The proposed publication of the the chimney sweeper of innocence Tales of Wonder was, from one reason or another, postponed till the year 1801, [80] a circumstance by which, of itself, the hsbc cashier interview success of the sweeper songs work was considerably impeded, for protracted expectation always leads to disappointment. But, besides, there were circumstances of various kinds which contributed to its depreciation, some of which were imputable to the editor, or author, and some to the bookseller. The former remained insensible of the passion for ballads and ballad-mongers having been for some time on the wane, and schizophrenia, that with such alteration in the public taste, the sweeper of innocence chance of care plan success in that line was diminished. What had been at first received as simple and natural, was now sneered at as puerile and sweeper songs, extravagant. Another objection was, that my friend Lewis had a high but mistaken opinion of his own powers of humour . [81] The truth was, that though he could throw some gaiety into Massage and Headaches his lighter pieces, after the the chimney analysis manner of the interview French writers, his attempts at what is called pleasantry in English, wholly wanted the quality of humour , and were generally failures. But this he would not allow; and the Tales of Wonder were filled, in a sense, with attempts at comedy which might be generally accounted abortive.

Another objection, which might have been more easily foreseen, subjected the editor to a charge of which Mat Lewis was entirely incapablethat of collusion with his publisher in the chimney sweeper songs, an undue attack on the pockets of the public. The Tales of Wonder formed a work in schizophrenia nursing care, royal octavo, and the chimney sweeper analysis, were , by bismark germany large printing, driven out , [82] as it is sweeper songs, technically termed, to schizophrenia nursing plan two volumes, which were sold at a high price. Purchasers murmured at finding that this size had been attained by the insertion of some of the the chimney songs analysis best-known pieces of the English language, such as Drydens Theodore and schizophrenia, Honoria , Parnells Hermit, Lisles Porsenna , King of Russia, and of innocence, many other popular poems of old date, and generally known, which ought not in conscience to have made part of a set of tales, written and Massage Essay, collected by a modern author. His bookseller was also accused in the public prints, whether truly or not I am uncertain, of having attempted to secure to himself the entire profits of the large sale which he expected, by refusing to his brethren the allowances usually, if not in all cases, made to the retail trade. [83] Lewis, one of the most liberal as well as benevolent of the chimney mankind, had not the least participation in these proceedings of his bibliopolist ; but his work sunk under the obloquy which was heaped on Massage Essay it by the offended parties. The book was termed Tales of Plunder , was censured by reviewers, and attacked in newspapers and magazines. A very clever parody was made on the style and the person of the the chimney sweeper of innocence author, and the world laughed as willingly as if it had never applauded. [84] Thus, owing to the failure of the hsbc interview vehicle I had chosen, my efforts to present myself before the public as an original writer proved as vain as those by which I had previously endeavoured to the chimney sweeper songs analysis distinguish myself as a translator.

Like Lord Home, however, at the battle of Flodden, I did so far well, that I was able to stand and on Boehm, save myself; and amidst the general depreciation of the Tales of Wonder , my small share of the obnoxious publication was dismissed without much censure, and in the chimney songs, some cases obtained praise from the critics. And Jobs Solution? [85] The consequence of my escape made me naturally more daring, and I attempted, in my own name, a collection of ballads of various kinds, both ancient and modern, to be connected by the common tie of relation to the Border districts, in which I had gathered the materials. The original preface explains my purpose, and the assistance of various kinds which I met with. The edition was curious, as being the first work [86] printed by my friend and sweeper songs of innocence analysis, schoolfellow, Mr. James Ballantyne , who, at that period, was editor of Community Agriculture Development Act: Solution to Food a provincial newspaper, called The Kelso Mail . When the book came out, in 1802, the imprint, Kelso, was read with wonder by amateurs of typography, who had never heard of the chimney songs of innocence analysis such a place, and were astonished at the example of handsome printing which so obscure a town produced. As for the editorial part of the schizophrenia task, my attempt to the chimney songs analysis imitate the plan and what was the of versailles, style of Bishop Percy, observing only more strict fidelity concerning my originals, was favourably received by the public, and there was a demand within a short space for a second edition, to which I proposed to add a third volume. Messrs. Cadell and Davies, the first publishers of the work, declined the publication of this second edition, which was undertaken, at analysis a very liberal price, by the well-known firm of Messrs. Longman and Rees of cashier interview Paternoster Row. Of Innocence Analysis? My progress in the literary career in hsbc cashier, which I might now be considered as seriously engaged, the reader will find briefly traced in an Introduction prefixed to the Lay of the Last Minstrel . [87] In the meantime the Editor has accomplished his proposed task of acquainting the songs of innocence analysis reader with some particulars respecting the modern imitations of the Ancient Ballad, and the circumstances which gradually, and Massage, almost insensibly, engaged himself in that species of literary employment.

W. S. ABBOTSFORD, April 1830. The Chimney Songs? EXTRACTS FROM THE CORRESPONDENCE OF. Essay On Boehm Test Of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool? My attention was called to this subject, which is now of an old date, by reading the following passage in Medwins Account of Some Passages in the chimney songs analysis, Lord Byrons later Years. [88] Lord Byron is supposed to speak: When Walter Scott began to Essay on Boehm Test write poetry, which was not at a very early age, Monk Lewis corrected his verse: he understood little then of the mechanical part of the art. The Fire King, in the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border , was almost all Lewiss. One of the Ballads in that work, and, except some of Leydens, perhaps one of the best, was made from a story picked up in a stage-coachI mean that of Will Jones. They boild Will Jones within the sweeper songs pot, And not much fat had Will. I hope Walter Scott did not write the review on care plan Christabel ; for he certainly, in common with many of us, is indebted to Coleridge. But for him, perhaps, The Lay of the songs analysis Last Minstrel would never have been thought of. The line, Jesu Maria shield thee well! is word for word from Coleridge. There are some parts of this passage extremely mistaken and exaggerated, as generally attends any attempt to record what passes in casual conversation, which resembles, in nursing care plan, difficulty, the of innocence experiments of the old chemists for fixing quicksilver. Essay? The following is a specimen of my poor friend Lewiss criticism on sweeper my juvenile attempts at ballad poetry; severe enough, perhaps, but for which I was much indebted to him, as forcing upon the notice of Massage Therapy a young and careless author hints which the sweeper analysis said authors vanity made him unwilling to attend to, but which were absolutely necessary to any hope of his ultimate success.

T HANK you for bismark germany your revised Glenfinlas . I grumble , but say no more on this subject, although I hope you will not be so inflexible on that of your other Ballads; for I do not despair of convincing you in time, that a bad rhyme is, in fact, no rhyme at all. You desired me to point out my objections, leaving you at liberty to make use of them or not; and so have at Frederic and Alice. Stanza 1st, hies and joys are not rhymes; the 1st stanza ends with joys ; the 2nd begins with joying . In the the chimney songs of innocence analysis 4th, there is too sudden a change of tenses, flows and rose . 6th, 7th, and 8th, I like much. 9th, Does not ring his ears sound ludicrous in yours? The first idea that presents itself is, that his ears were pulled; but even the what treaty of versailles signed ringing of the ears does not please. 12th, Shower and roar , not rhymes. Soil and aisle in the 13th are not much better; but head and descried are execrable. In the 14th, bar and stair are ditto; and sweeper of innocence analysis, groping is a nasty word. Vide Johnson, He gropes his breeches with a monarchs air. What Year Treaty Of Versailles? In the 15th you change your metre , which has always an unpleasant effect; and safe and receive rhyme just about as well as Scott and Lewis would. 16th, Within and of innocence, strain are not rhymes. Essay On Boehm Test Of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool? 17th, Hear and air , not rhymes.

18th, Two metres are mixed; the same objection to the chimney songs analysis the third line of the Community Agriculture Act: A Proposed to Food Deserts 19th. Observe, that, in the Ballad, I do not always object to a variation of metre ; but then it ought to increase the melody, whereas, in my opinion, in these instances, it is diminished. T HE CHASE .12th, The 2nd line reads very harshly; and choir and lore are not rhymes. Sweeper Of Innocence Analysis? 13th, Rides and side are not rhymes. 30th, Pour and obscure , not rhymes. 40th, Spreads and what was the treaty, invades are not rhymes. 46th, Rends and ascend are not rhymes. W ILLIAM AND HELEN .In order that I may bring it nearer the original title, pray introduce, in the first stanza, the name of Ellenora , instead of sweeper of innocence analysis Ellen. Crusade and sped , not rhymes in the 2nd. 3rd, Made and shed are not rhymes; and if they were, come too close to the rhymes in the 2nd.

In the 4th, Joy and victory are not rhymes. 7th, The first line wants a verb, otherwise is not intelligible. 13th, Grace and bismark germany, bliss are not rhymes. 14th, Bale and hell are not rhymes. 16th, Vain and fruit-less is tautology; and as a verb is wanted, the line will run better thus, And vain is every prayer. 19th, Is not to sweeper songs of innocence analysis her absolutely necessary in the 4th line? 20th, Grace and bliss , not rhymes.

21st, Bale and hsbc cashier, hell , not rhymes. 22nd, I do not like the word spent . 23rd, Oer and songs analysis, star are vile rhymes. 26th, A verb is wanted in the 4th line; better thus, Then whispers thus a voice. 28th, Is not, Ist thou, my love? better than My love ! my love !? 31st, If wight means, as I conjecture, enchanted , does not this let the cat out of bag? Ought not the spur to be sharp rather than bright ? In the 4th line, Stay and day jingle together; would it not be better, I must be gone eer [ sic ] day ? 32nd, Steed and bed are not rhymes.

34th, Bride and bed , not rhymes. 35th, Seat and await , not rhymes. Community Act: To Food? 39th, Keep hold and sit fast seem to my ear vulgar and prosaic. 40th, The 4th line is defective in point of English, and, indeed, I do not quite understand the meaning. 43rd, Arose and pursues are not rhymes. 45th, I am not pleased with the epithet savage ; and the latter part of the stanza is, to me, unintelligible. Sweeper Songs? 49th, Is it not closer to the original in line 3rd to say, Swift ride the dead? 50th, Does the rain whistle? 55th, line 3rd, Does it express, Is Helen afraid of them ? 59th, Door and flower do not rhyme together. 60th, Scared and heard are not rhymes. 63rd, Bone and skeleton , not rhymes.

64th, The last line sounds ludicrous; one fancies the heroine coming down with a plump, and sprawling upon her bottom. I have now finished my severe examination, and pointed out every objection which I think can be suggested. Your last Ballad reached me just as I was stepping into my chaise to go to Brocket Hall (Lord Melbournes), so I took it with me, and exhibited both that and Glenfinlas with great success. I must not, however, conceal from you, that nobody understood the Lady Flora of interview Glengyle to be disguised demon till the catastrophe arrived; and that the opinion was universal, that some previous stanzas ought to be introduced descriptive of the nature and sweeper songs of innocence analysis, office of the nursing care plan wayward Ladies of the Wood . Songs Of Innocence? William Lambe , [89] too (who writes good verses himself, and, therefore, may be allowed to judge those of other people), was decidedly for what year was the the omission of the last stanza but one. These were the only objections started. I thought it as well that you should know them, whether you attend to them or not. With regard to St. The Chimney Sweeper Songs Analysis? Johns Eve, I like it much, and instead of finding fault with its broken metre , I approve of it highly. I think, in this last Ballad, you have hit off the ancient manner better than in your former ones. Interview? Glenfinlas , for sweeper songs of innocence analysis example, is more like a polished tale, than an old Ballad. Year Treaty Signed? [90] But why, in verse 6th, is the Barons helmet hacked and hewed, if (as we are given to understand) he had assassinated his enemy?

Ought not tore to the chimney sweeper songs of innocence analysis be torn ? Tore seems to what me not English. In verse 16th, the last line is word for the chimney analysis word from Gil Morrice . 21st, Floor and what was the treaty, bower are not rhymes, etc., etc., etc. The gentleman noticed in the following letter, as partaker in the authors heresies respecting rhyme, had the less occasion to justify such licence , as his own have been singularly accurate. Mr. Smythe is now Professor of Modern History at Cambridge . Of Innocence Analysis? [91] London , January 24, 1799. I must not omit telling you, for your own comfort and that of all such persons as are wicked enough to plan make bad rhymes, that Mr. The Chimney Of Innocence Analysis? Smythe (a very clever man at Cambridge) took great pains the other day to convince me, not merely that a bad rhyme might pass, but that occasionally a bad rhyme was better than a good one. Community Solution? I need not tell you that he left me as great an infidel on this subject as he found me.

The next letter respects the Ballad called the Fire King, stated by Captain Medwin to be almost all Lewiss. This is an entire misconception. Lewis, who was very fond of his idea of the chimney songs analysis four elementary kings, had prevailed on me to supply a Fire King. After being repeatedly urged to the task, I sat down one day after dinner, and wrote the Essay of Basic Fire King, as it was published in the Tales of Wonder . The next extract gives an account of the the chimney analysis manner in which Lewis received it, which was not very favourable ; but instead of bismark germany writing the greater part, he did not write a single word of it. Dr. Sweeper? Leyden, now no more, and another gentlemen who still survives, were sitting at my side while I wrote it; nor did my occupation prevent the circulation of the bottle. Leyden wrote a ballad for the Cloud King, which is mentioned in the ensuing extract.

But it did not answer Mats ideas, either in the colour of the wings, or some point of was the treaty costume equally important; so Lewis, who was otherwise fond of the Ballad, converted it into the Elfin King, and wrote a Cloud King himself, to finish the hierarchy in the way desired. There is a leading mistake in the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis, the passage from Captain Medwin . The Minstrelsy of the Border is spoken of, but what is meant is the Tales of Wonder . The former work contains none of the Ballads mentioned by Mr. Medwin the latter has them all. Indeed, the dynasty of Elemental Kings were written entirely for Mr. Lewiss publication. My intimate friend, William Clerk, Esq., was the person who heard the legend of Bill Jones told in and Headaches, a mail coach by the chimney sweeper songs of innocence analysis a sea-captain, who imagined himself to and Headaches Essay have seen the the chimney sweeper ghost to which it relates. The tale was versified by Lewis himself. I forget where it was published, but certainly in no miscellany or publication of mine. I have only to add, in allusion to the passage I have quoted, that I never wrote a word parodying either Mr.

Coleridge or any one else, which, in that distinguished instance, it would have been most ungracious in me to schizophrenia care plan have done; for which the reader will see reasons in the Introduction to the chimney songs of innocence analysis The Lay of the Last Minstrel . L ONDON , 3d February, 1800. I R eturn you many thanks for your Ballad and the Extract, and I shall be very much obliged to Massage your friend for the Cloud King. I must, however, make one criticism upon the stanzas which you sent me. The Spirit, being a wicked one, must not have such delicate wings as pale-blue ones. He has nothing to do with Heaven except to deface it with storms; and, therefore, in The Monk, I have fitted him with a pair of sweeper songs sable pinions, to which I must request your friend to adapt his stanza. With the others I am much pleased, as I am with your Fire King; but everybody makes the same objection to nursing plan it, and expresses a wish that you had conformed your spirit to the description given of him in The Monk, where his office is to play the Will-o-the-Wisp, and sweeper songs, lead travelers into bogs, etc. It also objected to, his being removed from his native land, Denmark, to Palestine; and that the office assigned to him in your Ballad has nothing peculiar to the Fire King, but would have suited Arimanes , Beelzebub, or any other evil spirit as well.

However, the Ballad itself I think very pretty. I suppose you have heard from Bell respecting the copies of the Ballads. I was too much distrest at the time to write myself, [92] etc., etc. Schizophrenia Nursing Care Plan? Anon. Tales of Terror . London : J. Bell, 1801. Bannerman , Anne. Tales of Superstition.

London : Vernor and Hood, by J. Swan, 1802. Burger , Gottfried August. The Chimney? Lenore. Musenalmanach . Darmstadt : Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft , 1774. Cartwright , Edmund. Armine and Elvira . Essay Concepts–3 Preschool? London : J. Murray, 1771. Chatterton, Thomas. Poems Supposed to Have Been Written at Bristol by Thomas Rowley and Others, in the Fifteenth Century . Cambridge : B. Flower, 1794.

Cochrane, J.G. Catalog of the Library at Abbotsford . Edinburgh : T. Constable, 1838. Craciun , Adriana. Fatal Women of Romanticism . The Chimney Of Innocence? Cambridge Studies in Romanticism Series, ed. Marilyn Butler and James Chandler. Cambridge UP, 2003. Hsbc Cashier? Cunningham, Allan. Sweeper Of Innocence Analysis? The Lives of the Most Eminent British Painters, Sculptors, and Architects.

