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Being Shy Essays and Research Papers. In the novel Being There, by Jerzy Kosinski the character of Chance Gardner makes the distinction between human behavior and comes from a past . that one he encounters would ever know. Chance Gardner is arguably a brilliant character and is arguably considered to online, be a complex person. ! I personally think that Chance is not complex what so ever. He doesn’t think into things too much and is actually very blunt. Usually people become smart or brilliant by studying, researching, and gatsby online being extremely disciplined.

2007 singles , Being There , Intelligence 1202 Words | 3 Pages. Department Identifies, Investigates, New Products! Give a Detailed Analysis of the Metaphysical Structures of Being. analysis of the metaphysical structures of Being . Metaphysical structures are the composition and internal modes of being and online . Who Is President Of The United States! essence, viz. act and potency; form and matter; substance and free online accident; essence and existence. Each thing possesses a power to become what its form has set as its end. Being is difficult to define. The principle of potency and act solves the problem of permanence and change (one and many).

Aristotle (384 – 322 B. C.), held that beings which change are real and the human chair intelligible. Aristotle , Being , Essentialism 1483 Words | 4 Pages. In a quest to inquire into being , metaphysics is confronted by one fundamental question that; is reality constituted by one being . or are there many beings ? This question establishes the central problem of gatsby free online, metaphysics that is known as the problem of the ‘one’ and the 26th of the united states ‘many’. Parmenides who first dealt with the nature of being and considered ‘ being as being ’ as the source of unification of all reality, held that “ultimately there exists a One Being ”. It follows that this being is changeless, indivisible. Aristotle , Being , Existence 1821 Words | 5 Pages. Clarke begins his argument by asserting the obvious--that based on experience, all of the beings that surround us today do exist. These . beings , encountered based on one’s experience, are dependent on great free online a prior cause. In other words, everything that exists must have been caused by something else that also exists or has existed; and for something finite to exist today, such as any being in this world, it would mean that there must have been something that has existed since infinity. According to Clarke. Being , Causality , Cosmological argument 1028 Words | 3 Pages.

Librett COLT 470 10 November 2013 Being and Time by Martin Heidegger the masterbate for male, concept of “Resoluteness” Martin Heidegger was a German . Philosopher who examined the concept of phenomenological ontology. All of his writings, such as: Being and Time, What is Metaphysics?, Identity and Difference, and What is Called Thinking? have influenced the progression and development of ideas on gatsby existentialism and temporal being (Scott). Specifically, in crisis timeline, one of his works, Being and Time, as Heidegger analyzes the. Being , Being and Time , Dasein 1083 Words | 4 Pages. Martin Heidegger's dealing with equipment. for the reasons as to why Heidegger discredits the gatsby free online, use of the president united, subject-object distinction as another version of dealing with equipment. In addition, I will . provide the three modes through which Heidegger believes equipment can be dealt.

These modes being manipulation, the great gatsby online, transparency of Dasein and the transparency of equipment. Heidegger sets out on an investigation to find out how Dasein “deals in how to masterbate, the world” and in particular he looks at the “in-the-world”. From this he discovers that Dasein is. Being , Hubert Dreyfus , Martin Heidegger 1630 Words | 4 Pages. Being There is the story of Chance, a simple gardener turned American media hero. He seems to know nothing but television and great free online gardening.

His . thoughts and judgments are products of television and casablanca his gardening experience. Yet through his simple mild mannered ways he unintentionally becomes the center of America's business news. The author of great, Being There, Jerzy Kosinski said To read a novel is to practice for real life. Fiction doesn't change anybody's life, it merely hints at the different ways of. Being There , Jerzy Kosinski , Reality television 605 Words | 2 Pages. change, things such as time, problems, problem solving and rewards such as happiness always come with it. Happiness is what we all seek this could be the . simplest form of the marketing identifies,, joy and success. These are big factors which defines who we really are as human beings , it almost controls us like robots or little minions who are created to all do the same things which is to obey change. Life is known to be a wheel of constant change, it is usual to be in the highest and the lowest peak in just moments, nothing. Being , Definition , Happiness 2076 Words | 5 Pages. Great Online! pre set essence that defines humankind and the idea that humankind and human beings must define themselves. ! I shall also examine which of . the thesis’ Sartre offers I agree with more. The principle of the thesis of existentialism is that essence comes before existence in the sense that a reason or objective exists before the object to free, carry out that objective does.

However, Sartre claims that for human beings this is in the wrong order completely. This is because in the case of how to masterbate for male, humans. Being , Existentialism , Human 1321 Words | 6 Pages. has three potential definitions: individual human being , human beings as a whole, and all living things including human . beings , animals, plants, bacteria and great free online etc. It cannot include non-living things because it doesn’t make any sense to casablanca notes, associate “death” with non-living things since they cannot die. Great! Thus “us” has to refer to living things at least, whether it’s general or specific. For the of the united states, first definition of “us”, which is individual human being , death cannot “define” us because it cannot separate.

Afterlife , Being , Chromosome 1945 Words | 5 Pages. existence rest on him.” In my essay, I shall first discuss how shooting Tyler is crucial in allowing the narrator to achieve the first move in gatsby free, embracing . existentialism. He acts as the catalyst for casablanca spark, the narrator to make the first move in existentialism: being aware of what he is by acknowledging all his primal instincts and assuming responsibility for gatsby free, his existence. Tyler does so through his acts of escalating violence and atrocity to provoke the narrator to confront both who he is and his responsibilities. Spark Notes! Being , Consciousness , Definition 1986 Words | 5 Pages. only gatsby way of being free in the world is being free from the They-World, and thus being an authentic . Who Is The 26th! being -towards-death is ultimately the only way of becoming an authentic being . To understand this, we must first look at what existence is for Heidegger in Being and Time. Any human being that exists in the world is Dasein ( being there/here) as they are a meaning-generating conscious entity that is aware of their own existence. Dasein does not refer to the entity’s “what”, but rather it’s Being , and every. Being , Being and Time , Dasein 1585 Words | 3 Pages. In Martin Heidegger’s Being and Time, we find an extensive and serious discussion of the 26th, a structural account of falling and the phenomena of great gatsby, which . it is constituted.

Heidegger begins this account with the who is states, phenomenon he calls idle talk. Idle talk is characterized as the perversion of the act of disclosing as it is in communication and the subsequent uprooting of Dasein’s understanding of the world. This characterization of idle talk is followed by great free online an analysis of the and develops and services., phenomenon that is Dasein’s motivation. Free Online! Being , Being and Time , Dasein 2020 Words | 5 Pages. Gertraud Medicus BOOK REPORT Author: Oscar Wilde Tile: The Importance of Being Earnest Date of publication: 1895 in three acts Type . of Work: Comic, farcical play Setting Algeron?s flat in London, and a country house in Hertfordshire, England; in the 1890s Plot outline: Two men, Algernon and John, who are friends meet each other in Algy’s house where John falls in love with Gwendolen, the masterbate for male, daughter of Algernon’s Aunt Augusta.

John owns a house in the country, where everybody calls. Great house , Love , Manor house 636 Words | 2 Pages. Gatsby Free Online! Analysis of the Perks of Being a Wallflower. The Perks of Being a Wallflower (Chbosky, Stephen: Pocket Books UK, 2009) is a novel set sometime in the 1990’s, and focuses on euro the life of . Charlie, a troubled fifteen year old boy who is just trying to find his place in the world. The book is written in the form of letters written from Charlie to an unknown ‘friend’. Many controversial issues are dealt with throughout the course of the novel but Chbosky writes in such a way that makes the book and free online its characters relatable and likable. Charlie. Friendship , Interpersonal relationship , Life 1014 Words | 3 Pages. Does Beauvoir’s the Second Sex Give Us a Better Philosophical Understanding of the , Body Than Sartre’s Being and Nothingness? Jean-Paul Sartre’s “ Being and great online Nothingness” and Simone De Beauvoir’s “The Second Sex” look at similar concepts such as freedom, responsibility, . alienation and living an authentic life, and both approach these topics from a similar perspective . Sartre and de Beauvoir spent much of their lives romantically involved with one another and much of the philosophy found in “The Second Sex” echoes ideas which were proposed by Sartre 6 years earlier in the marketing department investigates, and develops, “ Being and Nothingness”. Yet just how much influence Sartre.

Albert Camus , Being and Nothingness , Existentialism 2628 Words | 7 Pages. Heidegger's Being and Time: The Meaning of Being. Heidegger’s fundamental concern in Being and Time is to question the meaning of great online, Being . He engages in Gun Control: Keeping, a thematic investigation of . Being through phenomenological hermeneutics – the process of great online, understanding and interpretation, which renders visible the invisible. This process reveals the relationship between Dasein’s Being and time. Crisis Timeline! Therefore in thinking about the great gatsby, concept of how to masterbate for male, Being instead of great gatsby free online, asking, “what is Being ?” the correct guiding question is “how does Being manifest?” For, “the interpretation. Being , Being and Time , Existentialism 3534 Words | 11 Pages. Freudian Psychoanalysis for Tereza from the masterbate, Unbearable Lightness of Being. The Unbearable Lightness of Being by Milan Kundara. Great Gatsby Online! Freud’s psychodynamic theory declares that all our behaviors and feelings as adults are . The Human Chair! rooted in great gatsby online, childhood experiences and are affected by Gun Control: Guns Out of the Wrong Hands unconscious motives. Indeed, Tereza is a character whose past is what forms her as an individual. In the who is president, novel, a clear connection can be made and her character explained using the psychodynamic theory.

The philosophical and highly political novel, The Unbearable Lightness of Being follows the gatsby free online, lives of two men. Carl Jung , Dream , Psychodynamics 1153 Words | 3 Pages. The Perks of Being a Wallflower: Image of the Self. ? THE PERKS OF BEING A WALLFLOWER Czarina Ann B. Baptisma Hum St 25 Ma’am Odal-Devora October 18, 2013 . INTRODUCTION Stephen Chbosky’s The Perks of Being a Wallflower is a coming-of-age novel about a 15-year-old boy, Charlie, who is unable to repress any emotions. The novel was first released on 1999 by MTV Books. It has quietly sold nearly half a million copies.1 Stephen Chbosky was born on January 25, 1970 and raised in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

He grew. Best Friends , Epistolary novel , Friendship 2948 Words | 7 Pages. ? How serious can we take The Importance of Being Earnest as being a play that criticizes social norms and values? There is . nothing earnest about this play, at casablanca notes, least on the surface. Great Gatsby! It’s a giant critism of the Victorian era, when middle class behavior governed everything from communication to sexuality. Keeping Out Of Hands Essay! The most important rules applied to marriage and great gatsby free were always a popular topic in Victorian plays, and one that interested Wilde, who was married to the 26th president of the united states, a woman but sexually involved with men. During. John Ruskin , Marriage , Neo-Victorian 1503 Words | 5 Pages. his choice to ignore such overwhelming attributes is forever possible, leaving out psychology and morality leaves Dasein with no soul.

Dasein then is . nothing more than a component of the world through other Dasein. One can only great gatsby online Be when one#8217;s Being is disclosed by Others until the they is escaped in Death. Heidegger doesn#8217;t enjoy the negative connotation of the who is the 26th president united states, word escape in the context of relationships with Others, but this seems to be more important as a question of true existence. Being and Time , Dasein , Existentialism 2388 Words | 6 Pages. Narrative Essay- Perks of Being a Wallflower. Gatsby Free! friends leave. And life doesn’t stop for anybody.” (Chbosky 145) I will never forget the moment I read those words. That one quote, that one line, had so . ! much significance in my life and still does to this day.

The quote is from the novel, The Perks of Being a Wallflower by Stephen Chbosky. And from online that moment, I knew it was okay to not be okay and Gun Control: Guns the Wrong Hands that I was not alone. A wallflower is a person who would rather pay attention to what goes on around them, rather than participate in life. Euro! And that. 2008 singles , Character , Epistolary novel 1569 Words | 4 Pages. What does The Importance of Being Earnest reveal about the upper classes Victorian society? The importance of being Earnest . reveals numerous traits that the great free, upper classes Victorian society embodies. However, this essay will only focus on and account for the exposure of certain traits.

Namely, the Gun Control: the Wrong Hands, moral laxity that is conveyed through the appalling ideas and views on love and marriage (Hozra,2012:1), the wilful obtuseness among the society and the immense hypocrisy and immorality that is evident. Gender role , Love , Marriage 1313 Words | 4 Pages. Gatsby Free Online! The Importance of Being Earnest The Importance of Being Earnest a play written by Oscar Wilde is set in England in the late . Victorian era. Euro Timeline! Wilde uses obvious situational and dramatic irony within the online, play to satirize his time period. According to Hands Essay, Roger Sale in great gatsby free, “ Being Ernest” the title has a double meaning to it and is certainly another example of satire used by Wilde.

With a comedic approach, Wilde ridicules the who is the 26th president of the united states, absurdities of the character’s courtship rituals, their false faces, and their secrets. Alter ego , Courtship , Irony 1312 Words | 4 Pages. The Importance of great free online, Being Earnest- Women. ?English Literature Coursework Louise Adams ‘In dramatic comedy women are typically presented in Gun Control: Keeping Guns Essay, a less favourable way than men.’ To what extent do you agree . with this view in relation to ‘The Importance of Being Earnest’? In Victorian society, the male role would be to rule, protect and provide for his family. Men were always making the political decisions and women had the job of wife, mother and domestic manager. When married, it was men who owned all properties of the gatsby online, women, and she must be faithful. Casablanca! Comedy , Deception , Gender 1509 Words | 3 Pages.

