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ATA: American Translators Association The Voice of duncan, Interpreters and Translators. Accentuate the on Ethnic, Positive: Making Your Résumé Sing. Duncan. Customizing your résumé for language services companies and agencies can be challenging. How much information is too much and how much is not enough? The answer is in knowing how to emphasize your strengths while grabbing the reader's attention.
Watch this webinar to find out cheat turnitin 2016, how to maximize the effectiveness of your résumé and set yourself apart from the competition. how to build a résumé just for language services providers tips for contacting and following up with recruiters best practices to increase marketability ways to use business cards and the internet to boost exposure. About the king, Presenter. Having been raised in is mulan a bilingual home and spending summers abroad, Jorge Ungo's transition into king, the language industry in 2002 was a perfect fit with his interest in languages and cultures. After a stint as the director of Essay, business operations for an international interpreting program, Jorge became the duncan, Southwest Region Manager for types, Pacific Interpreters, a nationwide leader in king healthcare interpreting. As a regional manager, Jorge consults with health and social service organizations throughout the southwestern U.S. on types designing and implementing cost-effective and efficient language access programs.
Jorge is a former President of the Texas Association of Healthcare Interpreters and Translators (TAHIT) and duncan, has served on the board of the Texas Alliance for Patient Services (TAPS) and the National Council on Interpreting in Healthcare (NCIHC). On Demand: September 12, 2017. Medical translators and interpreters will want to attend this webinar to learn more about the endocrine system and its related hormones, diseases, and disorders. Presenter Tracy Young also shares visual concepts and memory techniques to strengthen skills in this specialty. Based Story. [more] As an interpreter, your performance skills are critical to getting your next job. Learn how you can strengthen those skills using inexpensive apps available in the iTunes store. King Duncan. [more]
Freelancers often set their rates based on costs and competition. What they fail to consider is how their services fit into the economy. Find out why market forces affect what translators and interpreters can charge and how to use this information when setting rates. [more] In compliance with U.S. antitrust law, no specific rate recommendations are made during the webinar. Advertising campaigns gone wrong? Slogans laughable#8212;or worse? It all comes down to transcreation.
And this webinar is ready to show you how it should be done. [more] You've got the contract, but should you sign it? Let lawyer-linguist Paula Arturo walk you through the standard—and not so standard—contract clauses. You'll also take a look at some of the most common problem clauses in translation contracts. [more] When it comes to attracting serious clients online, it's hard to how to beat a well-designed website with search engine optimization. In the past, this often meant paying a lot of money to duncan a professional web designer. Not any longer! [more] Observe like a detective, be faithful like a court interpreter, and decide like a judge. These are the three basic skills every translator needs to work in U.S. courts.
Why? [more] How do you match your talent to the new technology and opportunities that come with a rapidly changing marketplace? You can't afford to miss Katharine Allen's take on current hiring and 2016, recruiting trends in today's interpreting market! [more] Translators and interpreters are often told they should specialize. But why? Examine the concrete benefits of specializing, get an inside look at a specialized translation practice, and king duncan, then learn how to examples develop your own plan for becoming an king duncan, expert in your field. [more] Do I need a website? How do I find clients? What is the value of my degree? Can I really make it as a freelancer? What services should I offer? Get answers to these questions and more from presenter Jamie Hartz who recently made her own transition from wheelchair, student to full-time translation freelancer. [more] School by school, class by class, ATA members have shared their careers in ways that captured the imagination of students everywhere—from elementary schools to king duncan middle schools, colleges, and on a true, universities.
Learn how you can be part of this movement to tell the real-world stories of king, translators and interpreters. [more] Recorded: October 4, 2016. What’s your networking style? Frozen at the door? Hovering on how to turnitin the edges of conversations? Standing in king the corner waiting to be found? Find out how to develop skills that will let you make the most of every networking opportunity in a style that’s all your own! [more] Recorded: September 29, 2016. Take the on Ethnic Cleansing, mystery and myth out of the ATA Certification Exam! Presenters Michele Hansen and Holly Mikkelson give you a down and dirty look at the exam#8212;everything from king duncan, how passages are selected to what the how to, graders are looking for to why exams are graded the way they are. [more] Recorded: September 8, 2016. King. Negotiation is not a winner-take-all game#8212;or at least it doesn't have to be! Learn how to effectively negotiate your translation business agreements with real-world strategies and techniques. [more] Recorded: August 23, 2016.
Calculating what to based charge for services is not as difficult as figuring out your expenses. This presentation is king duncan a focused look at wheelchair the freelancer's personal challenges in overcoming budget block. King Duncan. [more] Recorded: June 8, 2016. Is there more to your job than the daily chase for the best translation? Consider the long-term view instead: taking time to the damned human systematically document your research today to improve the quality and speed of your translation tomorrow. [more] Recorded: May 18, 2016. Good content, smart author, sloppy writing. How much clean-up can a translator do without straying too far from the source?
What elements of style and grammar does the translator need to keep when working with dirty text? [more] Recorded: April 28, 2016. How do you set and get a fair price for your translation services? Learn the most effective strategies for calculating your target rate, setting minimum fees, and establishing compensation for additional services. [more] Recorded: October 15, 2015. What do translators need to know about intellectual property law? Translator and lawyer Paula Arturo examines the basics and king duncan, how they apply to copyright, royalties, contracts, and Essay Cleansing, compensation. [more] Recorded: October 1, 2015. Duncan. There is a methodology to the madness! Understanding the complex rules of translating patents for international and national court proceedings and knowing how to meet the requirements for literal translation are crucial elements of wheelchair, a patent translator's work. [more] Recorded: September 3, 2015. Finding and working with direct clients is not for everyone. But tracking down translation company clients has its own challenges. Where do you start if you have no experience?
How does an experienced translator stand out from the rest? [more] Recorded: June 16, 2015. Drafting the perfect translation-and proving you are worth the money-can get messy. Learn how to put that final shine on your work to set yourself apart as quality-oriented, no matter what your drafting process looks like behind the scenes. [more] Recorded: October 14, 2014. International development-translating for government agencies, development contractors, NGOs, and private foundations that work in developing countries—may be the biggest specialization you've never considered pursuing. [more] Translating for the Pharmaceutical, Chemical, and duncan, Cosmetic Industries. Recorded: September 9, 2014. Quality assurance systems and regulatory requirements often drive translation needs in the chemical industry. Presenter Karen Tkaczyk uses examples of the wheelchair types, types of documents in this field to explain areas that frequently cause translation problems. King Duncan. [more]
Analyzing Costs, Working Hours, Income, Productivity and Rates. Recorded: May 20, 2014. Stop living in the world of I thought I would make it income. Give your business a top-to-bottom analysis using U.S. CalPro to learn the number of hours you need to work to earn the income you want to types make. King. Free download [more] A fun and rewarding way to raise awareness of our professions.
Recorded: April 24, 2014. Challenges English-into-Arabic Medical Translators Face Daily. Recorded: April 9 , 2014. Medical translation is tough enough, but for English-into-Arabic translators there is often an how to turnitin, added challenge of cultural equivalency. Duncan. How can translators tackle these differences and convey the wheelchair, correct meaning in a clear, accurate, and king duncan, simple Arabic? [more] Recorded: March 20 , 2014. Don't let poor time management trap you into working harder and earning less. Learn to develop systems for scheduling and prioritizing your work, including how to get a handle on your email inbox and when to Essay examples turn off your smartphone. [more] Recorded: February 19, 2014. Do you like to work with international clients and vendors but find that the bank fees are killing you?
There are options to king getting paid, even some that may help you avoid fees altogether! [more] Recorded: January 28, 2014. Wheelchair. Subject-matter expertise and terminology research methods are considered the top two skills needed by technical translators. Often overlooked, the ability to write well technically is a third skill that can be developed and duncan, used to improve translation quality quickly. [more] Recorded: January 22, 2014. Recorded: September 13, 2013. Recorded: December 2, 2013.
Memorizing information is an essential part of a consecutive interpreter's work. However, relying solely on memory can be difficult#8212;and even impossible#8212;in certain situations. Developing your own personal note-taking system is crucial to doing the job right. Is Mulan On A True. [more] Recorded: September 18, 2013. Most translators are called upon to translate a contract at some point in king duncan their careers. Wheelchair Types. What appears at first glance to be an easy task can turn out to be more complicated than it looks. [more] Resources and duncan, Translation Strategies for New Translators. Recorded: August 15, 2013. Translating medical documentation relating to clinical trials requires a good understanding of the process, including international standards, regulatory bodies, the drug trial pipeline, and types of clinical trial documents. [more] Recorded: July 25, 2013. Why develop your own customized corpora when there are so many available online for free? Because you get more precise and coherent solutions for vocabulary, expressions, and phrases without sacrificing speed. [more] Looking for Evidence and Overcoming Hurdles in Legal Document Translation.
Recorded: June 18, 2013. Working as a translator in the field of intellectual property is both daunting and rewarding. Find out more about how to 2016 this career and learn how to develop your linguistic detective skills. King. [more] Recorded: May 29, 2013. Can't get a Russian-into-English translation to sound right? You might be dealing with the conventions of a genre—the kind and amount of types, information, tone, and textual organization considered normal for duncan, a particular kind of document. 2016. [more] Recorded: March 20, 2013. A CAT tool may seem like a logical purchase for your business, but will the return on the investment really be worth the expense? Learn how to analyze the costs and benefits of using a computer assisted translation tool in the current market. [more] Recorded: February 20, 2013. Watch this webinar to learn the strategies for translating financial statements and auditors' opinions. The presenter also discusses key terms found in financial statements in several Spanish-speaking countries. [more] Recorded: January 22, 2013.
Mentoring is easy#8212;except when it's not! Find out how the ATA Mentoring Program smoothes the way for mentors and king duncan, mentees to build successful relationships. The Damned Race. [more] Recorded: November 15, 2012. It's never too early or too late to start planning your financial future. Consider the possibilities in this general overview of king, short- and long-term strategies. [more] Recorded: October 4, 2012. Are you looking for ways to expand your translation business? The savvy networking advice in this webinar will help you turn your contacts into the damned race, your own personal sales force and get those word-of-mouth recommendations coming in. [more] Recorded: September 20, 2012. You've decided this is the year you're going to try the direct-client market. You know it will require more marketing and client relations efforts to win and retain business. So before you make the move, take time to plan your strategy! [more] Recorded: September 11, 2012. Recorded: August 14, 2012.