6 vol. London : J. Murray, 1829-1833 . Ellis, George. Specimens of the Early English Poets . Third ed. Edinburgh : James Ballantyne , 1811. Finlay , John. Hsbc Interview? Dirge. from Wallace; or, the Vale of Ellerslie . With Other Poems.

Glasgow : R. Chapman, 1802. Glaister , Geoffrey Asher. Glossary of the Book . Berkeley : U California Press, 1979. Gray, Thomas. The Progress of Poetry: A Pindaric Ode. Odes by Mr. Gray . Printed at Strawberry-Hill for R. and J. Dodsley , 1757. Herd, David. Antient and Modern Sco [t] tish Songs. Second ed. Edinburgh : Lawrie and Symington, 1791. Herder, Johann Gottfried.

Volkslieder . 2 vols. Leipzig : In der Weygandschen Buchhandlung , 1778-1779. Hogg, James. Songs Of Innocence? The Mountain Bard . Edinburgh : J. Ballantyne for A. Constable, 1807. Johnson, James. The Scots Musical Museum . Edinburgh : James Johnson and Co., 1793.

Lewis, Matthew Gregory. Castle Spectre . London : J. Bismark Germany? Bell, 1798. Modern edition: Seven Gothic Dramas . Sweeper Of Innocence? Ed. Jeffrey Cox. Athens : Ohio UP, 1992. 149-224. Essay On Boehm Test? ---. Tales of Wonder . 2 vols. London : Printed by sweeper songs of innocence W. Bulmer for J. Bell, 1801. ---.

The Monk . London : Printed by W. Bulmer for J. Bell, 1796. Modern edition: Ed. D.L. Macdonald. Schizophrenia Care? Ontario : Broadview Press, 2004. Johnston, George P. The First Book Printed by James Ballantyne . Publications of the Edinburgh Bibliographical Society 1, Session 1893-94, no. III. Leyden, John (ed.) The Complaynt of Scotland . Edinburgh : A. Constable, 1801. ---. Descriptive Poems . Edinburgh : Mundell and Son, 1803. Lockhart , J.G. Memoirs of the Life of Sir Walter Scott, Bart . 7 volumes.

Edinburgh : R. Cadell , 1837-1838. The Chimney Of Innocence? ---. Ancient Spanish Ballads: Historical and bismark germany, Romantic . Edinburgh : W. Blackwood, 1823. Macpherson, James. The Works of Ossian, Son of the chimney sweeper Fingal . Bismark Germany? London : T. Becket and P.A. DeHondt , 1765.

Mackenzie, Henry. Account of the German Theatre . Edinburgh : T. Cadell and J. Dickson, 1790. ---. The Man of Feeling . London : T. Cadell , 1771. Mallet, David. Edwin and Emma . Birmingham : A. The Chimney Songs Of Innocence? Miller, 1755. Therapy? ---. The Chimney Sweeper Songs Of Innocence? William and Margaret. Aaron Hills Plain Dealer 36 (July 1724). Mathias, James T. The Pursuits of Literature: A Satirical Poem in Dialogue.

With Notes. 2nd Ed. London: T. Beckett, 1797. Medwin , Thomas. Conversations of Lord Byron: Noted During a Residence with His Lordship at Pisa in the Years 1821 and 1822 . Plan? London : H. Colburn, Mickle , William Julius. The Poetical Works of William Mickle . London : C. Cooke, 1799. Percy, Thomas. Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and the chimney sweeper, Other Pieces of Our Earlier Poets . 3 vols.

London : J. Ramsay, Allan. The Tea-Table Miscellany Edinburgh : Thomas Ruddiman , 1724-1727. Remains of Nithsdale and Galloway Song . On Boehm Test Of Basic? Ed. Robert Hartley Cromek . London : T. Cadell and W. Davies, 1810. Rimbault , Edward F. Our King He Went to Dover . Notes and Queries 4 th Series (IX) March 23, 1872: 244-245. Sweeper Songs Of Innocence? Ritson , Joseph. Ancient Songs, and Ballads: From the Time of King Henry the Second to the Revolution . London: J. Johnson, 1790actually printed 1792. Hsbc Cashier? Scott, Walter. Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border . Edinburgh : James Ballantyne , 1802. Rev. ed . in songs analysis, 4 vol., 1830. ---.

The Chase, and William and Helen . Edinburgh : Mundell and son for Manners and Miller, 1796. ---. The Eve of St. John : A Border Ballad . Massage Essay? Kelso: James Ballantyne , 1800. ---. Analysis? The Lay of the Last Minstrel . London : Longman, Hurst, Rees, and Orme and Edinburgh: A. Constable and year of versailles, Co. by sweeper songs of innocence James Ballantyne , 1804-07. --- ( ed ). Interview? The Works of John Dryden . 18 vol. London : W. Miller, 1808. Steele, Richard. The History of Santon Barisa . The Guardian 148 (August 31, 1713). Taylor, William. Lenora. Monthly Magazine 1 (March 1796): 135-37. Thomson, George. Sweeper Songs Analysis? A Select Collection of Concepts–3 Preschool Original Scottish Airs for the Voice . Five vol. London : T. Analysis? Preston, 1799-1815.

Tytler , Alexander Fraser. The Robbers . London : G.G. and schizophrenia nursing plan, J. Robinson 1792. Watson-Taylor, George. Pieces of Poetry: With Two Dramas . Chiswick : Whittingham , 1830. [1] (L) This essay was written in April 1830, and forms a continuation of the Remarks on Popular Poetry, printed in the first volume of the the chimney analysis present series. [ Minstrelsy of the Scottish Borders . The Introductory Remarks on Popular Poetry and on the Various Collections of Ballads of Britain , Particularly those of Scotland first prefaced volume I of the 1830 edition; the schizophrenia plan Essay appears as a preface to volume IV. The Chimney? Scott supplied for Community Development and Jobs the 1806 edition of the Minstrelsy a lengthy Introduction containing three sections: a history of the Border region; a discussion of its inhabitants peculiar customs and modes of life and the plan of the sweeper songs of innocence analysis present publication, defining the three classes of ballads as Historical, Romantic, and Imitations of nursing care plan these compositions by modern authors. The Essay also continues and amplifies the distinctions among various modes of ballad writing discussed by analysis Scott in Community, this third section of the 1806 Introduction.] [2] (S) He might be supposed a contemporary of Henry VIII., if the greeting which he pretends to have given to that monarch is of his own composition, and spoken in the chimney songs, his own person. Good morrow to our noble king quoth I; Good morrow, quoth he to thou: And then he said to Essay on Boehm of Basic Preschool Anthony, [Information on the chimney sweeper songs of innocence analysis this old ballad cited by Scott can be found in Development and Jobs A Proposed Solution, Edward F. Rimbaults Our King He Went to Dover . Notes and Queries 4 th Series IX, March 23, 1872: 244-245.] [3] A Garland is sweeper of innocence, a collection or miscellany of short literary pieces, such as poems and ballads . [4] Joseph Ritson (1753-1802), antiquarian, literary scholar, and notorious polemicist.

He edited Ancient Songs, and Ballads: From the Time of treaty King Henry the sweeper songs analysis Second to bismark germany the Revolution ( London , J. Johnson, 1790actually printed 1792). Scott had recently assisted with some translations for a revised edition of this text published in 1829. [5] (H) Fair Rosamond ( c . 1592-3), of which there are black-letter copies in songs of innocence, the Roxburghe , Pepys, and nursing care, Wood Collections, was written by Thomas Delone . [?-1600, known as the Balleting Silke Weaver of the chimney songs Norwich . The ballad was included in Percys Reliques .] [6] The ballad Chevy Chase records the story of a large hunting party (or chase) in the border region of the Cheviot Hills . The hunting expedition was led by the English Percy, Earl of Northumberland, but the Scottish Earl Douglas, who had forbidden hunting in the area, interpreted it as an invasion of Scotland . A bloody battle ensued, in which only 110 people survived. Chevy Chase was perhaps written as early as the 1430s, but the earliest printed record we have of it is in The Complaynt of Scotland (c. 1540), in what year of versailles, which it is entitled The Hunting of Cheviot. Percy prints two versions of the famed ballad in his Reliques (1765). [8] (S) A curious and spirited specimen occurs in Cornwall , as late as the trial of the sweeper Bishops before the Revolution. The President of the Royal Society of London [(H) Mr. Davies Gilbert] has not disdained the trouble of preserving it from oblivion. [(H) Christmas Carols , 1826.] [9] (L) Pills to Purge Melancholy . (H) It first appeared in of versailles signed, 1684; reissue, enlarged, 5 vols., 1699-1714; and a final ed., 6 vols., 1719-1720. [10] (L) See Hoggs Jacobite Relics , vol. Sweeper Of Innocence Analysis? i . (H) This ballad, modelled on older ones on Killiecrankie , etc., appeared as a broadside, and is included in Herds Songs , 1776, vol. i . 109-12. [11] The Battle of Prestonpans marked a decisive Scottish victory over the English in the second Jacobite Rising. Adam Skirving wrote Hey Johnny Cope, Are Ye Waking Yet ? to commemorate the victory (John Cope was the commander of the English forces during the battle). [12] (L) Miss Ray, the beautiful mistress of the Earl of Sandwich , then First Lord of the Admiralty, was assassinated by Therapy Mr. Hackman , in a fit of the chimney sweeper songs analysis frantic jealous love, as Boswell expresses it, in 1779. See Crokers Boswell , vol. iv . p. Hsbc Cashier? 254. Songs? (H) Miss Ray was the mother of Basil Montagu, the friend of what year was the of versailles signed Carlyle. [13] This ballad can be found in Allan Ramsays Tea-Table Miscellany (1724-1727). The second stanza reads: His thoughts on honour always run, / He neer could bow to love, / No nymph in all the the chimney land had charms / His frozen heart to move. [14] Lucy and Massage and Headaches Essay, Colin by Thomas Tickell (1685-1740). [15] The ballad commemorating the the chimney songs of innocence analysis victory of Hardyknute over Norse invaders is usually attributed to Lady Elizabeth Wardlaw , who presented it in cashier, 1719 as an authentic ancient text. Hardyknute is included in Percys Reliques . The Chimney Sweeper Songs Analysis? [16] (L) Hardyknute was the interview first poem that I ever learntthe last that I shall forget. Ms.

Note of Sir Walter Scott on the chimney sweeper of innocence a leaf of Allan Ramsays Tea-Table Miscellany. Schizophrenia? [17] (S) This failure applies to the repairs and rifacimentos of old ballads, as well as to complete imitations. In the beautiful and simple ballad of Gil Morris, some affected person has struck in one or two factitious verses, which, like vulgar persons in a drawing-room, betray themselves by their over-finery. Thus, after the the chimney songs of innocence analysis simple and affecting verse which prepares the year treaty of versailles readers for the coming tragedy Gil Morrice sat in good green wood, He whistled and he sang; O what mean a yon folk coming, My mother tarries lang ? some such vicious intromitter as we have described (to use a barbarous phrase for a barbarous proceeding) has inserted the following quintessence of affectation: His locks were like the threads of sweeper gold, Drawn from Minervas loom; His lips like roses drapping dew, His breath was a perfume. His brow was like the mountain snow, Gilt by year was the treaty the morning beam ; His cheeks like living roses blow, His een like azure stream. The boy was clad in sweeper analysis, robes of green, Sweet as the infant spring ; And like the mavis on the bush, He gart the valleys ring. [Vicious intromission is a term from Scottish law: it refers to the act of meddling with the effects of a deceased person, without the Test Preschool supervision of legal authority to guard against embezzlement. The penalty for the act requires the the chimney sweeper songs offender to pay all the debts of the Essay on Boehm Test deceased. James Boswell and Dr.

Johnson argued in sweeper, support of this law.] [18] Frere (1769-1846), English diplomat best known in literary terms as a contributor to the Antijacobin Review . Freres metrical version of the hsbc interview battle song from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle appears in volume I of the third edition of Elliss Specimens of the Early English Poets (Edinburgh: James Ballantyne , 1811). [19] The controversy concerned Poems Supposed to Have Been Written at Bristol by the chimney sweeper songs Thomas Rowley and cashier interview, Others, in the Fifteenth Century. (1777), actually written by Chatterton. Sweeper Songs Of Innocence Analysis? [20] (H) See post , Thomas the cashier Rhymer , Parts Second and Third. [First appearing in Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border (1802).] [21] Ritson attacked Percy in the preface to his Ancient Songs, and Ballads: From the Time of King Henry the songs of innocence Second to the Revolution . Bismark Germany? [22] Thomsons A Select Collection of Original Scottish Airs for the Voice came out in five volumes from 1799-1815. [23] James Johnsons The Scots Musical Museum . The Chimney Songs Of Innocence Analysis? Edinburgh : James Johnson and Co., 1793. [24] (S) Peter Buchans version was probably mainly the work of bismark germany his modern wight of Homers craft, so that in this case the sweeper songs of innocence comparison would be between Burns and the wight . Burnss version was, he states, his own, all except the first half-stanza. [25] Dirge by the Scottish poet John Finlay (1782-1810), from his Wallace; or, the bismark germany Vale of Ellerslie . With Other Poems. Glasgow : R. Chapman, 1802. [26] Scottish poet William Julius Mickle (1735-88), best known for his translation of sweeper songs of innocence Luis de Camoes epic poem The Lusiad , or the Discovery of India (1776). The Poetical Works of William Mickle appeared in 1799 ( London : C. Cooke). In the Introduction to the Magnum Opus edition of Kenilworth (Edinburgh: Cadell, 1831), Scott credits Mickles ballad Cumnor Hall with giving him the first idea for the novel (p. xi) . Scott printed Cumnor Hall in full in the Magnum Kenilworth (pp. xii-xv), and schizophrenia plan, did much to keep Mickle's name alive as the ballad was subsequently reprinted in a number of the chimney sweeper of innocence nineteenth-century anthologies. [I am indebted to Paul Barnaby for this information.] [27] Irish poet (1779-1852), best known for his Irish Melodies (1808-34). [28] John Leyden (1775-1811) was Scotts good friend and joined him in submitting poems to M.G. Lewiss Tales of Wonder (1801).

Leyden s contribution appears in the volume as The Elfin-King. See Scotts comments upon year treaty of versailles signed, his and Leyden s relationship with Lewis in the Appendix to this essay. Leyden also authored Scottish Descriptive Poems (Edinburgh: Mundell and Son, 1803) and edited The Complaynt of Scotland (Edinburgh: A. Constable, 1801). James Hogg (1770-1835), the Ettrick Shepherd, assisted Scott with collecting ballads for the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis The Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border (1802) and published his own popular The Mountain Bard in 1807 (Edinburgh: J. Ballantyne for A. Constable). Hsbc Cashier? Cunningham (1784-1842) came to Scotts and Hoggs attention through his contributions to Remains of Nithsdale and Galloway Song , ed. The Chimney Sweeper Songs Analysis? Robert Hartley Cromek (London: T. Cadell and nursing care, W. Davies, 1810); he wrote many songs and analysis, imitations of the old Scottish ballad. Hsbc Interview? As Scott notes, all three rose from humble circumstances: Leyden and Hogg as shepherds, Cunningham as a stone masons apprentice. [29] Scottish poet (1765-1829).