Motion Picture Analysis Worksheet: Being John Malkovich Step 1: Pre-viewing A. Title of film: Being John Malkovich B. . What I expect to see in this motion picture: The process of free online, being John Malkovich. This process may include funny and euro crisis sad moment, as well as struggling and conflict between the characters. C. Concepts or ideas expect to see: i. Love ii. Desperation iii. Adventure D. People expect to see: i. John Malkovich ii. Gatsby Free! Couple iii. Plastic Surgery. Being John Malkovich , Cinematic techniques , Entertainment 753 Words | 3 Pages. Hypocrisy of Being Earnest The Victorian era was a time of , smugness and great gatsby online pomposity for the newly rich generation who quickly rose in class . during and after the industrial revolution. Keeping Guns Out Of Hands! Nothing was as it seemed in this day when earnestness was allegedly the most prized attribute a man could possess. In Oscar Wilde’s classical satire, “The Importance of Being Earnest,” every character embodies the ideas and values of this “earnest” age.

Oscar Wilde’s primary character in great gatsby, “The Importance of Being Earnest. Hypocrisy , Lie , The Importance of Being Earnest 1060 Words | 3 Pages. The Perks of Being a Wallflower This modern, coming-of-age novel written by Stephen Chbosky follows the teenage life of a new freshman named . The Human Chair! Charlie. Through his letters to a mysterious stranger, readers follow his typical and not-so-typical experiences as he learns about friendship, relationships, sexuality, drugs, and everything that teenagers are often faced with growing up. Charlie gives insight into the non-glamorous life of gatsby free, a so-called “wallflower”. The use of “Point of View” in this novel. Adolescence , Epistolary novel , Fiction 992 Words | 3 Pages.

Satire in the Importance of Being Earnest. ! Andre Joshua Perez Satire in the Importance of Being Earnest Essay The use of comedy helps bring books, movies and plays to gatsby online, life. In some . ! cases, it is even written around the idea of comedy itself. The play Importance of Being Earnest written by Oscar Wilde criticizes the aspect of the aristocratic life in the Victorian era by making fun of them with a term called satire. In the play, Wilde creatively uses three different types of irony. These being : verbal, dramatic and situational forms of irony. Irony , John Ruskin , The Importance of Being Earnest 830 Words | 3 Pages. Discuss the use of duplicity and subterfuge for comic affect in The importance of great online, being earnest. The importance of being Ernest . written in 1899 by Oscar wild is a comedy of manners which was first shown to the Victorian society. Of The States! Being a comedy of manners, the play includes many features of a Victorian melodrama including confusion, mistaken identity and a final happy ending.

However subterfuge and duplicity is inherent in online, all characters and is the main source of comic value within the plot. We see. Comedy , Middle class , Social class 2043 Words | 5 Pages. The Importance of Being Earnest Coursework. “The sole purpose of? The Importance of Keeping Guns Out of, Being Earnest? is to amuse.” To what extent do you agree? The play ? The Importance of . Being Earnest? was written by Oscar Wilde in 1894. It is a farcical comedy in which the main protagonists maintain a fictional persona to escape from social obligations, and keep it up throughout the free, play. It has also been known as ‘A Trivial Comedy For Serious People’. The character of who is president of the united states, Jack Worthing has the persona of Ernest, who is his brother, whilst the character of. Amusement , Comedy , English-language films 1800 Words | 6 Pages. Samantha Soto Gilchrist AP English IV 28 October 2012 The Importance of great gatsby online, Being Earnest The Importance of how to, Being Earnest is a . Great Online! play by Keeping Out of the Wrong Oscar Wilde that can be viewed as a satire on the moral compass of people living in free, the Victorian era. The moral standards of the time held the ideas of sincerity and honesty on a high pedestal.

To be Earnest would most likely fall between the two ideals; the how to masterbate for male, first definition of the word earnest is “Serious in intention, purpose, or effort” and this can be a trait. Great Online! Lie , Morality , The Importance of the marketing department and develops, Being Earnest 1772 Words | 5 Pages. Great Gatsby Free Online! Soren Kierkegaard * Hegel’s Philosophy * Forgot about existence * Makes choices and establishes * “Personal commitment” * “Truth is . subjectivity.” * “Thinks existentially” Existence – reserved for the individual human being . To exist – an individual who strives, who considers alternatives, who chooses, who decides, and who, above all, makes a commitment. “Think in existence” – to recognize that one is faced with personal choices. Actors vs. Spectators Actors . Being and Nothingness , Existentialism , Human 447 Words | 3 Pages. Trivial Comedy for Serious People, The Importance of Being Earnest jokingly criticized Victorian manners and morals and attacking the society . Department Identifies,! of the rich and luxurious. Oscar Wilde incorporated his own beliefs and ideology into the play by alluding to great free online, Victorian society lets duplicity led to happiness. It is this happiness Wilde's play focuses on by concentrating the theme of the play on marriage. Alluding to marriage, The Importance of Being Earnest begins with the witty and selfish Algernon. Engagement , English-language films , Marriage 1004 Words | 3 Pages.

The Man who would Create Being Martin Heidegger was born September 26th, 1889 in Messkirch, Germany and died on May 26, 1976 in his hometown. . Martin was originally raised and the human chair educated in order to become a priest. Online! His local church supported his schooling by scholarship in euro timeline, order that he may attend high school in Konstanz and further. Ironically, it was the pressuring support of the Catholic Church and the friends he later made during his schooling that eventually caused him to defect from the Church. Being and Time , Edmund Husserl , Existentialism 1400 Words | 4 Pages. Great Gatsby Free Online! Literature critical reading THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST, A TRIVIAL COMEDY FOR SERIOUS PEOPLE by Keeping the Wrong Hands Essay the Irish writer and poet Oscar Wilde, . is a comedy about the gatsby free online, customs and seriousness of society around Victorian values of that time.

THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST is an excellent example of what a satire is, by the use of satirical devices such as irony, sarcasm and farce to show the society in , a ridiculous way. In the play, Wilde often satirizes the Victorian society and all the free, rules that weren’t. Morality , Neo-Victorian , Social class 1366 Words | 4 Pages. How does Oscar Wilde use dramatic irony, humour and characterization in this scene to comment on the morality of Victorian society as reflected in the play? . In this extract of “The importance of being Ernest” Oscar Wilde uses dramatic irony, humour and united characterization to demonstrate the morality of Victorian Society. He makes use of gatsby free, things to criticize, while making fun of the Gun Control: Keeping the Wrong Hands, triviality of society. This explicit passage is significant because the main plot of great gatsby online, dramatic irony is discovered since. Comedy , Deception , Ernest 978 Words | 3 Pages. United! The Importance Of Being Earnest A trivial comedy for serious people . By Oscar Wilde Characters: John(Ernest/Jack) Worthing: tries to be honest; polite; was found in great free, a handbag at Victoria station as a baby; in for male, love with Gwendolen;suitor of online, Gwendolen; best friend of Algeron; he`s the guardian of Cecily; conscious of his duty, tries to satisfy everyone, intelligent, lives in the countryside,but uses a synonym to get to. Engagement , Family , Love 725 Words | 3 Pages. accepted. One usually is, I believe.

Then the excitement is all over. Timeline! The very essence of romance is uncertainty. If ever I get married, I'll certainly . try to the human chair, forget the fact (Norton 2180). Through this statement and others in The Importance of Being Earnest Oscar Wilde creates a mockery and joke of the most sacred tradition in society; marriage. Wilde's intent in this play is to satirize and make fun of romantic situations that are far fetched but also contain some reality in the conversations. Engagement , Love , Marriage 1070 Words | 3 Pages. The Importance Of Being Earnest: Women. ?‘It’s the women who create the comedy and drive the great free, plot.’ How do you respond to the marketing department new products and services., this view?

In the online, Importance of being Earnest, Wilde uses . the women in the play to create the department identifies, and develops new products, comedy and great gatsby free online drive the plot through inverting their role as a woman in the Victorian period. However, it can be argued that it is not only the female characters in the play, as nearer the end of the play, the male characters reveal their sense of power. ! In Act 1 it is clear that Wilde uses Gwendolen as a character who has. Audience , Audience theory , Character 1633 Words | 4 Pages. Puns in the Importance of Being Ernest.

Wilde uses puns throughout this play, but the major pun is found within the title. In The Importance of Being Earnest, the great online, pun, widely . considered to be the lowest form of verbal wit, is rarely just a play on words. The title, - The Importance of Being Earnest,- insinuates the importance of being honest and truthful, while playing on the male name, Ernest. The pun in Gun Control: Guns the Wrong Essay, the title is a case in point. The earnest/Ernest joke strikes at the very heart of Victorian notions of respectability and duty. Oscar Wilde , Pun , The Importance of Being Earnest 1760 Words | 6 Pages. ?Introduction The Importance of Being Earnest was Oscar’s fourth comedy, and it was to gatsby online, be his last and Gun Control: the Wrong most outstanding play. ‘The . Great! Trivial Comedy for Serious People‘ (in earlier drafts, ‘serious comedy for trivial people’) was first produced by George Alexander at the St James’s Theatre on 14th February 1895 in London. The play was reduced from four to three acts (Raby 161-163). The Importance of Being Earnest contradicts banausic values in a utilitarian age (Varty 205).

The comedy of who is states, manners. Alter ego , Homosexuality , Human sexual behavior 2156 Words | 6 Pages. The Importance of Being Earnest Social class and public reputation are two of the gatsby free, most common things that influence a person in their . decision making. In “The Importance of Being Earnest”, Oscar Wilde mocks a society for their reasons of choosing who to marry. Oscar Wilde expresses an ironic and satiric perspective on a society that builds a marriage upon a foundation of money, power, and deceit. The play “The Importance of Being Earnest,” is one of the most perfect examples of satire in our. Class consciousness , Middle class , Social class 785 Words | 3 Pages. Passivity vs. Passion in the Perks of identifies, and develops new products and services., Being a Wallflower. Passivity Vs.

Passion The Perks of Being a Wallflower is by no means a typical narrative. Great Gatsby Free! Taking the form of an epistolary novel presented . as a series of letters from a boy who calls himself Charlie, but notes that he will change names and minor details so for free, the sake of his anonymity, the short novel tackles themes such as pedophilia, drug use, depression, abortion and many more complex issues. Crisis Timeline! Stuck in the middle of the gatsby free, mix is a young boy who certainly is not the archetypal protagonist, the. The Human Chair! Epistolary novel , Novel , Protagonist 1648 Words | 5 Pages. the importance of being ernest reduction. Title of Work: The Importance of Being Earnest Author: Oscar Wilde Date of Publication: 1895 Genre: Social satire/Drama/comedy in mannerisms . Writing Style: Epigrams, puns, repetition Point of View: third person omniscient Setting/Atmosphere: London, England, ends in country side, Hertfordshire Plot Development: Act I: Jack visits Algy in city, he's in great gatsby free, love with Gwendolen (Algy's cousin), Algy brings up cigarette case, jack reveals his true identity , tells who Cecily is, Algy like cesily just from. Family , The Importance of Being Earnest 837 Words | 3 Pages. 3/14/13 Nielsen, pd 1 The Importance of being Earnest Criticism Essay In Oscar Wilde’s The Importance of Being Earnest, the . characters create false identities and situations to avoid unwanted interactions with others. This action is referred to as “bunburying.” Bunburying is carried throughout the play and great gatsby is key to how the characters express different relationships and the solution at the end of the play. The audience is first introduced to bunburying in the human chair, the first scene between Algernon.

Audience , English-language films , Interpersonal relationship 1099 Words | 3 Pages. Belonging: the gatsby, Perks of Being a Wallflower. The perks of being a wallflower Source: Fictional novel Release date: 1st February 1999 Author: Stephen Chbosky The Perks of . Being a Wallflower is a set of the human chair, fictional diary entries written by Stephen Chbosky. Charlie is the adolescent narrator who is in his tenth year of great free online, high school. Charlie decides to write anonymous letters to someone simply because he wants someone to listen and to not question his thoughts. How To Masterbate! The letters began after his only friend Michael committed suicide. Not belonging. Baz Luhrmann , Emotion , English-language films 1075 Words | 3 Pages. In the novel The Perks of Being a Wallflower by Stephen Chbosky, the free, stories of many teenagers living in the early 1990s are retold. ! . Their stories reveal how challenging high school can be. From family problems to drug and alcohol consumption, these teenagers overcome many coming of age obstacles.

As if turning sixteen was not challenging enough, Charlie deals with friends passing away, fitting in, and maintaining good grades. Charlie’s life may have changed drastically from free online age fifteen. Affection , Alcohol , Epistolary novel 1100 Words | 3 Pages. Oscar Wilde’s ‘The Importance of Being Earnest’ A Trivial Comedy For Serious People is a play about two friends Jack Worthing and Algernon . (Algy) Moncrieff. Gun Control: Keeping Out Of The Wrong Essay! In order to great, get away from their lives the two men invent fictitious characters to explain their absence (Jack invents Earnest while Algy invents Bunbury) from the country in Jack's case and town in Algy's.

To complicate matters the the human chair, two men then fall in free online, love Jack with Gwendolen, Algy’s cousin and Algy with Jacks ward Cecily. Both women believe. Love , Marriage , Play 875 Words | 3 Pages. Gender in 'The Importance of Being Earnest' creating comedy in the ‘Importance of Being Earnest’? Dramatic comedy originated in Ancient Greece in 5th century BC, centred around loose . plot lines and exploiting certain situations through parody, farce and mockery. Comedy started developing in 4th Century BC where intricate plot lines were introduced, commonly based around love and romance and usually culminating in a satisfactory and happy resolution. This is much like the structure of ‘The Importance of Being Earnest’ as the play revolves around. Comedy , Marriage , Oscar Wilde 1330 Words | 6 Pages. ?Importancehe Importance of Being Earnest, A Trivial Comedy for the human chair, Serious People is a play by Oscar Wilde. First performed on 14 February 1895 at . the St James's Theatre in London, it is a farcical comedy in how to masterbate, which the protagonists maintain fictitious person? in order to escape burdensome social obligations. Working within the social conventions of late Victorian London, the gatsby online, play's major themes are the who is president states, triviality with which it treats institutions as serious as marriage, and the resulting satire of Victorian.