Join presenter Barbara Inge Karsch in breaking down the technicalities and examining the best ways to document terms and names so that you can retrieve the information for your next job, no matter what terminology tool you use. King Duncan. [more] Recorded: July 31, 2012. 2016. In Part 2 of this two-part presentation, attorney Tom West continues his examination and comparison of terminology used in Mexican civil lawsuits, including evidence (pruebas), types of judgments (sentencias), and appeals (recursos). Click here to watch Part 1. [more] What#8216;s in Your Kit? The Medical Translator#8216;s Guide. to Navigating Clinical Trials and Investigational Documentation. Recorded: July 19, 2012.
Navigating the lingo when translating clinical trial documentation can be confusing. Looking beyond the task and understanding translation as part of the clinical trial process is crucial for those working in this field. [more] Recorded: June 20, 2012. The trick in duncan using machine translation to improve productivity is in based knowing how to integrate it into your workflow. King. Evaluate best practices and efficiency techniques to discover ways you can make it work for you. [more] Recorded: May 24, 2012. On Ethnic Cleansing. In Part 1 of this two-part presentation, attorney and translator Tom West examines the terminology of king, a civil lawsuit in Mexico and compares it with the terms used in the U.S. and other Spanish-speaking countries. Click here to watch Part 2. Recorded: April 17 , 2012. Are you thinking about becoming a conference interpreter, but would like to know a little bit more about it first? Or are you considering getting back in wheelchair types the field after being away for a while? Then, this webinar is for you! Recorded: March 22, 2012. Only new inventions can be patented, and that often leaves patent translators looking for king, terminology that is not yet in common use.
How do you find the right words? How do you know they're the right words when you find them? Recorded: March 7, 2012. Google Translate is Physician-Assisted Essay not all bad! Learn how to use the program and other Google tools for high quality, consistent translation while saving time on repetitive work. (Presented in Portuguese) [more] Recorded: February 29, 2012. To be successful in this profession, it's essential to figure out king duncan, how to price your services. It's not about the price someone tells you to Cleansing charge, but about duncan what you want to make and how to get there. [more]
Recorded: February 7, 2012. There are common sense business practices that improve the working relationship between a freelance translator and an agency. Battle Essay. And the king duncan, success of every project depends on that relationship! [more] Recorded: January 25, 2012. Do you have what it takes to go live for over-the-phone interpreting assignments and human race, webcasts? Let an experienced pro fill you in on king the skills and training you need to perform remotely. [more] Recorded: January 18, 2012. Blogging holds the Physician-Assisted Suicide Essay, potential to market your services, network with colleagues, and king duncan, establish a successful online reputation. But to do it right, you need to become a power blogger. [more] Recorded: November 16, 2011. The increasing diversity of the U.S. population, the growth in international trade, and even the booming Internet have created a strong demand for professional translators and wheelchair types, interpreters.
There has never been a better time to explore your options as a translator or interpreter. [more] Recorded: October 13, 2011. National certification for healthcare interpreters is king duncan now an established and respected credential. What are the benefits of of Vicksburg, becoming certified? Are you eligible to take the king, exam? What can you do to prepare? Recorded: September 22, 2011. Attend this webinar to learn how to convert text- and graphics-based PDF files to editable formats, such as Word and Excel. Presentation includes a demonstration on creating translation memories from PDF files using LogiTerm AlignFactory. [more] Recorded: September 13, 2011. Recorded: August 31, 2011.
Medical interpreter training often focuses on Cleansing terminology and medical knowledge. King Duncan. Yet there is so much more to a cross-cultural patient encounter. Examine the ethical dilemmas in these real-world case studies seen in both hospital and out-patient settings. [more] Recorded: August 25, 2011. Don't be stuck with all those yellow sticky notes—learn to Physician-Assisted Suicide and Psychology use and manage PDF files efficiently! This webinar covers editing, commenting, searching, filling out king, electronic forms, and Physician-Assisted Suicide Essay, managing electronic signatures. [more] Recorded: July 14, 2011. You've decided to take the ATA Certification Exam. What can you do to prepare?
Presenter Celia Bohannon, long-time ATA Certification Exam grader, outlines how to use the practice test results, how to duncan train for the exam, and what the exam results mean. [more] Recorded: June 14, 2011. The Internet and the rise of translator auction portals, while increasing the translator's exposure to the global market, have also made it easier for freelancers to types be stuck with the bill. What steps can you take to minimize your risk of not getting paid? [more] Recorded: June 8, 2011. Professional translators must know how to revise, to both clean up our work before delivery and king duncan, provide this service for others. Learn more about the revision skills you need and pricing strategies for this value-added service. [more] Recorded: May 17, 2011. Machine translation is on Ethnic not an easy technology to king duncan love, but it is possible to like on occasion. And no matter what, translators need to be able to discuss the issue when clients bring it up. [more] Recorded: April 27, 2011. The discovery and types, development of new drugs is a highly technical process with its own jargon. Duncan. Even experienced translators can have difficulty with its correct usage. [more] Recorded: February 17, 2011. When it comes to résumés, how much information is too much and Essay, how much is not enough? The answer is in knowing how to emphasize your strengths while grabbing the duncan, reader's attention. [more] Recorded: January 16, 2011.
Computer-assisted translation tools offer a work environment that can increase a translator's productivity and improve his or her quality assurance. Which are helpful, which are essential, and which still need to be developed? [more] Recorded: December 6, 2010. Mary Q. is a fictitious self-employed translator facing many of the issues encountered in a freelance translation business. Examine Mary's business, from management, income, and how to cheat turnitin, revenue. Then, take a look at her possible tax return. [more] Recorded: November 9, 2010. Many beginning translators have strong language skills but struggle with the king duncan, practical aspects of running a freelance business. If this is you, stop now and learn everything you can about Cleansing business management, beginning this webinar by one of the most well known experts in the field. [more] Recorded: October 5, 2010. Recorded: September 23, 2010. Unless otherwise stated, all webinars are 60 minutes in length and duncan, will be available for purchase on demand 48 hours after the live event.
A recording of each webinar will be available for purchase following the event.
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King Duncan - Wikipedia
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. William James is king duncan, considered by many to be the most insightful and Cleansing, stimulating of American philosophers, as well as the second of the three great pragmatists (the middle link between Charles Sanders Peirce and John Dewey). As a professor of psychology and of philosophy at Harvard University, he became the most famous living American psychologist and later the king duncan, most famous living American philosopher of his time. Avoiding the logically tight systems typical of European rationalists, such as the German idealists, he cobbled together a psychology rich in philosophical implications and a philosophy enriched by his psychological expertise. Is Mulan True! More specifically, his theory of the self and king duncan, his view of Essay, human belief as oriented towards conscious action raised issues that required him to duncan, turn to philosophy. There he developed his pragmatic epistemology, which considers the meaning of ideas and the truth of beliefs not abstractly, but in turnitin, terms of the practical difference they can make in people’s lives. He explored the implications of this theory in areas of religious belief, metaphysics, human freedom and king duncan, moral values, and social philosophy. His contributions in on a true, these areas included critiques of long-standing philosophical positions on such issues as freedom vs. King! determinism, correspondence vs. coherence, and dualism vs. materialism, as well as a thorough analysis of a phenomenological understanding of the self and consciousness, a “forward-looking” conception of truth (based on validation and revisable experience), a thorough-going metaphysical pluralism, and a commitment to a full view of agency in connection with communal and social concerns. Thus he created one of the true, last great philosophical systems in king duncan, Western thought, even if he did not live quite long enough to complete every aspect of it. The combination of his provocative ideas and Essay, his engaging writing style has contributed to the enduring impact of king, his work. Born in New York City on January 11, 1842, William James was the oldest of the five children of Henry James, Sr., and Mary Walsh James.
His oldest brother, Henry James, Jr., the how to cheat 2016, renowned writer of fiction, was followed by king duncan two other brothers and Physician-Assisted and Psychology Essay, a sister. The family frequently moved between America and Europe, the father having inherited an amount of money sufficient to allow him to enjoy the king, life of an is mulan based true intellectual. While growing up, William had a passion for drawing. Since he wanted to become a painter, the family moved to Newport, Rhode Island in 1860, where William studied with the leading American portraitist, William Morris Hunt. Although he had talent, he gave up this career goal in less than a year. King! He had decided that it was insufficient for Suicide Essay, him to king duncan, do first-rate work. All this is indicative of three things: the family’s remarkable support for his aspirations; his own quest to achieve excellence; and his restless, indecisive difficulty in remaining committed to a career path.
In 1861, the based true story, American Civil War erupted. In response to President Lincoln’s call for volunteers, James committed himself to a short-term enlistment. Duncan! However, already in delicate health, he left when it expired after three months. (His younger brothers Wilky and Bob served in the Union Army.) He then enrolled in the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard University, his family moving to Physician-Assisted Suicide and Psychology Essay, Boston. There he studied chemistry and then physiology, prior to duncan, his entering Harvard’s Medical School in cheat turnitin 2016, 1863. King Duncan! A couple of years later, he took a year off to join a scientific expedition to Brazil, led by Louis Agassiz. But bad health eventually forced him to quit the expedition, and he returned to medical school (the James family moving from Boston to Physician-Assisted, Cambridge, Massachusetts). Again he left, this time to study physiology and king duncan, medicine in Germany and to recover his health. He failed to find a cure for his curious back pains, but returned to cheat 2016, Harvard, passed his medical exams, and king duncan, received his medical degree in 1869.
Nevertheless, he did not plan to 2016, practice medicine and king duncan, seemed lost as to what to do with the rest of his life. By the Battle of Vicksburg Essay, end of king, that same year, James’s neurological symptoms had become worse. His training in hard science was making it impossible for him to believe in human freedom and, thus, in the value of types, struggling for king duncan, moral ideals; the despair of materialism was leading him to the depression of determinism. Wheelchair! In a barely disguised case history in his Varieties of duncan, Religious Experience , he tells of of Vicksburg examples, visiting an asylum while he was a medical student, and king, seeing an epileptic patient whose condition had reduced him to an idiotic state. James could not dispel the of Vicksburg Essay examples, realization that if universal determinism prevails, he could likewise sink into such a state, utterly incapable of preventing it ( Varieties, pp.
135-136) . His dread over the sense of king, life’s absolute insecurity pushed him to become a virtual invalid in his parents’ home. He considered suicide. By the spring of 1870, when James was twenty-eight years old, he experienced a critical moment while reading a treatment of human freedom by the French neo-Kantian Charles Renouvier. He discovered the solution to his problem in the voluntaristic act of will whereby he could commit himself to believing in his own freedom despite any lack of objective evidence. He started down the road to recovery, though the remainder of his life would be plagued by seemingly psychosomatic troubles (serious eye strain, mysterious back pains, digestive problems, and periods of human race, exhaustion, as well as chronic mood swings, including times of brooding depression). Unfortunately, he still lacked a constructive career goal. In 1872, one of James’s former chemistry professors, now Harvard’s President, offered him a job teaching physiology. He accepted and began his career of more than a third of duncan, a century as a faculty member there. The next year, he became an instructor of anatomy and physiology.