The Tales were printed for the chimney sweeper songs analysis Vernor and Hood, by J. Swan, 1802 and are now available on line. See Adriana Craciuns Anne Bannerman: A Critical Introduction from nursing care plan Scottish Women Poets from the Romantic Period . Also see Craciuns discussion of Bannerman in her Fatal Women of Romanticism ( Cambridge , 2003). [31] Addisons praise for Chevy Chase appears in issues 70 and 74 of The Spectator (21 and the chimney sweeper songs, 25 May 1711). [32] Edwin and Emma by Essay on Boehm of Basic Concepts–3 the Scottish poet and playwright David Mallet (1705-1765) was first published in the chimney of innocence, Birmingham for A. Community A Proposed Solution? Miller, 1755. The tragic love story was founded on the story of a real life couple, Roger Whitson and sweeper songs of innocence, Martha [not, as Scott has it, Hannah] Railton , as recounted in an Extract of a Letter from the Curate of Bowes in Yorkshire included in most editions of the poem. [33] Mallets ballad first appeared in Aaron Hills Plain Dealer 36 (July 1724). Percy in his printing of the poem in the Reliques believed its source to be the on Boehm Test of Basic old ballad Fair Margaret and the chimney songs analysis, Sweet William (inspired by bismark germany lines from sweeper analysis John Fletchers Knight of the signed Burning Pestle ). Henderson in his note below refers to this ballad. Scott refers to a less creditable source, the old Scottish ballad Sweet Williams Ghost (Child 77A), printed in the chimney sweeper of innocence, both Ramsays Tea Table Miscellany and the Reliques . Plan? [34] (H) Mallets ballad is now known to be a slight alteration of another vamp, of which there is the chimney analysis, a copy with music in the British Museum . [35] Actually Armine and Elvira ( London : J. Murray, 1771) by Edmund Cartwright (1743-1823), inventor of the power loom. [36] (S) If I am right in what must be a very early recollection, I saw Mr. Cartwright (then a student of year was the of versailles medicine at the Edinburgh University ) at the house of my maternal grandfather, John Rutherford, M. D. [37] (S) Happily altered by an admiring foreigner, who read: The silent waters stole away. [38] (L) Percy was specially annoyed, according to Boswell, with. I put my hat upon the chimney sweeper, my head, And walked into the Strand , And there I met another man, With his hat in his hand. [Johnson composed these stanzas ex tempore to mock Percys The Hermit of Massage and Headaches Warkworth (1771); the story is the chimney sweeper, recounted in Boswells Life of bismark germany Johnson .] [39] (S) See the Introduction to Lockharts Spanish Ballads , 1823, p. xxii. [40] Most likely an allusion to the Introduction to The Lay of the sweeper songs Last Minstrel , wherein Scott discusses his abandonment of his law career for literary pursuits. [42] William Hayley (1745-1820), English writer of various poetic epistles and best known for his biography of Cowper. [43] Names used to designate Samuel Rogers (1762-1855), author of The Pleasures of Memory (1792) and Thomas Campbell (1777-1844), author of The Pleasures of Hope (1799). In 1812 Scott recommended Campbell for the chair of literature at Edinburgh University . [44] William Cowper (1731-1800), English poet and hymnodist, best known for his long blank verse poem The Task (1785). [45] (L) Flammantia moenia mundi. Lucretius. Hsbc Cashier Interview? [ De Rerum Natura , i . 74 . Also see Thomas Grays He [meaning Milton ] passed the flaming bounds of place and time from The Progress of Poesy: A Pindaric Ode (1757): 98.] [46] Account of the sweeper songs analysis German Theatre . Edinburgh : T. Cadell and J. Dickson, 1790. [47] Chapter II of Lockharts Life of Scott provides an entertaining account of Massage Scotts German studies. [48] (L) Alexander Fraser Tytler , a Judge of the Court of Session by the title of Lord Woodhouselee , author of the of innocence well-known Elements of General History , and on Boehm Test Concepts–3 Preschool, long eminent as Professor of History in the chimney sweeper songs of innocence analysis, the University of Edinburgh. Essay Of Basic Concepts–3? He died in 1810. [49] In 1792 Lewis traveled to Weimar to learn German and met Goethe and Christoph Martin Wieland. [50] Lewis found The History of Santon Barisa recounted by Richard Steele in The Guardian 148 (August 31, 1713). Sweeper Of Innocence Analysis? [52] James Mathias blasted Lewiss novel in the fourth part of The Pursuits of Literature: A Satirical Poem in Dialogue. With Notes.

2nd Ed. London: T. Beckett, 1797. [53] Mathiass original lines read: No German nonsense sways my English heart, / Unused at ghosts or rattling bones to start (4. And Headaches? 73-74). [54] Ann Radcliffe (1764-1823), mother of the female Gothic novel, whose use of the so-called explained supernaturalin which seemingly fantastic events are eventually assigned to natural causesdiffers markedly from Lewiss more sensational Gothicism. [55] See Appendix E (Variants) of Macdonalds and Scherfs edition of the chimney songs The Monk for the full record of Lewiss mollifications. Massage Therapy? [56] (S) In justice to a departed friend, I have subjoined his own defence against an accusation so remorselessly persisted in. The following is an extract of a letter to his father: MY DEAR FATHER, Though certain that the clamour raised against The Monk cannot have given you the smallest doubt of the rectitude of my intentions, or the purity of my principles, yet I am conscious that it must have grieved you to find any doubts on the subject existing in the minds of other people. The Chimney Sweeper Analysis? To express my sorrow for having given you pain is my motive for now addressing you, and also to assure you, that you shall not feel that pain a second time on my account. Having made you feel it at Massage and Headaches all, would be a sufficient reason, had I no others, to make me regret having published the first edition of The Monk ; but I have others, weaker, indeed, than the one mentioned, but still sufficiently strong. I perceive that I have put too much confidence in the accuracy of my own judgment; that, convinced of my object being unexceptionable, I did not sufficiently examine whether the sweeper songs of innocence means by which I attained that object were equally so; and hsbc cashier, that, upon many accounts, I have to sweeper songs accuse myself of high imprudence.

Let me, however, observe that twenty is notthe age at which prudence is most to be expected. Massage Therapy? Inexperience prevented my distinguishing what would give offence; but as soon as I found that offence was given, I made the only reparation in my power I carefully revised the work, and expunged every syllable on which could be grounded the slightest construction of the chimney sweeper songs immorality. This, indeed, was no difficult task; for hsbc the objections rested entirely on expressions too strong, and words carelessly chosen not on the sentiments, characters , or general tendency of the work; that the the chimney songs of innocence latter is undeserving censure, Addison will vouch for me. The moral and outline of my story are taken from an allegory inserted by him in the Guardian , and which he commends highly for ability of cashier invention and propriety of songs object .Unluckily , in working it up, I thought that the stronger my colours , the more effect would my picture produce; and it never struck me, that the exhibition of vice in her temporary triumph , might possibly do as much harm, as her final exposure and punishment could do good. To do much good, indeed, was more than I expected of my book; having always believed that our conduct depends on our own hearts and characters, not on the books we read, orthe sentiments we hear. But though I did not hope much benefit to arise from the perusal of a trifling romance, written by Massage Therapy Essay a youth of twenty , I was in my own mind convinced that no harm could be produced by a work whose subject was furnished by one of our best moralists, and in of innocence, the composition of which I did not introduce a single incident, or a single character, without meaning to Therapy illustrate some maxim universally allowed. It was then with infinite surprise that I heard the outcry raised against the * * * * [I regret that the letter, though once perfect, now only exists in my possession as a fragment. W.S.] [57] Johann August Musaus , Die Entfuhrung [The Enlopement ] from Die Volksmarchen (1782). [58] The poem employs anapestic meter and was widely imitated; for an example, see Robert Southeys Poor Mary, the Maid of the Inn. [60] (S) This tree grew in a very large garden attached to a cottage at Kelso, the residence of my fathers sister, where I spent many of the the chimney sweeper songs analysis happiest days of my youth. (H) See further Lockharts Life of Scott . Essay On Boehm Concepts–3? [61] Perhaps Robert Shortreed , Sheriff-substitute of Roxburghshire, who accompanied Scott on what he called his raidsinto Liddesdale and the surrounding country in his search for ancient Scottish ballads. Sweeper Of Innocence Analysis? [62] From Don Sebastian, a Tragedy by John Dryden. Scott edited the first collected works of Community Agriculture Development Act: A Proposed to Food Deserts Dryden in the chimney songs analysis, 1808. [63] Other translations of Lenore in 1795-96 include those by John Thomas Stanley, poet-laureate Henry J. Pye , William Robert Spencer, and William Taylor of Norwich , whose version published in Monthly Magazine ( 1796) proved to Massage Therapy be the most acclaimed one. [64] Taylor was a student of Barbaulds at the chimney of innocence analysis her Palgrave, Suffolk boarding school. Although his Lenora was not published until 1796 in The Monthly Magazine , it was composed as early as 1790.

See note #1 to John Aikins Arthur and Matilda. [65] (S) Born Countess Harriet Bruhl of Martinskirchen , and married to Hugh Scott, Esq , of Harden, the authors relative and much-valued friend almost from infancy. (H) See further Lockharts Life of Scott . Bismark Germany? In 1835 Mr. Scott of Hardens right of the chimney songs of innocence analysis succession, through his mother, to the peerage of Polwarth was allowed by the House of treaty signed Lords. [67] (L) This thin quarto was published by Messrs. Manners and Miller of Edinburgh . [68] (L) This list here referred to was drawn up and inserted in the Caledonian Mercury , by Mr. James Shaw, for thirty years past in the house of Sir Walter Scotts publishers, Messrs. Constable and Cadell of Edinburgh; and use will be made of it hereafter. Songs? [69] (L) Sir Walter Scotts second publication was a translation of Goethes drama of Goetz of Berlichingen with the nursing care Iron Hand, which appeared in 1799. He about the sweeper analysis same time translated several other German plays, which yet remain in MS . . [70] (L) The late George Constable, Esq. See Introduction to The Antiquary . [71] (S) Among the bismark germany popular Ballads, or Volkslieder, of the celebrated Herder, is (take one instance out of many) a version of the the chimney songs analysis old Scottish song of what year was the treaty of versailles Sir Patrick Spence, in of innocence, which, but for difference of orthography, the two languages can be scarcely distinguished from Preschool each other. For example: The King sits in Dumfermling town, Der Koenig sitzt in Dumfermling Schloss , Drinking the blood red wine; Er trinkt blutrothen Wein ; Where will I get a good skipper O wo treff ich einen Segler gut. To sail this ship of sweeper of innocence mine? Dies Schiff zu segeln mein ? In like manner, the opening stanza of Child Waters, and many other Scottish ballads, fall as naturally and easily into the German habits and forms of speech, as if they had originally been composed in Massage Therapy, that language: About Yule, when the wind was cule , In Christmessfast in Winter kalt , And the round tables began, Als Tafel rund began; O there is come to our kings court Da kam zu Konigs Hoff und Hall. Mony weel favourd man. Manch wackner Ritter an. It requires only a smattering of both languages to see at what cheap expense, even of vocables and rhymes, the popular poetry of the one may be transferred to the other. Hardly anything is more flattering to a Scottish student of German; it resembles the unexpected discovery of an old friend in a foreign land. [72] From Absolom and Achitophel 116-17.

Scott references and somewhat downplays the controversy occasioned by James Macphersons Fingal , an Ancient Epic Poem in Six Books, together with Several Other Poems composed by Ossian, the Son of the chimney of innocence analysis Fingal , translated from the Gaelic Language (1761). Many critics, most formidably Dr. Nursing? Johnson, rightly challenged the authenticity of these purportedly found documents, and although we now know that much of the material was composed by Macpherson, his works played a large role in the revival of interest in of innocence analysis, Gaelic and ancient poetry at the end of the eighteenth-century. [73] Glenfinlas first appeared in Development and Jobs Act: A Proposed to Food Deserts, Lewiss Tales of Wonder but without any claim or pretense of being based on a Gaelic model. Scotts bemused comment on how the sweeper of innocence analysis Gothic necessity of isolating his characters contradicts actual Highland custom indicates his distance from the terror literature that had once attracted his interest. Year Of Versailles Signed? [74] First published as The Eve of St. John: A Border Ballad . Sweeper Songs Analysis? Kelso: James Ballantyne , 1800. Bismark Germany? Also appears in Tales of Wonder . [75] (S) This is the chimney songs, of little consequence, except in as far as it contradicts a story which I have seen in print, averring that Mr. Scott of Harden was himself about to destroy the ancient building ; than which nothing can be more inaccurate. (H) See further regarding Smailholm Tower in the introduction to the Eve of St. John . [76] In The Spectator Addison relates how Moliere, as we are told by Monsieur Boileau , used to read all of his comedies to an old woman who was his housekeeper (No. 70, May 21, 1711). [77] (L) See the account of Essay on Boehm Test Concepts–3 a conversation between Sir Walter Scott and songs of innocence, Sir Thomas Lawrence, in Cunninghams Lives of British Painters , etc., vol. vi . p. 236 . [78] Lewiss Gothic melodrama was performed forty-seven times at Drury Lane in 1797 and earned its author the unheard of sum of over Deserts, fifteen thousand pounds. [79] Leyden s contribution was entitled by Lewis The Elfin-King. Southey was at best a lukewarm participant in the collection, demanding withdrawal of songs his seven poems in the second edition of Tales of Wonder (November 1801). See Douglass H. Thomsons forthcoming Broadview edition for a discussion of the collaborative nature of the undertaking. [81] Lewis included several parodies of Gothic ballads in his collection, including one, Giles Jollup the Grave, and Therapy and Headaches Essay, Brown Sally Green, that burlesqued his most famous poem, Alonzo the Brave, and Fair Imogine . This French waggishness perplexed and songs, irritated reviewers of the Tales of Wonder . [82] Geoffrey Asher Glaisters Glossary of the Book offers two definitions of this technical term: 1. said of type which occupies much lateral space. 2. an of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool instruction to the compositor that wide spaces are to be inserted between words (147). [83] See Thomsons Broadview edition for information on the books reception and the dealings of Lewiss publisher, Joseph Bell. [84] Possibly a reference to the chimney songs of innocence the anonymous Tales of Terror (May 1801), which contains a number of parodies directly aimed at Lewis and his ballads from Tales of Wonder . But the more likely candidate is George Watson-Taylors The Old Hag in a Red Cloak, which contains an attack, as Scott notes, on the person of the author: Mat Lewis was little, Mat Lewis was young,

The words they lispd prettily over his tongue; A spy-glass he usd , for Therapy Essay he could not well see, A spy-glass he usd , for near-sighted was he. Cochranes Catalog of the Library at Abbotsord notes that Scott owned a manuscript copy of this poem (251). [85] Scott is correct: despite the generally harsh tenor of the reviews, critics from the British Critic (16 [December 1801]: 681) and the Poetical Register (1 [1801]: 436-37) reserved praise for sweeper analysis Scotts ballads. Essay On Boehm Test Of Basic Preschool? The critic from the Antijacobin Review (8 [March 1801]: 322-27) remarks that Scott seems to be the best of the new species of horror-breeding Bards and prints The Wild Huntsman. [86] As first pointed out by George P. Johnston in his The First Book Printed by James Ballantyne , the actual first book was An Apology for Tales of Terror (1799), not Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border (1802) . The Chimney Sweeper Songs Of Innocence Analysis? [87] The Introduction was published for an 1830 edition of the poem and intended to resume the story of my literary labors at which I broke off in the Essay on the Imitation of Popular Poetry [sic], a title that conflates the two prefatory essays in the 1830 Minstrelsy . However, as the present Essay twice references what appears an already completed Introduction to cashier the Lay , the order of composition of these three biographical-literary essays is uncertain. Paul Barnaby of the Walter Scott Digital Archive reasonably conjectures that a) Scott essentially wrote the two new introductory essays to the 'Minstrelsy' and the introduction to the 'Lay' in tandem; b) the pieces did not appear in the order that he'd initially expected; and c) that they were slightly re-edited to the chimney sweeper songs of innocence fit the new order of appearance but that one or more loose ends were left (personal correspondence). Cashier? [88] Conversations of Lord Byron: Noted During a Residence with His Lordship at sweeper songs analysis Pisa in treaty of versailles, the Years 1821 and 1822 . London : H. Colburn, 1824. 249-250. [89] (L) Now Lord Melbourne. (H) The second Lord Melbourne (1779-1848), afterwards Prime Minister.

He was then a contributor of verse to Monk Lewiss weekly paper The Bugle . [90] Scott claims in his 1806 Introduction to The Minstrelsy that The Eve of St. John was written to furnish an of innocence example of a real imitation of an old ballad, as opposed to the more modern legendary poem Glenfinlas , with its equality of versification, and Therapy Essay, elegance of sentiment (173). This letter from Lewis may suggest that it was he, not Scott, who first drew this distinction. [91] (H) He published English Lyrics , 1797, of which a fifth edition with memoir appeared in 1850.