Comedy , Drama , George Bernard Shaw 1669 Words | 6 Pages. The Importance of great gatsby free, Being Earnest essay. aristocrats believe they are models of comportment and correct behavior. Nobles comfort themselves in identifies, and develops new products, the upper-class society with manipulative and idle . attitudes. Victorian Times’ culture such as literature, universities and religious traditions are also being intentionally mocked in the play. Wilde mainly exposes the leisure, empty, trivial lives of the aristocracy through Algernon as he stand-in for Wilde himself who has a playful, irreverent nature. Algernon is a hedonist who makes cynical comments.

Aristocracy , Irony , John Ruskin 756 Words | 3 Pages. The Importance of Being Victorian: Oscar Wilde. Importance of Being Victorian: Oscar Wilde “The truth is rarely pure and never simple. Modern life would be very tedious if it were either, . and modern literature a complete impossibility” (Wilde 14). As a brilliant writer of the 1800’s, Oscar Wilde devoted the majority of his works towards unveiling the harsh truths of the Victorian society. Leading a life of deception himself, he chose to gatsby, showcase his distastes for the social injustice he saw around him with unrestrained humor. Being the first playwright. Jane Wilde , Oscar Wilde , Social class 2591 Words | 7 Pages. Explain Heidegger’s Distinction Between the ‘Ready-to-Hand’ and the ‘Present-at-Hand’. How Does This Distinction Cast Doubt on euro timeline Traditional Cartesian Approaches to Knowledge? questioned the nature of being in free, his book ‘ Being and Time’. Casablanca Spark Notes! To fully understand Heidegger’s way of viewing our existence in gatsby online, time . and space one must first understand the meaning of Dasein.

The word Dasein comes from the German to mean ‘ Being there’ or simply ‘ being ’ in the human chair, its ontological sense. Loosely, Dasein describes a being that is able to understand and view its own being , i.e a conscious being like humans. Dasein is also able to view and understand the existence other beings in spark, the ontic and ontological. Being , Dasein , Martin Heidegger 810 Words | 2 Pages. The Importance of Being Earnest Pretensious Characters. In the traditions of comedy, the free, country characters have fewer pretensions than those from the Keeping Hands, town. To what extent is this presented as true in ‘The . Importance of Being Earnest’? In the Victorian era, society was built on set values concerning education, morality, marriage, property, and class. Wilde’s ‘The Importance of Being Earnest’ addresses these topics in a style characteristic of a comedy of manners exposing the imprudence of society’s customs; projected through the characters he has. Comedy , John Ruskin , Neo-Victorian 1496 Words | 4 Pages. While a prisoner of war in 1940/1941 Sartre read Martin Heidegger's Being and Time, an ontological investigation through the lens and method . of free online, Husserlian phenomenology (Husserl was Heidegger's teacher).

Reading Being and notes Time initiated Sartre's own enquiry leading to the publication in 1943 of Being and Nothingness whose subtitle is 'A Phenomenological Essay on Ontology'. Sartre's essay is clearly influenced by Heidegger though Sartre was profoundly skeptical of any measure by which humanity could. Being and Nothingness , Edmund Husserl , Existentialism 1636 Words | 5 Pages. The Weakest Argument of Thomas Aquinas' Five Ways for the Proof of God's Existence. Gatsby Online! Thomas Aquinas' weakest argument is, without a doubt, the argument from gradation. In Aquinas' fourth way, God is defined as the Absolute Being . which, in how to for male, a sense, is used as a yardstick for the measurement of all qualities. Gatsby! There is a belief that some things are better than others, which can be applied to the 26th of the states, all things, but can it really be applied to everything? Is one rose better than another if equal in free online, age and care? Who determines which one is better?

If there were two identical twins, is one better. Being , Critical thinking , Existence 481 Words | 2 Pages. Aristotle's Theory of Motion Explained. consider Aristotle’s concepts of substance and gatsby free online nature to see how they could be examples of causality. ! These two concepts will also help our understanding . further down the line. A substance, as defined most basically in great gatsby free online, Categories 5, is a distinct being such as “the individual man or the individual horse” (2a15). A substance is identified by two characteristics. Firstly, it is singular; it cannot be a class of subjects or a way to group them, in the sense that ‘man’ is said-of the individual man.

Aristotelian physics , Aristotle , Being 4289 Words | 11 Pages. Perks of Being a Wallflower; Clocks. The Perks of Being a Wallflower; a Timeless Movie with the Use of Symbolizing Time The Perks of Being a Wallflower is a . timeless movie directed by Stephen Chbosky. There are so many little and precise detailing that goes into the movie to make it well done on so many scales. There are lots of forms of film elements used and shown throughout the movie, but one particular symbol focuses on department identifies, and develops and services. is the use of clocks and how it helps shape the great gatsby, movie and the idea Chbosky is trying to get across. Great Gatsby Free! The scenes. Clock , Hour , Sentence 1549 Words | 4 Pages. Jean-Paul Sartre and the Nature of Consciousness. distinct, discrete concepts that are bricked together like the foundation of a house. Rather, the concepts Sartre addresses in Being are all . ! part of a continuum, a single thread woven together to great, for the whole of the work. Picking at one idea in an effort to who is the 26th of the united, remove and examine it reveals that one idea leads to the next until the entire work is unwound. In fact, in some ways, Being and Nothingness is an examination of a single idea –the nature of our existence- examined through various lenses.

Sartre considers. Being and Nothingness , Consciousness , Existentialism 2349 Words | 7 Pages.

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Media Framing: Iran’s Nuclear Weapons Program Essay Sample. The United States is today the great gatsby free, richest and most powerful nation in the world. Its wealth, massive repository of human talent, the technology at its disposal and huge armory of sophisticated weapons allows it the power to engage most nations in the world with the confidence of a goliath staring across the battlefield. Its huge economic influence enables it to bully mostly all nations into the 26th united submission and great gatsby free, force them into spark alliances and agreements, often inimical to their interests. The only area of discomfiture is the presence of a handful of great other nations who have access to nuclear weapons, and though far poorer, have the military capability to the human chair, cause horrific devastation. Great Online. Nevertheless, as a global force capable of influencing events, even the United States acknowledges the supremacy of the power of the media and the marketing identifies,, its ability to change the course of events, locally n the United States and elsewhere in the world. Free Online. The importance of having the media on its side is the most important item on the agenda of the US government, possibly even more important than controlling the vote at the United Nations. The US is now engaged in a bitter war over terrorism, a conflict that has taken serious shape after the terror attacks of September 11 and the human chair, led to wars and deployment of western armies in Afghanistan and Iraq.

The prime enemy is Islamic militancy, a force that is also pan global, and while nowhere near the US in great gatsby, wealth and Hands, power uses fanatical and gatsby free online, brain washed people to carry out how to masterbate for male its aggression. Even the pan Islamic terrorists recognize the enormous reach of the media and make efforts to use it to reach out with their message of Islamic outrage and confrontation with their actual and perceived enemies. The power of the media and great gatsby, its responsibilities have been recognized for several years, especially in the US, where it has, on various occasions been able to cause a paradigm shift in public opinion and changed the the human chair, course of events. The example of online George Bush Sr. is a case in point. After the great gatsby free, conclusion of the gulf war in 1991, Bush’s popularity rating went up to a high of euro crisis timeline 91%, the highest a President has got in American history, primarily because of the extensive media coverage of gatsby free online his firm leadership Yet, a year later, he lost at the polls, apparently without any scandal or public debacle to account for the embarrassment. While many put this reversal of the status quo down to unreliable and Gun Control: Keeping Out of the Wrong Hands, capricious public opinion, analysts feel that this was mainly due to a media led shift in public perception, which veered away from the great gatsby free online, war and focused on timeline the economic travails that had beset the United States.

Minor changes in presentation of the economic scenario led to significant shifts in public perception and caused the sharpest decline in popularity ratings. The answer to great gatsby free, national mood swings appears to be psychological rather than logical. Seemingly, inconsequential changes in issue presentation have been shown to cause dramatic shifts in public preference. Researchers Krosnick Brannon (1993) used national survey data to answer this very question. During 1992, the media refocused its attentions from the war to the national economy. Based on sophisticated statistical analyses, Krosnick Brannon demonstrated that this media refocus largely accounted for spark notes Bush’s declining popularity in 1992. Online. (Rhodes, 1997) Hypotheses like these argue that the average recipients of media information are gullible and easily led. Euro Crisis Timeline. Their other preoccupations and lack of time lead them into believing media statements without thinking for themselves. “Communications scientist Robert Entman states that “Journalists may follow the rules for objective reporting and yet convey a dominant framing of the news that prevents most audience members from making a balanced assessment of a situation.” (Rhodes, 1997) It is the object of this research assignment to analyze the issue of Media Framing and how through predetermined interpretation of actual news events in online, the media, public perceptions and later opinions go through large swings and lead to decisions that, on occasions may have profound effects on Out of the Wrong Essay national and global affairs. The researcher has attempted an analysis of the role of media framing in the USA, and by extension, to great gatsby free online, a certain extent in Europe, on the topic of Iran’s nuclear intentions, peaceful or otherwise, to arrive at the 26th president of the states conclusions on the magnitude of the concern, especially with relevance to its potentially huge global impact.

It is a stock argument of media manipulators to come forth with the case that most often news biases are involuntary and inescapable, mostly so because of great online pressures arising from difficult deadlines, human misinterpretations, costs and the necessity of masterbate for male making a complex issue understandable. A certain amount of selectivity is inescapable. Statements like these justify various methods of news distortion, chief among the online, being the deliberate suppression of facts by selective omission, direct editorial and television speaker attacks, labeling and acceptance of false statements at face value. By far the most effective way to department and develops, manipulate opinion is through framing. Framing depends upon bending the truth rather than on deliberate lies and gives a great deal of coherence and basis to propagation of false information. Journalists, TV presenters and other media communicators use selective emphasis, determined trimmings and flourishes to spread a message that is significantly different from the position on the ground without losing the pretence of objectivity. A frame thus becomes the key concept or idea on which relevant events focus to emphasize the theme. Thus, news and information is rooted in a significant context to carry the message of the frame. Framing is achieved in the way the news is packaged, the amount of exposure, the placement (front page or buried within, lead story or last), the tone of presentation (sympathetic or slighting), the headlines and great gatsby free, photographs, and, in the case of broadcast media, the accompanying visual and auditory effects.

Newscasters use themselves as auxiliary embellishments. They cultivate a smooth delivery and investigates, new products and services., try to convey an impression of detachment that places them above the rough and tumble of their subject matter. Television commentators and newspaper editorialists and great gatsby online, columnists affect a knowing style and tone designed to foster credibility and the human chair, an aura of great certitude–or what might be called authoritative ignorance–as expressed in remarks like “How will this situation end? Only time will tell” or “No one can say for sure” (better translated as,”l don’t know and if I don’t know then nobody does”). Sometimes the aura of authoritative credibility is preserved by masterbate for male palming off trite truisms as penetrating truths. So newscasters learn to fashion sentences like” The space launching will take place as scheduled if no unexpected problems arise” and” Because of lagging voter interest, election-day turnout is expected to be light” and “Unless Congress acts soon, this bill is not likely to go anywhere.” (Parenti) Use of framing thus becomes an extremely potent force in influencing public opinion and then using it to push through, or make it easier to take executive decisions that may have far-reaching effects, which would not have been possible otherwise. Framing is, most often, dependent upon sponsors who have an interest in the benefits that will arise for them through the change in public opinion. Great Gatsby Free Online. Framing thus does not occur in the 26th of the united, a cultural, political or social void. Political bodies, social groups, business or cultural elites and great online, social movements influence the creation of frames, which then govern the interpretation of events to fit into particular frames.

News stories, then, become a forum for framing contests in which these actors compete in sponsoring their definitions of Keeping Guns Essay political issues. The ability of a frame to dominate news discourse depends on multiple complex factors, including its sponsor’s economic and cultural resources, its sponsor’s knowledge of journalistic practices, and its resonance with broader political values or tendencies in American culture. Great Gatsby Online. Given the practices of American journalism and the significance of resources in the successful sponsoring of frames, framing contests favor political and economic elites (Gamson, Croteau, Hoynes, (Ryan, Carragee, and crisis, Meinhofer 175) Very often frames change in importance and prominence and change in response to the thinking of the sponsors or in great gatsby free online, their response to frames created by their opponents. Guns Out Of. The sponsors may, at times decide to restructure the great gatsby free, frames to respond to changing environmental and political considerations. All the while, the public remains oblivious of the enormous actions that are taking place in the editorial rooms of newspapers and in the offices of TV companies in changing public opinion, believing that their opinion results only masterbate for male, from an objective and intelligent analysis of events that are unfolding around them. It is great gatsby also but fair to stress that on many occasions framing is not done deliberately to brainwash the receivers with ideas that may not be correct. Sometimes it happens involuntarily and expresses the identifies, investigates, new products and services., collective sensitivities of journalists to particular issues. Shanto Iyengar, professor of political science and communication studies at UCLA, has pioneered the research in the framing effects of news coverage on public opinion and political choice.

He explains that viewers are “sensitive to contextual cues when they reason about national affairs. Their explanations of issues like terrorism or poverty are critically dependent upon the particular reference points furnished in media presentations.” The frames for a given story are seldom conscientiously chosen but represent instead the effort of the journalist or sponsor to convey a story in a direct and meaningful way. As such, news frames are frequently drawn from, and reflective of, shared cultural narratives and great free online, myths and resonate with the larger social themes to which journalists tend to president of the united, be acutely sensitive. (London) Media Framing of the Coverage of Iran’s Nuclear plans. The issue of the US response to Iran concerns not just Americans but people all over the world, especially the citizens of western democracies, Israel and the Islamic nations. The US response to Iran at various global forums and at the United Nations has been stridently aggressive and called for severe actions against the nation, economic and possibly, also military if it continues with its nuclear program. This issue is of recent origin and after the Iraq WMD fiasco, there are many who believe that the US is again building up a trumped up case against Iran, similar in approach to the one conducted against Iraq.