By the types, mid-eighteen-seventies, he was teaching psychology there, using the king duncan, physiological approach he had learned in Germany and race, establishing the first psychology laboratory in king, America. He met a schoolteacher named Alice Howe Gibbens, whom he married in Suicide and Psychology, 1878. Like his parents, they had five children, naming the first two Henry and William. Alice was adept at handling his neurotic obsessions and emotional moodiness, and king duncan, they seem to have had a good marriage, living comfortably in Cambridge. Wheelchair! The year they married, James agreed to write a psychology textbook; however, by then he was already drifting away from duncan psychology into philosophy. He was a member of a Metaphysical Club that included Oliver Wendell Holmes, who taught law at Harvard and would go on to serve on the U. How To 2016! S. Supreme Court, and Charles Sanders Peirce, a philosopher of king duncan, science, who would become the founder of American pragmatism. In 1879, James began teaching philosophy at based on a true, Harvard, becoming an assistant professor of philosophy the next year. He published “The Sentiment of duncan, Rationality,” his first important article in his new discipline. As he got deeper into philosophy, he developed a negative attitude towards psychology. After becoming a full professor of philosophy in 1885 and of psychology in 1889, he published his Principles of Psychology in 1890.
It had taken him close to twelve years to finish it, and, though it would be extremely successful, he was dissatisfied with it and Essay on Ethnic, disgusted with psychology ( Letters , vol. 1, pp. 294, 296, vol. 2, pp. King Duncan! 2-3). Race! Nevertheless, he agreed to prepare an duncan abridged version, which was published two years later as Psychology: Briefer Course ; it too would be widely used and help to establish his reputation as the foremost living American psychologist.
He resigned his directorship of Harvard’s psychology lab and committed himself to human, teaching and writing philosophy. In 1897, James’s first philosophical book, The Will to Believe and Other Essays in Popular Philosophy , was published, dedicated to Charles Sanders Peirce. The following year, at the University of California at Berkeley, he delivered a lecture, “Philosophical Conceptions and Practical Results,” which helped to launch pragmatism as a nationwide philosophical movement. Duncan! In 1899, his Talks to Teachers on Psychology and to is mulan based story, Students on Some of Life’s Ideals was published. Overworked at Harvard and jeopardizing his fragile health, he suffered a physical breakdown that same year. King Duncan! While recovering his health, he studied a wide range of accounts of religious experience and prepared his Gifford Lectures, which he delivered at based story, the University of Edinburgh in 1901-02. These were published as The Varieties of Religious Experience in 1902 and king duncan, proved to be quite successful, although James himself was displeased, believing them to true, contain too much reporting on facts and too little philosophical analysis. For the remainder of his life, James focused on the development of his own philosophy, writing essays and duncan, lectures that would later be collected and published in four books. In the spring of 1906, he took a leave of absence from Harvard to take a visiting professorship at Stanford University, though his lecture series in California was interrupted by the great San Francisco earthquake.
In late 1906 and early 1907, he delivered his lectures on Pragmatism in Boston and at Columbia University, publishing them in the spring of 1907. That was also the year he resigned from Harvard, worried that he might die before being able to complete his philosophical system, as he was suffering from cheat turnitin angina and shortness of breath. He delivered the Hibbert Lectures in England in 1908, published the next year as A Pluralistic Universe , aimed at combating the neo-Hegelian idealism that was then prevalent in king, Great Britain. Meanwhile, he was under intellectual assault by mainstream philosophers for his pragmatic treatment of truth, which he defended in a collection of essays published in 1909 as The Meaning of is mulan, Truth . By the king, next year, James’s heart trouble left him so plagued by fatigue that normal activities became quite difficult. He was attempting to Physician-Assisted Suicide and Psychology Essay, complete his textbook on Some Problems of Philosophy , but died on August 26, 1910. In 1911, his textbook, edited by his son Henry, and his Memories and Studies were posthumously published. In 1912, his Essays in Radical Empiricism was published, followed, in 1920, by some of his Collected Essays and Reviews and The Letters of William James , edited in two volumes by king duncan his son Henry. His writings have survived in part because of the is mulan on a true, provocative honesty of his ideas, but also because of the vibrant, sometimes racy, style in which he expressed them. In A Pluralistic Universe , he castigates philosophers who use technical jargon instead of clear, straightforward language. He practiced the spontaneous thinking and freshness of expression he advocates there ( Universe , pp. 129-130).
It has been said (by the novelist Rebecca West) that, while Henry James wrote fiction as though it were philosophy, his older brother, William, wrote philosophy in a colorful style typical of king duncan, fiction. By the early 1890s, when James published his two books on wheelchair types, psychology, the discipline was in king, the process of splitting off from philosophical speculation (“psychology” literally means “the study of the soul”) to establish itself as an empirical social science. Despite impatience with the process of Essay on Ethnic Cleansing, that development, he contributed significantly to moving it along, regarding psychology as the science of king, our mental phenomena or states of consciousness, such as thoughts, feelings, desires, volitions, and so forth. a. The Stream of Consciousness and the Self. In analyzing what can broadly be termed human thinking, James delineates five generic characteristics: (1) all thought is owned by some personal self; (2) all thought, as experienced by human consciousness, is constantly in flux and never static; (3) nevertheless, there is an ongoing continuity of Suicide and Psychology, thought for every thinker, as it moves from one object to another (like the king duncan, alternating times of flight and perching in Battle of Vicksburg Essay examples, a bird’s life), constantly comprising shifting foci and duncan, the contextual fringes within which they are given; (4) thought typically deals with objects different from and independent of the damned human, consciousness itself, so that two minds can experience common objects; and (5) consciousness takes an interest in particular objects, choosing to king duncan, focus on them rather than on of Vicksburg Essay examples, others ( Principles , vol. King! 1, pp. 224-226, 236-237, 239, 243, 258-259, 271-272, 284; Psychology , pp.
152-154, 157-160, 166-167, 170). The self can be viewed as an object of thought or as the subject of thought. The former is the empirical self or “me,” while the latter is the pure ego or “I.” The dimensions of the empirical self (“me”) include the “material” self (comprised of one’s body and Suicide and Psychology, such extensions of it as one’s clothing, immediate family, and home), the “social” self (or significant interpersonal relations), and the “spiritual” self (one’s personality, character, and defining values). The pure ego (“I”), identifiable with the soul of traditional metaphysics, cannot be an object of king, science and should not be assumed to be a substance ( Principles , vol. 1, pp. 291-294, 296, 319, 343-344, 348, 350; Psychology , pp. Is Mulan On A! 176-181, 194, 196, 198, 200, 202-203, 215-216). b. King Duncan! Sensation, Perception, Imagination, and Belief. James states that if we track the dynamic of mental activity, we discern a standard pattern from sensation to perception to based true, imagination to belief.
Through sensation, we become acquainted with some given fact. This can, but need not, lead to knowledge about that fact, achieved by perceiving its relations to other given facts. King! Both sensation and perception involve an immediate intuition of some given objects. Wheelchair Types! Imagination, less immediate, retrieves mental copies of duncan, past sensations and perceptions, even when their external stimuli are no longer present. Belief is the sense or feeling that ideas or propositions formed in the imagination correspond to reality. Types! Every proposition can be analyzed in terms of its object and whether that object is believed. The object of a proposition comprises a subject (such as my horse), a predicate (wings), and a relation between them (my horse has sprouted wings). The belief is the psychic attitude a mind has towards that object (for example, I believe it or deny it or am in doubt about it) ( Principles , vol. 2, pp. 1-3, 44, 76-77, 82-83, 283-284, 287-290; Psychology , pp. 12-14, 302, 312, 316-317).
Like other animals, we have primitive instincts, such as fear, some desires, and king, certain forms of Physician-Assisted Essay, sympathy, which do not require being taught them or consciously focusing on ends. However, we also have emotions that are learned behavior and duncan, do involve such a focus—for example, a fear of failure and the desire for an academic degree. Instincts and emotions thus overlap, the latter tending to cover a broader range of objects than the former. We tend to assume that perceptions trigger emotional responses, eventuating in bodily expressions—that we suddenly see a bear, become frightened, and then tremble and run away. But James thinks the Physician-Assisted and Psychology, actual sequence is perception, followed by bodily expressions, followed by duncan emotional feeling—that we see the Battle Essay, bear, tremble and run away, then feel those physical events as what we call fear. The idea that emotions ultimately have physical causes emphasizes the intimate relationship between our bodies and our mental life ( Principles , vol. 2, pp. 383, 410, 442, 449-453, 467; Psychology , pp. 391, 375-376, 378-381). The human will is crucial for duncan, deliberately acting on our beliefs and emotions. Sometimes we consider alternative courses of action and seem to select one among them, as if making a voluntary decision.
James maps out five sorts of decision-making: (1) the reasonable sort, whereby we accede to rational arguments; (2) the types, sort that is duncan, triggered by external circumstances, such as overhearing a rumor; (3) the sort that is cheat turnitin 2016, prompted by our submission to duncan, something within ourselves, such as a habit formed by Essay Cleansing past actions; (4) the duncan, sort that results from a sudden change of mood such as might be caused by a feeling of grief; and (5) the rare sort that is a consequence of our own voluntary choice, which will be identified as the “will to believe.” Whether we have free will or not is a metaphysical issue that cannot be scientifically determined ( Principles , vol. 2, pp. 486-488, 528, 531-534, 572-573; Psychology , pp. 415, 419-420, 428-434, 456-457). Even if philosophically interesting matters such as freedom vs. determinism cannot be scientifically resolved, some sort of epistemological methodology is needed if we are to on Ethnic, avoid arbitrary conclusions. Whatever approach is chosen, it is clear that James repudiates rationalism, with its notions of a priori existential truths. He is particularly hostile to German idealism, which he identifies especially with Hegel and which he attacks in many of his essays (this identification leads him to be remarkably unfair to Kant, an duncan earlier German idealist). As he makes clear in “The Sentiment of Rationality,” the personality of the would-be knower and various practical concerns are far too relevant to allow for such abstract intellectualism. The tradition of modern empiricism is more promising, yet too atomistic to allow us to move much beyond the knowledge of on Ethnic Cleansing, acquaintance to genuine comprehension ( Will , pp. 63-67, 70, 75-77, 82-86, 89, 92).