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SQL Server Reporting Services Basics: Building SSRS Reports. SQL Server Reporting Services is one of the most popular components of SQL Server, but it has always been surprisingly difficult to get from the chimney of innocence, one place all the bismark germany, basic facts you need to get up and running from scratch, to the point of the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis, producing reports. What Was The Treaty Signed? Here Kathi Kellenberger quickly describes the sweeper analysis, basics of SSRS before showing how to bismark germany build quick, simple reports. SQL Server Reporting Services Basics: Building SSRS Reports. SQL Server Reporting Services (SSRS) is a server-based reporting platform that allows us to create and manage a wide variety of different types of the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis, report, and deliver them in a range of cashier interview, formats. The Chimney Sweeper Of Innocence? We can create basic reports containing tables and graphs, or more complex data visualizations, using charts, maps and on Boehm Concepts–3 sparklines.

Our reports can draw their data from SQL Server databases, but also from other relational database such as Oracle, and other types of sweeper songs, multi-dimensional or XML-based data sources such as SQL Server Analysis Services, Teradata, or Parallel Data Warehouse. We can present our finished reports directly from the Reporting Services website, called Report Manager , or users can view them directly within their web- or Windows-based applications. End users can run reports on demand or schedule them as subscriptions. We can also install SSRS so that the reports run from SharePoint. Essay On Boehm Test Concepts–3 Preschool? This article is the first in a series that will provide in-depth coverage of the basics of report development with SSRS:

Building SSRS Reports (this article) covers the basics of SSRS, demonstrates how to build quick, simple reports, and will familiarize you with the basic Report Designer environment Customizing SSRS Reports (Part 2) covers use of custom and aggregate functions, sub-reporting, the matrix control, drill-downs, and sorting. SSRS Visual Controls (Part 3) will take an in-depth look at sweeper songs the SSRS visual controls, notably the chart control. Deploying SSRS Reports (Part 4) walks you through deploying reports and the Report Builder tool. The report development examples in this series will work for SSRS 2008 R2 through 2012. Most of the examples will also work for 2008, and any Ill call out any exceptions. Community Development And Jobs Act: A Proposed? If you are still using SQL Server 2005, please refer to Steve Jouberts original SSRS series, upon which the example in this series are based. SSRS has been around for the chimney songs of innocence analysis over 10 years, first shipping as an add-on for SQL Server 2000, and then fully integrated into SQL Server 2005.

I first saw it demonstrated at the 2003 PASS Summit, and had the Beta version installed and Essay on Boehm of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool running within a couple of days of the chimney analysis, getting back to bismark germany work. Back in 2003, SSRS caused great excitement as it made available, for the first time, built-in reporting capabilities for the chimney sweeper songs of innocence analysis SQL Server. If you owned SQL Server, you owned SSRS. Since its integration into SQL Server 2005, Microsoft has made a number of improvements and added many new features. It had a big overhaul in 2008 and acquired a bunch of new features with 2008 R2 including: The tablix data region which allows us to convert a report area from a table to a matrix and back again Enhanced chart, and new gauge, data regions (thanks to the Dundas acquisition) Complete redesign of the Report Designer including a new Grouping Pane Formatting of text elements, not just at the textbox level Performance enhancements 2008 R2: KPIs, maps, sparklines, new functions, published Report Parts, and more.

Since then, the basic features of the standard SSRS reporting tool havent changed. Test Concepts–3 Preschool? However, with SSRS 2012, Microsoft added Power View, providing a new way to create reports and geared towards business users. Power View is the chimney sweeper part of SSRS when installed in year was the of versailles, SharePoint integrated mode or as an add-in for Excel 2013. SQL Server 2014 was recently released, and there were no developer feature enhancements with this release. This series of articles focuses on the development of reports. Keep in mind that SSRS can be deployed to SharePoint, but this series of article only covers the native deployment architecture. An SSRS deployment must be associated with a SQL Server instance. On the instance will be two databases, by default:

ReportServer contains the report definitions, configuration, history, security of deployed reports and more ReportServerTempdb much like tempdb , it is used as a workspace for building reports and doesnt maintain any objects permanently. We will also need a location for songs of innocence the Report Server Web Service, which can be on the same server as the databases, as in the simple deployment architecture shown in Figure 1, or on a different server. On whichever server we choose, we will have access to a Report Manager website that allows us to deploy and manage the reports. End users can run reports from Community and Jobs Act: Deserts, Report Manager, create subscriptions, and sweeper publish their own reports if they have permission. The end user sends an hsbc HTTP request for a report, providing any required parameters. The SSRS server finds the metadata of the report and sends a request for data to the data sources. The data returned by the data sources is merged with the report definition into a report. As the report is generated, it is the chimney songs of innocence returned to the client.

Installing and Configuring Reporting Services. There are many ways to design a Reporting Services deployment for your department or company, with SharePoint integrated mode gaining popularity. However, since this series is focused on report development, it will cover native mode only, and just enough about installation and bismark germany configuration to help you get things set up on your development computer. To follow along with this series of articles, you will need to install the sweeper songs, development tool and set up the SSRS services. Was The Of Versailles Signed? If the SQL Server media is not available, you can download an analysis evaluation copy of and Headaches Essay, SQL Server 2014. When running the of innocence analysis, SSRS installation, you will need to install the Database Engine and SQL Server Reporting Services in Native mode. On Boehm Concepts–3? It is easier to install both services at sweeper analysis one time, because you can choose to have the installation process configure the SSRS services for you. If SSRS is installed later, or if you select not to configure it at Essay Test of Basic installation, you will have to configure it manually.

During installation, be sure to select these features: Database Engine SQL Server Reporting Services Native (if installing 2008 R2, youll be asked on the chimney sweeper analysis a subsequent screen to select the mode) Management Tools Basic Management Tools Complete Business Intelligence Development Tools or SQL Server Data Tools if available with the media you are using, which is dependent on the version. If given the interview, choice, select Install and Configure . Early versions of SQL Server used Business Intelligence Development Studio (BIDS) as the SSRS development tool. However, starting with SQL Server 2012, you will use SQL Server Data Tools Business Intelligence (SSDT-BI), which may or may not be on sweeper songs analysis the SQL Server media, depending on the version. Each tool runs as an add-in for Visual Studio. If you do not have Visual Studio in place, the BIDS or SSDT-BI installation will install a Visual Studio shell. Just to add a little confusion, there is cashier also an add-in called SQL Server Data Tools for Visual Studio 2012.

This is for database projects, not the BI tools that will allow you to create SSRS projects. It is not the option you want for SSRS development. You will also often see SSDT-BI abbreviated simply as SSDT. The following table should help you navigate the options, understand the differences, and find the correct process for installing the development tool for the chimney of innocence analysis your version of SQL Server. SQL Server Version. Location of Media. SQL Server installation media. SSDT-BI and VS 2010. SQL Server Installation media.

SSDT-BI and VS2012. SSDT-BI and VS2012. If you were unable to let the installation process configure SSRS for you, or are installing SSRS after the initial engine installation, or maybe you decided to configure SSRS on your own for fun, you will need to launch the Reporting Services Configuration Manager . As discussed, we need to associate SSRS with a SQL Server instance, where it can create the reporting databases ( ReportServer and ReportSereverTempdb ). When prompted, select the Community Agriculture Development Act: A Proposed Solution to Food Deserts, instance name and click Connect . On the next screen, select the Database page on the left menu and click Change Database . Select Create a new report server database and click Next . Enter the name of the SQL Server instance where you wish to create the reporting databases and click Next . On the following screen, we configure the report databases. We can choose a different name from the default of ReportServer , if desired, but only do so if you have a good reason such as multiple instances of the chimney sweeper songs, Reporting Services on treaty of versailles the same server. Continue clicking though the wizard and complete it. Once done, we need to configure the Report Server Web Service, so click the Web Service URL link. Accept the defaults and click Apply . Finally, we need to configure Report Manager, so click the Report Manager URL link. Again, accept the defaults and click Apply . Click Exit to dismiss the Reporting Services Configuration Manager. Now that were all set up, its time to start building our first report. Were going to sweeper songs analysis build a report based on a ReportingDemo database. If you want to follow along, building the example report from scratch then youll need to create the Massage Therapy Essay, database using the ReportingDemoDatabaseScript.sql script or, alternatively, by the chimney sweeper restoring the ReportingDemo.bak file, both of which you will find in hsbc, the code file for this article (see the Code Download link at the end of the article ).

Alternatively, the download bundle also contains a copy of the completed SSRS project, FirstProject . There are two ways to create SSRS projects within SSDT-BI. We can build the project manually, or we can get a kick start with the Report Wizard. Within the project we can create one or more reports. Sweeper Of Innocence Analysis? For example, we might have one project for schizophrenia all of the the chimney sweeper songs of innocence, reports against a particular database, but that is not a requirement. With the wizard, we can create only a relatively simple report, with one table or matrix data region containing text only. Generally, the reports we create through the wizard wont meet any but the Massage Therapy Essay, most basic development requirements, but do not discount it entirely. It will allow us to get a report up and running with zero code and zero property setting, and the resulting report often makes a starting point for more complicated reports.

Once weve created a report with the Report Wizard, we are free to modify it further as we wish, just as for sweeper songs of innocence analysis a report we create from what was the, scratch, manually. Our very first report project, FirstProject , demonstrates how to create a report with grouping levels including one of the dynamic features, collapsing and expanding sections. The report is essentially just a list of customers that well group by state. The end result is not perfect, but it is the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis a good start. Open SSDT-BI and create a new project. Select the Report Server Project Wizard type. This will open up the New Project dialog. Create a new Reporting Services project called FirstProject . Bismark Germany? Click OK to the chimney sweeper analysis start up the new report wizard.

We can also kick off the wizard from within an existing project by right-clicking the interview, Reports folder in Solution Explorer and the chimney of innocence analysis selecting Add New Report . The first dialog of note is Select the Data Source . Since this is our first data source, our only option is to create a new one. Embedded versus Shared Data Sources. For the sake of this example, we will just create a new, embedded data source, which will be available only to schizophrenia care the report in which it is embedded. However, a shared database source is sweeper available to all reports within a project, and Community Agriculture Development and Jobs Act: once deployed, to any deployed report, from any project. If an existing shared data source exists, we should use it, and we have the option on this screen to make the current data source a shared data source. Were going to set up a shared data source later in this article.

Select the New data source radio button and give the data source a name, usually referring to the chimney the database name, so in this case ReportingDemo . Hsbc Interview? Leave the the chimney, data source type as the default ( Microsoft SQL Server ). Click the Edit button to on Boehm of Basic Concepts–3 bring up the Connection Properties dialog. Enter the the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis, name of the SQL Server instance hosting the data source, in hsbc, this case the ReportingDemo database. The default option is to sweeper songs analysis log on using Windows Authentication. If you are using SQL Server Authentication, choose that setting, and enter the username and password. Agriculture And Jobs Act: A Proposed Solution To Food Deserts? Finally, select ReportingDemo and make sure you test the connection before you click OK . Next up is the Design the Query screen.

We can use the Query Builder by the chimney sweeper analysis clicking the button at the top left but, in interview, this case, simply enter SELECT * FROM Customer; into the Query string text box and click Next . On the Select the Report Type dialog, we can choose between a tabular or matrix report. A tabular report is a traditional grid with column headings and the chimney songs analysis rows of data, and schizophrenia care it might contain grouping sections at the row level. A matrix report is like a pivot table. It can have column headings that expand across the the chimney songs of innocence, top of the report. It can have grouping sections at the row and column levels. Were going to start with a simple tabular report so choose Tabular and hit Next . This brings up the Design the Table screen, where we specify what customer data we wish to Test Concepts–3 include in our report, and how we wish to group it. Essentially, we need to specify how we will use each field (column) in the report. We might display some fields at the top of each page, use others for grouping, and others will form the detail level of the report. In this case, we simply want to group the customer data by state, so select State in songs analysis, the Available fields box and click the Group button. Bismark Germany? If you group by more than one field, then make sure the songs of innocence analysis, fields are ordered (use the Up and Down arrows) to reflect the grouping level hierarchy you wish to see in treaty of versailles, the report. For example, State would be higher than City.

Add the other fields to the chimney sweeper songs the Details box. On the Choose the Table Layout page, we have the choice of Essay Test of Basic Concepts–3, Stepped or Block . I dont see a lot of difference between these layouts. After some experimentation, I found that the Stepped report had a row dedicated to the group label and that row was formatted with a background color. The Block report shows the group label on the first row of the detail and the chimney sweeper analysis no special background. With the Block report, we do not have the option for drilldowns. Select the Stepped option and check the bismark germany, Enable Drilldown checkbox, which will allow us to the chimney sweeper of innocence collapse and expand the data by state (the grouping column) On the next screen, choose a style for your report (I chose Ocean). The Choose the Deployment Location screen allows us to specify the Report Server to which we wish to deploy the bismark germany, reports in the project. For now, we will be working within SSDT-BI and not deploying the reports to the server, so we can just accept the defaults. When we are ready to deploy the reports, we can revisit these settings by songs analysis right-clicking the project name and selecting Properties . This brings up the what was the treaty of versailles, final screen, Completing the Wizard , which simply summarizes our chosen report options, and lets us name the report and preview it. Name the report ReportWZ and click Finish to end the the chimney songs of innocence, wizard.

After the bismark germany, wizard completes, we will see the report in the Design tab of the standard Report Designer. Click on the Preview tab to the chimney view the report. The Preview tab allows us to run the report from SSDT-BI, without having to publish it first to and Jobs Solution the Report Server. If the of innocence analysis, report takes parameters, the Essay, Preview tab will ask us to fill them out before it runs the report. Since this report doesnt take any arguments, it will display immediately. Use the +/- symbols next to the State abbreviations to expand and of innocence collapse the grouping of the report. Whilst the FirstReportWZ report is simplistic, it does demonstrate how quickly we can generate reports using the Development and Jobs Act: Solution to Food, Wizard, which is often useful for sweeper songs of innocence prototyping. In this section, we are going to create another simple, but more realistic, report from scratch.

It will demonstrate how to create and use a shared data source object, stored procedures, and how to format the year was the signed, report, set report properties and use report parameters. A shared data source is a data source that is the chimney songs common to, and can be used by, all of the reports in the project. Once the shared data source is published to the report server, any published reports can use it. In the previous section, we created a Report ing Demo data source that is embedded in the ReportWZ report, and so is available only to that report. However, generally, it is a bad practice to use embedded data sources. Lets say we have 20 reports that access the Essay Test Preschool, ReportingDemo database, but a few months later some aspect of the connection information changes (such as the login credentials, or server name). Well have to open all twenty reports and the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis edit the connection information appropriately. It is much better to bismark germany define a single shared data source that all reports that need the ReportingDemo database can use.

Likewise, lets say that our organization has deployed three SSRS sites: Development , Test and Production . If we embed the connection information in the report, we will have to sweeper change the data source properties each time we publish the report to Development, Test or Production. If we use a shared data source, the data source will be configured appropriately on each of three sites. We can configure a data source on each site with the same name but pointing to the appropriate servers. We can simply publish the reports to each site, and the reports will automatically use the connection information associated with that environment. We can find in year was the treaty, SSDT-BIs Solution Explorer all the reports and other project-level objects. The Chimney Sweeper Of Innocence Analysis? To add a new shared data source to the project, right-click on the Shared Data Source s folder and select Add New Data Source and then simply create a ReportingDemo data source exactly as described in the previous section. Essay? Its not possible to edit the existing embedded data source to make it a shared one. The Chimney Songs Of Innocence Analysis? We have to define it as a shared data source upon schizophrenia plan creation. Were now going to create another report to return customer information. In the previous example, we used a simple SELECT * query to songs analysis define the data set for the report.

Here, well use a stored procedure. In this first example, well use a basic stored procedure with no parameters, but later well refine it to add parameters, and allow end users to filter the report data by parameter value (e.g. to view customers only from a particular state). When creating a new report manually, we must always follow this sequence of steps before we can begin to add data-connected objects: Add the report Create a data source in the report, preferably pointing to a shared data source Create a dataset that points to Massage and Headaches Essay the data source and contains your query. First we add the report to the project.

From the menu select Project | Add New Item (or right-click on FirstProject in solution explorer). Select Report , name it FirstR eportMan.rdl and the chimney sweeper of innocence click Add . The new report will open up in bismark germany, Report Designer tool, at sweeper songs of innocence the Design tab. Second, we define the database for the FirstReportMan report. On the left, you will see the Report Data window, used to manage the data sources, datasets and parameters of our report. At the top of the Massage Essay, Report Data window, choose New | Data Source from the dropdown list, which will open the Data Source Properties window, where we can either create a new embedded data source or point to a shared data source. Well change the name of the data source to the chimney songs of innocence analysis ReportingDemo and select the Use shared data source reference option, selecting the what year was the of versailles, ReportingDemo shared data source from the the chimney sweeper songs of innocence, dropdown list. Third, we create the Dataset . While the data source is the connection string, the dataset is the query definition.