The situation this time is however quite different. The absence of a tyrant like Saddam Hussein and the fact that Iran, to date does not have a history of unilateral aggression or global or regional adventurism, robs the anti Iran group of a focal point, which was so easily available in the case of Iraq. The unmasking of the untruth regarding Iraq’s WMD capability as well as the large number of American lives lost in Afghanistan and Iraq have also made the US public apprehensive of committing themselves to another expensive, bloody and futile war and made them far more skeptical of reasons to take on a sharply aggressive posture on Iran. The situation now involves two media frames one constructed by the stridently anti Iranian lobby and the other by groups who oppose any further American adventurism. These two media frames are working against each other. While the majority of the receivers feel the Iranian regime to be fundamental, orthodox, dictatorial and anti feminist, large-scale conviction about Iran’s nuclear weapons plans still does not exist. The proponents of peace and non-interference with Iran state that the Iran invasion would constitute the fourth aggression by great free the US after Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Iraq.

In fact, the feeling is that it is already underway, not just with verbal attacks but also through aerial surveillance, intrusion by surveillance groups and bolstering of terrorist groups that are inimical to the Iranian regime. Edward Herman and David Peterson in their essay on US Aggression: target Iran (2005) state that numerous frames constructed to mobilize public opinion, suppress the following facts. There is the Wrong no proof that Iran plans to go beyond the civilian uses of nuclear materials to which it is entitled under the NPT and great online, the IAEA has never claimed that it has evidence of such weapons efforts or plans Both the United States and Israel possess large and usable nuclear arsenals,18 and both have attacked other countries in violation of the UN Charter, which Iran has not yet done Iran is far less dangerous than Israel and the United States because it is very much weaker than the two that threaten it, and could only use nuclear weapons in self-defense-offensive use would be suicidal, which is not the department and services., case should the United States and Israel attack Iran Iran was secretive about its nuclear program because it recognized that the gatsby free online, United States and Israel would have opposed it bitterly, but Iran at least did sign up with the NPT and has allowed numerous intrusive inspections, whereas Israel was allowed to develop a nuclear weapons program secretly, with U.S., French and Norwegian aid, refused to join the NPT, and masterbate for male, remains outside the inspections system Both the United States and Israel are virtual theocratic states, profoundly influenced by religious parties whose leaders are arrogant, racist, and militaristic, and who have posed persistent threats to international peace and security Both the United States and great gatsby, Israel have supported terrorists on a larger scale than Iran (e.g., Posada, Bosch and the Cuban terrorist network, the Nicaraguan contras, Savimbi and who is united, UNITA, the South Lebanon Army, among many others) The United States and Israel have destabilized the great gatsby free, Middle East, by casablanca spark aggression and great online, ethnic cleansing in , violation of international law and by forcing a huge imbalance in which only gatsby online, Israel is allowed nuclear weapons among the countries of the Middle East, a condition which allowed Israel to invade Lebanon and enables it to ethnically cleanse the the marketing and develops new products and services., West Bank without threat of gatsby free online retaliation. Similarly, there is no mention of the the marketing department identifies, investigates,, news report about the gatsby free online, following September 19, 2005 statement made by the Mohamed El Baradei. In a Sept. 19 statement accompanying his latest report to a meeting of the , 35-country board of governors of the U.N.’s nuclear watchdog, International Atomic Energy Agency director general Mohammed El Baradei declared that “Iran continues to fulfill its obligations under the [I.A.E.A.] safeguards agreement and additional protocol by providing timely access to nuclear material, facilities and other locations.” He added that I.A.E.A. inspectors have found no evidence that Iran has breached its commitments under the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. (Lorimer)

Suppression of these key facts accompanies regular news reports and TV chat shows taking up the issue of human rights, women’s suppression and the statements of Iranian leaders, illustrated below. Iran’s top nuclear negotiator, in a speech to online, the nation’s leading Islamic clerics and academics, has admitted what many in U.S. intelligence have been saying all along – namely, Tehran duped the West on of the united states its nuclear program by continuing its development while using diplomatic talks to lull the Europeans into inaction. At the closed meeting of the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution, Rowhani boasted that during talks to forestall Iran’s nuclear program, which intelligence sources in the U.S. saw as part of an effort to build nuclear weapons, Tehran completed the great gatsby, installation of equipment needed to convert yellowcake at its Isfahan plant. The Europeans, he said, were convinced nothing was occurring at the plant. Libya’s decision to negotiate with the U.S. and Britain to end its own nuclear program brought to light the proliferation network run by Pakistan atomic scientist A.Q. Great Gatsby Online. Khan. The Human Chair. Khan’s role in supplying nuclear-related equipment to Libya, revealed in surrendered documents, also exposed the fact he had supplied advanced centrifuges to Iran. Iran has just completed failed talks with Russia, which opposes U.N. sanctions, to great free online, find a way around the impasse The National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), an opposition group responsible for many of the revelations about Iran’s secret program, has obtained a confidential parliamentary report revealing that Iran’s legislators were unaware of the nuclear project and that it was funded off the books. I ran is concealing many of its nuclear facilities from international controls and the activities show it is Gun Control: Keeping Guns the Wrong Hands Essay seeking nuclear weapons, according to a U.S. Gatsby Online. government report. Iran’s past history of concealment and deception and nuclear fuel cycle infrastructure are most consistent with intent to acquire nuclear weapons,” the report said.

The above statements from an article on “Nuclear War Fear” are illustrative of the comments and news articles that keep on coming out in the media and are illustrative of the tenor of masterbate for male many television programs. Thus the frames for the American response to Iran’s nuclear program are being constructed through a combination of suppression and distortion of facts and while it is still to great gatsby, early to predict the final outcome of the global response the motive is to steer national, European and global opinion away from Iran and to isolate it physically and politically. 4, The Internet Factor. The rapid proliferation of the internet and the relative ease with which it can be used as an opinion and information vehicle has made it the biggest chink in the media framing apparatchik. The internet through its various sites, easily traceable through increasingly sophisticated search engines opens up contentious issue to numerous opinions of internet users and provides a forum for exchange of ideas that may be radically different from the sponsors of notes media framing. These sites serve as forums for free and frank public argument and their increasing popularity points to great gatsby online, the disillusionment of common citizens with regular media, including their provisions for public debate like “the letters to the editor” column. Investigates, New Products. While the opportunity for free debate often results in use of language that is not polite, these blog sites do serve the extremely useful facility of letting citizens express their opinion and undermine the gatsby free, efforts of the 26th of the states sponsored media framing. Great Free. A few excerpts from an AmericaBlog response to the human chair, a Republican official’s provocative speech on Iran will illustrate the nature of these responses.

I n my opinion, the right way to respond to this is to sidestep the name calling and ask relentless questions regarding where bin Laden is, why he hasn’t been captured, why things are going so badly in Iraq, what our exit strategy is, and so on. Let them call names. We’ll respond with substance that matters increasingly to gatsby free online, the American people, and we’ll win the debate. Jonathan | 06.23.05 – 8:31 pm | I h ave to ask why the masses aren’t outraged. I have to Gun Control: the Wrong Hands Essay, admit AmericaBlog and rawstory are where I get all of my news. Great Gatsby. They recruit the sons and daughters in our nations poorest school districts. And to think those young soldiers don’t even have the amour they need protect them. These comments are also representative of the opinions of citizens and reveal a side of public opinion, suppressed by sponsored media framing. The internet could possibly, because of its free and united states, untrammeled way of working be used as a significant force to oppose media framing.

American media is gatsby online today associated with media framing and the construction of public opinion, mostly in political and social matters. Media framing occasionally happens unconsciously without any real intent to frame public opinion and the 26th president of the, arises out great online of the , sensitivity of particular journalists to free, events that they are in the process of covering. This is by far the lesser problem and is self-correcting to the extent that, on how to for male most occasions there will be differing points of view that will enable the recipients of information to great free online, get a fuller picture. The danger occurs when powerful and elitist sponsors construct media frames to influence public opinion towards their causes by through selective omission and interpretive methods. The Human Chair. Actions like these constitute a frontal attack on civil liberties, the right to obtain correct information and free, decide intelligently and freely on issues of concern. When the Keeping the Wrong Hands, media fails in providing citizens with correct and unbiased information it fails in gatsby free, its basic purpose of a free press and the issue becomes a matter of great concern for free democracies that look upon the free press as one of its’ important pillars. The job of … media is to make the universe of discourse safe for … America, telling us what to think about the world before we have a chance to think about it for who is the 26th of the united ourselves. When we understand that news selectivity is likely to favor those who have power, position, and wealth, we move from a liberal complaint about the press’ sloppy performance to a radical analysis of how the media serve the ruling circles all too well with much skill and craft. It is important for the people of free democracies to realize that it will be difficult to develop a democratic society until citizens realize the great, extent of manipulation entrenched in the daily production of news and learn to differentiate and decide the validity of interpretations on masterbate for male their own. Great Gatsby Free. This is equally true of the Iran nuclear issue as well as a number of other causes, important to citizens.

Americablog.com, 2005, 12 October 2006 americablog.blogspot.com/2005/06/white-house-intentionally-had-rove.html Hadar, Leon. “Islamic Fundamentalism Is Not a Threat to U.S. Security.” USA Today (Society for the Advancement of Education) Nov. 1993: 36+. Department Investigates, New Products And Services.. Questia . 13 Oct.

2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=od=5002197639. London, Scott, “How the media frames political issues’, Kettering Foundation, 12 October 2006, www.scottlondon.com/reports/frames.html Lorimer, Douglas, “Iran: US and free, Europe push WMD frame up”, Green left Weekly, 6 October 2005, Mooney, Chris. Who Is The 26th President Of The United States. “The Editorial Pages and the Case for War: Did Our Leading Newspapers Set Too Low a Bar for gatsby free a Preemptive Attack?.” Columbia Journalism Review Mar.-Apr. 2004: 28+. Questia . 13 Oct. 2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=od=5006255233.

Norris, Pippa, Montague Kern, and , Marion Just, eds. Framing Terrorism: The News Media, the Government, and the Public . New York: Routledge, 2003. Questia . 13 Oct. 2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=od=104238070. Nuclear War Fear, “Iran and Nuclear Weapons’, 2006, 12 October 2006. Parenti, Michael. “Methods of great free online Media Manipulation.” The Humanist July-Aug.

1997: 5+. Questia . 13 Oct. 2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=od=5002238088. Rhodes, Kelton, “Media Framing”, 1997, 12 Oct 2006, www.workingpsychology.com/mediafr.html Ryan, Charlotte, Kevin M. Carragee, and William Meinhofer. “Theory into Practice: Framing, the News Media, and Collective Action.” Journal of Broadcasting Electronic Media 45.1 (2001): 175. Questia . 13 Oct. 2006 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=od=5000983016. Scheufele, Dietram A. “Framing as a Theory of Media Effects.” Journal of Communication 49.1 (1999): 103-122. Questia . 13 Oct.

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Ableism and gatsby online, Ability Ethics and Governance. Bibliography work in progress, I hope to have many more in how to masterbate for male, the future. But for now this is a starting point. #8212;- The Media and Culture Journal from Australia has a whole issue on free Able. The Marketing Identifies, Investigates, New Products And Services.? #8212;-Avalos, Hector This Abled Body: Rethinking Disabilities in Biblical Studies (Semeia Studies) (Semeia Studies) (Paperback) by Hector Avalos (Editor), Sarah J. Great Gatsby Free Online? Melcher (Editor), Jeremy Schipper (Editor); here. Casablanca Notes? #8212;- Ayim, Maryann, #8220;Crimes against the Deaf: The Politics of Ableism#8221; in Canadian Journal of Education, v22 n3 p330-35 Sum 1997. #8212;-Badley Graham (2010) Case Notes for the Impeachment of an Ability Traitor: A Textor’s InquiryQualitative Inquiry vol. 17 no. Free Online? 1 93-98. #8212;- Ball, Natalie and Wolbring, Gregor Portrayals of and Arguments around different Eugenic Practices: Past and Present, in International Journal of who is the 26th of the states, Disability, Community Rehabilitation; 12(2), article 2. #8212;- Bell, Christopher (2011) Blackness and Disability: Critical Examinations and Cultural Interventions, LIT Verlag Munster see here. #8212;- Billawala, A.; Wolbring, G., Analyzing the gatsby free, discourse surrounding Autism in the New York Times using an ableism lens.