Fortunately, James had already learned about the pragmatic approach from Peirce. James’s book of lectures on Pragmatism is arguably the most influential book of American philosophy. The first of its eight lectures presents pragmatism as a more attractive middle ground between the two mainstream approaches of European philosophy. The “tender-minded” approach tends to be rationalistic, intellectualistic, idealistic, optimistic, religious, committed to freedom, monistic, and king, dogmatic; by contrast, the “tough-minded” approach tends to be empirical, grounded in sensations, materialistic, pessimistic, irreligious, fatalistic, pluralistic, and cheat, skeptical. It is difficult to identify many pure types of either of these in the history of philosophy, and some thinkers (such as Kant) are deliberately mixed, as is James himself. He thinks that most of us want a philosophical method that is firmly anchored in empirical facts, while being open to, rather than dismissive of, moral and religious values. He offers pragmatism as a philosophy that coherently meets both demands. James’s second lecture is committed to king duncan, showing how the pragmatic method helps us establish meaning by making it a function of based true story, practical consequences (the word “pragmatic” means having to do with action and king, is etymologically related to our English word “practical”). Before we invest much time or effort in seeking the meaning of anything, we should consider what practical difference it would make if we could find out. Providing an example to illustrate his point, James refers to the Hegelian notion of God as the all-encompassing Absolute Spirit.
How should we decide whether this is what we should mean by Essay on Ethnic Cleansing God? Consider the practical consequences for a believer: on the one hand, it would provide us with the optimistic, comforting assurance that everything will work out for duncan, the best; but, on the other, it also undermines the values of human individuality, freedom, and responsibility. Is Mulan Based True! From that pragmatic perspective, James rejects the Hegelian notion. Undoubtedly, philosophy provides us with only one legitimate approach to belief, as he observes in his fifth lecture, others being common sense (with its basic concepts derived from king experience) and science. Cheat 2016! However, these others are impotent in dealing with questions of freedom and value ( Pragmatism , pp. 10-13, 18, 26-28, 30-38, 79-80, 83-85). It seems that anything knowable must be true. But what does it mean to king duncan, call a proposition or belief “true” from the perspective of pragmatism? This is the subject of James’s famous sixth lecture. He begins with a standard dictionary analysis of turnitin 2016, truth as agreement with reality. King Duncan! Accepting this, he warns that pragmatists and on Ethnic Cleansing, intellectualists will disagree over how to interpret the concepts of “agreement” and “reality,” the latter thinking that ideas copy what is fixed and independent of us.
By contrast, he advocates a more dynamic and practical interpretation, a true idea or belief being one we can incorporate into our ways of thinking in such a way that it can be experientially validated. Duncan! For James, the “reality” with which truths must agree has three dimensions: (1) matters of fact, (2) relations of ideas (such as the eternal truths of mathematics), and (3) the entire set of other truths to which we are committed. To say that our truths must “agree” with such realities pragmatically means that they must lead us to useful consequences. He is based true story, a fallibilist, seeing all existential truths as, in theory, revisable given new experience. They involve a relationship between facts and our ideas or beliefs.
Because the facts, and our experience of them, change we must beware of regarding such truths as absolute, as rationalists tend to do ( Pragmatism , pp. 91-97, 100-101). This relativistic theory generated a firestorm of king, criticism among mainstream philosophers to which he responded in The Meaning of Truth . c. The Pragmatic Approach to Belief. Western philosophers have traditionally viewed knowledge as justified, true belief. So long as the idea of truth is pragmatically analyzed and given a pragmatic interpretation of justification, James seems to accept that view. His entire philosophy can be seen as fundamentally one of productive beliefs. All inquiry must terminate in belief or disbelief or doubt; disbelief is merely a negative belief and doubt is the true opposite of both. Believing in anything involves conceiving of it as somehow real; when we dismiss something as unreal (disbelief), it is typically because it somehow contradicts what we think of Suicide and Psychology Essay, as real. Some of our most fundamental and valuable beliefs do not seem sufficiently justified to king duncan, be regarded as known. These “postulates of rationality” include the convictions that every event is caused and that the world as a whole is rationally intelligible ( Principles , vol. 2, pp.
283-284, 288-290, 670-672, 675, 677). As he holds in cheat turnitin 2016, “The Sentiment of Rationality,” to say that such beliefs, however crucial, are not known, is to duncan, admit that, though they involve a willingness to act on Physician-Assisted and Psychology Essay, them, doubt as to duncan, their truth still seems theoretically possible. He identifies four postulates of rationality as value-related, but unknowable, matters of belief; these are God, immortality, freedom, and moral duty ( Will , pp. 90, 95). He proceeds to deal with each of them individually. James is arguably the most significant American philosopher of religion in intellectual history, and the damned race, many of his writings, in addition to the obligatory “Will to Believe” essay and his book on king duncan, The Varieties of Religious Experience , offer provocative insights into that area. Because we do not naturally experience the supernatural, James, the radical empiricist, thinks of faith in God as falling short of knowledge. Yet such faith is pragmatically meaningful to many people, and it is reasonable to how to cheat 2016, wonder whether, how, and to what extent it can be justified.
For James, the king, logical philosopher trained in Physician-Assisted, science, both logic and king duncan, science have limits beyond which we can legitimately seek the Essay examples, sentiment of duncan, rationality. His notorious “Will to Believe” essay is designed to the damned human, be a defense of religious faith in the absence of conclusive logical argumentation or scientific evidence. It focuses on what he calls a “genuine option,” which is a choice between two hypotheses, which the believer can regard as “living” (personally meaningful), “forced” (mutually exclusive), and “momentous” (involving potentially important consequences). Whether an option is “genuine” is thus relative to the perspective of duncan, a particular believer. James acknowledges that in Cleansing, our scientific age, there is something dubious about the voluntaristic view that, in some circumstances, we can legitimately choose to believe in duncan, the absence of Battle of Vicksburg Essay, any objective justification. However, he claims we naturally do so all the time, our moral and political ideas being obvious examples. When you believe that your mother loves you or in the sincerity of your best friend, you have no conclusively objective evidence. Duncan! In addition, you will never be able to secure such evidence.
Yet it often seems unreasonable to refuse to commit to believing such matters; if we did so, the pragmatic consequences would be a more impoverished social life. Indeed, in some cases, believing and acting on that belief can help increase the chances of the belief being true. Now let us apply this argument to religious belief. What does religion in general propose for our belief? The two-pronged answer is that ultimate reality is most valuable and that we are better off if we believe that.
Committing to that two-pronged belief is meaningful, as is the refusal to do so. Physician-Assisted And Psychology! At any given moment, I must either make that two-pronged commitment or not; and how I experience this life, as well as prospects for a possible after-life, may be at stake. Whether one makes that commitment or not, pragmatic consequences can be involved. Duncan! Nor should we imagine that we could avoid having to make a choice, as the commitment not to commit is itself a commitment ( Will , pp. 1-4, 7-9, 11-14, 22-30; see also Problems , pp. 221-224).
b. The Varieties of Religious Experience. If religious faith is wheelchair types, not to be reduced to arbitrary whimsy (the “will to make believe”), it must rest on some sort of personal experience. As psychologist and king duncan, philosopher, James deliberately defines “religion” broadly as the experiences of Battle of Vicksburg Essay, human individuals insofar as they see themselves related to whatever they regard as divine. This definition indicates that religion does not require faith in a transcendent, monotheistic God, and that it does not mandate the social dimension of religious community. James distinguishes between “healthy-mindedness” and the “sick soul” as two extreme types of religious consciousness, the former being characterized by optimistic joy and the latter by a morbid pessimism. In between these extremes are “the divided self” and king duncan, the stable, well-integrated believer. James develops lengthy analyses of religious conversion, saintliness, and mysticism.
In going beyond these, he considers what philosophy might contribute to establishing “over-beliefs” regarding the Battle Essay, existence and nature of the divine. He critically considers traditional arguments for God—the cosmological argument, the argument from design, the moral argument, and the argument from popular consensus—finding none of them particularly cogent, but exhibiting the king, most respect for the argument from design. Suicide And Psychology Essay! He likewise weighs in the balance and finds wanting arguments for metaphysical and moral divine attributes, finding the latter of more pragmatic relevance to human values, choices, and behavior than the former. In his final lecture, he draws conclusions regarding three beliefs that experience finds in king, religions in general: (1) that our sensible world is part of and derives its significance from a greater spiritual order; (2) that our purpose is Physician-Assisted, fulfilled by achieving harmonious union with it; and (3) that prayer and spiritual communion are efficacious. Furthermore, religions typically involve two psychological qualities in their believers: (1) an energetic zest for living; and (2) a sense of security, love, and peace. Given that thought and feeling both determine conduct, James thinks that different religions are similar in feeling and duncan, conduct, their doctrines being more variable, but less essential. Most generally, these doctrines attempt to the damned race, diagnose a fundamental uneasiness about king duncan, our natural state and to prescribe a solution whereby we might be saved ( Varieties , pp. 42, 83, 121, 124, 137, 142, 145-147, 330, 334-341, 367, 380-383). Although James is somewhat vague regarding his own religious “over-beliefs,” they can be pieced together from various passages. 2016! He believes there is more to reality than our natural world and that this unseen realm generates practical effects in duncan, this world.
If we call the supreme being “God,” then we have reason to think the interpersonal relationship between God and Physician-Assisted Suicide and Psychology, humans is dynamic and king duncan, that God provides us with a guarantee that the moral values we strive to realize will somehow survive us. James describes himself as a supernaturalist (rather than a materialist) of a sort less refined than idealists and as unable to subscribe to popular Christianity. He is unwilling to assume that God is one or infinite, even contemplating the polytheistic notion that the divine is the damned, a collection of godlike selves ( Varieties , pp. 384-386, 388-390, 392-393, 395-396). In “The Dilemma of Determinism,” James depicts his image of God with a memorable analogy, comparing God to a master chess player engaged in a give-and-take with us novices. We are free to duncan, make our own moves; yet the master knows all the Battle of Vicksburg, moves we could possibly make, the duncan, odds of our choosing one over the others, and human race, how best to respond to any move we choose to make. This indicates two departures from the duncan, traditional Judeo-Christian concept of God, in that the master is interacting with us in Battle of Vicksburg examples, time (rather than eternal) and does not know everything in king duncan, the future, to the extent that it is freely chosen by Essay us. In “Reflex Action and Theism,” James subscribes to a theistic belief in king, a personal God with whom we can maintain interpersonal relations, who possesses the deepest power in Battle, reality (not necessarily omnipotent) and a mind (not omniscient). We can love and respect God to duncan, the extent that we are committed to the pursuit of common values. In “Is Life Worth Living?” James even suggests that God may derive strength and energy from our collaboration ( Will , pp.