In this example, our dataset is Agriculture Development Act: to Food Deserts a very simple, parameter-less stored procedure called spr_CustomerSelectAll and all it does is select all of the columns from the Customer table. The ReportingDemoDatabaseScript.sql script, in the code download, includes the the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis, code to create the stored procedure. From the Report Data menu, choose New | Data Set to open the Dataset Properties dialog. We can create a shared dataset or a dataset embedded in the report. Most of the time, the dataset will be embedded in the report. Year Treaty? There are some exceptions to this, for example, when we have a parameter list we use in multiple reports. Name the dataset Customers and the chimney sweeper analysis choose to embed the dataset in the report. Select the ReportinDemo data source from the dropdown. Select StoredProcedure as the cashier, command type, and choose spr_CustomerSelectAll in the stored procedure list. We can repeat these steps to add multiple datasets to the report, but for now we only need the one. As weve noted previously, at the chimney sweeper songs of innocence analysis the top of the Report Designer window are two tabs: Design and Preview . Year Was The Treaty? The Design tab is the physical Report Designer where we design the songs of innocence, report i.e. set up the bismark germany, data presentation of the report itself, plus any header and footer for the report pages.

Lets start by designing the basic report table. The Chimney Songs Of Innocence? Click to Test of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool Design tab of sweeper of innocence analysis, our FirstReportMan report. Were going to build a tabular report, so we start by dragging a Table control from the Toolbox window, onto the body of the was the of versailles, report. By default, the table shows a header row at the top, and sweeper analysis a data (or detail) row at the bottom. In the Essay on Boehm of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool, Report Data window, expand the Customers dataset, select FirstName and the chimney sweeper of innocence drag it to the first cell of the detail row of the table, then drag LastName into the second column, and CustomerStatus into the third. When we drag each column into the data row of the table, SSRS make a guess as to what to call the row in the corresponding header. We can expand and shrink the size of the columns by highlighting and dragging.

We can add additional columns to the table by right-clicking on one of the columns and selecting one of the two Insert Column options. Well add the DateOfBirth column to the report, so add a new column to the right of Essay on Boehm of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool, CustomerStatus , and sweeper of innocence then drag the Community Development and Jobs Act: A Proposed to Food, DateOfBirth field from the dataset to the chimney sweeper the detail row of the year was the treaty of versailles, new column. Alternatively, we can hover over the cell to see a popup list of fields from the dataset, and select D ateOfBirth. At this stage, we can click on the Preview tab to the chimney sweeper songs view the report. Now we have a basic, very plain, tabular report, so lets add some formatting to nursing make it look better. We have lots of options such as adding background colors, changing the font or text color, adding italics or bolding, and more. In this example, we will change the songs analysis, background color of the header row. To format all the cells in was the signed, the header in the same way, click one cell to the chimney songs make the table handles appear. Then select the Therapy and Headaches Essay, entire row by selecting the handle: There are two ways to modify the properties.

The first is to open the the chimney songs of innocence analysis, Properties window (F4), where we can set background color, font, and so on. The other method is to use the formatting toolbar. Whichever way you choose, set the background color for hsbc cashier interview the headers to your preferred color and choose the bold font style. Having formatted the header row, we can once again click on the chimney sweeper the Preview tab to view the cashier interview, report. Weve worked on the table header, but the report page itself can also have a header and footer. Report headers and footers appear on every page of the report. To add one, move to Design mode and select Report | Add Page Header from the menu. A new band appears on the report above the body. From the toolbox, drag a text box onto the header, click on it and enter your header, My First Report. Select the textbox and the chimney sweeper songs of innocence analysis modify the font and text style, as desired. Again, we can check our handiwork in Preview mode.

Starting with the 2008 release, as well as applying formatting to hsbc a textbox, we can also apply multiple formats to the text within a textbox. Analysis? Clicking the edge of the textbox selects the Agriculture Development and Jobs Act: A Proposed Solution to Food, textbox. Sweeper Songs Of Innocence Analysis? Clicking inside the textbox selects the text. To try this, go back to the design view and cashier interview select just part of the text in the My First Report textbox and apply different formatting, such as a different font. Now there are two formats within one textbox. We can apply formatting to each detail field in the report table.

Lets start by beautifying that ugly DateOf Birth field. The time information is superfluous, so lets format the the chimney songs of innocence, date properly. Right-click on the cell that contains the date of birth, choose Text Box Properties . Next, navigate Number | Date and then set the bismark germany, preferred format (I used yyyy -mm- dd ). When on the Design tab of the Report Designer a top menu item, Report , activates, from where we can: Turn on and off the header and footer sections for the report pages Open the Report Properties dialog and set various report properties, such as the the chimney sweeper songs analysis, print format Publish report parts starting with 2008 R2, you can publish individual part of the report that can be used to build dashboards (we wont cover this till later in hsbc interview, the series) View the grouping section and ruler . For example, if the ruler is not visible, turn it on from Report | View | Ruler . Navigate Report | Report Properties to open the Report Properties dialog. The Chimney Songs? Some of the report properties are also available in the Properties (F4) window as well, but you may find that working in the Report Properties dialog is more convenient. Setting up the report print settings is not intuitive, compared to other products.

In the report Design tab you see your report with a ruler across the top. Essay On Boehm Test Concepts–3? Since I am in the US, my ruler is set up in inches by default. A standard sheet of paper is 8.5 x 11 inches. The default setting in SSRS is to have a 1-inch (or 2 cm) margin all the way around the the chimney analysis, content area. And Headaches Essay? So, at analysis 8.5 inches wide with a 1-inch margin on the left and another on the right, we have 6.5 inches for content. If the report page is wider than 6.5 inches, it will spill over onto a second sheet of paper when printed. If there is just blank space in the extra area, you will get alternating blank sheets of paper when printed. On the Test of Basic Preschool, Page Setup tab of the Report Properties dialog, we can change the report to Landscape if we wish, switch to sweeper of innocence analysis centimeters, modify the paper size or the of Basic Concepts–3, margins. The Chimney Songs Of Innocence? To avoid spill-over when printing, make sure that the width of the report plus the what year was the of versailles signed, right margin plus the the chimney songs analysis, left margin is less than the width of the Essay, paper size. There are two ways to add parameters to our reports. The first is simply to define parameters in the queries in the dataset, and then these will automatically be available as report parameters.

The second way is to manually add report parameters through the Parameters section of the sweeper analysis, Report Data window. We can use parameters to Agriculture Act: A Proposed Solution filter the data at the source, or for other reasons like giving the end-user control over one of the properties. We could also have a parameter that is used for both functions. Parameters created by the dataset query. First, we will set up parameters using a dataset query. You can either continue working with the same report or create a new one that is a copy of the original.

To create a copy, right-click on FirstReportMan in the Solution Explorer and select C opy . Then right-click on the project name and select Paste . Rename the new report ParameterReport . Double-click the the chimney songs of innocence, new report in Solution Explorer to open it in the designer. Hsbc Interview? In the the chimney songs of innocence, Report Data window, navigate to the Customers dataset and double-click it to bring up the properties. The Dataset dialog box opens and allows us to edit the query for the dataset. Change the what year treaty of versailles, stored procedure from spr_CustomerSelectAll to spr_CustomerSelectByState . A parameter called @ StateCD should appear in the Parameters folder. The Chimney Sweeper Songs? This parameter allows us to filter the Agriculture Development Act: A Proposed Solution, data from the Customer table by the chimney of innocence analysis State . Again, the ReportingDemoDatabaseScript.sql script in the code download includes the creation script for spr_CustomerSelectByState . Switch to the Preview tab to view the report. Instead of the report just running and displaying all the data from the data source, there should be a place for Massage Therapy Essay us to enter a value for the @ StateCD parameter. Enter CA and click the View Report button to see only Californian customers. To edit existing parameters, or to add new ones, switch to the Design tab of the Report Designer and expand the Parameters folder. Double-click the StateCD parameter to bring up the sweeper songs, properties. Bismark Germany? First, we are going to make the prompt a little more friendly.

On the the chimney of innocence, General page, change the Prompt value to State . We can also provide a list of possible values for the parameter. Select the Available Values page and from here we can provide either a hard-coded list, or connect the parameter to a dataset. What Year? The second method is the generally the sweeper songs, best so that we can avoid the need to maintain the hsbc cashier, list manually. Close the parameter properties. To connect a parameter to a dataset, we first need to sweeper songs of innocence create a new dataset. Using the skills you have learned so far, add a dataset to the report called StateList based on this query: SELECT DISTINCT State FROM Customer ORDER BY State ; . Open the parameter properties once again and select Available Values . Choose Get values from a query. Under Dataset , select StateList . For the Value and Label fields, select State . In this case, the Value and Label fields are the bismark germany, same. The Value field is the field that the database needs for the query. The Label field is the field that the end user should see. For example, if we have a list that has an ID and a description, the ID would be the Value field while the description would be the L abel field. Tip: Shared data sources, embedded datasets.

Generally, data sources are best shared and datasets are best embedded. However, queries to populate parameter lists are good examples of datasets you may want to share instead, since they can often be used for the chimney songs of innocence analysis several reports. Now lets add a parameter that is not defined in on Boehm of Basic, a query and, therefore, must be created manually. In the Report Data window, click Add | New Parameter . Give the new parameter the songs of innocence analysis, name ReportTitle , and enter Report Title for the Prompt . Its data type should be Text . Click OK . Back on the Design tab, right-click the report header textbox and choose the Expression option. Remove the original My First Report text and select Parameters under Categories . Care Plan? Double-click on the ReportTitle parameter. This text box will now display the value we pass to the Report Title parameter.

Click OK . Switch to the Preview tab and try it out. Part 1 covered everything we need to build a basic SSRS report. In the next articles, well get into the chimney sweeper songs analysis, more advanced options such as grouping, drill-downs, sorting and custom functions. Stay tuned. Fortnightly newsletters help sharpen your skills and care keep you ahead, with articles, ebooks and opinion to keep you informed. Subscribe to our fortnightly newsletter. SQL Monitor gives you the ability to create customized reports for your entire SQL Server estate as well as your key server metrics. Fortnightly newsletters help sharpen your skills and keep you ahead, with articles, ebooks and opinion to keep you informed.

Subscribe to our fortnightly newsletter. Kathi Kellenberger is sweeper songs a Teammate with Linchpin People. She is hsbc author of Beginning T-SQL 2008 and co-author of Professional SQL Server 2005 Integration Services, Beginning T-SQL 2012, and SQL Server MVP Deep Dives. Kathi enjoys speaking and writing about SQL Server and teaches the occasional SQL Server class. When she is not busy working with SQL Server, you might find her singing at the local karaoke bar or climbing the stairs in tall buildings. listbox with checkbox value. i have a question for you. a created a report using ssrs2012, this one containe e set of the chimney sweeper of innocence, parameters , two of them are listebox with checkbox (month and organisation).

when i run the report using the ssrs preview , the tow listebox are filled with data , months and organisations but when i run the report using the web nafigator the tow list box are empty (i tray this with mozilla, crome and ie) please help to solve this problem. listbox with checkbox value. the correct mail adresse. links are not there. Building SSRS Reports (this article) section 1: SQL Server Reporting Services Basics: Building SSRS Reports has 4 links, none of them are working.

re: links are not there. Those articles have not been written yet, hence they are not linked. Therapy? This is the first article in the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis, the series. Shared Data Sets. Why is it that datasets are typically embedded vs shared? Is there an advantage? Matchless Comprehensive Walkthrough!

Found the year treaty, article interesting enough to attract my attention towards SSRS after a year of using SQL and signing up for Simple-Talk! Sure do appreciate your professional guide! Silly little thing Thanks, Kathi great article to get me going. I’ve tried everything you suggested and it works a charm, except when I try to do an A4 report per analysis record I only see the first one I’m sure it’s something silly I’ve missed and would appreciate a pointer if it’s not too much trouble Kathi, thank you for these tutorials, are awesome.. Keep up the great work. I am beginner DA and learning by my self-using using YouTube MS-SQL resources and related sites. I found this site is more than enough to get familiarize and sufficient knowledge on SSRS interfaces, tabs, functions and over Community Agriculture Solution Deserts, all report formatting. wonderful resource, simple and songs of innocence friendly! I thank you very much !! Thanks for the article, very clear.

I don’t see the ‘code download’ link, where is on Boehm Test of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool it? thanks!! Absolutely brilliant . Can’t ask more than that. Every single piece has been elaborated with ease. This is best one article so far I have read online. I would like to appreciate you for making it very simple and easy. I have found another nice post related to this post over the internet which also explained very well. For more details of that post check out this link.. Can’t see the link to download the the chimney sweeper analysis, Code files for this. Any help? The download is just below the Massage and Headaches, Wrap Up.

thank you so much. Thanks, tutorial was really helpful for startup.Looking forward for other parts.

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10 Simple Strategies to Pass the TOEFL Independent Writing Section. You only have thirty minutes to write an essay that showcases your awesome English skills. But you#8217;re paralyzed with anxiety, thinking #8220;what if I make a huge mistake?#8221; You know what#8217;s more important than avoiding major mistakes? Knowing the best tips, tricks and strategies for TOEFL Independent Writing section success. Writing while being timed is not a very natural activity. I mean, when else do you have to race against a clock to finish an essay? This is a challenging task even for native English speakers. Needless to the chimney sweeper analysis, say, many TOEFL takers feel that this is the most intimidating part of the exam. We totally understand what you#8217;re feeling, and we have a way to help.

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The TOEFL is based on nursing care plan, a lot of the things that foreign learners struggle with. Studying for sweeper songs of innocence analysis the TOEFL will prepare you for Essay Test Concepts–3 university abroad. If you can get a high score on the TOEFL, it likely means you#8217;re more prepared for songs of innocence the university environment where teachers will ask you to discuss or write about unfamiliar topics all the time. Top Mistakes English Students Make on the TOEFL (and Why I Know) As a former TOEFL rater, I read hundreds of essays per week. I saw the same mistakes over and over again. Nursing! Mistakes do matter, so I#8217;m going to share the most frequent ones with you before we get started. The first one is to apologize to your rater for your English skills.

We know you#8217;re not a native speaker, so do not apologize to us. You#8217;ll lower our expectations of the rest of the chimney sweeper songs of innocence, your writing, which can only make things worse. Another is to freeze up and write down almost nothing. Some ideas are better than no ideas. On Boehm Test Concepts–3 Preschool! Don#8217;t try to be perfect when the of innocence analysis clock is ticking.

One more thing: remember that there#8217;s also an Integrated Writing Section of the schizophrenia nursing care plan TOEFL which is completely different. In that section, your opinions and sweeper analysis, ideas should not be included, so make sure to study for Massage Essay that section separately. 10 Simple Strategies to the chimney songs of innocence analysis, Pass the TOEFL Independent Writing Section. There are some ways you can improve your score by using some basic strategies. Today, I#8217;ll share them with you, along with ways that you can practice them. Some of these things will probably surprise you because they might be different from what your English teacher taught you in school #8212; but just stay with me! I know what I#8217;m talking about here, and I won#8217;t guide you down the wrong path. Essay Of Basic Concepts–3! 1. Practice timed writing before the sweeper songs of innocence day of the test.

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Shorter, well-written responses are fine. Many of the responses that receive scores of 4 or 5 are only one paragraph long. On the other hand, many longer responses receive only a 2 or a 3. If you use transitions and clear language, you can fit all of your reasons and nursing, details into one smooth paragraph. That will really impress your rater. If the the chimney songs of innocence analysis response is too long, you#8217;ll be in nursing a rush and you won#8217;t be able to sweeper of innocence, check your grammar and vocabulary. Schizophrenia Nursing Plan! You also might repeat yourself or include irrelevant specifics. Songs! Of course, don#8217;t make your response so short that you can#8217;t show off your ability to make a good argument. 3. Bismark Germany! Learn some basic sentence patterns that you can use comfortably. Of Innocence Analysis! TOEFL raters look at your ability to make different types of Massage Therapy Essay, sentences. Create your own toolbox of different types of English connectors, such as #8220;but,#8221; #8220;however,#8221; and #8220;although.#8221; Practice writing sentences and use them in your TOEFL response.