Disability Studies Quarterly 2014, 34 (1), http://dsq-sds.org/article/view/3348. #8212;- Carlson, Licia. #8220;Cognitive Ableism and Disability Studies: Feminist Reflections on the History of crisis timeline, Mental Retardation.#8221; Hypatia 16.4 (2001): 124-46. #8212;- Campbell, Fiona A.K. #8220;Inciting Legal Fictions: #8216;Disability#8217;s#8217; Date with Ontology and the Ableist Body of the Law.#8221; Griffith Law Review 10.1 (2001): 42. #8212;- Campbell, Fiona A.K. #8220;Exploring internalized ableism using critical race theory#8221; in Disability Society, Volume 23, Issue 2 March 2008 , pages 151 162. Great Free? #8212;-Campbell, Fiona A.K. (2009) Contours of casablanca spark notes, Ableism: The Production of Disability and Abledness Palgrave Macmillan, 9780230579286. #8212;-Campbell, Fiona A.K. (2009) Disability harms: Exploring internalized ableism in Disabilities: insights from across fields and around the world, Volume 1 edited by Catherine A. Marshall. #8212;- Chouinard, V. Great? (1997). #8220;Making Space for spark notes Disabling Differences: challenging ableist geographies#8221; (guest editorial essay) Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, 15(4), 379-386. #8212;- Chouinard, V. (1999). Life at the margins: disabled women#8217;s explorations of ableist spaces. In E. K. Teather (Ed.), Embodied Geographies: Spaces, bodies and rites of passage (pp. 142-156). London and New York: Routledge. #8212;Coenen Schuijff, Smits, Klaassen, Hennen, Rader and Wolbring (2009) Human Enhancement Study for Directorate General for internal policies, Policy Dept. A: Economic and Scientific Policy Science and online, Technology Options Assessments. This project was carried out by the Institute for crisis Technology Assessment and Systems Analysis (ITAS), Research Centre Karlsruhe, and the Rathenau Institute, as members of the European Technology Assessment Group (ETAG). It was commissioned under specific contracts IP/A/STOA/FWC/2005-28/SC35, 41 45. #8212;Durgin Patrick F. Psychosocial Disability and Post-Ableist Poetics: The #8220;Case#8221; of Hannah Weiner#8217;s Clairvoyant Journals Contemporary Women#8217;s Writing 2008 2(2):131-154; http://cww.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/vpn014?ijkey=by6tt0dcAIuEmdg#038;keytype=ref. #8212; Fay, T. G. (2005). “Racism, Sexism Ableism in Sport”. Great Gatsby Free? North American Society for the So- ciology of the marketing and develops and services., Sport (NASSS) Annual Conference, Winston-Salem, NC. #8212;Fassett, D (2011) Critical Reflections on gatsby free online a Pedagogy of Ability in The Handbook of Critical Intercultural Communication By Thomas K. Nakayama, Rona Tamiko Halualani. Euro? #8212;-Ferri, Beth A. and Jessica Bacon (2011) Promoting social justice for young children Educating the Young Child, 2011, Volume 3, Part 4, 137-146, DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-0570-8_12. Online? #8212;- Griffin, P. and McClintock, M. (2000).

History of Ableism in euro timeline, Europe and gatsby free, The United States. #8212;- Hehir, Thomas Eliminating Ableism in Education Harvard Educational Review, v72 n1 p1-32 Spr 2002. #8212;- Leopatra, Verlyn , Emily Hutcheon and Jacqueline Noga (2011) guest contribution Able People, Disabling World: Unequal Access to Water to the Equity Matters blog of the Canadian Federation for the Humanities and euro, Social Sciences covering their Global youth assembly workshop. Great Free Online? #8212;- Livingston, K #8220;When architecture disables : Teaching undergraduates to perceive ableism in who is the 26th president of the states, the built environment#8221;, Teaching sociology, 2000, vol. 28, no3, pp. Great Gatsby Free Online? 182-191. #8212;- MacKenzie, Robin and euro timeline, Cox, Stephen (2006) Transableism, Disability and Paternalism in Public Health Ethics: Taxonomies, identity Disorders and Persistent Unexplained Physical Symptoms. International Journal of Law in great free online, Context, 2 (4). pp. 363-375. ISSN 1744-5523.http://kar.kent.ac.uk/541/1/Transableism_2NOV07DP.pdf. Euro? #8212;- MacKenzie, Robin (2008) Somatechnics of Medico-legal Taxonomies, Elective Amputation, Transableism and Functional Somatic Syndromes.

Medical Law Review, 16 . pp. Gatsby Free? 1-23. #8212; Moss, Jeremy; McMann, Michael; Rae, Jessica; Zipprich, Andrea; Macer, Darryl R.J.; Nyambati, Aori R.; Ngo, Diana; MingMing Cheng; Manohar, N.; Wolbring, Gregor. Masterbate For Male? 2011. Energy equity and environmental security. Bangkok, Regional Unit for gatsby online Social and how to masterbate, Human Sciences in Asia and the Pacific (RUSHSAP), UNESCO Bangkok. v + 84 pp.

ISBN 978-92-9223-421-8. #8212;- Overboe, James. #8220;Vitalism: Subjectivity Exceeding Racism, Sexism, and (Psychiatric) Ableism.#8221; Wagadu: A Journal of Transnational Women#8217;s and Gender Studies 4 (2007). 25 June 2008 here. #8212;- Overall, Christine #8220;Old Age and Ageism, Impairment and Ableism: Exploring the great, Conceptual and Material Connections#8221; National Woman#8217;s Studies Association NWSA Journal Volume 18, Number 1, Spring 2006, pp. 126-137. #8212;- Cheryl van Daalen-Smith #8220;My Mom was my left arm: the lived experience of notes, ableism for girls with Spina Bifida#8221; 2006, Volume: 23 | Issue: 2 Advances in Contemporary Community Family Health Care. #8212;-Laura Smith A1, Pamela F. Foley A2, Michael P. Chaney A3 Addressing Classism, Ableism, and Heterosexism in Counselor Education Journal of Counseling and Development Issue: Volume 86, Number 3 / Summer 2008 Pages: 303 309. #8212;- Patricia O’Brien Martin Sullivan ed Allies in emancipation:Shifting from providing service to being of support Chapter 5 Emancipatory understandings for allies: recognising ableism. #8212;- Panesar, S.; Wolbring, G., Analysis of great online, North American Newspaper Coverage of Bionics Using the new products and services., Disability Studies Framework. Technologies 2014, 2 (1), 1-30 http://www.mdpi.com/2227-7080/2/1/1/pdf. #8212;- Princen Thomas The Logic of Sufficiency. #8212;Storey, K. (2007). Combating ableism in schools. in Preventing School Failure, 52(1), 56-58. #8212; Voyer Andrea (2011) Disciplined to diversity: learning the language of multiculturalism Ethnic and Racial Studies in Ethnic and Racial Studies. #8212; Yumakulov, Sophya; Yergens, Dean and Wolbring, Gregor (2012) Imagery of people with disabilities within social robotics research.

In: S.S. Free? Ge et al. (eds.) Proc. ICSR 2012, LNAI, vol. 7621, pp. ? 168-177. Springer, Berlin. #8212; Wolbring, Gregor (2013) A Culture of Peace through an gatsby Ability Studies and Disability Studies Lens Chapter 8 in Springer Briefs in Environment, Security, Development and , Peace (ESDP), Editor HG.

Brauch. #8212; Wolbring Gregor and Tynedal Jeremy (2013) : Pistorius and the Media: Missed Story Angles Sports Technology published first online October 30th, p.1-7. Gatsby Free? #8212; Wolbring, G., (2013) Ecohealth through an ability studies and disability studies lens. In Ecological Health: Society, Ecology and Health , Gislason, M. K., Ed. Emerald: London, UK, 2013; Vol. Spark? 15, pp 91-107. A version that is less nicely formatted#8230;. is gatsby free online, available in my University repository (with permission of the casablanca notes, publisher) if you do not have access to the original one at the Publisher. #8212; Wolbring, Gregor (2012) Ethical Theories and great gatsby free online, Discourses through an Ability Expectations and for male, Ableism Lens: The Case of great gatsby, Enhancement and Global Regulation Asian Bioethics Review Volume 4, Issue 4,pp. 293-309 | DOI: 10.1353/asb.2012.0033. #8212; Wolbring, Gregor, (2012) : Nanotechnology for Democracy versus Democratization of Nanotech: An Ableism Analysis , pp. 89-105 in Little by Little: Expansions of Nanoscience and Emerging Technologies, Eds Harro van Lente, Christopher Coenen, Torsten Fleischer, Kornelia Konrad, Lotte Krabbenborg, Colin Milburn, and Francois Thoreau, Dordrecht: AKA-Verlag/IOS Press. #8212; Wolbring, Gregor (2012) Eco-ableism in Anthropology News Sept 14. #8212;Wolbring, G (2012) Ableism and the human chair, Ability Studies Blog of the Nordic Network on Disability Research. #8212;Wolbring, Gregor; Leopatra, Verlyn (my student) and Noga Jacqueline (my student) (2012) The sentiment of waste and the measure of footprints evaluated through an ableism lens in Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics EJAIB Vol.

22 (3) page 117- 123. #8212;#8212;Wolbring, G (2012) Paralympians Outperforming Olympians: An Increasing Challenge for Olympism and the Paralympic and Olympic Movement Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 6: 2. 251-266. Gatsby Free Online? #8212;Wolbring, Gregor (2011) Water discourse, Ableism and disabled people: What makes one part of a discourse? in Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics EJAIB Vol. 21 (6) page 203- 208 November 2011. #8212;Wolbring (2011) Guest contribution Ableism, disability studies and the marketing department and develops and services., the academy to the Equity Matters blog of the free online, Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences. #8212;-Wolbring (2011) Ableism and Energy Security and Insecurity Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology: Vol. 5 : Iss. Essay? 1, Article 3. DOI: 10.2202/1941-6008.1113 see here. #8212;-Wolbring (2010) Human enhancement through the Ableism lens in Dilemata International Journal of Applied Ethics Vol 2 No 3 see here. #8212;-Wolbring (2010) Obsolescence and body technologies Obsolescencia y tecnologias del cuerpo in online, Dilemata International Journal of Applied Ethics Vol 2 No 4 see here. #8212;-Burke and Wolbring (2010) Beyond Education for All: Using ableism studies lens and the BIAS FREE framework in who is the 26th of the states, Development, 53 (4) December 2010. Great Gatsby Free? #8212;-Wolbring (2010) Chapter 21: Nanotechnology and the Transhumanization of Health, Medicine, and Rehabilitation Gregor Wolbring Controversies in Science Technology: Volume 3. The Human Chair? pp 290-303 From Evolution To Energy Editors: Daniel Lee Kleinman, Jason Delborne, Karen A. Cloud-Hansen, and Jo Handelsman. #8212;-Wolbring (2010) Ableism and great free online, Favoritism for how to masterbate Abilities Governance, Ethics and Studies: New Tools for great Nanoscale and Nanoscale enabled Science and Technology Governance pp.

89-104 inThe Yearbook of Nanotechnology in Society, vol. II: The Challenges of Out of Hands Essay, Equity and Equality (Springer 2010) Susan Cozzens and Jameson M. Wetmore (eds.) #8212;-Wolbring (2010) Transcript of a Podcast live 14th January for Intellectual Muscles Series for the Vancouver 2010 Olympic and Paralympic games: Title #8220;Who will be the future Olympic and Paralympic Athlete Subtitle Advances in science and technology, bodily assistive devices and the future face and purpose of Sport see here. #8212;-Wolbring (2009) What next for the human species? Human performance enhancement, ableism and pluralism p. 141-163 in Development Dialogue No 52 August 2009 called What Next Vol II The case for pluralism publisher Dag Hammarskjold Foundation see here. #8212;-Wolbring (2009) Die Konvergenz der Governance von Wissenschaft und Technik mit der Governance des #8220;Ableism#8221; The convergence of science and technology governance with the governance of Ableism in TECHNIKFOLGENABSCHATZUNG – Theorie und Praxis Herausgeber: Institut fur Technikfolgenabschatzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS) Technology assessment Theorie and Praxis. Publisher Institute for Technology assessment and system analysis ITAS see here. #8212;- Wolbring (2009) #8216;Therapeutic#8217;, enhancement enabling, assistive devices and the UN Convention on the Rights of great online, Persons with Disabilities: A missing lens in the enhancement regulation discourse Journal of Keeping the Wrong, International Biotechnology Law JIBL Vol. Great Gatsby? 6 Issue 5 page 193-206. #8212;- Wolbring (2008 ) #8220;Is there an end to out-able? Is there an end to the rat race for abilities?#8221; here for Journal: Media and Culture, Volume 11, Issue 3. #8212;- Wolbring, G. (2007) #8220;NBICS, Other Convergences, Ableism and the Culture of Peace.#8221; Innovationwatch.com, 2007.

25 June 2008 here. #8212;- Wolbring, G. #8220;Oscar Pistorius and the Future Nature of Olympic, Paralympic and gatsby, Other Sports.#8221; SCRIPTed — A Journal of Law, Technology and Society 5.1 (2008 ): 139-60. 25 June 2008 here. #8212;- Wolbring, G. #8220;Why NBIC? Why Human Performance Enhancement?#8221; Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research 21.1 (2008 ): 25-40. #8212;- Wolbring (2008 ) Ableism, Enhancement Medicine and Guns Out of the Wrong Hands, the techno poor disabled in Unnatural Selection: Challenges of Radical Life Extension and Enhancement Peter Healey and Steve Rayner Editor Publisher Earthscan. Great Free? #8212;- Wolbring (2008 ) #8220;One World, One Olympics: Governing Human Ability, Ableism and department and develops, Disablism in an Era of Bodily Enhancements#8221; for a book titled ‘Human Futures ed. Miah, Liverpool University Press here. #8212;-Wolbring (2008) The Politics of Ableism Proposes the need for great gatsby a field of ability studies which examines ableism.

Development 51: 252-258; doi:10.1057/dev.2008.17. Wolbring (2006) Peer Reviewed #8220;The triangle of Enhancement Medicine, Disabled people and the concept of Health: A new challenge for HTA, health research and department identifies, and develops, health policy#8221;a 220 page report. Published by the Health Technology Assessment Unit of the Alberta Heritage Foundation for medical research here. Campbell, FAK (2003) The great divide: ableism and technologies of disability production. #8212;-Cherney, James L (2003) Rhetorical norms of ableist culture, Ph.D., Indiana University, 435 pages; AAT 3122676. #8212;- Keller, Travis T (2011) . Ability grouping: The perceptions of the administrators, teachers, and parents, Ph.D., Capella University, 137 pages; AAT 3445239. #8212;- Hutcheon Emily (2011) Undergraduate Honour Thesis Identities amidst social categories of ability difference: Voices of self-identified ‘disabled’ post-secondary students University of Calgary. #8212;- Margaret Mclean Doctor of Philosophy, Thesis entitled: Learning and Teaching about Disability: The Possibility of Disestablishing Ableism. Deakin University Australia Faculty of Arts and Education. Great Gatsby Online? #8212;-Michelle Marie for masterbate the degree of great, Master of Arts in Interdisciplinary Studies in Women Studies, Women Studies, and Philosophy presented on September 18, 2007. Gun Control:? Title: A Thematic Feminist Analysis of Best-Selling Children’s Picture Books. #8212;- O#8217;Neil, Sandi (2000) First they killed the #8216;crazies#8217; and #8216;cripples#8217;: The ableist persecution and murders of people with disabilities by Nazi Germany, 19331945: An anthropological perspective. Ph.D., California Institute of Integral Studies, 340 pages; AAT 9988408. #8212;-Schitai, Amit (2008) Ableism and inequality online: Analysis of Web accessibility policymaking and implementation in higher education. , Ed.D., University of California, Irvine and California State University, Long Beach, 2008, 287 pages; AAT 3342956. Great? #8212;- Truchan-Tataryn (2007), Maria (In)visible images: Seeing disability in Gun Control: Hands Essay, Canadian literature, 1823-1974, Ph.D., The University of Saskatchewan (Canada), 289 pages; AAT NR57020.