181-182, 116, 122, 141, 61). Elsewhere, rejecting the Hegelian notion of God as an all-encompassing Absolute, he subscribes to a God that is finite in knowledge or in power or in both, one that acts in time and has a history and an environment, like us ( Universe , pp. 269, 272; see Letters , vol. 2, pp. 213-215, for James’s responses to a 1904 questionnaire regarding his personal religious beliefs). In contrast to monists such as Hegel, James believes in multiple worlds, specifying seven realms of reality we can experience: (1) the realm that serves as the touchstone of reality for cheat, most of us is the king duncan, world of physical objects of sense experience; (2) the world of science, things understood in the damned, terms of king duncan, physical forces and laws of nature, is available to the educated; (3) philosophy and how to turnitin 2016, mathematics expose us to a world of abstract truth and ideal relations; (4) as humans, we are all subject to the distortions of commonplace illusion and prejudices; (5) our cultures expose us to the realms of mythology and fiction; (6) each of us has his or her own subjective opinions, which may or may not be expressed to others; and duncan, (7) the world of madness can disconnect us from the reality in which others can readily believe.
Normally we can inhabit more than one of these and be able to discriminate among them. What we take to be real must connect with us personally because we find it interesting and/or important, which emphasizes elements of both subjectivity and pragmatic relevance ( Principles , vol. 2, pp. 292-299). b. The Philosophical Importance of Metaphysics. Part of what makes James a great philosopher in the grand tradition is that, unlike so many post-Hegelian Western philosophers, he advocates the pivotal importance of metaphysics. The theory of reality in on a true story, general provides a crucial foundational context for duncan, philosophy of race, human nature, philosophy of religion, ethics, social philosophy, and so forth. Philosophy essentially is an king duncan intellectual attempt to come to grips with reality, as he says on Essay Cleansing, the first page of Pragmatism . In its third lecture, James approaches four standard metaphysical issues using his pragmatic method, those of (1) physical and spiritual substance, (2) materialism vs. theism as explanations of our world, (3) whether the natural world indicates intelligent design, and (4) freedom vs. universal determinism. For each of king, these, we cannot conclusively establish where we should stand based merely on Essay, what experience discloses about the past, but can take reasonable positions based on pragmatic anticipated future consequences. As modern philosophy demonstrates, we can never directly and immediately experience any sort of substance; however, we do experience physical qualities and mental events and can best make sense of them by attributing them to bodies and minds.
The world is what it is, regardless of whether it is the result of divine activity or of the random interactions of king, atoms moving in space; whether or not it was intelligently designed in the distant past has no bearing on the fact that we experience it as we do. But a world intelligently designed by a deity pragmatically involves the is mulan based true story, possibility of king duncan, a promising future, whereas one resulting from unconscious physical forces promises nothing more than a collapse into meaningless obliteration. On the one hand, if everything we may do or fail to do is determined, why bother doing anything? On the other hand, if we are free to choose at least some of our actions, then effort can be meaningful. In the fourth lecture, James states that our world can be viewed as one (monism) or as an irreducible many (pluralism). There are certain ways in which we humans generate a unity of the objects of our experience, yet the absolute unity to which monism is committed remains a perpetually vanishing ideal. In his seventh lecture, James identifies three dimensions of reality: (1) the Essay examples, objects of factual experience; (2) relationships between our sensations and duncan, our ideas and among our ideas; and (3) the entire network of turnitin, truths to duncan, which we are committed at any given time.
Again, we see here a combination of subjectivity and pragmatic relevance that views reality as a process of based, development, which he calls “humanism” ( Pragmatism , pp. King! 7, 43-55, 62-69, 71, 73-74, 110-111, 115-116; see also Truth , pp. 100-101). James intended Some Problems of wheelchair, Philosophy to be largely a textbook in metaphysics, which he defines in terms of the ultimate principles of reality, both within and beyond our human experience. Much of it concerns the duncan, issue of the one and the damned human, the many, which is duncan, arguably the oldest problem of Western philosophy and wheelchair types, represents the duncan, split between collective monism (such as Hegel’s) and distributive pluralism (such as James himself advocates). Types! Monism, pursued to its logical extreme, is deterministic, setting up a sharp dichotomy between what is necessary and what is king, impossible, while pluralism allows for possibilities that may, but need not, be realized. The former must be either optimistic or pessimistic in its outlook, depending on whether the future that is determined is seen as attractive or unattractive. In contrast, pluralism’s possibilities allow for a “melioristic” view of the future as possibly better, depending on choices we freely make. Pluralism need not specify how much unnecessary possibility there is in human, the world; by contrast, monism must say that everything about the future is locked in from all eternity—to which pluralism says, “Ever not quite.” James is advocating what he calls the possibility of “novelty” in the world.
Pluralism, being melioristic, calls for king, our trusting in and cooperating with one another in order to realize desirable possibilities that are not assured ( Problems , pp. 31, 114, 139-143, 205, 228-230). Types! In his Essays in Radical Empiricism , James attempts to distance himself from the philosophical dualism that sees physical reality (bodies) and spiritual reality (minds) as essentially distinct. He claims that the “philosophy of pure experience” is more consonant with the king, theory of Suicide and Psychology, novelty, indeterminism, moralism, and humanism that he advocates, though it is less than clear why. We never experience mind in separation from body, and he dismisses as an illusion the notion of king duncan, consciousness as substantial; however, he does not want to reject the reality of mind as a materialist might do. Essay On Ethnic Cleansing! So after years of opposing monism, he adopts an admittedly vague sort of neutral (neither materialistic nor idealistic) monism that sees thoughts and things as fundamentally the same stuff, the further definition of which eludes us ( Empiricism , pp. 48, 115-117, 120). In the eighth lecture of Pragmatism , James sees monism as tending to a passive sort of quietism rather than to a vital life of active effort.
By contrast, pluralistic pragmatism emphasizes the possibilities that may be if we work to realize them. Monism determines the future optimistically as working out for the best, whatever we do, or pessimistically as working out for the worst, whatever we do. Duncan! By contrast, pluralistic meliorism holds that it can get better if we freely try to make it so. Cheat Turnitin! Whether we embrace the option of freedom and king duncan, moral responsibility or not is ultimately a matter of personal faith rather than one of objective logic or scientific evidence ( Pragmatism , pp. 125, 127-128, 132). Like God and human immortality, the examples, possibility of which James defends without firmly committing himself to believing in king, it ( Immortality , pp. 3, 6-7, 10-18, 20, 23-24, 28-31, 35-37, 39-41, 43-45), freedom is a postulate of rationality, an how to cheat 2016 unprovable article of faith.
James wrote an essay on the topic, called “The Dilemma of Determinism.” After admitting that human freedom is an old and shopworn topic about which we may suspect that nothing new can be said, and that he will not pretend to be able to duncan, prove or disprove, he launches a pragmatic justification for Battle Essay examples, believing in king duncan, it. Wheelchair! Indeterminism, the belief in freedom, holds that there is king duncan, some degree of possibility that is not necessitated by the rest of reality, while determinism must deny all such possibilities. These beliefs constitute exhaustive and mutually exclusive alternatives, so that if we reject either, we logically should accept the other. Let us consider a commonplace example such as walking home from campus. Before the fact neither the determinist nor the indeterminist can infallibly predict which path will be taken, but after the fact the determinist can irrefutably claim that the path taken was necessary, while the indeterminist can irrefutably claim that it was freely chosen.
Thus far, there is no advantage on either side. But now consider the example of a man gruesomely murdering his loving wife. We hear the awful details recounted and Essay, naturally regret what the wicked man did to her. Now, what are we to make of that regret from the perspective of determinism? What sense can it make to regret what had to occur? From that perspective, we logically must embrace pessimism (all of duncan, reality is Physician-Assisted and Psychology Essay, determined to king duncan, be bad) or optimism (everything is destined to work out for the best) or subjectivism (good and evil are merely subjective interpretations we artificially cast on things). All of these can be logically coherent positions, but each of them minimizes the evil we experience in the world and trivializes our natural reaction of regret as pointless. From a practical (as opposed to a logical) point of view, can we live with that? James deliberately puts the point quite personally.
Though thoughtful and reflective pessimists, optimists, and subjectivists can live with it, he would not, because its pragmatic implications would render life not worth living. In that sense, determinism, though logically tenable, is pragmatically unacceptable, and James commits to indeterminism ( Will , pp. 145-146, 150-152, 155-156, 160-161, 175-176, 178-179). In addition to God, immortality, and Physician-Assisted, freedom, moral duty is a fourth postulate of rationality. James offers us one remarkable essay on the topic, entitled “The Moral Philosopher and the Moral Life.” He addresses three questions: (1) the psychological one, regarding the origins of our moral values and judgments, (2) the metaphysical one, regarding the grounds of meaning for king, our basic moral concepts, and (3) the casuistic one, regarding how we should order conflicting values.
First, our human nature comprises a capacity for turnitin 2016, an intuitive moral sense, but this must be developed in a context of values that socially evolve. Second, our basic moral concepts of good and bad, right and wrong, and so forth, are all person-relative, grounded in duncan, the claims people make on their environment. Third, when values conflict, those which would seem to satisfy as many personal demands as possible, while frustrating the fewest, should have priority regardless of the nature of those demands. This represents a pragmatic form of moral relativism, in Essay examples, which no action can be absolutely good or evil in all conceivable circumstances. Finally, James distinguishes between “the easy-going mood” that tries to king, avoid conflict, and “the strenuous mood” that strives to achieve ideals, apparently preferring the latter ( Will , pp. 185-186, 190, 194-195, 197, 201, 205, 209, 211).
In answering the question of what is the primary objective of human life, James maintains that a natural answer is happiness. It is this, which motivates us to act and endure. Evolution is often seen as a progressive advance towards happiness ( Varieties , pp. 76, 85). The person who seems incapable of achieving it may well wonder whether life is Essay examples, worth living; suicide deciding that it is not. For James there is no absolute answer, and it is relative to the life being lived. A human life involves an duncan ongoing series of possibilities. Some of these “maybes” may be realized if we believe in Physician-Assisted Suicide and Psychology, our own capacity to realize them; others will not be, either because we do not try or because we try and fail.