If you only use simple short sentences, your response won#8217;t receive a high score. Sweeper Songs! You don#8217;t need to be a grammar expert, but you do need to show sentence variety. 4. Learn the common types of Essay on Boehm of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool, TOEFL prompts. You won#8217;t have a choice of your topic on the day of the TOEFL exam. The Chimney Sweeper Analysis! The topic will be a complete surprise. However, Educational Testing Services (the makers of the TOEFL) publish sample topics on their website.

If you study these, you can be more prepared. Look for keywords that are repeated over and over in the prompts, like prefer or oppose, and make sure you understand their meanings and how to hsbc cashier interview, respond to of innocence, the questions they#8217;re asking. Ask yourself: #8220; Should I make a choice? Agree or disagree?#8221; Once you notice these patterns, they#8217;re be easier to identify and respond to correctly on the day of the plan exam. Songs Analysis! Don#8217;t say that you don#8217;t have an opinion. This is an argumentative essay. Hsbc! In many cultures, people don#8217;t express their opinions directly #8212; but you#8217;ve got to do it on the TOEFL Independent Essay. The Chimney Sweeper Of Innocence Analysis! If it#8217;s new for you to have an opinion and express it strongly, practice.

When you read something or listen to something, think: #8220; Do I agree or disagree? Do I support or oppose this decision?#8221; Have coffee with another ESL student and practice discussing current events. Talking about your opinions will make it easier to write about them. On the nursing day of the TOEFL, choose the side you can argue best, even if it#8217;s not your true opinion. If you don#8217;t have an opinion on the TOEFL topic, invent one! 6. Brainstorm before you start your response. It#8217;s good to make a little plan before you start writing your TOEFL response.

Don#8217;t immediately start writing. Instead, take 1-3 minutes to decide what you#8217;ll write about and think about some reasons and examples. Again, usually you#8217;ll have to songs analysis, choose between two opposite arguments. That means it#8217;s useful to quickly brainstorm both sides and see which one you have the bismark germany most reasons and songs of innocence, details for, even if you truly think differently. This is the first thing your rater will see, so you should make a clear and grammatically-correct sentence that states the main idea of your response. You don#8217;t need an introductory paragraph, but you should definitely write a thesis statement.

This can be borrowed mostly from the prompt itself. For example, if your prompt says, In some countries, teenagers have jobs while they are still students. Do you think this is a good idea? I can write I think its a good idea for teenagers to Development Deserts, have jobs while they are still students or I dont think its a good idea for teenagers to sweeper songs of innocence analysis, have jobs while they are still students. Simply take the words from the original prompt and create a strong opinion sentence. The rest of your essay will be built around this sentence which strongly and clearly states your opinion on the topic. As you#8217;re looking at sample TOEFL prompts, practice writing a thesis statement like this for each one. On the day of the bismark germany exam, your topic will probably be different from any sample topics you#8217;ve looked at. Even so, the topics will probably be very similar overall. You don#8217;t need to have much specific knowledge on any topic to succeed.

It should be easy to write the thesis statement if you#8217;ve already studied and practiced how to write. 8. The Chimney Songs Analysis! Give specific reasons and details. Every TOEFL prompt asks for specific reasons and details. One reason a response receives a higher or lower score is and Jobs to Food Deserts, because of the the chimney sweeper songs number of reasons and examples they can give. To get the highest scores, you#8217;ll need three different, well-written reasons along with specific details. When you do your timed practices at home, be sure to practice doing this. Many students have trouble thinking of specific examples, but it#8217;s an important part of good writing. You can also practice brainstorming or planning reasons even if you don#8217;t write a complete response.

You shouldn#8217;t use statistics because you won#8217;t be able to research during the exam. Instead, practice using experiences or facts from your general knowledge to support your thesis statements. Unfortunately, you can#8217;t choose or change your topic. Test Of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool! Write only about the topic that#8217;s given to you by the exam. Keep in mind: TOEFL raters are always looking for pre-made essays. Some students will memorize essays before the TOEFL exam and use them instead of the chimney of innocence analysis, writing on cashier, their own. Therefore, one of the lowest scores students can receive is for missing the topic. Writing about a different topic is an easy way to songs analysis, get a low score. And Headaches Essay! I don#8217;t recommend trying to memorize an of innocence, essay. Honest, dedicated practice is much more useful and effective. If there are unfamiliar words in the prompt, use context to guess their meanings.

Try your best to write about the exact topic given to you. Don#8217;t include sentences that don#8217;t connect to your thesis statement #8212; these irrelevant sentences will lower your score. 10. Edit your response if you have time. Community Agriculture Act: Solution To Food! Even native speakers make small mistakes in sweeper of innocence their writing, but if we read our essays again we can find our mistakes. Try to save the last 1-3 minutes for fixing your errors. Year Treaty Of Versailles! Of course, the more grammar you learn the the chimney songs analysis better you#8217;ll become at fixing and avoiding errors as you write, but anyone can identify small mistakes in typing (typos) that would bring the score down. That#8217;s all we#8217;ve got for now.

Just keep practicing until next time, and good luck! If you#8217;re looking for interview more ways to practice for the TOEFL, try FluentU. It#8217;s a really useful study tool, but it#8217;s also a lot of fun. If you want to watch it, FluentU#8217;s probably got it. FluentU makes it simple to watch native English videos.

It has interactive captions. Tap on any word to the chimney songs of innocence, see an image, definition and useful examples. FluentU lets you learn engaging content with world famous celebrities. Massage Therapy And Headaches! Tap on the word #8220;brought,#8221; and the chimney of innocence analysis, you would see this: FluentU lets you tap to bismark germany, look up any word. Videos become English lessons. The Chimney Songs Of Innocence Analysis! With FluentU#8217;s questions, you can always see more examples for the word youre learning. Bismark Germany! This way, you#8217;re not just practicing listening. You#8217;re also learning the grammar and vocabulary in the videos. The questions will also help prepare you for taking tests like the TOEFL. FluentU helps you learn fast with useful questions and multiple examples.

Learn more. The most interesting part? FluentU knows the vocabulary that youre learning. It recommends you examples and videos based on those words. You have a 100% personalized experience. The Chimney Sweeper Songs Of Innocence Analysis! This means you know exactly what you need to work on, and can study more efficiently. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos. FluentU brings language learning to bismark germany, life with real-world videos. Learning a foreign language becomes fun and of innocence, easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. FluentU is a participant in on Boehm Concepts–3 Preschool the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and the chimney sweeper songs analysis, services we believe in.

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Songs of Innocence and of Experience The Chimney Sweeper

Essay: Elemente und Motive des Bildungsromans in the chimney sweeper songs analysis, Patrick Sskinds Das Parfum Um seine Geschichte eines Mrders zu erzhlen, verlegt Patrick Sskind? die Biographie seines Protagonisten Grenouille in Essay on Boehm of Basic Concepts–3, genau jene Epoche, in the chimney songs, der die Konzentration auf Individualitt und Subjektivitt nicht nur die Geniebewegung?, sondern auch die Entstehung traditioneller Bildungskonzepte von Aufklrung?, Klassik und Romantik zur Folge hatte. And Headaches! Im 20. Songs Of Innocence Analysis! Jahrhundert schreibend und damit einen anderen sozial- und geistesgeschichtlichen Hintergrund vorweisend, bedient er sich geschickt des literarischen Gattungsmusters Bildungsroman?, um sich kritisch mit den epochen-typischen Bildungs- und Selbstfindungsideen auseinander zu setzen und den Bildungsweg des Mrders Grenouille mit einer Selbstzerstrung enden zu lassen. Natur, Vernunft und Erfahrung als Antriebskrfte menschlicher Bildung. Wenn Sskind seinen Erzhler Grenouilles Entscheidung gegen die Liebe und dennoch fr das Leben kommentieren lsst, wird mit den Wrtern Vernunft, Erfahrung und Bohne auf drei zentrale Aspekte der Bildungsdebatte im 18. Cashier! Jahrhundert Bezug genommen. Die sich aus einem Keim entwickelnde Pflanze, deren Entfaltungsrahmen zwar vorgezeichnet ist, aber dennoch Raum fr individuelle Gestaltwerdung lsst, war ein hufig verwendetes Bild fr den im Bildungsprozess seine individuellen Anlagen entfaltenden, aber in the chimney sweeper analysis, der Auseinandersetzung mit seiner Umwelt auch Wandlungen durchlaufenden Menschen. Of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool! Humanittsphilosophischen berzeugungen entsprechend soll der selbstbestimmt handelnde Mensch die Gestaltung seines Lebensganges als sittliche Aufgabe begreifen, zu deren Gelingen es einer bewussten moralischen Anstrengung bedarf, um sowohl die eigenen Talente entfalten, als auch zum Wohle der Gemeinschaft beitragen zu knnen und damit das angestrebte Bildungsziel zu erreichen.

Der Sieg der sinnlichen Instinkt- ber die geistige Menschennatur. Mit Grenouille wird ein von Natur aus bsartiges Individuum prsentiert. The Chimney Songs Analysis! Seine Entwicklung zum Misanthropen und Massenmrder spottet jeder humanistischen Erziehungsidee. Hsbc Cashier Interview! Doch entspricht sie, auch wenn die lieblose und nur auf eigene Vorteile bedachte Umwelt Grenouilles eine sozialpsychologische Lesart durchaus nahe legt, keineswegs dem typischen Werdegang eines Zukurzgekommenen oder Milieugeschdigten. The Chimney Sweeper Of Innocence! Er braucht fr seine Seele nichts; schon gar nicht Geborgenheit, Zuwendung oder Zrtlichkeit. Zwar fehlen natrlich die Sozialisationsinstanzen, die den kleinen Grenouille zu einem moralisch handelnden Vernunftwesen heranbilden knnten, doch findet eine der Aufklrungsphilosophie entsprechende Erziehung und Entwicklung Grenouilles in on Boehm Test Preschool, erster Linie deshalb nicht statt, da er einem einzig und allein auf sinnlicher Instinktnatur basierenden (ber-)Lebensprogramm folgt, auf das alles mit dem Geruchssinn nicht erfassbare keinen Einfluss hat, also auch nicht genau eben jene geistigen, moralisch-sittlichen Werte, die die Grundfesten keineswegs nur aufklrerisch?-klassischer, sondern auch romantischer Bildungsvorstellungen ausmachen. Grenouilles mehr tierische als menschliche Existenz lsst so die nach traditioneller Bildungsvorstellung wechselseitig zusammenwirkenden Faktoren Natur und Vernunft auseinanderfallen. Songs Of Innocence! Er lsst sich durchaus als Personifikation reiner wenn auch bsartiger Natur verstehen, die mit ihrer sinnlichen Geruchsbildung beim Bacchanal am Ende des Romans ber die vernunftgesteuerte Menschenbildung triumphiert. Ich-Welt-Konflikt als Zentralthema des Bildungsromans. Da Grenouille seine Umwelt fast ausschlielich olfaktorisch erfasst, beschrnken sich auch Sinn und Zweck und Ziel und hhere Bestimmung seines Lebens lediglich auf dieses eine Sinnensystem. Nursing Care! Da sein Geruchssinn bereits von Geburt an the chimney songs of innocence perfekt ausgebildet ist, bedarf es nur noch des Erlernens praktischer Fhigkeiten, um der grte Parfumeur aller Zeiten zu werden..

Dass er sich mit seiner Umwelt nur auseinandersetzt, um sein einsinniges Entwicklungsziel zu erreichen, sie daran aber nicht teilhaben lsst und ihrerseits auch nicht auf Widerstnde stt, widerspricht umso mehr der klassischen Vorstellung einer ganzheitlichen Bildung, die erst nach inneren Wandlungen und enttuschenden Erfahrungen in Agriculture Development Act: Solution to Food Deserts, einer den eigenen Wnschen nicht unmittelbar entgegenkommenden Welt abgeschlossen werden kann. Desillusionierende Sozialerfahrungen und Irrtmer, die eine falsche Tendenz des eigenen Lebensplanes aufzeigen und sich im spteren Verlauf des Bildungsweges als produktiv erweisen knnten, da sie idealistisches Schwrmertum oder gar einen bertriebenen Subjektivismus korrigieren und damit das Individuum der gesellschaftlichen Wirklichkeit annhern, bleiben aus. Sweeper! Als Grenouilles Lebensziel aufgrund mangelnder Erfolge bei der Duftgewinnung unerreichbar zu werden scheint, erfhrt er durch Baldinis Hinweis auf weitere Verfahren der Duftgewinnung sofort uere Untersttzung, seine Ambitionen weiter zu verfolgen. Test Of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool! Auch die vom Marquis mit kosmetischen Mitteln betriebene Menschenbildung und Vergesellschaftung kommt ihm gerade recht. The Chimney Of Innocence! Indem sie ihm vorfhrt, dass Schein und Sein dieselbe Wirkung haben knnen, gibt sie Grenouille das Mittel zur Kompensation seiner ihm gerade erst anrchig gewordenen Nicht-Existenz direkt in bismark germany, die Hand. Doch obwohl seine Umwelt ihn auf diesem Weg sogar noch unwissentlich untersttzt, scheitert Grenouille; nicht an the chimney songs of innocence ihrer Unnachgiebigkeit oder de facto bestehenden Verderbtheit, sondern an schizophrenia plan sich selbst, da ihm die Erfahrung des eigenen Ich verwehrt bleibt. The Chimney Sweeper Of Innocence! Wo sich im Bildungsroman Sozial- und Selbsterfahrung wechselseitig beeinflussen und gerade die negativen Sozialerfahrungen letztlich positiv zur Selbsterfahrung beitragen, scheitert hier am Ende der Versuch, die Unmglichkeit einer Selbsterfahrung durch eine im sozialen Umgang erworbene Simulationsstrategie aufzuheben. Die Frage nach den Konsequenzen des spannungsvoll-dialektischen Widerspiels zwischen Zielsetzungen des Einzelnen und den Forderungen der sozialen Wirklich-keit musste angesichts der fortschreitenden Sozial- und Geistesgeschichte unter-schiedliche Antworten und damit auch unterschiedliche Bildungskonzepte hervorbringen. Agriculture Development To Food! Doch auch wenn die frhen Vertreter der romantischen Generation nicht damit einverstanden sein konnten, dass Goethe den Bildungsweg seines Wilhelm Meister? mit der Einordnung in sweeper songs of innocence analysis, die bestehenden gesellschaftlichen Verhltnisse, und damit nach ihrem Verstndnis mit einer entsagenden Selbsteinschrnkung, enden lsst, gehen sowohl die aufklrerisch?-klassische als auch die romantische Bildungsidee von einer Mglichkeit der Aufhebung des Ich-Welt-Konfliktes aus. Soziale Brauchbarkeit und Integration gesellschaftskonforme Bildung. Statt aufklrerischer Philanthropen stehen sich im Parfum Misanthropen und nur auf eigene Zwecke Bedachte gegenber, die sich in bismark germany, einer zwischen Sein und Schein nicht unterscheidenden Welt nicht aneinander abarbeiten, sondern einander in of innocence, ihrer Egozentrik besttigen.

Soziale Brauchbarkeit wird als Bildungsziel diffamiert, denn sie ist nicht mit inneren humanistischen berzeugungen des Bildungssubjektes oder der Gesellschaft verbunden, sondern wird allein festgemacht an Essay of Basic Concepts–3 der Wirkung von uerlichkeiten wie Kleidern, kosmetischer Maskerade, Posen, Gesten und Tanz-schritten. Of Innocence Analysis! Statt Integration erstrebt Grenouille die Macht. Bismark Germany! Whrend der klassische Bildungsheld im gesellschaftlichen Miteinander die Ich-Welt-Beziehung und damit auch sein Selbstgefhl festigt, entwickelt er dort einen routinierteren Umgang mit der Lge. Analog zur einsinnigen Weltwahrnehmung Grenouilles werden Beziehungslosigkeit und Unfhigkeit zur produktiven Auseinandersetzung in the chimney songs, erster Linie geruchlich offenbart. Therapy And Headaches Essay! Grenouille flt seinen Mitmenschen Angst ein, da sie sich von ihm in sweeper songs of innocence analysis, ihrem Innersten errochen fhlen. Massage Therapy Essay! In seiner Anwesenheit werden sie ihrer selbst und ihrer eigenen Unzulnglichkeit ansichtig. The Chimney Songs Of Innocence Analysis! Die verdrngten Schuldgefhle, ihr schlechtes Gewissen und ihre Angst vor Selbstpreisgabe stehen einer weltzugewandten Selbstdarstellung entgegen. Grenouille selbst kann diese Weltverschlossenheit nicht nur berbieten, indem er nicht einmal einen Eigengeruch an bismark germany seine Auenwelt abgibt, sondern verfgt zudem auch noch ber eine instinktive Reserviertheit gegen alles, was von auen kam und in sweeper of innocence analysis, ihn eingelassen werden sollte. Nursing Care! Neben die Angst vor Selbstpreisgabe tritt hier als deren mgliche Ursache noch die Angst vor ungewollter Einflussnahme von auen. The Chimney Analysis! Grenouille wei, dass der, der die Gerche beherrscht auch die Herzen der Menschen beherrscht ( Denn der Duft war ein Bruder des Atems) und fasst auf dieser Grundlagen seinen Plan, Menschen zu beherrschen. Der Subjekt-Welt-Gegensatz wird auflsbar unter der Prmisse, dass sich beide Seiten nicht feindlich oder fremd gegenber stehen und dass in schizophrenia nursing, beiden dieselben moralischen Gesetzte wirken.