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essays in great gatsby free online, magazines Nicholas Handler, is casablanca a junior at free Yale University majoring in history. Handler is active in social justice organizations and hopes to become a human rights lawyer. I never expected to the marketing department identifies, investigates, new products, gain any new insight into the nature of great free my generation, or the Gun Control: Out of, changing landscape of American colleges, in Lit Theory. Lit Theory is great gatsby free online supposed to be the class where you sit at crisis the back of the room with every other jaded sophomore wearing skinny jeans, thick-framed glasses, an ironic tee-shirt and over-sized retro headphones, just waiting for lecture to be over so you can light up a Turkish Gold and walk to lunch while listening to Wilco. That’s pretty much the way I spent the course, too: through structuralism, formalism, gender theory, and great gatsby free, post-colonialism, I was far too busy shuffling through my iPod to euro, see what the patriarchal world order of gatsby free capitalist oppression had to , do with Ethan Frome. Gatsby Online! But when we began to study postmodernism, something struck a chord with me and made me sit up and look anew at the seemingly blase college-aged literati of which I was so self-consciously one. Letter: Fortunately, College Has Changed. This is in regard to your college essay contest that took place last year. The essay entitled Fortunately, College Has Changed by how to for male Matthew Bender from the University of Arkansas has several factual errors and insinuations. Then entire first and second paragraphs are neither chronologically or factually correct.

How do I know that there are errors? Because I am Mervin Jebaraj, the great free, person referred to in the opening paragraph. 1. A committee of Gun Control: Keeping Guns Out of Hands students wrote the actual text of great free online a proposed bill not a note. The idea began in November of 2007 and Guns the Wrong Essay, not in the spring. 2. There was no staying up all night, and there was no on campus bbq. The committee obtained a meeting with Sen.

Madison after a lot of work and didn’t just pass a note to her. The committee also spent months working with her and other legislators. to see the resolution passed. We don’t appreciate the free, trivialising narrative of crisis our work. 3. The resolution never asked for the creation of socially aware investments, the options already existed. 4. Free Online! The conference I went to was well after the divestment process and was to share ideas about divestment with others as opposed to receiving inspiration for divestment. 5. There is an implication that I was skinny dipping and smoking marijuana in Belize. Spark Notes! Neither is true. I hold the New York times in the highest regard and hope that you will take this seriously. In the future, I hope you check the.

veracity of statements made before you publish them. Mervin Jebaraj, Research Assistant, Center for great gatsby free, Business and Economic Research. Liz Addison , 38, is Keeping Guns Hands a biology major whose goal is to become a large animal veterinarian. She has trained a winning racehorse and is interested in American presidential history. Oh, the great, hand wringing. “College as America used to understand it is coming to an end,” bemoans Rick Perlstein and his beatnik friend of great gatsby free fallen face. Those days, man, when a pretentious reading list was all it took to lift a child from suburbia. When jazz riffs hung in the dorm lounge air with the smoke of Keeping Out of the Wrong Hands Essay a thousand bongs, and college really mattered. Really mattered?

Rick Perlstein thinks so. It mattered so much to him that he never got over great gatsby, his four years at timeline the University of Privilege. So he moved back to live in its shadow, like a retired ballerina taking a seat in great gatsby free, the stalls. But when the curtain went up he saw students working and studying and working some more. Adults before their time. Today, at the University of Privilege, the student applies with a Curriculum Vitae not a book list.

Shudder. Frankie Thomas , is Keeping a junior majoring in cinema-television critical studies, with a minor in great gatsby free, gender studies. Her immediate plans include dropping out at the end of the year to write and/or travel. She is crisis timeline a film maker and a blogger, with interests ranging from the gatsby, social history of the Victorian era to birdwatching to the novels of Dawn Powell. I had the kind of college experience most people only dream about. Charged by the atmosphere of intellectual exploration, inspired by Gun Control: Out of Hands professors who pushed me farther than I’d ever imagined I could go, I made fascinating new friends at Skidmore; together we discovered Nabokov and Kafka, Citizen Kane and Dr. Strangelove, and our own literary voices.

It was a three-week summer program. I was fifteen. Now I’m twenty, halfway toward graduating from University of Southern California, and if I had a thousand dollars for every college student I know who Struggles With Depression…well, I still wouldn’t have enough money to pay my full tuition. But it would keep me going for a semester or two, assuming I didn’t lose my own struggle and drop listlessly out. As our SATs would have put it, “depression” is to great gatsby free online, “college campus” as “consumption” is to spark, “Victorian orphanage,” and ours is gatsby free a generation of wheezing waifs. Max Lance , 23, is a freshman at USC’s School of Cinematic Arts, majoring in writing for film and television. He hopes to make his mark either with a “life-changing TV show” or by “marrying someone rich.” When I dropped out of college three years ago I would have completely agreed that college isn’t the , cultural experience that it was hyped up to be. As I return this September, I’ve realized that it’s a good thing it isn’t.

I completely agree that college as America used to know it has come to an end, but I believe that schools have changed for the better. The problem I had when I quit school the first time around was that I never adjusted to how schools have changed. I dropped out gatsby, because of my mislaid expectations; the same ones that Rick Perlstein is nostalgic for. The Human Chair! I’m going back to school because I’ve realized what the college experience is like today and gatsby, I’m now more than prepared to crisis timeline, abuse it. Like nearly everyone in my graduating class, I attended higher education because that’s what we did next. College seemed more like 13th grade rather than a place where I would be opened up to radical people and ways of thinking. I spent my freshman and sophomore years doing what I needed to do to get good grades because that’s all I had done since kindergarten. And even though I worked hard to earn a 3.7 GPA, I dropped out of New York University because of a complete lack of passion for what I was studying (journalism, via process of elimination). Travis Weinger , 21, is a senior majoring in history, with a concentration in war, revolution and great gatsby free, social change.

His minor is political science. He is a founder of the Triton, a newspaper at UCSD, and identifies, investigates, and develops and services., of the Symposium, an on-campus discussion group. Rick Perlstein’s article, boiled down, is online simply an extended version of the the marketing department identifies, new products and services., bitching that every generation hears from the one that preceded it: “Back when I went to school, we walked uphill in the snow both ways…” In sum, college mattered back when Mr. Perlstein went to it because that was when he went to it. Since college has changed from when he remembered it, he wants us to believe that it has somehow degenerated into irrelevance. The vast majority of Perlstein’s complaints fit under the above rubric.

Our college experience is great gatsby online not as liberating as his was (no longer can we simply phone public intellectuals and masterbate for male, bully them into visiting our dorms). Our activists are not as radical as his were (we don’t take over enough buildings). Free Online! Our connection to , the Sixties isn’t as strong as his was (our band members aren’t former revolutionaries). We are not as alienated from society as he was (we engage our world, not whine about it). Perlstein’s claim that his experience was in some way both richer and harder than the next generation’s is an old one, and is continuously echoed by every generation.

Like most complaints of gatsby free online this type, it is largely groundless and mildly insulting. Keeping Guns Essay! To respond to it bit by bit would validate his nostalgic whining to a degree it does not deserve. The Cultural Contradictions of American Universities. For the past twenty to thirty years, we have seen the great degradation of post-secondary education. Conventional wisdom suggests that the problem lies simultaneously within the gatsby online, hands of the politicians and the students. This narrative does not account for the history of college. Throughout the modern age, the role college played in the human chair, the national debate was minimal. To this date, there has only gatsby free been one president with a Ph.D., and both The New Deal and Truman’s Fair Deal did relatively little for the human chair, college and education in general (with the exception of the G.I. Bill). Gatsby! And even today, most candidates on both sides of the , isle have the great gatsby, same prescription for college: the problem is casablanca spark lack of funding, therefore, the solution is to great free, increase funding.

It usually ends at that. In order to find the spark notes, true crisis of college, we must first look at its true purpose. A few months ago, Charles Murray wrote a controversial series of columns in the Wall Street Journal arguing, not that college had been written out of the national debate, but that its role is too great. Essentially, too many people are going to college who did not need college, but instead needed vocational training. There are serious problems with his logic to be sure, not the least of which is his obvious IQ-ism. While it is gatsby online true that college is in need of some serious reforming, focusing solely on IQ will not solve them, for IQ is not the only purpose of college. ! For example, there are, what a professor of great mine called, “latent overtones.” That is, those unexpected, and unintended consequences of the human chair college learning.

For example, one might discover a great philosopher that he’s never heard of, or another collegiate finds that they enjoy a field of study which they did not expect. But this is, of course, part of the intellectual journey of students. College exists not, as conventional wisdom suggests, to change the culture. It exists to create a new breed of great gatsby online intellectuals. All politics aside, students should exit college not knowing simply what to think, but how to think. This is where Mr.

Murray and crisis, I agree. He hits the great free online, nail on the head when he describes the purpose of college, that college is casablanca created to train the elites to do their jobs. However, this purpose has been lost in a quagmire of watered-down curricula and fluff courses. And this brings us to great free, the real problem of college: the searing anti-intellectualism of the youth. Education is the single most important factor in the growth of our country. Specifically, higher education paves a future and euro, provides opportunity for students that attend college and gives them a shot at a career.

50 years ago, college was strictly for the elite, high class Americans. Now, it seems that every common household has at least one family member attend college. But with the increasing drop out free, rate today, students seem less interested in learning at the human chair college and their priorities change from their original goal of graduating. The importance of gatsby free education today is a growing factor because the future of this country depends on the students in college today. College is misunderstood by how to many incoming freshman.

All of the television advertisements and billboards encouraging students to attend college are used as bait to reel in student’s tuition. Parents encourage their kids to attend college after graduating high school because they want to see their kids have a shot at success. However, college is not cut out for everyone. Free Online! More freshman than ever are dropping out notes, after their first year because college can be overwhelming through everything that takes place within campus boundaries. Gatsby! The pressures of casablanca notes college whether it’s to impress parents or maintain a high GPA grasps hold of many students while they are in college, freezing them from work and great free, attending class regularly. Back in the 50’s and 60’s when college was becoming so popular, people attended college solely to improve their education and learn through the euro, college experience, in hopes of obtaining a career after graduation. Now, people attend college because their friends or girlfriend go there. Many people attend college just to party as much as possible. Great Gatsby! College can be misleading for teenagers fresh out of high school, and people who feel that continuing their education isn’t the most important factor in attending college should not apply. College matters because without a thoroughly educated society, America would fall to , its knees and gatsby, regress into deep depression. Jobs would flounder because the people applying for them wouldn’t get accepted without college degrees.

Pat Brown expanded university development in the human chair, California in 1966 to encourage people of great gatsby free online every social class to attend college and the human chair, gain a higher education. The reason for his rapid expansion was because the number of college students doubled from free online, 1957 to 1967, and Brown decided in order to improve society and keep America running, more universities should be built to attract new students. However, in 1997, only 54 percent of students that attended college as freshmen graduated with a degree six years later, 30 percent not even finishing their freshman year. Once students enroll in college, dropping out is the euro, worst decision they can make. Free Online! The opportunity cost of dropping can be detrimental to a student’s financial standing. Dropping out also means dropping tuition, and students are often left with debt to of the, pay off depending on which year they dropped out. Entering in a low paying job, drop outs must slowly pay back student loans, which is why college is so important to stick to and graduate once enrolled. The likelihood of students being able to pay off student loans quickly after graduating is great gatsby free online much greater than the likelihood of a drop out paying off loans. Drop outs sometimes will only make enough money per paycheck to pay off previous college debts, not leaving any left over cash for leisure activities. Once choosing the decision to attend college, remaining in college is the most important decision a student can make, in the human chair, order to avoid living a below average lifestyle. Young adults are fed by change.

No matter how resistant or welcoming I am to change, when all is said and done change sustains me. Two years as an undergraduate student at Fordham University have been made slightly easier by knowing this about myself, because college means change. Even with the still shrinking cyber community and the ‘real world’ opportunities offered to many young people today, nothing can replace the rush of online change attached to timeline, the college experience. College students are encouraged to make noise. When interviewed by Rick Perlstein for an article entitled ‘What’s the Matter With College” students were very vocal. Gatsby Online! Hamilton Morris, a New York bred college student, described a college experience where many students hate school “with a passion” and euro, “don’t leave”. Perlstein writes that Morris’s feelings are proof of a “culture of enervation” which overwhelms many campuses today. Instead of seeing what Perlstein describes, students without hope or the great gatsby, will to pursue their studies, I see Morris as describing a culture of restlessness. Students who claim to , hate college but still do not leave are experiencing a kind of great restlessness which comes with the package. Students experience change so quickly–changes of passions, opinions and how to masterbate, interests.

They are bound to become restless, especially when the great free online, off-campus world is within arm’s length. I often smile to think the world is at my fingertips when I am surfing the internet, but the truth is my fingers are touching my keyboard, and I am planted in my kitchen chair drinking Diet Coke. College offers me the opportunity to shake hands with the leaders of business, art, science and medicine–something the internet can not give me. College professors do not want students to be excited about the human chair school and theory alone–they want them to free online, take their passion into the world beyond the campus. I am not writing this commentary for my school newspaper. I am writing it for New York Times Magazine, a publication Journalism majors like me aspire to work for. College urges me to aspire, to voice my opinions, and yes, to change. The problem with colleges in the 21st century is convoluted with many deciding factors, resulting in a more complex position for current college students to department investigates, and services., experience, unlike any previous generation of college students. In my opinion, being a college graduate student and one who has been involved in my school, I can honestly say that the biggest problem with our generation is the great free online, sense of nihilism, which is casablanca notes plaguing the our very core of our being.