Life can become worth living if we believe that it is and act on that belief, our commitment giving it meaning ( Will , pp. 37, 59-62). Our happiness seems to require that we have ideals, that we strive to achieve them, and king, that we think we are making some progress towards doing so ( Talks , pp. 185-189). a. Individuals and Their Communities. James’s philosophy is so individualistic that it does not allow for a robust theory of community. Still, he offers us some interesting insights and one great paper. “Great Men and Their Environment” views one’s society as not only and Psychology Essay, a context in which great individuals emerge, but even as playing a selective role in allowing their greatness to king duncan, develop. In turn, that social environment is affected by them. Whether or not an individual will be able to have an Suicide Essay impact is, to king, some extent, determined by wheelchair society. King Duncan! Thus socially significant individuals and their communities have a dynamic, correlative relationship. Human! In a follow-up article, “The Importance of Individuals,” he maintains that agents of social change, beyond being gifted in some way(s), tend to take greater advantage of given circumstances than more ordinary persons do ( Will , pp.
225-226, 229-230, 232, 259). In the last decade of his life, following the Spanish-American War, in which Theodore Roosevelt, his former student, was the hero, James gave a talk at the banquet of the Universal Peace Congress. Regarding human nature as essentially antagonistic, he warns against our permanent tendencies to mass violence and duncan, the romantic idealization of war. We have to forever be on our guard to resist those dangerous, destructive tendencies; however, he doubts that humanity will ever be able to achieve universal disarmament and peace. Wheelchair! What we can and should do is work to minimize conflicts and to resolve them non-violently. The great paper James wrote in the area of social relations, written just a few years before the outbreak of World War I and first published the king, month he died, is “The Moral Equivalent of War.” In it he warns of the extreme challenge of is mulan based story, suppressing our martial tendencies. King Duncan! Warfare has become so costly, in terms of treasure and carnage, thanks to modern technology, that we need to find some way of rechanneling the primitive tendencies inherited from our ancestors.
How can we create an atmosphere in which peace is the norm rather than that interim period between wars? Identifying himself as a “pacifist,” he nevertheless admits that there are desirable human qualities—such as patriotism, loyalty, social solidarity, and national vigor—that have traditionally been nurtured by war and types, the preparation for conducting it. The question at hand is whether a “moral equivalent” might be found that would generate such martial virtues without involving the horrible destructiveness of king, war. Since wars are the results of human choices rather than fatalistically determined, he anticipates a time when they will be formally outlawed among civilized societies. But then how can these martial virtues still be nurtured?
His answer is that we should draft young adults into national service, as opposed to Essay, military service, fighting against adverse natural conditions rather than against fellow human beings, working for a time in duncan, coal mines, on constructing roads, and so forth. Thus they could cultivate those desirable qualities by serving society in a way that would yield good consequences rather than more suffering ( Studies , pp. 300-301, 303-306, 267, 269, 275-276, 280, 283, 286-292). c. Cleansing! Democratic Tolerance and Social Progress. In “What Makes a Life Significant,” James advocates the move towards mutual non-interference with people who are not threatening us with violence.
Tolerance of others is an antidote to duncan, cruelty and injustice. He maintains that the trend of social evolution is in on Ethnic, the direction of democratic progress. Yet this trend requires effort, and its continuation poses challenges for us, including that of striving for a more equitable distribution of wealth ( Talks , pp. 170, 178, 189). His commitments to individual freedom, mutual respect, peaceful interrelationships, and tolerance converge to king, point us in the direction of progressing towards what he calls “the intellectual republic” ( Will , p. 30).
This is the Battle examples, pragmatically beneficial ideal towards which social progress can take us, if we have faith in king duncan, it and Essay on Ethnic Cleansing, commit ourselves to acting on that belief.
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Analysis of Northern Lights by Philip Pullman Essay. alternative reality which has similarities with the present day, and. Duncan? differences too. On Ethnic Cleansing? The story starts in Jordan College in king duncan Oxford but it. is an Oxford unlike ours: the technology and is mulan based on a true, the culture of the people. give the impression that it is set in the late 19th century. It is a. fundamentally different universe in several respects - most evidently, all humans have d?mons. The main character in the story is young girl. called Lyra Belacqua. She is a half-wild, half-civilized girl left. among the Jordan College scholars by chance. Her d?mon, Pantalaimon, are almost always the opposite sex to their human. The relationship. between human and king, d?mon is central to the book, and is complex, but it. is best thought of the damned, as a physical representation of a person’s soul. They reflect a person’s emotions, because they are that person’s. emotions. A good example of this is on p56 - when Lyra is having great. fun, Pantalaimon is an outward image of what she is thinking: ‘Pantalaimon, contemptuous of these Gyptian d?mons, became a dragon. the size of a deer-hound’. indicates that Pantalaimon is a very important part of Lyra.
I presume. that Pullman makes Lyra the solitary human figure as it makes her more. vulnerable in the situation she is about to face. she knows is duncan out of bounds to her. Lyra’s d?mon shows a contradicting. side to her personality when they are going to the Retiring Room: whereas Lyra is how to turnitin excited and flippant about the duncan adventure, Pantalaimon. appears serious and anxious. He is not happy about going from the. beginning and as soon as they reach the room, Pantalaimon wants to. The Failure Of Northern Rock In The Light Of Banking Economics And Regulation. impaired US mortgage market. On Ethnic? Subsequently, the lending on the inter-bank market came to king, a halt. 2016? Northern Rock’s Business Model Although all banks were facing greater than normal difficulties in duncan acquiring funds given the types lack of credit that was available on the global institutional debt markets, Northern Rock was hit harder than most. Its core business was, and still is, residential mortgage lending. Northern Rock was the biggest provider of mortgages in the UK in king duncan the first half of 2007. It sold up to The Analysis Of Light And Dark Essay. (Magill 221-222).
The Pyncheon's elm is full of life and light because it has finally succeeded in overshadowing the cheat turnitin 2016 Pyncheon's dark and desolate household. In Chapter one, 'The Old Pyncheon Family,'; Hawthorne describes the house using various 'dark'; elements. He expresses to his readers that the house is in ruins and is destined to collapse, which is representative of the Pyncheon family. Richard Fogle states in Hawthorne's Fiction: The Light and the Dark: There is a certain suggestion in the Essay on Philips Versus Matsushita Case Analysi. closing plants and cutting resource by duncan, different CEOs was an inevitable process to reorganization for Philips. Those organization changes still made Philips in poor financial performance until CEO Boonstra succeed in how to cheat 2016 1996, which offered a potential prospective in the future. Besides of matrix organization and cutting cost, organization culture was another significant factor for reorganization. Philips`s main culture was around the harmonious relationship among members. Undoubtedly, this kind of king, culture Analysis of The Charge of the Light Brigade Essay. charge wild. However, he adds that the Light Brigade and their charge should be held in how to honour even though he agrees with the fruitlessness of war.
This reflects thoughts of people who find war ineffective but they will realise that the noble six hundred should be held in high esteem and respect. King? Although the Light Brigade lost the battle they won the Physician-Assisted Suicide Essay moral victory over their critics. Tennyson questions the authority of war in The Charge of the Light Brigade. He wrote this poem based Northern Aero Data (Clv) Case Analysis Essay. its total value. The loss will be $5,609,132. the king duncan largest difference rate comes from the silver segment. Firstly, the of Vicksburg silver segment has the king duncan most significant amount of customers. The Damned? The requirement of king duncan, being a silver customer is small ( fly with the Northern Aero at Essay least one time).
Secondly, each year some of the customers will degrade from the platinum or gold segment to the silver segment. Due to king, the Essay Philips vs Matsushita Case Analysis. buyers, or buyers can cheaply and easily change suppliers, they can make demands for less expensive higher quality products, causing impact to profit (Porter, 2008, p. 83). Philips’ Organizational Structure: Strengths and Weaknesses The arrival of Gerald Kleisterlee in 2001 brought organizational changes to Philips that is evident in the marketplace today. The new CEO restructured the company by outsourcing mobile phone production to on Ethnic, CEC of China and the production of VCRs to Funai in Analysis of the Absorption of Green Light Versus Red Light Absorption in duncan Spinach Leaves. These wavelengths correspond to the wavelengths of visible light. Overall blue and red light works best, while green in least effective in the photosynthesis process (Nishio, 2000). The wavelengths that a pigment absorbs, absorption spectra, are determined using a spectrophotometer. In order to obtain the photosynthetic pigment’s absorption spectra the and Psychology pigments are separated using paper chromatography. Paper chromatography is an analytical technique that separates a mixture based on the individual Philips vs Matsushita Swot Analysis Essays. (C92) * 3,000 jobs were shifted to Asia, shifting production to low-wage countries (C92) * By 2000, Boonstra was able to achieve his objective of a 24% return on net assets (C92) * By 2001, Philips best hope of survival was to outsource most of its basic manufacturing and become a technology developer and global marketer (C93) * Realized that thirty-year quest to build efficiency into global operations failed (C93) Internal Examination of Women#x27;s Friendships through an king duncan, Analysis of Katherine Philips#x27; Friendship#x27;s Mystery. (35). When reading Philips in light of Rich's essay, the reader realizes that Philips was writing for re-vision long before the concept was coined by the critic.
According to Rich, Until we can understand the based assumptions in which we are drenched we cannot know ourselves. And this drive to self-knowledge, for women, is more than a search for identity: it is part of king, our refusal of the Essay on Ethnic Cleansing selfdestructiveness of male-dominated society (35). Apparent in king duncan Philips' alterations of Donne's Analysis of The Charge Of The Light Brigade by Alfred Lord Tennyson. Forward the types light brigade, this is direct speech and into the valley of death is where Tennyson is slowly building up repitition.
On the second verse the second line is the most relevant one in this verse 'was their a man dismayed?' this is a rhetorical question as it is obvious the soldier wouldn't be dismayed because the job as a soldier is ' but to do and die' this is how a soldiers response would be as it is their duty to just do as they are told. Verse 3 is
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Essay On Sports Day In School Essays and Research Papers. Every school celebrates its Sports Day and, to this all, the children very longingly look forward to. My . school the St. Andrews Sr. King Duncan. Secondary School also has its Sports Day every year sometime in the month of November. The month of Cleansing November is earmarked for the occasion, as, at this time, the weather is congenial for a long span of games on the field. When this day is about to come, there appears to be a lot of king duncan activity in the entire school premises as take lime. Avocado so there is is mulan true story a lot of. High school , The Guest 747 Words | 3 Pages.
r my “FRIEND” u r the “BEST”. A special friend is king rare indeed, it beems to be special breed, yes, perfect friends r very few, so lucky I m for . having you. They say it takes a minute 2 fine a special person, an hour 2 appreciate them, a day 2 love them, but then an entire life 2 forget them. When God opened the based true window of the Heaven He asked me: What is your wish for today? “I said : please take special care of the person reading this. King. ” Time might lead me to Suicide and Psychology Essay nowhere and faith might. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Love 876 Words | 3 Pages. My First Day of duncan High School “Beep, Beep, Beep!” 6:00 A.M my alarm clock was activated, it was time for me to get ready and cheat turnitin 2016, . prepared myself for my first day of High School as a freshman student in king, Piscataway Vo – Tech High School . Fear, excitement, and all of these different emotions were running through my head as I wondered how difficult high school would be, who I would sit with at lunch time or if I would be able to memorize my locker combination.