Im Parfum scheint es, als ob gerade weil auf beiden Seiten dieselben Gesetze wirken, nmlich die des Subjektivismus und der Ich-Zensur gegenber einer nur feindlich erfahrbaren Auenwelt, die, die sich ihrer Umwelt mitteilen, es nicht wollen,und dass der, der sich seines Inneren entuern mchte, es nicht kann. Subjektivismus und Rckzug ins Ich innere Bildung. Der von den aufklrerischen und klassischen Bildungskonzepten trotz des Entzweiungszustandes des Welt vorausgesetzte harmonische Anschluss menschlicher Bildungsprozesse, lassen den Bildungsroman? romantischer Prgung zur Gattung der Bedrfnissynthese, des Ideals und der Utopie werden. Songs! Der im handelnden Vollzug des Lebens nicht mehr zu erreichende Ausgleich fhrt den Helden romantischer Bildungsgeschichten in hsbc cashier, die eigene Innerlichkeit, um dort eine Allsynthese jenseits aller Entzweiungen der empirischen Welt zu entwerfen. Auch Grenouilles bevorzugter Fluchtweg ist zunchst sein Inneres. Sweeper Songs Of Innocence! Doch handelt es sich bei seinem Rckzug in cashier, die Innerlichkeit? weder um eine Weltflucht, die ein Ideal gegen die Erfahrung retten will, noch uert sich in the chimney songs analysis, ihr ein Synthesebedrfnis. Community Development And Jobs Act: To Food Deserts! Ein produktives Aneinander-Abarbeiten findet noch nicht einmal im Raum der Imagination statt. Analysis! Die Einbildungskraft in plan, ihrer Funktion als Vermittlerin zwischen inneren Bedrfnissen und uerer Welt wird im grenouilleschen Seelentheater zum Instrument bersteigerten Selbstgenusses und exzessiver Herrschaftsphantasien. Das romantische Konzept einer Erfllung in the chimney of innocence analysis, sich selbst ist fr Grenouille nicht umsetzbar, da er kein Selbst, keinen Eigengeruch, besitzt.

Beim Bad in Essay on Boehm Test of Basic Preschool, der eigenen, durch nichts mehr abgelenkten Existenz erweist sich seine Verabsolutierung des eigenen Ich als Subjektivismus ohne Subjekt. Akzeptanz der Ich-Welt-Abhngigkeit als Prmisse menschlicher Selbstfindung. Die Notwendigkeit des Zusammenhangs von Individualitt und Soziabilitt als Prmisse menschlicher Selbstfindung erkennt Grenouille erst, als es schon zu spt ist. The Chimney Analysis! Als die anderen im Rausch des Bacchanals zu einer animalischen Existenz zurckgefhrt werden und ihre Individualitt im Kollektiv aufgeben, offenbart sich Grenouilles Menschlichkeit mehr als je zuvor, da er Entuerung und Echo, also zwischenmenschliche Auseinandersetzung, verlangt. Therapy And Headaches! Whrend er die anderen dazu gebracht hat, ihr menschliches Bewusstsein zu verlieren, wird ihm seines zum Verhngnis. Verwehrt wird ihm die Teilnahme an the chimney of innocence diesem Kollektiverlebnis auch durch sein Wissen um dessen Erzwungenheit und knstliche Inszeniertheit. Essay Of Basic Concepts–3! Er hat es ja schlielich selbst herbeigefhrt.

Die Aufgabe menschlicher Individualitt erfolgt damit nicht in the chimney sweeper songs analysis, romantisch-verklrter, selbstbestimmter Naturvereinigung, sondern in and Jobs Act: A Proposed Solution, der Massensuggestion. Der Blick in of innocence analysis, den Spiegel der Auenwelt entfernt Grenouille nur noch mehr von sich selbst, indem er ihm die Macht uerer Wirkung offenbart und ihn so nicht zur Selbstfindung, sondern zur Selbsterfindung fhrt. And Headaches! Mehr noch. Songs Of Innocence Analysis! Grenouilles Einsicht erweist sich gar als vollkommen sinn- und nutzlos, da seinen Mitmenschen ihm und seinen olfaktorischen Verfhrungsknsten nicht das Geringste entgegenzusetzen haben. Nie kommt es zu einem fr Bildungsromane typischen Widerspiel der Kontrastfiguren?, bei dem das Individuum zur Selbstobjektivierung befhigt werden knnte. Nursing! Mit dem fr Selbstwahrnehmung konstitutiven Nebeneinander des Gegenstzlichen fehlt die Voraussetzung menschlicher Existenz.

Grenouilles Selbstabschaffung wird damit zur logischen Konsequenz. Fr die im Parfum vorgefhrte Menschenwelt mit ihrer Fixierung auf Wirkungen sind innere Werte und Entwicklungen nicht einfach blo uninteressant, sondern mit uerlichkeiten identisch. Of Innocence Analysis! Selbstdesign ersetzt Selbstbildung und verwischt die Grenze von Realitt und Irrealitt. Bildet das Theater in Community Agriculture Development to Food, Goethes Wilhelm Meister eine zweite, scheinbare Realitt der spielerischen Selbsterprobung und Vorbereitung auf reale Sozialerfahrungen, wird hier die Wirklichkeit selbst als Simulation vorgefhrt, in the chimney songs analysis, der jeder nur als das oder der wahrgenommen wird, als das oder der er erscheint. What Was The Treaty Of Versailles Signed! Gesellschaftlicher Umgang gleicht damit einem Maskenspiel, bei dem das Wesen der Dinge verborgen bleibt. The Chimney Sweeper Songs Of Innocence Analysis! Bei Grenouille ist dieses Wesen der Dinge freilich das Nichts, denn seine Duftmaske soll nicht verbergen, sondern berhaupt erst herstellen, was zuvor nicht vorhanden war:eine Identitt. Sowohl Durchfhrung als auch Scheitern dieses Plans decken die Schwachstellen der Simulationsgesellschaft gnadenlos auf. Community Agriculture Development Act: A Proposed To Food Deserts! Ausgerechnet der, der eigentlich nichts ist, kann hier den anderen alles sein. The Chimney Of Innocence! Grenouilles Duftkreationen, die ihn seine Auenwirkungen wie das Chamleon die Farbe wechseln lassen, demonstrieren die Anflligkeit der zwischen Sein und Schein nicht mehr unterscheidenden Menschen fr Manipulation und Lge.

Was Grenouille anfangs jedoch noch geschickt zu seinen Gunsten auszunutzen vermag, offenbart spter die gravierenden Auswirkungen des gesellschaftlichen Maskenspiels auf die Mglichkeiten menschlicher Selbstfindung. Community Agriculture To Food! Er will eine Antwort auf sein Innerstes, den Hass, kann aber nur Liebe, die Reaktion auf seine knstlich ge-schaffene Duftaura bekommen. Songs Analysis! Dem auf Ich-Welt-Verstndigung angewiesenen Bildungssubjekt knnen keine existenziellen Gewissheiten mehr vermittelt werden. Agriculture Development And Jobs! Der Bruch zwischen subjektivem Bewusstsein und uerer Welt erscheint unaufhebbar, da sich ein menschliches Selbst in sweeper songs, der simulierten Wirklichkeit weder authentisch uern noch bilden kann. Knstlerexistenz, Genialitt und Schpfertum. Am Ende scheitert mit Grenouille nicht nur ein um Selbstfindung bemhtes Individuum, sondern auch ein Knstlerexistenz. Therapy Essay! Mit den Vorstellungen romantischen Knstlertums hat seine Duftkunst allerdings nichts zu tun, da sein Schaffen von Beginn an sweeper songs unmittelbar mit Tod und Vernichtung verbunden ist. What Year Was The Of Versailles! Seine Kunst dient nicht der sthetischen? Selbstfindung, sondern verlangt nach einem Publikum, da er sie als Herrschaftsinstrument einsetzt und damit politisiert.

Whrend Grenouille in the chimney sweeper analysis, Baldinis Werkstatt noch genau jene vorrationale Naturbegabung und Inspiration an schizophrenia nursing care den Tag zu legen scheint, die auch das nach eigenen Regeln schaffende Originalgenie des Sturm und Drang auszeichnet, hat sein spteres Kunstschaffen und Schpfertum mit natrlich-intuitiver Originalitt nichts mehr zu tun. Sweeper Songs Analysis! Seine Duftkonstrukte sind letztlich weder neu, da sie bereits Bekanntes und Gesammeltes rekapitulieren, noch von bleibendem Wert, da es sich um sich verflchtigende immaterielle Werke handelt. Parallel zur entuerbaren und entkrperlichten Identitt wird eine entdinglichte Kunst vorgefhrt, die krperlose Schnheit ber das Leben triumphieren lsst. Cashier! In Grenouilles synthetisierender Geruchskche stirbt die Natur, um ein aus fremden Versatzstcken zusammengebautes Werk zu erzeugen, das in songs of innocence, seiner Fragmentaritt ebenso knstlich ist, wie die entlehnte Identitt seines Schpfers, die es begrnden soll. Die existenzielle Bindung an on Boehm Test sein Kunstwerk erweist sich am Ende fr Grenouille als ebenso zwingend wie fatal. Songs Of Innocence! Denn indem er sich als um dessen Zutaten und Machart wissender Knstler automatisch von seinem Werk distanziert, distanziert er sich gleichzeitig auch von sich selbst. Test Of Basic Concepts–3 Preschool! Hinzu kommt, dass die Aufmerksamkeit des Publikums einzig und allein auf die Wirkung der Kunst, nicht aber auf den Knstler gerichtet ist, der sich damit durch seine Kunst gar nicht mehr mitteilen kann. The Chimney Sweeper Songs Of Innocence Analysis! Mit dem Sinnverlust der Kunst fr ihren Urheber hat auch dieser selbst seine Existenzberechtigung verloren und verschwindet ebenso spurlos wie sein Parfumkunst verduftet.

Grenouille selbst ist fest von seiner Genialitt berzeugt. What Was The Treaty Of Versailles! Der geniezeitlichen Tradition entsprechend bezieht auch er sich auf den Prometheus?-Mythos als Ursprung des Genie-Ideals?, geht in sweeper songs of innocence, seinem bersteigerten Subjektivismus jedoch noch einen entscheidenden Schritt weiter. What Signed! Indem er sich ber Prometheus erhebt, gibt er nicht nur ein negatives Bild des selbstbestimmten Menschen ab, sondern legt auch genau jene Ignoranz gegenber der Notwendigkeit zwischenmenschlicher Interaktion an sweeper songs of innocence analysis den Tag, die dann zum Scheitern seiner Identittssuche beitragen wird. Year Treaty Of Versailles Signed! Whrend Prometheus in the chimney sweeper, seiner blasphemischen Ich-Autonomie Menschen nach seinem Bilde formt, sich also selbst ein Gegenber erschafft, das ihm eine Selbstobjektivierung ermglicht, bleibt Grenouille whrend seiner gesamten Schaffenszeit immer nur auf sich selbst bezogen. Viele neuere Forschungsanstze? zum Bildungsroman? fordern eine allein an on Boehm of Basic Preschool der beabsichtigten Wirkung auf den Leser orientierte Gattungsdefinition. Sweeper Songs Of Innocence! Die Bildung eines aktiven, mitdenkenden und mitfhlenden? Lesers sei von grerer Bedeutung als die Darstellung der Geschichte des Hauptcharakters. Gerade das Mitfhlen wird den Lesern des Parfums jedoch verleidet. Cashier Interview! Zwar gibt der Erzhler immer wieder moralisierende uerungen von sich, doch lassen die stereotypen Wiederholungen und Formelhaftigkeit an the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis deren Aufrichtigkeit zweifeln.

Kommentare ber Beweggrnde und innere Befindlichkeiten Grenouilles tragen gerade nicht dazu bei, dass der Leser Klarheit gewinnt, indem sie ihn Grenouilles Handlungen besser nachvollziehen lassen, sondern sorgen durch Formulierungen wie Er war von Beginn an was the treaty signed ein Scheusal oder er sagte sich, dass er es wolle, weil er durch und durch bse sei dafr, dass traditionelle Deutungsschemata, wie etwa der trivial-psychologische Ansatz, zwar nicht negiert, aber doch so weit in songs of innocence analysis, Zweifel gezogen werden, dass Deutungsvielfalt und Unverbindlichkeit des postmodernen anything goes zum Ausdruck kommen. Genauso, wie im Roman das gesellschaftliche Maskenspiel dem nach Identitt suchenden Individuum keine existenziellen Wahrheiten und Gewissheiten mehr vermittelt, tut dies auch Sskind mit seinem Roman dem Leser gegenber nicht. Community Act: Solution To Food Deserts! Zuflligkeiten, Paradoxien und Wunder setzen die Lebensgeschichte Grenouilles permanent dem Verdacht fehlender Beglaubigung aus. Of Innocence! Grenouille selbst ist keine Vorbildfigur, die die Erreichbarkeit individueller Lebens- und Bildungsziele exemplarisch vorfhrt, sondern wird dem Leser in what was the treaty signed, seinem widernatrlichen Gemisch aus menschlichen, unmenschlichen und bermenschlichen Zgen nicht vollends begreifbar. Grenouille ist eine Kunstfigur, mit deren Biographie Sskind? die unterschiedlichen Lebenskonzepte vergangener geistesgeschichtlicher Epochen nicht nur Revue passieren lsst, sondern auch auf die Lebensbedingungen des modernen Menschen bezieht. The Chimney! Dass sie sich als unpraktikabel erweisen und auch keine alternativen Selbstfindungskonzepte vorgestellt werden, macht deutlich dass sich die Suche nach Leserbildung frdernden Elementen im Parfum am Ende als ebenso sinnlos herausstellt wie das Leben Grenouilles selbst. Das Parfum ein Antibildungsroman? Das Zusammenspiel von Gegenber-Sein und Dazu-Gehren, Individualitt und Soziabilitt, als zeitloses Grundproblem menschlicher Existenz rckt im Parfum gerade nicht wie in Massage Therapy and Headaches, den klassischen Bildungs- und Antibildungsromanen durch einen direkt ausgetragenen Ich-Welt-Konflikt ins Zentrum des Interesses, sondern offenbart seine Notwendigkeit ex negativo durch die Unmglichkeit existenziell-produktiver Auseinandersetzung.

Am Ende muss Grenouille erkennen, dass die Befreiung des Menschen von seiner Auseinandersetzung mit seiner Umwelt nur unter Verlust des Menschseins verwirk-licht werden kann. The Chimney! Der Leser des Parfums muss erkennen, dass eine Auseinandersetzung in interview, der Schein auf und Simulation beruhenden Un-Welt erst gar nicht mglich ist; wahres Menschsein demnach gar nicht erst ausgebildet werden kann. Songs Of Innocence! Die Veruerlichung von Identitt und Bildung ist gleichbedeutend mit der Negation jeglicher Innerlichkeit; des Raumes existenzieller Selbstreflexion und findung im Sinne klassischer Bildungsideen. Indem Sskind sowohl die linear-chronologische Erzhlstruktur, als auch die motivischen Elemente des traditionellen Bildungsromans bernimmt, dessen Grundkonflikt aber negiert, praktiziert er genau jenes Verfahren des Scheins und der uerlichkeit, das sowohl die Gesellschaft des Parfums, als auch die Welt des modernen Menschen, deren Angehriger Sskind ja ist, bestimmen. Essay! Ein Unterschied knnte vielleicht dann doch darin liegen, dass Sskinds Roman, auch wenn er natrlich keine endgltigen Wahrheiten oder gar Lsungen vermitteln will, zumindest noch eine Chance bietet, hinter die Maske zu blicken.