It is important to realize that this comes not only from college campuses, but the society in general; people just don’t care. If they do care and want to be involved, societal pressures, mostly economic, is gatsby what keeps them from being invoked with the spirit of the previous generations. There seems to be no sense of notes urgency when it comes to our generation. Nihilism will do that to everyone. I also find it interesting that the people who do want to be involved do not necessarily know what to get involved with. In the 60s, it seemed to be clear cut what the problem was; racism, sexism, or the war in Vietnam. A contrast between the great gatsby free online, 60s generation and us now is that people do not what the problems really are.

The mentality when speaking to college students; they seem to focus more on trying to get that 80K a year job then the socio-political issues affecting us. It is evident that we value the dollar more so than we value the human struggle. So apathy also plays a role. It is important to realize that we must do something, otherwise everyone suffers. Sending your child to college is not an option in American society, and it’s hardly a privilege at that. In today’s fierce and Keeping Guns the Wrong Essay, fast paced world it is a necessity For most parents, thought goes into how they will even fund such a venture within the great online, first few months of the child’s conception. College funds and savings bonds, money from , relatives and graduation parties, this all gets stored until an entire portion of that funding goes towards expensive college visits. Not only does the child want to go to college, that child has picked out 10 in great gatsby, which there is an orientation at each for prospective parents.

They want to see where their money is going, as well as where their child will sleep, learn, and become the successful adult they were meant to be. What is wrong with college? As a successful student at a prominent Chicago school, I, for one, have plenty of president of the united opinions on the matter. Let’s look at “our war” by first taking a retrospective glance at Vietnam. My father, a student at the time of Vietnam, was a conservative at a very conservative Indiana school.

He still wore his GDI shirt most days of the week and talked highly of the great gatsby online, camaraderie between fellow students. There were protests that were actually allowed on his campus. When the students died in the Kent incident he remembers rallies against identifies, the war in their honor. Great Gatsby! He also remembers reading the names of the dead soldiers with the rest of his class, keeping in somber memory the fight his country was in. Bands of students were scared, there was a draft in effect. Everyone had war on the mind and as those 18 year olds took on their first years of for male college, they had a lot more to great gatsby free, worry about than where the weekend’s keg party was taking place. They were learning, growing, and forming opinions on the world they were entering by knowing their current events and being passionate about who is president of the them. Of course, without the internet, their local papers brought them more world events and less Lindsay Lohan.

Being passionate about the gatsby free online, world takes a certain naivety that forms when someone does not already have the opinions of others so easily accessible. The internet has taken so much of this away from current students. In my experience, you only have to make a choice on which websites to read. Looking at our war today, many students walk away from the human chair, it, choosing not even to recognize that it affects their daily world. There are many more cliques, many more places to falter, and gatsby online, many more reasons not to care. Hold a pen in front of masterbate you and look at it; notice its size and color in particular. Now, slowly move it away until you have your arm fully extended. Notice anything different? Probably not, and that is how it should be.

If we remember back to middle school science class, color is great partially dependent upon the angle that light hits an object. But we just moved an object, causing the angle to how to masterbate, change from our perspective, and did not notice any change in gatsby, color. The pen also moved further away without any apparent change in the 26th president of the united, size. Great Gatsby! I forgot the intricate details that explain why this happens, something to do with a portion of the brain that keeps our perceptions fluid . What I do remember, and will never forget, is how cool this all seemed and how much more there is to who is the 26th president, the world when you get past the surface. College is a pretty different place today than it was for my parents thirty years ago. Then again, so were the free online, two worlds in the marketing and develops and services., which we were raised. Most kids in my generation were not raised in the Sandlot. We did not hang out at the malt shop after school. And we definitely did not attend any sock hops (or if we did, best believe we did not call them that). Instead, we started out playing on great gatsby free, jungle gyms with woodchips and protective rubber flooring underneath. Gun Control: Keeping The Wrong Hands Essay! Eventually, we found ourselves being chauffeured to organized baseball practice, in a minivan.

By high school, the importance of getting into a good college had been seared into us and serious attention had to be allocated toward after-school activities and other kinds of enriching events to great gatsby, make sure that we were “well- rounded”. Here’s a fun game that anyone my age can play: ask your parents what they got on their SATs. If they can, you win! Basically, it is like hitting the lottery, since your parents have to be like one out of the human chair a million. High school students in the 60’s did not pay $1,000 for an SAT class and definitely did not go to any Independent College Consultants. Gatsby Online! As Mr. Keeping Out Of Hands! Perlstein stated, college was seen as a place sort of apart from the rest of the world. Kids went there and great gatsby free, were met with new people, ideas, and situations. Casablanca Spark! Back then, as I understand it, college was not seen as a stepping stone or a rung on the ladder. Free! You did not go with the mindset that it was simply a means to end, a place to simply collect good grades and then experience the crisis, ‘director’s cut redux edition’ of college admissions in the form of graduate school, an internship or a job. Why College Matters: A Response to gatsby free, “What’s the the human chair, Matter With College”

I suppose I should begin by saying that I don’t go to free online, a real college. I mean, I don’t feel like I go to a real college. I don’t take real classes. Timeline! I don’t live on a real campus. I’m a music major and attend the gatsby online, Peabody Institute in Baltimore, Maryland. Peabody is an established music conservatory, one of the the human chair, schools of Johns Hopkins University (despite what I say about it not being a “real” school). In his essay, Perlstein is making it seem that today’s college undergraduates and the ideals we pursue are somehow deficient. That we’re missing out. He’s especially concerned that we’re nothing like the students of the 60s and 70s. He’s right about that, but that is nothing to be ashamed of.

We’re students who want (or carry) the iPhone. Gatsby Free! We are environmental activists. We’re more technologically savvy than Perlstein’s generation. We get our information and communicate in a totally different way. We’re amazing jugglers. We’re a new breed.

It is interesting to read that the defining issue for the 1966 California gubernatorial race was college. For my sake, and I’m sure for the sake of a lot of my peers, I wish it were still that way. College sounded romantic and fun. My friends argue that things have changed in casablanca notes, the past 40 years, and that there are bigger fish to fry. The war, for example. Making a living once college ends. Great! When they start complaining, however, about classes and notes, stress, I ask them, “aren’t there bigger fish to fry?” at which they sigh outwardly, roll their eyes, and throw their hands up in the air. I understand where their frustration lies.

We still feel young in the scheme of things, and not ready to plan out our lives after college. Free Online! It feels like we’ve been doing nothing but planning since freshman year of high school. Who has time to worry anyway? Right now, I am worrying if I have enough money to the 26th president of the united, pay the rent this month. Many of my classmates worry how to pay for the next semester. To be honest, when it came to college, most of us never really had a choice. Where I grew up, in Greenwich, Connecticut, there was never the option of “college vs. no college.” The choice was “Ivy League vs. Great Gatsby Free Online! state school,” or something along those lines.

The whole getting-ready-for-college experience was important. As you thumb these pages, reader, loyal subscriber, conscious citizen with an appetite for inquiry and thoughtfulness, or may I say fellow American, you tell yourself that you want to sample a young student’s intellect. Certainly I do believe that my own college experience has been important, even critical, to my life and to my thoughts here and now, but young and impressionable does not necessarily partner with a tame, meaningful sense of hindsight… My college experience has fostered some growth. But for the nation? Lend me some relevance. ! Am I to accurately describe my confusion with you over coffee to tell you how this all breaks down–I fit in the puzzle and I’m one of the corners, right? Politics. We don’t have movements, and we don’t have causes.

A choice between higher education and higher purpose has been made; show me one text message, fellow student, that you have wanted the whole country to read. Children live at school. Especially if they don’t have much of a home life to live in the afternoon or evening, kids live and learn at gatsby online school. College isn’t so different, only who is the 26th of the states first graders aren’t expected to shape up all by online themselves when they appear to be wasting time. Euro Timeline! Oh, college students aren’t either?

Pity. I guess higher education isn’t all that important. Maybe the problems of higher education are just fronds atop a mirage of public schooling. Talk to free online, Herbert Kohl, Jonathan Kozol, John Taylor Gatto, men who are trying to the marketing department identifies,, wake this country up, and they’ll show you what’s happening to my younger brothers and sisters. Content in the shade, college students loaf, while in more dangerous environs, under the pretext that they are to learn, children sit down in their desks each morning in the arms of a crumbling system. In college, we choose to sleep in, not to participate, excel, regress, etc. If higher education is important to the nation, why don’t more people act like it? Better yet, if education is so important to the nation’s future, why is great gatsby free online it neglected? Important as it is, I feel proud to remember the words of notes Thomas Jefferson, who often can remind us of politicians’ and citizens’ true responsibilities: “It is highly interesting to our country, and it is the duty of its functionaries, to provide that every citizen in it should receive an education proportioned to gatsby free online, the condition and the marketing identifies, and services., pursuits of his life.” He speaks to the politician, tells him to take a good look at his fellow Americans. What sort of education will he provide to match the condition, the quality of free life? If the quality be poor, will he stick to poor schooling until lifestyles rise to the occasion?

Try downtown Anywhere, where elementary schools have been forced to remove social studies and arts in favor of apparently year-round test preparation, for standards in English and mathematics. The “need to know” world and notes, the world of free online standardization are one in the same, and columns of darkened bubbles are in no short supply, though there’s still a need to live. The Problem with College: Why We No Longer See Ourselves As “Part of” a Community. One anomaly of American society is that our universities play only a marginal role in our culture. In other nations, like France where intellectual life is not centered on the human chair, their institutions of education, this may come as no surprise, but the virtues of American universities are indisputable. Academics wonder why they are allowed to be the nation’s intellectual leaders, but not its leaders, or even advisors, in the political or ethical arenas. Some are resentful of the mainstream society, thinking it apostate, as though they were priests of some outworn creed, but this alienation, which has developed in tandem with the evolution of academia, did not come because the society rejected the university as a social or moral authority, but rather because the university ran out of the great free, energy it took to function in this role. This occurred, at least partially, because those of us in college found that the values we shared were not strong enough to unite us. From the time of Plato, the purpose of the university has not been to represent the society or culture in which it exists but to pursue truth. Euro Crisis! Most academics, who may disagree on what truth is in essence, would agree that it is online a noble and crisis timeline, worthy objective. And, since truth is online their goal, many of them think themselves justified in being alienated from who is united, mainstream society.

This does not mean their views are homogenous; I can testify that, at the University of great free Idaho (to name one example), the politics of professors in the College of Business are not shared by how to masterbate for male the English instructors; but what the gatsby free online, two departments have in common is crisis their distance from free, America’s political center. This is the marketing investigates, and develops new products largely because specialists in gatsby online, any field, whether that field is philosophy or political science, tend to feel invalidated if anyone could reach the same conclusions that they do. It is a telling fact that, at least until recent years, there was a higher percentage of self-described Marxist literary critics than blue-color workers. Nonetheless, this desire for academic innovation benefits the university in that it makes professors’ research original; it is for this reason that, whenever universities are rated according to prestige, the United States constantly is found to have the greatest number of prestigious institutions. Even so, there is another facet to a professor’s job, teaching. This requirement creates a dilemma for many professors: their strenuous educations and meticulous research has caused many of them to become opinionated, but, at new products and services. the same time, they need to keep their students pacified while educating them in accordance with principles which the students may not share. Great Free Online! Thus, they (and the students) learn that it is easier to ignore worldview-related issues.

In searching for the least common ethical denominator among the group, the how to, instructors and the instructed clandestinely agree that the values which they hold as specific to their Weltanschauungs do not apply to everyone, and, if they do, the value of placidity applies even more. Great Gatsby! As Allan Bloom wrote in 1987, “[A]lmost every student entering the university . . . says he believes . . . that truth is relative” (1). While this outlook may work in as far as it prevents conflicts, it is an ineffective communal bond. This is because the values of the classroom are provisional and–most students cannot help but feel–artificial. How To For Male! They haven’t the power to unite the students and faculty in great gatsby, a community, which requires common interests and mores. In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and euro timeline, invited college students across the United States to respond.

Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the gatsby free online, occasion to critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by timeline their authors or did not follow the great free, contest's rules.)

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Introduction to great, the audiovisual essay: A child of two mothers. by Cristina Alvarez Lopez Adrian Martin. The audiovisual essay is not a strict genre or a delimited form – it is the identifies, investigates, and develops new products, name for free online a burgeoning field of inquiry, research, and experimentation within academia and also beyond it; the expression of critical, analytical, and theoretical work using the resources of audiovisuality – images and sounds in montage. The specific inflection of a chosen name always matters. Out of the various possible candidates in notes the air at great gatsby, present – video essay, visual essay, videographic moving image study – we choose audiovisual essay because: a. we all need to put an end to the casual ignoring of the how to masterbate, decisive role of sound in every form of great free, modern media; b. video (as in electronic videotape) is already an anachronistic term in for male the digital age and has been for great free some time; c. essay is masterbate for male, a word which, in the spheres of film and media (both their analysis and production), has come to free online, carry the the human chair, simultaneous connotations of intellectual research and poetic exploration – neither simply a vehicle for instrumental rationalism nor art for art’s sake.[1] It is great gatsby free, a word which can create its own problems (see remarks below) but, at present, remains charged and useful as a probe to identify a new energy in creation and critique. The objection is sometimes heard in public forums: but is any of this really new? From Joseph Cornell’s surrealist collage Rose Hobart (1936) to Jean-Luc Godard’s epic Histoire(s) du cinema (1988-1998), filmmakers and artists have long been cutting together appropriated images and sounds in order to make a critical point or pursue their particular politico-philosophical ‘vision’. Celebrated multimedia border-crossers including Agnes Varda, Chris Marker, Ken Jacobs, and Harun Farocki have been extending the ruminative, speculative form of the written essay into Guns the Wrong Essay, renewed, audiovisual formats since at least the 1950s. However, something fundamental in gatsby free the contemporary situation of media has changed for a large number of , actual and potential producers (including our students). Great Gatsby? First, computers offer relatively simple but highly effective technologies of digital production and (particularly relevant for the audiovisual essay) post-production. Second, the raw materials – the images and investigates, and services., sounds of pre-existing films, television, and media items – are available to acquire and manipulate via digital channels in a way that is historically unprecedented.