My first day of high school as a freshman. 2006 albums , Education , High school 1086 Words | 3 Pages. Reflective Essay- First day of school. ? Approaching the intimidating building that holds the future of not only the rest of my high school career, but my entire life, I continue to . feel a longing for my old school . I wish for my old friends who I know will recognize me and jump to greet me; my old routine that I grew so accustomed to. But none of that matters now. All that matters is of Vicksburg examples that I currently feel like a “nobody” and I’m certain that is all that I’ll feel for the next two agonizing years of my life. Is it just my imagination. High school , Laughter , Pessimism 905 Words | 3 Pages.
IN SCHOOL SPORTS Sports in duncan, school are very important. IN SCHOOL SPORTS Sports in school are very important. Sports effect schoolwork and . homework greatly. Human. Sports can have a negative affects on your schoolwork. Sports also help you meet new friends and can increase self-confidence. You also tend to stay out of trouble when you are on duncan sports . Wheelchair Types. Sports also bring a lot to the community. King Duncan. Sports can affect your schoolwork greatly. It can affect your grades in two ways, good or bad. Most schools like Rocky Point have a program where if you are failing your. College , Game , High school 1490 Words | 4 Pages. Sports and School (My experience) School starts at a young age for most kids.
They go to Battle of Vicksburg Essay examples learn Arithmetic, English, . History, and get a general education for life. They also learn to deal with others outside of their family and close friends. Duncan. Such was the case for myself. I lived on a farm where my neighbor was my best friend till he moved away. I then had one year till school would start for me, which I would spend with my family, and one or two friends who I would see occasionally. When school . American football , Education , High school 1185 Words | 3 Pages. The Pitfalls of High School Sports. Children are often exposed to sports at an early age. Wheelchair Types. As they get older and start school they often participate in . sports as a way to duncan both make now friends and be active. As the children grow older, progressing into their teenage years, they become more specialized in their sports . The sports that the young people continue with grow in their favor. When the child reaches the high school level, sports take center stage.
The pressure for them to perform in sports and perform well is immense. There. American football , College , Extracurricular activity 1511 Words | 4 Pages. 1 Research Topic How organized sports affect students’ performances in academics. Hypothesis Organized sports have more . positive than negative effects on students’ academic performance. Background for the research Most countries in the world have facilitated sports for extra-curricular activities in schools . Sports provide an Physician-Assisted and Psychology Essay opportunity for which students can develop their physical fitness, mental stability, leadership qualities and teamwork skills. Sports play an integral part in the development. Extracurricular activity , High school 1023 Words | 4 Pages.
Badminton becoming a school sport. Throughout the world Australia is known for its elite sport and performers such as Catherine Freeman (Athletics), Shane Warne (cricket) and Pat . Rafter (tennis). Badminton is one of the sports in Australia that is not fondly looked upon as a major sport as its participation rates are only 0.3% in adults (Australian Sports Comission , 2012). Professor Peter Figueroa developed a tool to king investigate the issues surrounding, equality and equity in sport , physical activity and access. Wheelchair. This has become better. Australia , Badminton , Badminton World Federation 1220 Words | 3 Pages. people do not realize the importance of duncan high school sports ; let me tell a story. There were two completely different kids that . went to the same high school . One of them participated in high school sports from Fall to Spring. This kid kept up with his grades and kept busy with sports and homework.
The other kid did not participate in any kind of the damned school sports . The kid who didn’t play any sports went home after school every day , so instead of king duncan playing sports or doing homework in the free time available. Exercise , Exercise physiology , Extracurricular activity 1961 Words | 5 Pages. Kevin Walters Go Team! Sports have become a huge part of this country’s culture, and the damned human race, the sports fans make up a good portion of . the duncan population. Every other conversation you hear, whether it be at the water cooler or in a bar, has something to do with some big play or blown call that happened the night before. The popularity of sports has grown magnificently in just the last 24 years that I have been a sports fan. What used to how to cheat turnitin 2016 be all the men yelling and king, cussing at the TV, has become almost as popular. Bandwagon , Fan , Season ticket 1083 Words | 3 Pages. what da hell let me sign up man I just want essays . Is Mulan Story. Rainy day This year the summer season was unduly long and extremely hot.
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face on cheerleading. Duncan. Cheerleading in America is no longer a matter of waving pom-poms, a cute smile and being overly perky. Essay. Calling themselves athletes, not . eye candy, cheerleaders are pushing harder for recognition as participants in an official sport . Today, cheerleading involves skills which require the strength of football, the grace of king dance, and the agility of gymnastics. Complex maneuvers are performed which challenge the how to turnitin limits of the king duncan body. Safety organizations such as the American Association. Cheering , Cheerleading , High school 1805 Words | 5 Pages. ?Festival and based on a, Sports days We had a festival on Tuesday.
I really looked forward to king duncan enjoying our festival. Actually, I have . experience to go another University’s festival. It was interesting because their festival was made by students. I mean I could feel lots of freedom, not any limit or restrictions. Physician-Assisted And Psychology Essay. There were 30 or more various booths that we could enjoy University student’s life like beer bar. Duncan. However, our festival had only 10 something booths and and Psychology, it was too ordinary.
And they forced to pay. Education , Human , Student 1572 Words | 4 Pages. Sheffield Hallam University Academy of Sport amp; Physical Activity ------------------------------------------------- BSc (Hons) . King. Sport Business Management Hong Kong Undergraduate Sport Programme ------------------------------------------------- Title: Contemporary Issues in Sport CODE: 66-6958-00S Name: WU Ho Nam SHU Student No: 91207381 SHAPE Student No: I1207381 Topic: LONDON 2012 Olympics legacy INTRODUCTION Olympic Games, the on Ethnic biggest sports event in the world, every athlete. 2008 Summer Olympics , 2010 Winter Olympics , 2012 Summer Olympics 2288 Words | 7 Pages. High School and Persuasive Essay Topics. Persuasive Essay Topics By: Mr. King. Morton Whether you are a student in need of a persuasive essay topic, ora teacher looking to . assign a persuasive essay , this list of 101 persuasive essay topics should be a great resource. Physician-Assisted Essay. I taxed my brain to create this huge list of persuasive essay topics relevant to today's society, but I believe I am happy withthe results. King Duncan. I appreciate any and all comments or feedback. Battle Of Vicksburg Examples. 1. Duncan. Should students be allowed to have cell phones in elementary and high schools ? 2.
College , Education , Fast food 1105 Words | 4 Pages. Back To School Melissa French English 121 Ms.Laloni February 28, 2011 Back to School Many careers currently require . that an applicant have some type of higher education in order to have a chance at competing for a job in today's market. Therefore, returning back to cheat turnitin 2016 school to complete my degree was a very rational decision for me to make. King. We are sometimes told that experience is the key to getting the perfect job, but in my years in the workforce I have learned that is not always the the damned human race case. Academic degree , Bachelor's degree , Early childhood education 931 Words | 3 Pages. Benefits in High School Sports In high school sports , there are a number of . negative and king duncan, positive aspects that are associated with this industry. Regardless, many students decide they want to show case their talents at an early age. With the proper guidance and teaching, there are many benefits to cheat 2016 playing high school sports for king the athlete, their families and the community. The benefits include education, moral support and responsibility. As long as the student athlete stays on.
College , Education , High school 886 Words | 3 Pages. A form of art that should be recognized as a sport A sport is Essay on Ethnic activities that consist of physical attempt, ability, . entertainment, and mental activity. Dance, gymnastics and skateboarding, are said to be a physical art, but why can’t they be considered as competitive sport . King Duncan. Dance isn’t just a form of art, it can also be competitive. Dance is something that takes strength, time, flexibility, and tons of practice. Dance team is and Psychology Essay always looked at as the entrainment or just performing, never seen. Cheerleading , Dance , Dance music 1078 Words | 3 Pages.
1. 2. describe how the warm up and cool down exercises relate to the principles of biomechanics and human anatomy and physiology. Give several examples . to illustrate your point. Warm up – warming up before doing any physical sport is important because it decreases the chance of getting hurt. It increases your blood temperature which increases the blood flow. King Duncan. More oxygen gets to your muscles which makes them work more efficiently. It also increases muscle temperature so it can contract and. Blood , Delayed onset muscle soreness , Exercise 1067 Words | 4 Pages. students go to school for four of five days a week?
Portsmouth is wheelchair types a small school district in central Rhode Island. . This town's council is king not giving the schools enough money, so that is why there are so many budget cuts. Many of the decisions of the school system are pressured upon the school committee. This school's committee, like every school committee, has been elected to office by the parents and Suicide, the town's people. Portsmouth should have a four day school week because the duncan four day week saves money. Education , English-language films , Gymnasium 871 Words | 3 Pages. February 14, 2012 How sports effect society I’m of two minds about Wilfred Sheed claim that sports play a positive role . in society. On the one hand I agree that sports had many positive influences on Physician-Assisted Suicide and Psychology society, on king the other hand sports have negative effects as well. The Damned. Sports can build one’s character and king duncan, promote the virtues of honesty, respect, selfless teamwork, dedication and commitment to a greater cause. Over the past 150 years sports have tremendously changed. Sports play the wheelchair fundamental role.
Play , Student athlete 952 Words | 3 Pages. Benefits of High School Sports . Duncan. I have always been an athletic person. As far back as I can remember, I have been involved in . sports and on a story, I don’t know what I would do if I didn’t have sports apart of my life. King Duncan. Sports have meant so much to me over my years of based true growing up. I was always encouraged to be a part of duncan different types of athletic programs. Sports are not for Physician-Assisted Suicide and Psychology Essay everyone, but playing a sport is king definitely beneficial for high school students. Activities and sports in Physician-Assisted and Psychology, schools is duncan a great way for. A Great Way to Battle Care , College , Education 1019 Words | 3 Pages. The Importance Of Sport In Our Schools. ?The Importance of Sport in Our Schools Today Physical education and sports in king duncan, Canada has evolved greatly over the . How To Turnitin 2016. last two centuries through legitimizing sport in the Canadian school curriculum. Especially now, with childhood obesity increasing, establishing physical activity as a positive element in young people’s lives seems more important than ever before.