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How to Write an Evaluation Paper with Sample Essays. VirginiaLynne has been a University English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and sweeper songs analysis easier. Evaluation essays are just like reviews. They judge whether something is good or bad, better or worse than something comparable. We are familiar with this sort of writing if we've read book, movie, restaurant, or product reviews. Evaluation papers can be serious or funny, earnest or sarcastic. We all love to what was the treaty read the review of a really bad movie or restaurant experience. If you like to write satire, this can be a great opportunity to display your humor.

Chances are you will have a great time, and so will your reader. Your topic can be something you've experienced once or many times. Keep in mind that you will write a better paper if you: Have a strong opinionpositive or negativeabout this topic. Choose something you've experienced recently or that you can review again before you write your paper. Know a lot about this type of experience. Use the following list of categories to brainstorm ideas for what you might want to evaluate. Finding Criteria for the chimney of innocence, Evaluation Essays. To turn your opinion into an evaluation, you will need to nursing care plan use criteria to judge your subject.

What are criteria? Criteria are the parts of the chimney your topic that you will judge as good or bad, better or worse than something else. How can you find criteria? Criteria are the parts of the thing you are evaluating. Agriculture Development Act: A Proposed Solution? Here are some examples of criteria: movie criteria : plot, actors, scenery, score, directing, chemistry between actors, humor. Songs Analysis? restaurant criteria: service, atmosphere, food quality, taste, value, price. website criteria: ease of interview navigation, design, visuals, writing, content. Finding the best criteria for your evaluation: In order to do this kind of writing well, you need to determine what sort of the chimney songs of innocence analysis a topic you are evaluating. Nursing Care? If it is sweeper songs analysis, a movie, then what genre is it: horror, romance, drama, etc.? Then you need to decide what would make an excellent movie in hsbc that genre in your opinion.

For example, you may decide that a good romantic comedy has to have three things: humor, surprising plot twists, and actors you enjoy getting to know. The Chimney Songs Of Innocence? Next, you will evaluate the movie you have chosen to see how well it matches those criteria, giving specific examples of how it does or does not fulfill your expectations of an excellent romantic comedy. In order to evaluate something, you need to compare it with the best example of care that particular thing. The Chimney Sweeper Songs Of Innocence Analysis? So, to help you develop your topic into an essay, there are two important questions to ask when you are choosing your topic to evaluate: First question: What category of Essay on Boehm of Basic Concepts–3 a thing is it? Second question: What is the ideal example of the chimney songs of innocence analysis something in that category? What category is it? For the best evaluation essay, you want to compare your topic with things that are very similar, so try to narrow the Massage and Headaches Essay category as much as possible. Sweeper Songs Of Innocence? To get there, you want to keep on asking the question, What kind is it?

What category does McDonald's fit into? Answer to first question : Restaurant. (What kind of restaurant?) Fast food restaurant. Development And Jobs Act: Solution To Food Deserts? (Better, but what kind of fast food?) Hamburger-serving fast food restaurant. Sweeper Analysis? (This is what you want!) So if you were evaluating McDonald's, you would want to compare it to other fast food restaurants that mostly serve hamburgers. Now the second question: What is the ideal example of something in that category? What makes that example better than others?

Thinking about what you consider to bismark germany be the very best example of something in the category of songs of innocence what you are reviewing can help you decide what criteria you will use, and also what judgement you can make. For example, here is a list of schizophrenia nursing care plan criteria my students have come up with for the chimney sweeper analysis, an ideal burger fast food restaurant: looks clean serves food fast makes it easy to order has great fries has options on the menu offers large drinks with free refills serves juicy burgers with lots of grease doesn't cost a lot of money. No two people will come up with exactly the same list, but most restaurant reviews look at the following criteria: Answer to second question: A great fast food burger joint offers great service, atmosphere, and food at a fair cost.

Now you know what your paper is going to be about how close McDonald's comes to this ideal. Is This an Effective Advertisement? Using the Therapy and Headaches Essay list of criteria above, we can make a very fast outline for the chimney sweeper analysis, an essay about an imaginary fast food hamburger restaurant called Bob's Burgers: Thesis Statement : While you may have to bismark germany wait a while to sweeper get your meal at Massage Therapy, Bob's Burgers, that is because everyone finds the the chimney sweeper songs of innocence meal is worth the wait; Bob's Burgers offers not only great service, but a fun atmosphere for eating with friends or family, terrific food, and bismark germany a good value for the chimney sweeper of innocence, the price. Topic sentence for paragraph 1: Service : Bobs Burgers offers great service that makes you feel at home. Food served quickly Easy to order Friendly Not pushy They get the Essay on Boehm of Basic Concepts–3 order correct. Topic sentence for paragraph 2: Atmosphere : Walking into Bob's, you know you will enjoy eating there. Looks clean Attractive colors Interesting pictures or other decorations Comfortable tables and chairs.

Topic sentence for paragraph 3: Food: Most importantly, Bob's burgers are the sweeper songs analysis best in town. Juicy burgers with lots of hsbc interview grease Many choices for sweeper songs analysis, toppings, including grilled onions, mushrooms, and peppers Small or large burgers Have great fries One downside: No options for those who don't like burgers. Topic sentence for paragraph 4: Value : While Bob's doesn't have the year was the of versailles cheapest meals, they do offer a good value for analysis, the price. Quality ingredients Burgers and fries fill you up Toppings on burgers are free Large drinks with free refills. Using this quick outline, most of on Boehm Concepts–3 Preschool you could probably write your own essay on Bob's or another fast food hamburger joint pretty easily. Comparison/Contrast: Evaluate your subject by comparing it to songs one of the best of that genre (use something everyone would know to save time).

You will not do an extended comparison, but just use the comparison as a lead-off into bismark germany, your own judgment. Expectations Unfulfilled: This is especially easy to do for this essay type. Use the intro to describe what you were anticipating before seeing the subject, then describe how the subject was either better or worse than you expected. Frame : Use a description of the the chimney of innocence subject to A Proposed frame the essay. That way you get right into the action. Then break off half-way through to keep your reader in suspense. Give your evaluation and then conclude with the the chimney analysis end of your frame. Define Genre and Compare: In this essay, you would start out by describing the typical expectations of whatever subject you have (ex: rock album, romantic movie, baseball game, jazz club).

After describing the typical, you will then tell how your subject either exemplifies the genre or deviates from the hsbc interview norm. Probably this type of organization is songs analysis, best used for Massage Therapy and Headaches Essay, a satire or for sweeper of innocence analysis, a subject that deliberately tries to break out of the normal expectations of that genre. Analysis by Criteria: In this type of paper, you introduce the subject, tell why you are evaluating it, what the competition is, and how you gathered your data. Then you order your criteria chronologically, spatially, or in order of importance. Chronological Order : You might use this for all or part of your paper. It means telling what happened in the order it happened. This is particularly useful for a performance or restaurant review. Causal Analysis: This measures the effect on the audience.

How does this subject cause a certain effect? Analysis Focused on the Visual: This organization plan works well for analyzing works of art and pictures. Bismark Germany? The analysis focuses on composition, arrangement, focus, foreground and background, symbols, cultural references, and key features of that visual genre. It also notices the tools of the artist: color, shape, texture, pattern, and media. Songs Of Innocence Analysis? This paper analyzes these details in order to explain how they are related to the cultural and historical context of the work of art and then tells how they relate to the overall meaning of the piece. Be sure to evaluate if and Community Agriculture and Jobs Act: A Proposed to Food why this piece is effective or ineffective. Analysis Focused on the Social Context or the Story : This type of evaluation takes an image and analyzes how it is effective for a particular point. Usually, the image is sweeper of innocence analysis, about a controversial or emotionally charged cultural or historical event.

Your analysis can describe how this image either demonstrates or contributes to the emotion or debate surrounding the event. Bismark Germany? It may be that the image is ironic or misleading. The only problem with our example above is that it is so easy to write, and so it might seem rather trite and songs unoriginal. How can you make your essay stand out? Describe vividly, using interesting verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. Make the reader feel that they have been to the restaurant with you. Use the introduction and conclusion to entice the reader. Introduction and schizophrenia nursing Conclusion Ideas. Use a conversation about the food. Start with your expectations and end with your actual experience (telling whether it met expectations or overturned them). Talk about popularity or history of the the chimney songs restaurant.

Use statistics of people eating fast food more. Discuss the controversy about schizophrenia plan fast food and obesity and health. See the of innocence analysis chart below for hsbc interview, more ideas. How to Connect Introduction and Conclusion. 1. Present the Subject in an Interesting Way. Give the right amount of detail : Be sure to explain clearly what it is and provide enough information for the reader to agree with your judgment.

Sometimes movie reviews leave the the chimney songs of innocence reader in suspense as to the outcome of the story. Bismark Germany? You will have to decide what you want to tell. Help readers agree with your evaluation : One reason people like reviews is sweeper of innocence, because they help them decide whether they would like that subject themselves, so make sure to A Proposed to Food Deserts give your reader enough details to songs analysis decide if they agree. Write a review rather than a summary: Make sure that the plan summary of the subject is the chimney of innocence, no more than a third of Community A Proposed to Food your paper. The main part of your paper is supposed to the chimney songs of innocence be the evaluation, not the summary.

It is possible to do the summary separately and then do the evaluation, or you can summarize as part of your evaluation. And Headaches Essay? Make sure what you are evaluating is the chimney sweeper of innocence analysis, clear: It is often effective to use an introduction which describes the subject or gets the reader involved in the action quickly. 2. Essay On Boehm Of Basic? Make a Clear, Authoritative Judgment (2/3 of paper) Thesis sentence should tell exactly what you think. You might want to foreshadow your body by including the main reasons for your evaluation in that thesis sentence. (Ex: The movie XXX is perfect for a college student's study break because of the hilarious comedy, intense action, and fantastic visual effects.) Define the audience you are addressing and the genre of the subject (in the above example, the audience is the chimney sweeper songs, college students and the genre is action comedy). Create a three-column-log to help you make notes for bismark germany, your paper.

Separate your notes into three columns for criteria, evidence, and the chimney of innocence judgment. Pick at least three criteria to talk about in your essay. For example, for a mystery play, it could be three of the following: plot, setting, costumes, acting of main characters, acting of Essay on Boehm Test Concepts–3 Preschool minor characters, the the chimney sweeper of innocence pace of the action, or the unveiling of the mystery. Be opinionated! Passionate reviews are always more interesting to read. Use vivid nouns and engaging verbs. Have a strong judgment about how this subject is nursing care, either better or worse than similar subjects. Your judgment can be mixed. For example, you might say the concert on the chimney songs analysis the mall was a good mix of bands and that the schizophrenia care plan new songs from the main act were energetically played, but that the sound equipment was poorly set up and tended to make it hard to sweeper songs hear the Essay singers.

Order the body paragraphs from least to songs of innocence analysis most important. Back up your opinions with concrete examples and convincing evidence. 3. Argue for Your Judgment. As you state each of your judgments, you need to give reasons to back them up that are specific, interesting, and convincing. For evidence, describe the and Jobs Act: A Proposed Solution subject, quote, use personal anecdotes, or compare and contrast with a similar subject. In some cases it is effective to the chimney songs of innocence analysis counter-argue, if you disagree with what most people think. And Jobs Solution? For example, if your subject is very popular and you think it is terrible, you may want to state what most people think and tell why you disagree. This exercise is the chimney songs of innocence analysis, intended to on Boehm Test help you prepare to write your paper.

As you answer these questions, you will generate ideas that you can use for your paper. What is the topic (subject) you are going to evaluate? Do a short description of it in a list or paragraph. What category is your topic? Be as specific and the chimney sweeper narrow as possible. Who might be interested in this? This is your audience for the paper.

What does this audience already know? What do they want or expect from this thing? (This can help you develop criteria) What criteria can you use for evaluating your topic? (Think of hsbc cashier interview what is most important, or what can be either good or bad, or what parts there are of your topic) What did you expect before you experienced your topic? How did your experience either fulfill or reverse your expectations? In your evaluation of your topic, what is good? In your evaluation of your topic, what is not as good? What is the best example of something in your topic? (Or what other things can you use to compare your topic with?). How does your topic compare to the chimney sweeper songs the best of what treaty of versailles signed this sort of the chimney analysis thing? If I had to put my evaluation in a single sentence, I would say: Look at How to Write and Evaluation Essay Organization Strategies. Which of these will you use? Explain how you will use it. Introduction/Conclusion ideas: Which of these will work best for you?

frame story, scenario, expectations unfulfilled, conversation, vivid scene, statistics and evidence, describe social context or historical period, describe popular trend for the subject, define the genre, personal story, quote from someone (often someone who disagrees with you), analogy, compare and contrast. How will you use this introduction and conclusion idea in your essay? Now write a brief outline of your paper (see hamburger example above). Most of us can tackle a writing project more easily after talking about our ideas. Instructors may have you work in groups to talk out your ideas.

I've even had some students turn on their webcam and answer these questions while videotaping themselves! If your instructor doesn't have you work in a group, you can get together with some friends to answer the following questions and hsbc cashier take notes to help you get ideas for your paper. Take turns in your group. The main goal is to help one another prepare to write. Pay special attention to helping each other describe their subject vividly and make their evaluation clear and songs precise. And Headaches? Also, look for good ways to sweeper of innocence organize papers. Tell your subject to your group. Let the group respond and tell you what they know about it or what they would expect.

You write down their answers. Explain your subject. Hsbc Cashier? Have your group ask questions (someone else can record for you if you want). Explain your criteria for judging it (#5 in pre-writing). Have the group respond. Do these seem like the best criteria?

Any other suggestions? Tell your group your one-sentence evaluation (this is your thesis). Get suggestions for the chimney sweeper analysis, how to make is more effective. Look at the different Organization Suggestions on the Basic Features of an Evaluation Paper. What type of organization would work best for this paper? Try to Community Development and Jobs Act: A Proposed Solution to Food Deserts write a simple outline. 100 Expository Essay Topic Ideas, Writing Tips, and sweeper songs Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 22. 100 Easy Argumentative Essay Topic Ideas with Research Links and Sample Essays. by Virginia Kearney 32. How to Write Cause and Effect Essays. by Virginia Kearney 5.

50 Critical Analysis Paper Topics. by Virginia Kearney 4. 100 Cause and Effect Essay Topics. by Virginia Kearney 37. Easy Words to of Basic Preschool Use as Sentence Starters to Write Better Essays. by Virginia Kearney 127. Thank you for this its really helped with my college English class. thank you gave a better explanation that my professor. Thanks! This is helpful.

Virginia Kearney 8 months ago from United States. That is an the chimney of innocence interesting idea Lili. I've just created a video game character, then I made 3 seperate animations that shows her personality using only Massage Therapy Essay visuals, and now I have it evaluate it. I've never written an evaluation before but this helped get me started, wish me luck! Virginia Kearney 13 months ago from United States. Hi Janelle! I have lots of sweeper information on topic ideas and how to write different types of Freshman English essays. I wrote these over my 24 years of teaching and publish them here to year of versailles signed help other instructors, especially those who are just starting out. Many students find my essays on their own but I welcome instructors using links to my material, but please do not post the information to your own website or print out my information.

Thank you for this. I am teaching a Freshman Comp class in college, and I'll use some of the chimney songs this material to teach an evaluation essay of some kind. I will be writing my essay on bismark germany the gender inequality. I am trying to songs analysis evaluate a hotel. Evaluating a TED talks presentation/speech.

Lily Galindo 2 years ago. Reviewing a technological device - the Kindle Keyboard 3G. :) askformore lm 2 years ago. Thank you for a very interesting and useful hub. Thumbs up! Arif 4 years ago from Bangladesh. wow!! amazing really. I should develop my hub just like you :) FilipinoHeart 4 years ago. Thank you for interview, this very accessible and songs of innocence useful information.

Cheers! :) Virginia Kearney 5 years ago from United States. Thanks DVKR--I think this is one of the nursing care easier essays to write because we are all familiar with the review. Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and the chimney of innocence respective owners. Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. Schizophrenia Nursing Care Plan? HubPages ® is a registered Service Mark of analysis HubPages, Inc. HubPages and Hubbers (authors) may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.

Copyright 2017 HubPages Inc. and respective owners.