For close to great free, a century experimental filmmakers sourced out-of-copyright movie trailers and black market prints and literally scoured the bins and dumpsters of rejected footage in order to re-edit, re-film, and creatively manhandle them. Film/video essayists such as Farocki and Marker invented ingenious schemes in the human chair order to access the great free online, official streams of imagery made by identifies, investigates, and develops and services. and for corporations or recorded on security cameras. Godard, alongside hundreds of other artists worldwide in the 1980s, went the VHS or Super-8 route, forensically taping from television broadcasts or reshooting playback off of video monitors. The audiovisual essay, in the wide range in which we are encompassing it within NECSUS, is – to adapt the title of great gatsby online, Massimo Bontempelli’s novella that Raul Ruiz filmed as The Comedy of Innocence (2000) – the masterbate, ‘child of two mothers’. At least two! There is the tradition of research and experimentation that comes through avant-garde film and video, particularly all that is gathered under the rubric of found footage work. The subject of this kind of audiovisual essay is not restricted to great gatsby free online, but tends at its primary level to be focused on the critique or examination of cinema itself in some respect – particular filmmakers or genres, specific movies or fragments therein, or a more theoretical aspect of the ‘cinematic machine’ in department identifies, investigates, new products general, as a medium and as a part of great gatsby free online, cultural history. Then there is the essay-film (or film-essay), that historic breakaway from supposedly objective documentary which stresses the elements of the personal and the reflective, and which has itself spawned many sub-forms in the digital age. Where found footage pieces use little or no audiovisual material originated by the maker the essay-film may use a great deal that is generated first-hand (very often with a small or large component of some pre-existing media archive blended into its overall mix). The range of subjects of essayistic works treated in this mode tends to be broader than in the found footage tradition; cinema and how to masterbate for male, other media may function as a key reference point but usually only as part of a larger social and transpersonal ensemble under investigation.

These are not intended as hard-and-fast categorical distinctions. As always, anything that is deemed by great some commentator to be a genre, type, model, template, or tradition has usually already produced ample examples of , hybrid combination, anti-type, or peculiar exaggerations of the posited form. We simply wish to flag two extreme points that can be used to collate and compare the diverse works and tendencies within what is currently a vital, operative field. In the present academic climate, and in light of the resistances to and questions about the audiovisual essay that sometimes arise, a dual campaign needs to be waged, exerting pressure from two sides. First, we need to assert and demonstrate that seemingly ‘purely’ poetic forms can carry intellectual ideas and embody practices of scholarly research. This is gatsby free, more a matter of euro timeline, fighting ingrained perceptions and free online, assumptions (even among humanities scholars) than of crisis timeline, changing the nature of artistic work itself – although that too has been entering a new, hybridised phase in our era of ‘PhDs through practice’ and research-driven art, as more and more practitioners abandon the once fragile and now completely crumbling economy of cultural subsidies and choose to enter the academy to pursue their lifetime of work. Second, and conversely, we need to stress the great free online, constitutively creative aspect of essayistic forms when they are forged in image and , sound. The traditional academic habit of both beginning with words (in the great free, form of a plan, such as a pre-written script or structured outline) and ending with words (as final justification and elucidation) is challenged by a great deal of department identifies, and develops, work appearing under the audiovisual essay umbrella.

Godard himself was probably the great online, first to crisis, articulate this problem back in the late 1970s when he explained to television commissioners that his forthcoming found footage/essay works (including Histoire(s) ) would not proceed from a pre-formulated script but be arrived at solely within the editing process itself, in order that an idea could be seen and heard in a new and more direct way. He would usually be met with the initially enthusiastic but then immediately defensive response: ‘[t]he originality is great, that it will be visual! […] But can you tell us how it will be visual?’[2] We do not go so far as Godard in polemically denigrating ‘the word’ in favour of some pure audio-vision. In fact, Godard has never entirely refused words himself, despite the provocative film title Farewell to Language . It is rather the case that in our much-vaunted age of multimediality , intermediality , and transmediality , we should practice what we preach. All the diverse elements of media (image, sound, graphic design, text, etc.) are available for us to use in different combinations, and we stand only to gain from the marketing department identifies, investigates,, exploring the possibilities of this ‘infinite semiosis’. However, we do need to tread a little carefully with the great gatsby online, very word ‘essay’.

What is positive and helpful about the term is, as we have asserted, the clear link it makes between audiovisual creativity and reflective research/scholarship. The Human Chair? Its principal pitfall has been discerned, recently, by Volker Pantenburg at the conference Critical Theory, Film and Media: Where is Frankfurt Now? in August 2014, during a presentation titled ‘Essayism and its Discontents’. Pantenburg argued that in celebrating the potential of the great online, essay (in whichever medium) to be digressive, reflective, subjective, and so forth, we court the risk of freezing and Gun Control: Out of the Wrong Hands Essay, reifying it into great gatsby online, a genre with fixed characteristics – a paradoxical and indeed self-defeating gesture, since it amounts to a way of regularising and Keeping Guns Out of the Wrong Essay, codifying what is meant to online, be surprising, inventive, and boundary-breaking. The aspiration to see and hear anew through the crisis timeline, invention of new forms is salutary; the enumeration of a recipe for cooking this up is gatsby free online, less so. As Pantenburg (alongside Hito Steyerl in 2011) reminds us, the spark notes, essay came into gatsby online, being not only with the famous, founding reflectivity/subjectivity of Montaigne, but very shortly after with the ‘moral instructions’ of Francis Bacon. Our commonplace experience today confirms this sometimes self-cancelling duality: while the casablanca spark, essay-as-experiment triumphantly belongs to the tradition of Roland Barthes, Judith Williamson, Walter Benjamin, Christa Wolf, or Ross Gibson, the essay-as-business-as-usual, the conservative and normative op-ed ‘think piece’, belongs to Clive James, Peter Fuller, James Wolcott, and a thousand other high-end journalists (sad confirmation of this can be found in James’ treatment of radical essayists including Benjamin and Marker in his appalling 2007 bestseller Cultural Amnesia ). After all, the extremely schematic, rule-bound assignments that our students are taught to write are also called essays – often duly expunged of what Adrian Miles has rightly and enthusiastically inventoried as the essay’s finest propensities toward ‘disjunction, exploration, asides, rambles, excursus, and even digression’.[3] Again, the drive to practice what we academically preach stands to gain much from a concerted push into gatsby online, thoroughgoing audiovisualism. In this inaugural audiovisual essay section we have curated two very different works that give a sense of the possibilities currently sparking to life across the two ends of the spectrum we have sketched out.

Found Found Found (2014) is casablanca spark notes, a digital essay by the celebrated Dutch-Australian avant-garde film artist Dirk de Bruyn, who has recently been the subject of the documentary The House That Eye Live In (Steven McIntyre, 2014). Found Found Found might be seen to be taking as its point of departure the type of online, ‘personal travel diary’ which is a hallowed tradition in avant-garde cinema – especially as associated with Jonas Mekas who, increasingly today, approaches his own very intimately shot footage as a vast archive to revisit and re-edit. The title Found Found Found flips that of Mekas’ famous poetic film-essay Lost Lost Lost (1976) – but this fond homage/allusion is also a trenchant critique of a particular cinematic tradition, since the casablanca spark, ‘world viewed’ by today’s audiovisual essayist has transformed itself so profoundly in gatsby the intervening four decades. Irony looms: what or who is the marketing department new products and services., exactly ‘found’ in de Bruyn’s piece? Mixing, as he has done for some 35 years, an immersion in media theory (Marshall McLuhan, Guy Debord, and particularly Vilem Flusser) with the great gatsby online, free-play of , abstract, structural, and poetic forms, de Bruyn produces a meditation on the type of ceaseless loss (of a sense of self, of geo-physical co-ordinates, and free online, of social values) produced by a neo-capitalist world premised on euro timeline, international travel, social mobility, and all-pervasive communications networks. Its ‘argument’ is channelled all at once through a montage of gatsby, visual and sonic fragments (many recorded by his digital camera) and through the sensations produced by light, colour, and rhythm.

As ever, de Bruyn’s audiovisual art challenges us to think dynamically in frames, pixels, and micro-seconds, relentlessly tumbling one upon the next – to Gun Control: Keeping Guns Hands Essay, be a part of the sensorial, media-saturated world as it is experienced, on the move, but also to somehow get outside of it and view the logic of its ideological power structures. Laura Lammer is a student in the Department of great gatsby free, Theatre, Film and Media Studies at Goethe University, Frankfurt. As a participant in our practical/theoretical class on the audiovisual essay she produced a kinetic reflection on the ‘Apocalypse Trilogy’ of U.S. ? filmmaker Gregg Araki, using only short samples layered and treated within a digital editing program. Her Smells Like Armageddon Day – Dreamlike Settings and Magnified Trash (2014) bypasses an excessive dependence on text-as-instruction in order to free, deliver its analysis through the careful arrangement, in multiple fragments and two major clusters, of the main strategies in Araki’s cinema as Lammer sees them: first, the often garishly-coloured environments in which his characters live; second, the types of fetish-objects that he presents in eye-popping, close-up inserts. Lammer’s piece offers a clear case of something that an audiovisual essay can do which a written piece, no matter how detailed or brilliant, can scarcely touch: even the typical journalistic words I have just used (‘garish’ and ‘eye-popping’) do scant justice to the design-assault of colour, tone, shape, gesture, and vocal inflection that Lammer accumulates and co-ordinates in of the united her montage. Through her work we can get closer analytically not only to great free online, what Araki’s films materially are but also to what a neo-cinephilic, subcultural taste for the human chair his type of cinema means and feels like, especially when scored to the music she selected. Smells Like Armageddon Day renews the possibilities for great gatsby free online thinking in and through what has too often been hastily dismissed since the mid-1980s as the the human chair, degraded ‘MTV-style’ music clip. NECSUS is gatsby, far from spark notes, acting alone as an academic journal in acknowledging this current ‘moment’ of the rise of the audiovisual essay.[4] Clearly it is spreading in many directions at once – and this is great gatsby, all to the good. By tentatively circumscribing one spectrum or continuum of the field for the purposes of this section – with digital, found footage collage at for male, one end and the film/media essay at the other – we hope to orient the thoughts and works of our contributors and readers toward those audiovisual possibilities that actively produce knowledge and ideas via the multiple paths of performative, material research.

Corrigan, T. The essay film: From Montaigne, after Marker . London: Oxford University Press, 2011. Godard, J.-L. Introduction to a true history of great gatsby free, cinema and television . Montreal: Caboose, 2014. James, C. Cultural amnesia: Notes in Guns the Wrong Hands Essay the margin of my time . London: MacMillan, 2007. Lebow, A (ed.). The cinema of me: The self and subjectivity in first person documentary . London: Wallflower, 2012. Miles, A. ‘Materialism and Interactive Documentary: Sketch Notes’, forthcoming in Studies in Documentary Film , 2014. Accessed via academia.edu. Rascaroli, L. The personal camera: Subjective cinema and the essay film . London: Wallflower Press, 2009. Steyerl, H. ‘The Essay as Conformism?

Some Notes on Global Image Economies’ in Der Essayfilm . Asthetik und Aktualitat , edited by gatsby S. Kramer and T. Tode. ? Konstanz, 2011. [1] See Lebow 2012, Corrigan 2011, and Rascaroli 2009, among others. [2] Godard 2014, p. xxxviii. [4] Cinema Journal and free online, Media Commons have sponsored [in]Transition (http://mediacommons.futureofthebook.org/intransition/), which is in its third issue. One of that journal’s editors, Catherine Grant, via the REFRAME research platform of University of Sussex, has spearheaded an casablanca spark, invaluable web resource titled The Audiovisual Essay (http://reframe.sussex.ac.uk/audiovisualessay/). The latter includes the proceedings of the conference Audiovisual Essay: Practice and great gatsby free online, Theory which was held in who is the 26th of the united states November 2013 in great gatsby online Frankfurt and organised by the present authors through Goethe University.

These recent events and publications build upon previous special issues of Frames (Issue 1, 2012) on ‘Film and Moving Image Studies Re-born Digital?’ (http://framescinemajournal.com/?issue=issue) and the dossier in great Filmidee (Issue 5, 2012) on ‘Pratiche del videosaggio’ (http://www.filmidee.it/archive/34/category/144/category.aspx). We should not forget the ongoing, vibrant focus upon audiovisual production in extra-academic, cinephilic endeavours including Transit (http://cinentransit.com/), Press Play (http://blogs.indiewire.com/pressplay/) at Indiewire , Photogenie (http://www.photogenie.be/photogenie_blog/), the Vimeo group Audiovisualcy (https://vimeo.com/groups/audiovisualcy), and how to masterbate for male, the online extras provided by Sight Sound as well as movie-streaming enterprises such as MUBI (https://mubi.com/notebook), Fandor (http://www.fandor.com/keyframe/category/daily), and the ‘Tan lejos, tan cerca’ section of Filmin (https://www.filmin.es/blog/tag/Tan+lejos%2C+tan+cerca). We would like to thank the following partners for their support: The electronic version of NECSUS_European Journal of Media Studies is published in Open Access and is therefore free and accessible to the public. We feature PDF downloads to aid referencing and there will also soon be a Print on Demand option.

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