Athletic programs can help students build and maintain lifelong relationships with sport and physical activity. King. Physical education’s purpose. College , Education , Exercise 1024 Words | 3 Pages. not being interested in history or affairs of other countries, and praising everything “truly American”. All of the features associated with the stereotype . Battle Essay Examples. of an king duncan American can be found in every part of their life and Battle examples, culture e.g. in their attitude to sports . American have a tireless work ethic. King. They struggle hard to race achieve their aims. Working only for the sake of work is simply pointless according to king duncan their philosophy. Theodore Roosevelt in on Ethnic, his speech to the people of Chicago said that he preaches. Baseball , Basketball , Major League Baseball 1894 Words | 5 Pages.
Why Sports Are an Important Part of High School Life. Sports Are an Important Part of High School LifeHard work spotlights the character of people: some turn up their sleeves, some . King. turn up their noses, and some don't turn up at all. And Psychology. Sam Ewig explains the way many people react to hard work. King Duncan. These habits begin to appear in Cleansing, many of our lives when we are young and king, introduced to sports such as soccer and football which challenge our physical and mental abilities. Every teenager has a sport that fits him and his personality. For instance, if a teen were. A Great Way to Care , Adolescence , College 1330 Words | 3 Pages. activity itself or sports team participation, which may involve requirements for maintaining certain grades, for example.
The purpose of this . study is to examine the associations between sports team participation, physical activity, and Suicide Essay, academic outcomes in middle and high school students. Methods: Data were drawn from Project EAT (Eating Among Teens), a survey of middle and high school students (n = 4746). Students self-reported their weekly hours of physical activity, sports team participation. College , Education , High school 2039 Words | 7 Pages. Introduction Sports have existed in our society for king duncan thousands of years; Ancient Greece introduced formal sports with the first . Olympic Games in 776 BC.
They have evolved over the years and will, without a doubt, always continue to and Psychology Essay be a part of society. King Duncan. The 204 nations who participated in the 2012 Olympics give a glance of 2016 how almost everyone in the world is exposed to king sports . There is absolutely no doubt that the world’s society is affected by sports . Turnitin 2016. However, the question at hand is not whether sports affect. Affect , American football , Ancient Olympic Games 1058 Words | 3 Pages. that’s what most high school students define as a typical cheerleader. King. Most of the teenagers in the wolrld will have this opinion.
Along with . being the blondes of the school , cheerleaders are also seen as wanna-be athletes. I mean, all they do is just cheer on other teams, right? They don’t actually do anything other than a few back-flips here or there. How hard could it be? The answer is cheat a lot harder than one would think. Although cheerleading is formally deemed not a sport , it is actually one of. Cheering , Cheerleading , Dance 893 Words | 3 Pages. Fun, scary, and nurve recking. The first day of highschool.
New school , new teachers, and king, new friends, all part of . another new school year. This one is different though, its the first day of high school . Some kids act really scared or nurvice and others dont. The truth is, mostly everyone who walks through those doors for the first time is in one way or another scared. Some other students think that the first day is the easiest, because of no work having to be done, and. Chair , College , High school 464 Words | 3 Pages.
The Disadvantages of Full Day Schools. Disadvantages on Full Day School Introduction Full day schooling refers to a longer day at . preschool where they not only learn but are also given time for play. (Lamphere, 2009) Full day preschools run for five hours or longer for five days a week. Half day preschools run for approximately 3 hours for five days a week. (Rosamilia, 2008) Researchers have constantly compared these two types of schooling and most studies came to a conclusion that full day schools are better than half day schools . There are a. Early childhood education , Education in Singapore , Kindergarten 1853 Words | 5 Pages. Interscholastic/Intercollegiate Sports. Anthony Pisano SPT Interscholastic/Intercollegiate sports Paper 2 In the book Social Issues in Sport by Ronald B. Woods . chapter 7: Interscholastic and Intercollegiate sport the author talks about high school and college athletes and some of the Battle of Vicksburg issues they face whether it is academic or even financial issues. Duncan. According to the NFHS, the number of students participating in high school sports has increased for 20 consecutive years and continues to grow each year (Woods 122). The chapter stated. American football , Basketball , Bob Costas 1461 Words | 4 Pages. Pros and Cons of Four Day School Week Pro: Saving Money and Saving Jobs * Shortening the school week can . Is Mulan Based True Story. address budget deficits and save teachers who would have to be laid off otherwise.
In the case of Peach County, Georgia, the duncan district either needed to wheelchair types shorten the school week or cut 39 teachers from the king duncan workforce in the 2009 to how to cheat 2010 school year, according to Fox News. Shaving a day from the school week saves money without sacrificing teaching talent. This approach makes sense if a district. Curriculum , Education , Extracurricular activity 843 Words | 3 Pages. 7 PERIOD IF I WERE PRESIDENT ESSAY ! If I were president, two of my main focuses would be reducing job cuts and going make more . jobs.
My first plan of action would be to reduce gas prices by duncan, not importing oil; I would drill it here in the U.S. That would slowly build us more money, meaning less job cuts. Also, we could reduce the mass production of sweets and would save money by not using factories as much, also reducing pollution in cheat 2016, the air, which is one way to go green. Recently the. Education , Famine , Food 1082 Words | 3 Pages. children active and healthy. It is so that they don’t become lazy and king, unmotivated.
By playing sports it is a way for types kids to become active and . sociable with other kids around them rather than having them sit on king the computer all day or watching T.V. When it comes to team sports it can have its advantages and disadvantages, it can be worthwhile for that kid or it can end up in a disaster. Being in a team sport takes effort and Essay, dedication, when a team member is duncan down and was counting on you to be there. American football , Brain , Concussion 1453 Words | 3 Pages. Importance Of Sports Now a days people are tending away from physical games and based true, activities. The reason is either lots of king duncan . studies or the computer games, an ill-fated shortcut. Read this resource and realize the importance of games and wheelchair, sports in one's life. Importance of Sports and Games 'All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy'. King Duncan. Rightly said so, that education without activities is always incomplete. Essay. A child may mug up the history textbook, but for king how long? May be till the last bell.
Nutrition , Sport , United States 674 Words | 3 Pages. Broyles November 5, 2014 Why all Schools Should Have a Four Day School Week Changing the human race five day . Duncan. school week has been argued for and against Essay on Ethnic Cleansing, due the controversy as to whether or not it would actually be beneficial to students and teachers. When approaching the idea, many people would like to king believe that five day school weeks are the cheat turnitin most efficient and productive way to educate our youth. What is often overlooked, however, is that it is king causing students to dread school more than they already do, and. College , Education , Grammar school 990 Words | 3 Pages. 12/4/12 World Lit.
Essay The Underdog has Won! Did you see the ending of that Duke game! The president, Bill Clinton, was astonished by . the miraculous ending of the Kentucky vs. Duke game. Just about anybody you could talk to would know about the game and also be astonished by it. This can show the of Vicksburg examples effect a game can produce on a person and king duncan, a school . During college sports games, a school and fans can be affected in a jubilant or a depressing way. For example, a school could begin to wheelchair build a. 2007 Fiesta Bowl , American football , BCS National Championship Game 1003 Words | 3 Pages. Injustice in king duncan, Schools - Discursive Essay. (You will need to change the ending and 2016, make a conclusion. I got an A/A- for this essay because it was not finished.) Is this a phrase that . you often hear?
I am sure it is, but why are these three words such a significant part of our daily speech? Is it because we are living in a barbaric, unjust society? Or is it because we are living with our own ideas of what and duncan, how things should be done and when someone else comes with their philosophy on life behavior we accuse them of bringing a serious injustice. College , Education , Grammar school 1198 Words | 4 Pages. Essay on School Benefits of human Facebook. Facebook should be utilized in schools by teachers and students. If Facebook was integrated into king duncan schools , it would provide an Physician-Assisted Essay . effective means for teachers and their students to communicate outside of the classroom.
Facebook is duncan a social network which currently helps more than 400 million people communicate every day . Unfortunately, there are people who are opposed to utilizing Facebook in this manner. Many opposed hold positions in Battle of Vicksburg Essay examples, which they are responsible for deciding the king use of Facebook outside. Education , Facebook , High school 967 Words | 3 Pages. Leadership in a Changing World There are a lot of factors that affect schools . Essay On Ethnic. A few of those factors are: environmental and . contextual issues. It is these two factors that influence or shape the school’s climate and duncan, community. It takes the collaboration of our administrators, school improvement team, teachers, parents, students and the damned human, the community to bring the change and help needed to advance the king vision of the school . A school is capable of fully functioning at cheat a high level with all of the stakeholders. Abuse , Bullying , College 1389 Words | 4 Pages.
until five each night. When you come home after school there is no one home with you. What could you get into? You might know right from wrong . but you still might get yourself into some trouble. Duncan. Just out of plain curiosity you might get into something or an accident could happen without you even being involved in it. But I say there is a way to stop this from ever happening. I think we should either keep schools open longer or introduce more after school programs. Many advantages would come from Suicide either. College , Grade , High school 836 Words | 4 Pages. the law schools at the University of Missouri and duncan, the University of Texas to be integrated in Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada, 1938, and . Sweatt v. Painter, 1950.
Neither case had made the frontal assault needed to overturn the Essay on Ethnic Plessy standard. King Duncan. However, the 1950s brought a new wave of challenges to official segregation by the NAACP and other groups. Circumstances of the race Case Linda Brown, an eight-year-old African-American girl, had been denied permission to attend an elementary school only five. Brown v. Duncan. Board of Education , Earl Warren , Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution 961 Words | 3 Pages. ?Practicing a sport is much more than the sole act of wheelchair types pushing my body through exhaustion or using my skills to reach a goal. Many positive . King Duncan. results come with participating in a sport . There aren’t too many negatives that can take place.
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Dalton: University and College Sports. Persuasive Essay Language I 4th hour Dalton Wright Should College Athletes Get Paid? Do you think college athletes should be paid . while they are in season? If you do think that college athletes should be paid by king, the University to play a sport or sports , then I disagree. You are probably thinking that I am crazy for saying that college athletes should not get paid, but just here me out on why I think they shouldn’t be paid. They get full ride scholarships!
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